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Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus




                                  CHAPTER III

                               METHODOLOGY

       This chapter presents a description of the research design selection and

description of respondents, research instruments, data collection procedure and

statistical treatments used.


3.1 Research Design

       In order to see the general picture of the impact of social networking sites

as information dissemination tool of government agencies as perceived by the

second year Foreign Service students of Lyceum of the Philippines University

Cavite Campus, the descriptive correlational survey method was used.

       As a descriptive study, it collected detailed and factual information to

describe existing phenomena. It systematically described the situation or area of

interest factually and accurately. It allowed the researchers to carefully describe

and understand the behaviour. This study was correlational for it demanded the

degree to which the variables were related to each other using various statistical

instruments.


3.2 Variables and Measures

       The table below showed the variables and measures used in the study.

                Variables                                Measures

 1. Role of Social Networking Sites           Questions that would determine the




                           College of Arts and Sciences
                       Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service
Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus




     in the current communication and        respondent’s view on the role of
     information dissemination.              Social Networking Sites in the
                                             current communication information
                                             dissemination.
                                            Set of questions regarding the impact
 2. Impact of social networking sites
                                            of   Social   Networking          Sites   as
     as an information dissemination
                                            information dissemination tool of
     tool of government agencies.
                                            government agencies.
                                            Questions that would establish the
 3. Possible benefits of these social
                                            possible      benefits       of      Social
     networking     sites   as    public
                                            Networking        Sites      as      public
     dissemination tool of government
                                            dissemination tool of government
     agencies to students taking up
                                            agencies to       students    taking up
     Foreign Service.
                                            Foreign Service.



3.3 Sampling Design

       The study used Simple Random Sampling in determining the samples of

the study. All second year Foreign Service students in the Lyceum of the

Philippines University Cavite Campus were the respondents of this study.


3.4 Research Respondents

       The researchers considered the second year Foreign Service students of

the Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus comprising of 82

members, male and female. They were the chosen respondents because their

course has to do with government service. Moreover, their generation is evidently




                         College of Arts and Sciences
                     Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service
Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus




more dependent on technology than the way people used to before. In addition to

this, Social Networking Sites for them is not only a way of communication and

socialization but also a good way of searching information.


3.5 Research Instrument

       A questionnaire was used in gathering data. The questionnaire has 3 parts.

The questionnaire consisted of items that determined the impact of social

networking sites as information dissemination tool of government agencies.


3.6 Research Locale

       The study was conducted at the Lyceum of the Philippines University

Cavite Campus since the chosen respondents are students of the University,


3.7 Data Gathering Procedure

       The researchers personally administered the research instruments to the

respondents. They conferred and discussed the significance of the study and

accomplished the distribution of the instruments properly.

       The respondents were given 15 minutes to accomplish the forms to

prevent them from giving hasty responses. The researchers went from one section

to another on collecting the accomplished questionnaires.

       After the questionnaires have been accomplished, the results were tallied

and tabulated. These data became the bases of analysis and interpretation.




                          College of Arts and Sciences
                      Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service
Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus




3.8 Data Analysis

       In determining the impact of social networking sites as information

dissemination tool of government agencies as perceived by the second year

Foreign Service students, the Likert Scale has been used. It used a five-point

scale; each point corresponding to a Likert item.



       Point                     Scale                  Verbal Interpretation

           5           4.2 – 5                  Strongly Agree

           4           3.4 – 4.19               Agree

           3           2.6 – 3.9                neither agree nor disagree

           2           1.8 – 2.59               Disagree

           1           1.0 – 1.79               Strongly Disagree



Formula:

                                         Ʃ WX
                                    X=
                                          N
Where:

       W = points (5, 4, 3, 2, 1)

       X = number of respondents per weight

       N = total number of respondents




                          College of Arts and Sciences
                      Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service

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Chapter 3

  • 1. Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY This chapter presents a description of the research design selection and description of respondents, research instruments, data collection procedure and statistical treatments used. 3.1 Research Design In order to see the general picture of the impact of social networking sites as information dissemination tool of government agencies as perceived by the second year Foreign Service students of Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus, the descriptive correlational survey method was used. As a descriptive study, it collected detailed and factual information to describe existing phenomena. It systematically described the situation or area of interest factually and accurately. It allowed the researchers to carefully describe and understand the behaviour. This study was correlational for it demanded the degree to which the variables were related to each other using various statistical instruments. 3.2 Variables and Measures The table below showed the variables and measures used in the study. Variables Measures 1. Role of Social Networking Sites Questions that would determine the College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service
  • 2. Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus in the current communication and respondent’s view on the role of information dissemination. Social Networking Sites in the current communication information dissemination. Set of questions regarding the impact 2. Impact of social networking sites of Social Networking Sites as as an information dissemination information dissemination tool of tool of government agencies. government agencies. Questions that would establish the 3. Possible benefits of these social possible benefits of Social networking sites as public Networking Sites as public dissemination tool of government dissemination tool of government agencies to students taking up agencies to students taking up Foreign Service. Foreign Service. 3.3 Sampling Design The study used Simple Random Sampling in determining the samples of the study. All second year Foreign Service students in the Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus were the respondents of this study. 3.4 Research Respondents The researchers considered the second year Foreign Service students of the Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus comprising of 82 members, male and female. They were the chosen respondents because their course has to do with government service. Moreover, their generation is evidently College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service
  • 3. Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus more dependent on technology than the way people used to before. In addition to this, Social Networking Sites for them is not only a way of communication and socialization but also a good way of searching information. 3.5 Research Instrument A questionnaire was used in gathering data. The questionnaire has 3 parts. The questionnaire consisted of items that determined the impact of social networking sites as information dissemination tool of government agencies. 3.6 Research Locale The study was conducted at the Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus since the chosen respondents are students of the University, 3.7 Data Gathering Procedure The researchers personally administered the research instruments to the respondents. They conferred and discussed the significance of the study and accomplished the distribution of the instruments properly. The respondents were given 15 minutes to accomplish the forms to prevent them from giving hasty responses. The researchers went from one section to another on collecting the accomplished questionnaires. After the questionnaires have been accomplished, the results were tallied and tabulated. These data became the bases of analysis and interpretation. College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service
  • 4. Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite Campus 3.8 Data Analysis In determining the impact of social networking sites as information dissemination tool of government agencies as perceived by the second year Foreign Service students, the Likert Scale has been used. It used a five-point scale; each point corresponding to a Likert item. Point Scale Verbal Interpretation 5 4.2 – 5 Strongly Agree 4 3.4 – 4.19 Agree 3 2.6 – 3.9 neither agree nor disagree 2 1.8 – 2.59 Disagree 1 1.0 – 1.79 Strongly Disagree Formula: Ʃ WX X= N Where: W = points (5, 4, 3, 2, 1) X = number of respondents per weight N = total number of respondents College of Arts and Sciences Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service