*    Author: Nacadia F.
*Behaviorism*Key Figures*B.F. Skinner*Classroom Implications*Explanation of Terms          *
* Prediction and control of human behavior* Introspection and independent thinking play no essential part* Learning is an ...
* Popularized during Modernism2 era – mid 20th  century* Used to promote behavioral principles and  discourage unwanted on...
* Ivan Pavlov (1849- 1936)           * Albert Bandura (1925-  * Conducted behavioral              present)    experiments ...
* Edward Lee "Ted" Thorndike      * Clark Leonard Hull (1884 - (1874 -1949)                      1952)  * American psychol...
* Burrhus Frederic         pigeons Skinner (1904 – 1990)    * Innovated Radical* American behaviorist,    Behaviorism4 aut...
* Believed human behavior is based on stimulus- response theory* Found that reinforcement is a powerful motivator* Began e...
* Teachers:                       * Students:  * Use operant conditioning        * Learn from behavior of                 ...
* Operant Conditioning can have positive and negative effects in the classroom  * Skinner illustrates positives by observi...
* 1. Both learn to behave through reward system* 2. Time period that coincided with the Industrial Revolution in  which ev...
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Behaviorism - NF - EME2040

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Behaviorism - NF - EME2040

  1. 1. * Author: Nacadia F.
  2. 2. *Behaviorism*Key Figures*B.F. Skinner*Classroom Implications*Explanation of Terms *
  3. 3. * Prediction and control of human behavior* Introspection and independent thinking play no essential part* Learning is an objective and experimental branch of natural science* No difference between man and animal1* Deals with stimulus-response relationships *
  4. 4. * Popularized during Modernism2 era – mid 20th century* Used to promote behavioral principles and discourage unwanted ones* Does not account for learning without use of punishment/ praise* Evolved therapeutic treatment like intensive behavioral intervention * Psychological disorders best treated by altering behavior patterns *
  5. 5. * Ivan Pavlov (1849- 1936) * Albert Bandura (1925- * Conducted behavioral present) experiments with dogs * Famous for ideas on social * Innovated Classic Conditioning learning or, Social Cognitive Theory. * Focuses on motivational factors and self-regulatory mechanisms that contribute to behavior. *
  6. 6. * Edward Lee "Ted" Thorndike * Clark Leonard Hull (1884 - (1874 -1949) 1952) * American psychologist who * Influential American worked at Teachers College, psychologist Columbia University * Established dominant * Led to theory of learning theories of his Connectionism time *
  7. 7. * Burrhus Frederic pigeons Skinner (1904 – 1990) * Innovated Radical* American behaviorist, Behaviorism4 author, inventor and social philosopher* Describes operant learning3* Conducted research experiments with *
  8. 8. * Believed human behavior is based on stimulus- response theory* Found that reinforcement is a powerful motivator* Began experimenting on humans and his infant daughter* Classroom and computer based instruction are based on operant learning *
  9. 9. * Teachers: * Students: * Use operant conditioning * Learn from behavior of other students * Award students w. incentives and goodies * Learn to value the journey rather than the * Technology based destination assignments praise accuracy * Self efficacy5 * Encourage reflection rather than praise *
  10. 10. * Operant Conditioning can have positive and negative effects in the classroom * Skinner illustrates positives by observing desirable actions * There are consequences and limitations * Self-efficacy strongly enforced in classroom *
  11. 11. * 1. Both learn to behave through reward system* 2. Time period that coincided with the Industrial Revolution in which everything of value was measured in terms of science* 3. Learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns.* 4. Radical behaviorism is the philosophy of the science of behavior. It seeks to understand behavior as a function of environmental histories of reinforcing consequences.* 5. Personal observation about ones perceived ability to feel, think, and motivate oneself to learn. *

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