ASER PAKISTAN
A Citizen Led Initiative
National Launch
January 16, 2014
Islamabad
ASER PARTNERS
10,000 Volunteers – Citizens – Youth !
ASER PAKISTAN 2010-2015
•

Citizen led large scale national household survey
(3-16 years).

•

Quality of education in rur...
ASER ASSESSMENT TOOLS
ASER Assessment tools :
1. LEARNING

•Reading (Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto)
•Arithmetic
•English
Assessments ...
Scale of the Survey
7

138

25

10
1

9

Districts (Rural)

36

13

28

Districts (Urban*)
22

263,990 Children | 6,132 Sc...
FINDINGS
Enrollment (Pre-School 3-5 Years)
RURAL

4%
4%
Enrollment (Pre-School 3-5 Years)
URBAN
Enrollment (6-16 Years)
RURAL

2%

2%
Enrollment (6-16 Years)
URBAN
Out of school children
(6-16 Years)

RURAL
Gender Comparison
Out of School Children (6-16 years)

RURAL

• More girls than
boys continue to
be out of school.
• Propo...
Class Wise Enrollment
RURAL

Enrollment decreases as class level increases

One third children are lost after primary
scho...
QUALITY
LEARNING LEVELS
URDU/SINDHI/PASHTO
RURAL

50

%

children in class 5 can read
Story in Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto
LEARNING LEVELS
URDU/SINDHI/PASHTO
RURAL

Learning levels remain poor: Half of the children from Class
5 cannot read Class...
LEARNING LEVELS
URDU/SINDHI/PASHTO
RURAL
(Class 5)
LEARNING LEVELS
ENGLISH
RURAL

43

%

children in class 5 can
read Sentences in English
LEARNING LEVELS
ENGLISH
RURAL

43% of Class 5 children could read sentence in English (Class 2
level) in 2013 compared to ...
LEARNING LEVELS
ENGLISH
RURAL
(Class 5)
LEARNING LEVELS
ARITHMETIC
RURAL

43

%

children in class 5 can do
2-digit division
LEARNING LEVELS
ARITHMETIC
RURAL

43% of Class 5 children could do division (Class 3 level) in 2013
compared to 44% in 201...
LEARNING LEVELS
ARITHMETIC
RURAL
(Class 5)
LEARNING LEVELS
BY GENDER (5-16 YEARS)
RURAL
English

Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto

80

46

40

40

20

% Children

% Children

80

...
Learning levels of children enrolled
in private schools are better

LEARNING LEVELS
TYPE OF SCHOOL

Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto

Go...
ADDITIONAL LEARNING SUPPORT
PAID TUITION

Urban

Rural
Children attending paid tuition

Government schools

Children atten...
ADDITIONAL LEARNING SUPPORT
PAID TUITION
RURAL
LEARNING LEVELS
OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN
RURAL

More than 30% out of school children are at more than
‘beginner’ level
LEARNING LEVELS
URBAN

Learning levels of children living in urban centers are better
compared to rural counter parts;
num...
Rural-Urban Comparisons
Rural

Urban

Enrollment (3-5)

41%

58%

Enrollment (6-16)

79%

92%

Public Schools

74%

41%

P...
School Attendance &
Facilities
ATTENDENCE
TEACHER
RURAL

•Overall teacher attendance is better in private schools
•Teacher attendance trends have remaine...
ATTENDENCE
CHILDREN
RURAL

Overall children attendance is better in private schools
MULTI-GRADE TEACHING
Rural

Urban

Multi-grade teaching is higher in rural areas of Pakistan
BASIC FACILITIES
GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL
RURAL

Basic facilities in schools are still missing: only 64% government prima...
BASIC FACILITIES
GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL
URBAN

Basic facilities in schools are missing in Urban as well: 76% government...
Dissemination with a
Difference!
Mobilizing a Citizens’
Movement for Quality
Education in Pakistan
ASER Dissemination
Segmented Groups for
Accountability & Action
o ASER Baithaks/Jirgas/Katcheries (village/area gatherings...
Supporters of ASER Pakistan
Thank
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Aser pakistan 2013 national

  1. 1. ASER PAKISTAN A Citizen Led Initiative National Launch January 16, 2014 Islamabad
  2. 2. ASER PARTNERS 10,000 Volunteers – Citizens – Youth !
  3. 3. ASER PAKISTAN 2010-2015 • Citizen led large scale national household survey (3-16 years). • Quality of education in rural and some urban areas (5-16 years). • Seeks to provide evidence on learning and access. • Influence National & Provincial policy and actions for Right To Education (RTE) Article 25-A. • Provides information for tracking MDG/EFA trends and targets up to 2015. • Influencing goal setting for Post-2015 agenda.
  4. 4. ASER ASSESSMENT TOOLS ASER Assessment tools : 1. LEARNING •Reading (Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto) •Arithmetic •English Assessments are based on Class II level curriculum for English & Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto and Class III level for Arithmetic. 2. HOUSEHOLD SURVEY 3. SCHOOL – GOVERNMENT & PRIVATE
  5. 5. Scale of the Survey 7 138 25 10 1 9 Districts (Rural) 36 13 28 Districts (Urban*) 22 263,990 Children | 6,132 Schools | 4,382 Villages | 87,044 Households *Urban: Karachi (East, West, Central, South and Malir), Hyderabad, Sukkur, Quetta, Rahim Yar Khan, Multan, Faisalabad, Lahore, and Peshawar.
  6. 6. FINDINGS
  7. 7. Enrollment (Pre-School 3-5 Years) RURAL 4% 4%
  8. 8. Enrollment (Pre-School 3-5 Years) URBAN
  9. 9. Enrollment (6-16 Years) RURAL 2% 2%
  10. 10. Enrollment (6-16 Years) URBAN
  11. 11. Out of school children (6-16 Years) RURAL
  12. 12. Gender Comparison Out of School Children (6-16 years) RURAL • More girls than boys continue to be out of school. • Proportion of out of school girls has decreased since 2012.
  13. 13. Class Wise Enrollment RURAL Enrollment decreases as class level increases One third children are lost after primary schooling due to learning & facility gaps
  14. 14. QUALITY
  15. 15. LEARNING LEVELS URDU/SINDHI/PASHTO RURAL 50 % children in class 5 can read Story in Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto
  16. 16. LEARNING LEVELS URDU/SINDHI/PASHTO RURAL Learning levels remain poor: Half of the children from Class 5 cannot read Class 2 level story similar to 2012.
  17. 17. LEARNING LEVELS URDU/SINDHI/PASHTO RURAL (Class 5)
  18. 18. LEARNING LEVELS ENGLISH RURAL 43 % children in class 5 can read Sentences in English
  19. 19. LEARNING LEVELS ENGLISH RURAL 43% of Class 5 children could read sentence in English (Class 2 level) in 2013 compared to 48% in 2012.
  20. 20. LEARNING LEVELS ENGLISH RURAL (Class 5)
  21. 21. LEARNING LEVELS ARITHMETIC RURAL 43 % children in class 5 can do 2-digit division
  22. 22. LEARNING LEVELS ARITHMETIC RURAL 43% of Class 5 children could do division (Class 3 level) in 2013 compared to 44% in 2012.
  23. 23. LEARNING LEVELS ARITHMETIC RURAL (Class 5)
  24. 24. LEARNING LEVELS BY GENDER (5-16 YEARS) RURAL English Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto 80 46 40 40 20 % Children % Children 80 100 80 60 48 43 40 20 Boys Girls Who can read at least sentences 60 45 40 38 20 0 0 0 % Children 100 100 60 Arithmetic Boys Girls Who can read at least words Boys Girls Who can at least do subtraction Girls continue to lag behind boys in language and arithmetic competencies.
  25. 25. Learning levels of children enrolled in private schools are better LEARNING LEVELS TYPE OF SCHOOL Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto Government 80 Private Government 60 57 36 40 61 46 20 • Class 3: Can read at least sentences 40 63 56 60 39 28 38 20 Class 1: Can read at least small letters Class 5: Can read at least story 46% of children in government schools (Class 5) while 61% of children can read a story in Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto. 38% of children in government schools while 63% of children in private schools (Class 5) can read sentences in English. 40% of children in government schools while 54% of children in private schools (Class 5) can do division. . Class 3: Can read at least words Class 5: Can read at least sentences Arithmetic Government Private 100 % Children Class 1: Can read at least letters • 70 80 0 0 • Private 100 81 65 % Children % Children 100 English 80 40 56 52 60 29 34 54 40 20 0 Class 1: Can recognize Class 3: Can at least do Class 5: Can at least do at least numbers (10subtraction division 99)
  26. 26. ADDITIONAL LEARNING SUPPORT PAID TUITION Urban Rural Children attending paid tuition Government schools Children attending paid tuition Private schools Government schools 80 60 40 20 25 7 25 6 25 5 0 % Children 100 80 % Children 100 Private schools 51 60 40 32 47 39 27 24 20 0 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 Children in urban centers are more inclined to take paid tuition 2013
  27. 27. ADDITIONAL LEARNING SUPPORT PAID TUITION RURAL
  28. 28. LEARNING LEVELS OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN RURAL More than 30% out of school children are at more than ‘beginner’ level
  29. 29. LEARNING LEVELS URBAN Learning levels of children living in urban centers are better compared to rural counter parts; numeracy much better than rural (59% vs. 43%)
  30. 30. Rural-Urban Comparisons Rural Urban Enrollment (3-5) 41% 58% Enrollment (6-16) 79% 92% Public Schools 74% 41% Private Schools 26% 59% Learning (Urdu /Sindhi/ Pashto)* 50% 55% Learning (English) * 43% 59% Learning (Arithmetic)* 43% 51% Tuition: Govt. School Children 5% 24% Tuition: Private School Children Mothers Education (At least primary) 25% 24% 47% 60% *Learning levels are taken for children enrolled in Class 5
  31. 31. School Attendance & Facilities
  32. 32. ATTENDENCE TEACHER RURAL •Overall teacher attendance is better in private schools •Teacher attendance trends have remained the same as in 2012.
  33. 33. ATTENDENCE CHILDREN RURAL Overall children attendance is better in private schools
  34. 34. MULTI-GRADE TEACHING Rural Urban Multi-grade teaching is higher in rural areas of Pakistan
  35. 35. BASIC FACILITIES GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL RURAL Basic facilities in schools are still missing: only 64% government primary schools have drinkable water facility, 57% have complete boundary walls and 47% have usable toilets.
  36. 36. BASIC FACILITIES GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL URBAN Basic facilities in schools are missing in Urban as well: 76% government primary schools have drinkable water facility, 72% have complete boundary walls and 69% have usable toilets.
  37. 37. Dissemination with a Difference! Mobilizing a Citizens’ Movement for Quality Education in Pakistan
  38. 38. ASER Dissemination Segmented Groups for Accountability & Action o ASER Baithaks/Jirgas/Katcheries (village/area gatherings) stakeholders: parents, communities, children, teachers . teachers, parents, children, government field officials to demand ACTION FOR IMPROVEMENT! o Teacher Unions & Associations Baithaks o District/Provincial/Federal Education & Literacy Departments  (Local, District, Provincial, National & International) o Youth Groups - mobilizing Ambassadors for Learning o Parliamentarians – politicians knocking on the doors in their constituencies o Judiciary & Judicial Academies- evidence backed judgments on 25 A o Academia/University /Research Groups - Pakistan & Abroad o Civil Society Organizations – nationwide- globally o Social Media o Media – Media – Media !
  39. 39. Supporters of ASER Pakistan
  40. 40. Thank

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