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5G
WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY
 ANUP GUPTA (14400113007)
 ABHISHEK KUMAR (14400113003)
 NAFEES ALAM (14400113016)
 ABHISHEK KUMAR (14400113004)
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
1G TECHNOLOGY
2G TECHNOLOGY
2.5G TECHNOLOGY
3G TECHNOLOGY
4G TECHNOLOGY
COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G & 4G
5G TECHNOLOGY
5G HARDWARE & SOFTWARE
5G ARCHITECTURE
EVOLUTION FROM 1G TO 5G
CONCLUSION
REFERENCE
INTRODUCTION
WHAT IS WIRELESS?
• The word Wireless in dictionary
defines as “having no wires”.
• No physical wired connection between
sender and reciever, but rather the
network is connected by radio waves
and or microwaves to maintain
communication
• Wireless networking utilizes specific
equipment such as NICs and Routers in
place of wires(copper or optical fibre)
1G TECHNOLOGY
It refers to the 1st generation
of wireless telephone
technology, mobile
telecommunications.
Developed in 1980s and
completed in 1990s by AT&T at
Bell's Lab.
It uses AMPS technology.
Based on Analog system.
Limited within a country.
Speed upto 2.4 kbps.
ADVANCED MOBILE PHONE SYSTEM
(AMPS)
It is a standard system for analog signal cellular telephone service in US.
Based on the electromagnetic radiation spectrum allocation for cellular
service in 1970.
It allocates frequency range within 800-900 MHz spectrum to cellular
telephone.
The bands are divided into 30 KHz sub bands called channels.
The receiving channels are called reverse channels and sending channels are
called forward channels.
The division of the spectrum into sub-band channels is achieved by using
FDMA( Frequency Division Multiple Access).
DRAWBACKS OF 1G
Poor voice quality.
Poor battery life.
Big phone sizes.
Insecure.
Frequent call drops.
Poor hand off reliability.
2 G TECHNOLOGY
2G technology refers to second
generation wireless technology
which is based on GSM.
Developed in late 1980's and
completed in late 1990's.
Based on digital system.
Speed upto 64 Kbps.
Semiglobal facility.
Services such as digital voice
and sms with more clarity.
It includes GSM, Digital AMPS,
CDMA, PDC, & Multiple Digital
System.
GSM
The term stands for Global
System for Mobile
Communication.
It is a TDMA based wireless
network technology.
Uses sim card to identify user's
account.
GSM network operates on the
850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz &
1900MHz frequency bands.
WHY 2G TECHNOLOGY?
2G can support text messages,
picture messages, and
MMS(Multimedia Messages).
More efficient on the
sprectrum allowing for the
greater mobile phone
penetration levels.
Error detection and correction.
Allow channels to be
dynamically shared by many
users.
It provides better quality and
capacity.
DRAWBACKS OF 2G TECHNOLOGY
2G requires strong digital
signals to help mobile phones
work. If there is no network
coverage in any specific area,
digital signal willbe weak.
These systems are unable to
handle complex data as videos.
2.5G TECHNOLOGY
2.5G is a technology between
the 2G & 3G of mobile
telephony.
2.5G is sometimes described as
2G cellular technology
combined with General Packet
Radio Service (GPRS).
2.5G
FEATURES OF 2.5G TECHNOLOGY
Phone calls.
Send/Receive E-mail
Messages.
Web Browsing.
Speed:64-144 Kbps.
Camera phones.
3G TECHNOLOGY
3G technology refers to third generation
wireless technology which was introduced in
late 1990's and early 2000's.
Data rates of 144Kbps-384 Kbps in wide area
coverage and 2Mbps in local coverage area.
Global roaming.
Typically called smartphones with increased
bandwidth and data transfer rate to
accomodate web based application, audio and
video files.
Data are send through packet switching.
Voice calls are interpreted using circuit
switching.
WHY 3G TECHNOLOGY?
Providing faster
communication.
Superior voice quality.
High speed web, more
security,video conferencing, 3D
gaming.
Large capacities and broadband
capabilities.
TV streaming, mobile TV, Phone
calls.
DRAWBACKS OF 3G TECHNOLOGY
Expensive fees for 3G
Licenses services.
High bandwidth requirement.
Expensive 3G phones.
Large sizes of cell phones.
4G TECHNOLOGY
4G refers to fourth generation of cellular wireless
technology which was developed in 2010.
Speed ranges to 100Mbps to 1Gbps.
Both cellular and broadband services everywhere.
Combination of Wi-Fi and Wi-Max.
High quality of service and high security.
High speed data access.
Easy global roaming.
One of the basic term used to
describe 4G is MAGIC.
 Mobile Multimedia
 Anytime Anywhere.
 Global Mobility Support.
 Integrated Wireless Solution.
 Customized Personal Services.
WHY 4G?
Faster and more reliable.
More security.
High speed.
High performance.
Low cost per bit etc.
Enhance the quality of
services
DRAWBACKS OF 4G
High Battery consumption.
Hard to implement.
Complicated hardware
required.
Increased bandwidth.
Expensive equipment required
for implementing.
COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G & 4G
TECHNOLO
GY
3G 4G
Data
Transfer
Rate
3.1MBps 100MBps.
Internet
Services
Broadband Ultra
Broadband
Mobile - TV
Resolution
Low High
Bandwidth 5-20 MHz 100 MHz
Frequency 1.6-2 GHz 2-8 GHz
Downaload
and Upload
5.8 Mbps 14 Mbps
3G
2G
5G TECHNOLOGY
5G technology refers to 5th
generation of wireless technology
which is to be implemented by 2020.
Complete wireless communication
with almost no limitations.
Next major phase of mobile
telecommunication and wireless
system, i.e. highly supportable to
WWWW (WORLD WIDE WIRELESS
WEB).
Expected Speed ranges 1GBps and
above.
Uses LAN technologies, WAN,
Unified IP & Software Define Radio.
HARDWARE & SOFTWARE 5G TECHNOLOGY
Uses UWB(Ultra Wide Band)
network with higher
Bandwidth as low energy
levels.
Bandwidth of 4000 Mbps,
which is 400 times faster than
today's wireless network
Use smart antennas
• 5G will incorporate wireless
networks, including LAN
technologies, LAN/WAN,
WWWW.
• World Wide Wireless Web.
unified IP & Software defined
radio.
• Encryption, Flexibility, Anti-
Virus.
5G Hardware 5G Software
ARCHITECTURE OF 5G TECHNOLOGY
OPEN WIRELESS ARCHITECTURE(OWA)
For these two layers the 5G mobile network is likely to be based
on open wireless architecture(OWA).
OSI Layer one and OSI Layer two define the wireless technology.
Physical layer + data link layer = OWA.
NETWORK LAYER
All mobile network will use mobile IP.
Each mobile terminal will be FA(Foriegn Agent).
A mobile can be attached to several mobiles or wireless
networks at the same time.
The fixed IPv6 will be implemented in the mobile phones.
Separation of nrtwork layer into two sub-layers.
I.
Lower Network Layer (for each interface).
II. Upper Network Layer (for the mobile terminal).
OPEN TRANSPORT PROTOCOL(OTP)
Wireless network differs from wire network regarding the
transport layer.
In all TCP versions the assumption is that lost segments are due to
network congestion.
In wireless, the loss is due to higher bit ratio in the radio interface.
5G mobile terminal have transport layer i.e. possible to be
downloaded and installed-open transfer protocol(OTP).
Transport layer + session layer = OTP.
APPLICATION (SERVICE) LAYER
Provides intelligent QoS(Quality of Service) management over
variety of networks.
Provides possibility for service quality testing and storage of
measurement information in database in a mobile terminal.
Select the best wireless connection for given services.
QoS parameters, such as, delay, losses, Bandwidth, Reliability,
will be stored in Database of 5G mobile.
Presentation layer + Applicaiton layer = Application.
FEATURES OF 5G
5G networks will be very fast
and realiable.
Hand held devices will be
revolutionized.
25 Mbps connectivity speed.
Better & fast solution.
Every mobile will have an IP
address (IPv6).
The traffic statics will be
accurate.
Uploading and Downloading
speed of 5G touching the peak
(upto 1 Gbps)
ADVANTAGES OF 5G
Data BW of 1Gbps or higher
Globally accessible.
Dynamic information access.
Worldwide cellular phones.
Extraordinary Data capabilities.
High connectivity.
Large phone memory, more
dialing speed, more clarity in
audio & video.
Flexibility.
COMPARISON BETWEEN 1G TO 5G.
THE EVOLUTION
CONCLUSION
3G Operator centric, 4G Service centric
where 5G User centric.
The new coming 5G technology will be
available in the market at affordable
rates, high peak future and much
reliability than the preceeding
technologies.
5G will bring evolution of active
infrasharing and managed services and
eventually all existing network
operators will be MVNO( Mobile
Virtual Network Operators)
5G technology is going to be new
revolution in wireless system market.
REFERENCES
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
5G
http://www.trustedreviews.co
m/opinions/what-is-5g-a-
rough-guide-to-the-next-
generation-of-mobile-
networks
https://www.quora.com/1g-2g-
3g--4g-5g-difference
THANK
YOU

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5G Wireless Technology: A Guide to Each Generation from 1G to 5G

  • 1. 5G WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY  ANUP GUPTA (14400113007)  ABHISHEK KUMAR (14400113003)  NAFEES ALAM (14400113016)  ABHISHEK KUMAR (14400113004)
  • 2. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1G TECHNOLOGY 2G TECHNOLOGY 2.5G TECHNOLOGY 3G TECHNOLOGY 4G TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G & 4G 5G TECHNOLOGY 5G HARDWARE & SOFTWARE 5G ARCHITECTURE EVOLUTION FROM 1G TO 5G CONCLUSION REFERENCE
  • 3. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS WIRELESS? • The word Wireless in dictionary defines as “having no wires”. • No physical wired connection between sender and reciever, but rather the network is connected by radio waves and or microwaves to maintain communication • Wireless networking utilizes specific equipment such as NICs and Routers in place of wires(copper or optical fibre)
  • 4. 1G TECHNOLOGY It refers to the 1st generation of wireless telephone technology, mobile telecommunications. Developed in 1980s and completed in 1990s by AT&T at Bell's Lab. It uses AMPS technology. Based on Analog system. Limited within a country. Speed upto 2.4 kbps.
  • 5. ADVANCED MOBILE PHONE SYSTEM (AMPS) It is a standard system for analog signal cellular telephone service in US. Based on the electromagnetic radiation spectrum allocation for cellular service in 1970. It allocates frequency range within 800-900 MHz spectrum to cellular telephone. The bands are divided into 30 KHz sub bands called channels. The receiving channels are called reverse channels and sending channels are called forward channels. The division of the spectrum into sub-band channels is achieved by using FDMA( Frequency Division Multiple Access).
  • 6. DRAWBACKS OF 1G Poor voice quality. Poor battery life. Big phone sizes. Insecure. Frequent call drops. Poor hand off reliability.
  • 7. 2 G TECHNOLOGY 2G technology refers to second generation wireless technology which is based on GSM. Developed in late 1980's and completed in late 1990's. Based on digital system. Speed upto 64 Kbps. Semiglobal facility. Services such as digital voice and sms with more clarity. It includes GSM, Digital AMPS, CDMA, PDC, & Multiple Digital System.
  • 8. GSM The term stands for Global System for Mobile Communication. It is a TDMA based wireless network technology. Uses sim card to identify user's account. GSM network operates on the 850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz & 1900MHz frequency bands.
  • 9. WHY 2G TECHNOLOGY? 2G can support text messages, picture messages, and MMS(Multimedia Messages). More efficient on the sprectrum allowing for the greater mobile phone penetration levels. Error detection and correction. Allow channels to be dynamically shared by many users. It provides better quality and capacity.
  • 10. DRAWBACKS OF 2G TECHNOLOGY 2G requires strong digital signals to help mobile phones work. If there is no network coverage in any specific area, digital signal willbe weak. These systems are unable to handle complex data as videos.
  • 11. 2.5G TECHNOLOGY 2.5G is a technology between the 2G & 3G of mobile telephony. 2.5G is sometimes described as 2G cellular technology combined with General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). 2.5G
  • 12. FEATURES OF 2.5G TECHNOLOGY Phone calls. Send/Receive E-mail Messages. Web Browsing. Speed:64-144 Kbps. Camera phones.
  • 13. 3G TECHNOLOGY 3G technology refers to third generation wireless technology which was introduced in late 1990's and early 2000's. Data rates of 144Kbps-384 Kbps in wide area coverage and 2Mbps in local coverage area. Global roaming. Typically called smartphones with increased bandwidth and data transfer rate to accomodate web based application, audio and video files. Data are send through packet switching. Voice calls are interpreted using circuit switching.
  • 14. WHY 3G TECHNOLOGY? Providing faster communication. Superior voice quality. High speed web, more security,video conferencing, 3D gaming. Large capacities and broadband capabilities. TV streaming, mobile TV, Phone calls.
  • 15. DRAWBACKS OF 3G TECHNOLOGY Expensive fees for 3G Licenses services. High bandwidth requirement. Expensive 3G phones. Large sizes of cell phones.
  • 16. 4G TECHNOLOGY 4G refers to fourth generation of cellular wireless technology which was developed in 2010. Speed ranges to 100Mbps to 1Gbps. Both cellular and broadband services everywhere. Combination of Wi-Fi and Wi-Max. High quality of service and high security. High speed data access. Easy global roaming. One of the basic term used to describe 4G is MAGIC.  Mobile Multimedia  Anytime Anywhere.  Global Mobility Support.  Integrated Wireless Solution.  Customized Personal Services.
  • 17. WHY 4G? Faster and more reliable. More security. High speed. High performance. Low cost per bit etc. Enhance the quality of services
  • 18. DRAWBACKS OF 4G High Battery consumption. Hard to implement. Complicated hardware required. Increased bandwidth. Expensive equipment required for implementing.
  • 19. COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G & 4G TECHNOLO GY 3G 4G Data Transfer Rate 3.1MBps 100MBps. Internet Services Broadband Ultra Broadband Mobile - TV Resolution Low High Bandwidth 5-20 MHz 100 MHz Frequency 1.6-2 GHz 2-8 GHz Downaload and Upload 5.8 Mbps 14 Mbps 3G 2G
  • 20.
  • 21. 5G TECHNOLOGY 5G technology refers to 5th generation of wireless technology which is to be implemented by 2020. Complete wireless communication with almost no limitations. Next major phase of mobile telecommunication and wireless system, i.e. highly supportable to WWWW (WORLD WIDE WIRELESS WEB). Expected Speed ranges 1GBps and above. Uses LAN technologies, WAN, Unified IP & Software Define Radio.
  • 22. HARDWARE & SOFTWARE 5G TECHNOLOGY Uses UWB(Ultra Wide Band) network with higher Bandwidth as low energy levels. Bandwidth of 4000 Mbps, which is 400 times faster than today's wireless network Use smart antennas • 5G will incorporate wireless networks, including LAN technologies, LAN/WAN, WWWW. • World Wide Wireless Web. unified IP & Software defined radio. • Encryption, Flexibility, Anti- Virus. 5G Hardware 5G Software
  • 23. ARCHITECTURE OF 5G TECHNOLOGY
  • 24. OPEN WIRELESS ARCHITECTURE(OWA) For these two layers the 5G mobile network is likely to be based on open wireless architecture(OWA). OSI Layer one and OSI Layer two define the wireless technology. Physical layer + data link layer = OWA.
  • 25. NETWORK LAYER All mobile network will use mobile IP. Each mobile terminal will be FA(Foriegn Agent). A mobile can be attached to several mobiles or wireless networks at the same time. The fixed IPv6 will be implemented in the mobile phones. Separation of nrtwork layer into two sub-layers. I. Lower Network Layer (for each interface). II. Upper Network Layer (for the mobile terminal).
  • 26. OPEN TRANSPORT PROTOCOL(OTP) Wireless network differs from wire network regarding the transport layer. In all TCP versions the assumption is that lost segments are due to network congestion. In wireless, the loss is due to higher bit ratio in the radio interface. 5G mobile terminal have transport layer i.e. possible to be downloaded and installed-open transfer protocol(OTP). Transport layer + session layer = OTP.
  • 27. APPLICATION (SERVICE) LAYER Provides intelligent QoS(Quality of Service) management over variety of networks. Provides possibility for service quality testing and storage of measurement information in database in a mobile terminal. Select the best wireless connection for given services. QoS parameters, such as, delay, losses, Bandwidth, Reliability, will be stored in Database of 5G mobile. Presentation layer + Applicaiton layer = Application.
  • 28. FEATURES OF 5G 5G networks will be very fast and realiable. Hand held devices will be revolutionized. 25 Mbps connectivity speed. Better & fast solution. Every mobile will have an IP address (IPv6). The traffic statics will be accurate. Uploading and Downloading speed of 5G touching the peak (upto 1 Gbps)
  • 29. ADVANTAGES OF 5G Data BW of 1Gbps or higher Globally accessible. Dynamic information access. Worldwide cellular phones. Extraordinary Data capabilities. High connectivity. Large phone memory, more dialing speed, more clarity in audio & video. Flexibility.
  • 30.
  • 33. CONCLUSION 3G Operator centric, 4G Service centric where 5G User centric. The new coming 5G technology will be available in the market at affordable rates, high peak future and much reliability than the preceeding technologies. 5G will bring evolution of active infrasharing and managed services and eventually all existing network operators will be MVNO( Mobile Virtual Network Operators) 5G technology is going to be new revolution in wireless system market.