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Plain, Twill and Sateen Weave

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Plain, Twill and Sateen Weave

  1. 1. Welcome to Our presentation
  2. 2. Presented By : Presentation On Plain, Twill and Sateen Weave Name ID 1) Muhammad Nafiz Reza. BTX-150100377 2) Farzana Ferdoush. BTX-150100378 3) Md. Sharif sarkar. BTX-150100371
  3. 3. Submmitted to, Md. Nazmul Islam Course co-ordinator and Lecturer (fabric) Dept. of Textile engineering (NUB)
  4. 4. Contain :  Plain weave, it’s Characteristics, Modification and End use.  Twill weave, it’s Characteristics, Modification and End use.  Satin/Sateen weave, it’s Characteristics, Modification and End use.  Colclusion
  5. 5. Plain Weave : Plain weave (also called tabby weave, linen weave or taffeta weave) is the most basic of three fundamental types of textile weaves. It is strong and hard-wearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics. In plain weave, the warp and weft are aligned so they form a simple criss- cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. The next weft thread goes under the warp threads that its neighbor went over, and vice versa.
  6. 6. Characteristics of plain :  It has the maximum number of binding points. The threads interlace on alternate order of 1 up and 1 down. The thread density is limited. Cloth thickness and mass per unit area are limited. It produces a relatively stronger fabric that is obtained by any other simple combination of threads, excepting that of “gauze”or “cross weaving”.
  7. 7. Modification of plain fabric : The chart below shows the derivatives/modifications of plain weave :
  8. 8. WARP RIB WEAVE : These are produced by extending the plain weave in warp wary direction. Following figure shows the warp rib weaves constructed on regular and irregular basis.
  9. 9. End use of Warp rib : Finds extensive uses. It is used in • Cambric. • Muslin. • Blanket. • Canvas. •Dhoti. • Sharee. • Shirting. • Suiting , etc.
  10. 10. Weft RIB WEAVE : The main characteristic of plain rib weave is that, they produce rib or cords in the warp or weft direction. If the cords or rib produce in the weft direction then it is called weft rib. It classified into two side . Regular weft rib and irregular weft rib.
  11. 11. End use of Weft rib : Gross grain cloths, matelass fabrics, repp cloth which is extensively employed for window blinds in railway carriages and other vehicles, upholstering furniture, and cambric picket handkerchief
  12. 12. Matt RIB WEAVE : Matt also called Hopsack or basket weaves. This structures result from extending the plain weave in both directions.
  13. 13. End use of Matt rib : Matt weave finds extensive uses for a great variety of fabrics such as • Dress materials, •Shirtings, •Sail cloth, • Duck cloth etc.
  14. 14. Twill Weave : •The secend basic weave pattern use in manufacturing fabric is twill. •They can be constructed in a variety of ways. •The main feature of these weaves that distinguishes from other types is the presence of pronounced diagonal lines that run along the width of the fabric
  15. 15. Characteristics of Twill :  They form diagonal lines from one selvedge to another.  More ends per unit area and picks per unit area than plain cloth.  Less binding points than plain cloth  Better cover than plain weave.  More cloth thickness and mass per unit area.
  16. 16. Derivatives of Twill Weave : Diamond twill. Combined twill. Broken twill Diaper design. Diagonal design. Elongated design. Hearing bone twill. Shaded twill. Stepped twill. Zigzag/waved/pointed twill weave Curved twill.
  17. 17. Broken twill : These twills are constructed by breaking the continuity of any continuous twill weave. The continuity can be broken in either a regular or an irregular order. Broken twills generally give a stripe like effect 17
  18. 18. Elongated twill : Elongated twill is constructed by advancing the points of intersection two or more threads in one direction and one thread in the other direction. The angle of twill line is determined by the step number (the rate of advancement from one interlacing point to the next). The angle of elongated twill is either below 450 or above 450. 18
  19. 19. Shaded twill: By shaded twill we can create shade effect on fabric the shade effect is created by the combination some thick to thin twills or thin to thick twills. 19
  20. 20. Diamond twill : By reversing both the harness and chain drafts of any regular twill, anothe class of weaves that is very largely used, and known as diamond weaves from the effects formed in the cloth, will result. . It constructed on the bans of zigzag twill principle. It is obtain by combining a horizontal and vertical zigzag twill 20
  21. 21. Diaper Design twill : This derivative of twill weave is created on the basis herring bone principle. This design is constructed by combining horizontal and vertical hearing bone twill. 21
  22. 22. End use of Twill: Twill weave are extensively used in manufacturing cloth for garments household cloth and industrial cloth. ●Generally diamond, diaper and zigzag twill are used for making pillow, cover, screen, unpholstery, bed sheet, towel etc. ●Continious twill are used for making fabric for shirting, suiting and pant (denim, gaverdine). ●For making various type of ornamental cloth, other derivatives of twill weave are used. ●Hearing bone twill are used in the cloth of suiting and overcoats. 22
  23. 23. End use of Twill: cover Pant towel
  24. 24. Satin & sateen Weave : Satin is a warp faced rearranged twill and sateen is a rearranged weft faced twill.  Thus satin is the reverse side of sateen weaves. These weaves form an important category of weaves. They are used in combination with other weaves, particularly in case of ornamented fabrics.  The striking feature of these weaves is their bright appearance and smooth feel.
  25. 25. Characteristics of Satin/sateen : They are either warp or weft faced weaves.  Have no prominent weave structures.  No continuous twill lines.  Have poor seam strength due to thread mobility.  More thread density is possible in warp and weft.  More mass per unit area is possible. Use of move numbers (intervals of selection) is necessary to construct these weaves.
  26. 26. Classification of satin/sateen : Satin/sateen are classified by following :
  27. 27. Warp satin : •If the prominence of warp floating are seen on the fabric, this satin are called warp satin. •Warp satin is woven so that the warp may be seen on the surface of the fabric. Regular warp satin :
  28. 28. Irregular warp satin: There is no step value or move number to construct the irregular satin. Only 4 – end and 6- end satins are irregular.  Straight drafting system is used to produce this weave.
  29. 29. Weft satin : In this construction, the weft yarn lies on the surface of the fabric as it passes regularly over and under the warp yean. In other words, If the prominence of weft floating are seen on the fabric surface, this sateen are called weft sateen. Regulars weft satin :
  30. 30. Irregulars weft satin (sateen): There is no step value or move number to construct the irregular sateen. Only 4 and 6 end sateen are irregular. Straight drafting system is used to produce this weave.
  31. 31. End use of Satin/Sateen: Satin weaves find a wide range of application such as bed sheet, interlining cloth, ribbons, dress materials (lustrous), children's dress materials etc.
  32. 32. End use of Satin/Sateen:
  33. 33. Conclusion : By this presentation learn about plain, twill and satin/sateen weave their classification and derivative. We also learn about their End use. As a textile engineer we should know about this.
  34. 34.  2013/11/modification-of-plain-weave- warp-rib.html  s/135/broken-twills. Understanding textile for a merchandiser by Engr. Shah Amiluzzaman belal.  atin/sateen Reffarance list :
  35. 35. Thank You everybody for your attention !!