Development of monitoring techniques of Coastal Wetlands of Gulf of Kachchhusing Macro Fauna Monitoring Index & Species At...
Outline:<br /><ul><li>Background
Justification
Significance of the Study
Objectives
Study Area
Methodology
Collaboration
Proposed Findings
Outcomes
Summary of Financial Requirements</li></li></ul><li>Wetlands<br />Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or grou...
Wetlands<br />Only 6% of global land and freshwater surface<br />40 % of the world’s species<br />> 1 billion people direc...
Wetlands are among the most important ecosystems in the world!<br />And they are being lost and degraded most rapidly <br />
Source: Gujarat Ecological Commission, 2001<br />
Gulf of Kachchh<br />
Need for Monitoring<br /><ul><li>Least explored area of Gulf of Kachchh
High level of biotic pressure
No proper monitoring protocol developed
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  • Fortunately Gujarat is blessed with wide variety of wetlands, along with the longest coastline and couple of Gulf.
  • Bu ostc Bhavnagar

    1. 1. Development of monitoring techniques of Coastal Wetlands of Gulf of Kachchhusing Macro Fauna Monitoring Index & Species Attributes<br />Dr. Nishith Dharaiya<br />HNG University, Patan<br />
    2. 2. Outline:<br /><ul><li>Background
    3. 3. Justification
    4. 4. Significance of the Study
    5. 5. Objectives
    6. 6. Study Area
    7. 7. Methodology
    8. 8. Collaboration
    9. 9. Proposed Findings
    10. 10. Outcomes
    11. 11. Summary of Financial Requirements</li></li></ul><li>Wetlands<br />Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, a prevalence of vegetation (hydrophytes) typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. <br />They are most sensitive to any change in the ecosystem process<br />Best indicator of Climate change <br />
    12. 12. Wetlands<br />Only 6% of global land and freshwater surface<br />40 % of the world’s species<br />> 1 billion people directly<br />depend on wetlands<br />Total estimated value:<br />US$ 14.9 trillion = 45% of<br />global ecosystem values<br />(Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment)<br />
    13. 13. Wetlands are among the most important ecosystems in the world!<br />And they are being lost and degraded most rapidly <br />
    14. 14. Source: Gujarat Ecological Commission, 2001<br />
    15. 15. Gulf of Kachchh<br />
    16. 16.
    17. 17.
    18. 18. Need for Monitoring<br /><ul><li>Least explored area of Gulf of Kachchh
    19. 19. High level of biotic pressure
    20. 20. No proper monitoring protocol developed
    21. 21. Critically concerned biodiversity zone
    22. 22. Preparation for future conservation action plan
    23. 23. Study climate change</li></li></ul><li>Challenges for Conservation<br /><ul><li>Rapid industrial development
    24. 24. Shipping Oil spills
    25. 25. Uncontrolled Urban development ,
    26. 26. Aquaculture Ponds, Pesticides
    27. 27. Destruction of Mangroves, Siltation.
    28. 28. Blocking the fresh water inflow into wetland,
    29. 29. Climate change</li></li></ul><li>Objectives:<br /><ul><li>Identify potential wetlands in the gulf of Kachchh
    30. 30. Study of species composition with special reference to Benthic Macro fauna
    31. 31. To develop indices such as macro fauna monitoring index, index of Marsh bird community integrity, etc for each coastal wetland.
    32. 32. To identify indicator species using, species richness and assemblage of indicator species.
    33. 33. To develop a wetland monitoring techniques
    34. 34. Suggest conservation strategies for coastal wetlands</li></li></ul><li>Methodology<br /><ul><li>Remote sensing & Extensive ground survey
    35. 35. Sampling for Benthic Macrofauna & Birds
    36. 36. Development of indices
    37. 37. Macrofauna monitoring index
    38. 38. Index of Marsh bird community integrity
    39. 39. Disturbance Index
    40. 40. Identification & monitoring of Indicator species
    41. 41. Develop Rapid Wetland monitoring</li></li></ul><li>Sampling<br /><ul><li>Water and sediments
    42. 42. Physico-chemical analysis (APHA 2005)
    43. 43. Macrofauna
    44. 44. 0.5 mm mesh screen Peterson Grab sampler
    45. 45. Identification
    46. 46. Scoring </li></ul>Macrofauna Monitoring Index<br /><ul><li>Average score of scoring species present in a sample</li></ul> (Roberts et al. 1998)<br />
    47. 47. <ul><li>Bird count
    48. 48. Point count method
    49. 49. Species attributes
    50. 50. Scoring
    51. 51. Species attributes according to their habits and habitat
    52. 52. Availability in the sample plots </li></ul>Index of Marsh Bird Community Integrity<br /><ul><li>WIMBCI= [(SIMBCI/SN)+WON]-3</li></ul> Bryce et al. (2002)<br />Disturbance Index<br /><ul><li>Scoring of water body according to human influence</li></ul> Bryce et al. (2002)<br />
    53. 53. Work plan<br />
    54. 54. Outcomes<br /><ul><li>Baseline Information of Northern flank of Gulf of Kachchh
    55. 55. Indicator Species
    56. 56. Status of wetlands</li></ul>(With reference to macrofaunal and avian diversity)<br /><ul><li>Rapid Techniques for Wetland Monitoring
    57. 57. Wetland Monitoring & Management Plan</li></li></ul><li>Collaborations and Consents:<br />State Level:<br />Gujarat Ecology Commission<br />Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology<br />Dept. of Marine Sciences, Bhavnagar University<br />National Level:<br />National Institute of Hydrology<br />Wildlife Institute of India<br />International Level:<br />Smithsonian Conservation Research Institute, USA<br />Department of Marine Biology, University of Sydney, Australia<br />
    58. 58. Summary of Financial Requirements<br />
    59. 59. "Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land"<br />Thank You!!!<br />

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