Oil and gas in lebanon

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This PPT is just a brief presentation on Lebanese petroleum exploration and related issues.

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  • دورة الاوشا بشهادة عالمية من الأوشا أكاديمى الأمريكية osha محاور الدورة : تعرف على الأوشا وتشريعاتها اعرف مسالك الهروب ومخاطر الكهرباء كن محترف تصنيف المناطق الخطرة برنامج حماية القوى السمعية والصحة المهنية تعرف على (السقالات والرافعات الشوكية والعدد اليدوية وأعمال اللحام والقطع والسلامة من الأشعة ) ما هم المستفيدون من دورات ال OSHA التدريبية؟ •مسئولى الصحة والسلامة المهنية والبيئة بالشركات المختلفة والمستشفيات ومؤسسات الرعاية الصحية والتعليمية والفندقية. •رؤساء القطاعات الهندسية بالشركات المختلفة. •المهندسين فى جميع التخصصات (مدنى، كهرباء، ....... إلخ) •العاملين بشركات البترول والغاز والصناعات البتروكيماوية. •مسئولى الجودة بالشركات المختلفة والقطاع الطبى. •العمال والفنيين. •الإدرايين. •الراغبين فى العمل فى مجال الصحة والسلامة المهنية. •الأطباء والتمريض موعد الدورة 27/11/2016 المكان مدينة الخبر للحجز او الاستفسار الاتصال على 00966920001146 0598081567 لمزيد من التفاصيل على الرابط التالى https://www.facebook.com/events/1788865504721622/
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Oil and gas in lebanon

  1. 1. Image retrieved from http://www.georgessassine.com/oil-gas-resource-curse-and-corruption/ Oil and Gas in Lebanon
  2. 2. Republic of Lebanon Located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea • Located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea Total Area: 10,452 sq. km • • Total Area: 10,452 sq. km Population: over 4 million inhabitants • Capital: Beirut Population: over 4 million • Shoreline extends 210 kilometers from north to south inhabitants • Bordered – North and East by Syria – South by Occupied Territories/ Capital: Beirut Palestine – West by the Mediterranean Sea Shoreline extends 210 kilometers from north to south Bordered North and East by Syria South by Occupied Territories/ Palestine West by the Mediterranean SeaImage retrieved from http://www.lebanon-exploration.com/
  3. 3. Petroleum Exploration 1930-2012 Onshore Offshore 1990s: Geological seismic1930s: Dubertret extensively surveys were conducteddescribed the geology of strongly suggesting theLebanon presence of oil and gas deposit.1940s: Onshore Explorationstarted 2012: Expected first licensing round for offshore oil and1975: exploration Licenses gas explorationcanceled by government
  4. 4. Onshore Exploration 1947 – 1963: Seven exploratory wells have been drilled1947 Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) drilled aawell in Terbol (depth: 3065 m) Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) drilled well in Terbol (depth: 3065 m)1953 Well in Yuhmor (depth: 2672 m) Well in Yuhmor (depth: 2672 m)1960 Well in Al-Qaa (depth: 2557 m), Adloun (depth: 2150 m) & Yuhmor Well in Al-Qaa (depth: 2557 m), Adloun (depth: 2150 m) & Yuhmor1963 Well drilled in Tell-Znoub (depth: 1421 m) & Sohmor (Depth:1423 m) Well drilled in Tell-Znoub (depth: 1421 m) & Sohmor (Depth:1423 m)1967 Aabrine (depth: 620 m) Aabrine (depth: 620 m)1975 Exploration Licenses cancelled by the government Exploration Licenses cancelled by the government
  5. 5. Refineries : Tripoli & ZahraniTripoli RefineryTripoli Oil Installations (TOI) Refinery operations stopped Refinery First refining activity First refining activity First pipeline built First 33 storage tanks destroyed 33 storageCrude oil transport from Iraq toLebanon through the Iraq {Petroleum Company (IPC) 1934 1940 1983-1985 1989Present: storage purposes only Zahrani Refinery Refinery activities stopped Refinery Mediterranean Refining Company First refining activity First refining activity The Government took The Government took Crude oil transport from Saudi over the facilities over the facilities Arabia to Zahrani through Tapeline Company Caltex & Mobile-agreement Caltex & Mobile-agreement with Lebanese Government with Lebanese Government Refinery damaged and closed Refinery Present: storage area for petroleum products 1945 1952 1975 1982 1986 1989
  6. 6. Offshore Exploration1993 GecoPrakla Performs a 2-D seismic survey to gather data Offshore Tripoli2000 Spectrum performs a 2-D seismic survey to gather data of the Lebanese offshore2006- PGS performs 2-D and 3-D seismic survey data of the Lebanese offshore2012- Spectrum performs a 3-D seismic survey to gather data of the Lebanese offshore2010 Offshore Petroleum Resources Law Delineation of the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone of Lebanon2011 sent to the United Nations2012 Lebanons Cabinet Approves Petroleum Administration Decrees2012? Expected first licensing round for offshore gas exploration
  7. 7. ‫‪Public Policy‬‬ ‫قانون الموارد البترولية في المياه البحرية‬ ‫قانون رقم 231 - صادر في 0102/8/42‬ ‫تم نشره في الجريدة الرسمية العدد 14 - الصادرة بتاريخ 2 أيلول 0102‬‫الكحكام العامة للتعاقد مع الشركات من أجل البحث والتنقيب عن النفط والغاز‬ ‫مرسوم رقم 9305 - صادر في 4991/4/9‬ ‫مرسوم هيئة إدارة قطاع البترول: 46 مادة تحدد المهام والمسؤوليات‬ ‫جريدة السفير, 03 آذار 2102‬
  8. 8. Governance IssuesLebanese policy makers should examine lessons from the success andfailure of other countries Policy threats Corruption prevention • Corruption • Public Extraction contracts • Poor implementation • Monitor and disclose • Unequal distribution of oil extraction figures revenues • Ratify international standards • Volatility of oil prices or treaties • Non-diversification of the • Implement anti-bribery codes economy (implementation of the regulations in the home countries of oil company • Environmental risk operating in Lebanon)
  9. 9. Maritime Border DisputesLevant Basin located in the EastMediterranean region involvedifferent countries including Lega•Gaza, lFr a m • D ewor•Occupied Territories/Israel, emar k bord cate ma e•Lebanon, Syria r with Cy ritime•Egypt, prus • R and•Cyprus, esolv•Syria, and dispu e maritim tes w ith Isr e border•Turkey aelMaritime boundary disputes willprevent Lebanon from exploringpart of its oil and gas resources
  10. 10. Lebanese Israeli Disputes Both countries are at war • No Direct negotiation • No joint development agreement Israel has not signed the UN Law of the Sea • Lebanon can not force Israel to resolve maritime dispute through Image retrieved fromhttp://www6.almanar.com.lb/english/adetails.php?eid=21366&frid=23&seccatid=14&cid=23&fromval=1 an international tribunal Remaining Option: Third Party mediation e.g. The United Nations Lebanon developed it own ‘Delineation of the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone of Lebanon’ and sent it to The United Nations on October 2011
  11. 11. Maritime Legal Frameworks Cyprus Feb. 2011 - Ratified the delimitation of the EEZ with Israel by Law Dec. 2010 - Delimitation agreement of the EEZ with Israel Jan. 2007 - Delimitation agreement of the EEZ with Lebanon Mar. 2003 - Ratified the delimitation of the EEZ with Arab Republic of Egypt by Law Feb. 2003 - Delimitation agreement of the EEZ with Arab Republic of Egypt LebanonOct. 2011Delineation of the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone of Lebanon
  12. 12. Exploration and LicensingLebanon Exploration: Lebanon International Petroleum ExMinistry of Energy and Water - Lebanon (LIPE)Lebanon 1st License Round •LIPE 2012 (3/4/5 July 2012) •Legal and Fiscal Documents: For details, check  – Offshore Petroleum Law brochure and flyer•Data: Data Room •LIPE 2011 (29/30 July 2011) – Technical data – Companies attending the Forum – Post show summary for a briefing – Booklet for details•Flyer: Description and Letter of invitation – Presentations available forfor exploration companies download
  13. 13. Events 2011-2012• Lebanon Oil, Gas & Energy Conference 2012: Organized by Arabcom Group. An annual meeting place for International and regional oil, gas, and energy industry• Role of natural gas in Lebanon’s future energy mix: The Third International Workshop organized by Munib and Angela Masri Institute of Energy and Natural Resources at the American University of Beirut. (April 2012) • Geopolitics of  oil and gas in Lebanon in the Near East a conference held at the Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK). (March 2011)• Lebanon International Petroleum Exploration Forum (LIPE) • LIPE 2012 (3/4/5 July 2012)  For details, check brochure and flyer • LIPE 2011 (29/30 July 2011) Read the Post show summary for a briefing, check the booklet for details, and click on presentations to download documents – ‫مؤتمر في الجامعة المريكية للعلوم و التكنولوجيا حول الطاقة النفطية في لبنان 1102 طاقة لبنان النفطية‬
  14. 14. “Oil and Gas in Lebanon” Guide• This PPT is just a brief presentation on Lebanese petroleum exploration and related issues.• Check the “Oil and Gas in Lebanon” guide* for more on exploration history, prospective offshore exploration, geo-petroleum issues, petroleum law, licensing, maritime laws and disputes, and other issues. * Use the tabs at the top of the guide to navigate through the different pages of this guide.
  15. 15. References“Lebanon 1st Licensing Round.” Lebanon International Petroleum Exploration Forum. Ministry of Water and Energy. 2012.Lebanon Exploration. Lebanon International Petroleum Exploration Forum. Ministry of Water and Energy. 2011.Sassine, Georges P. “Resolving Lebanon’s Maritime Border Disputes.” A New Vision for Lebanon. George Sassine. 12 Dec. 2011.Sulayman, Walid F. “Demand and Supply Prospects for Major Petroleum Products in Lebanon.” Master Thesis. American University of Beirut. 1972.Wählisch, Martin. “Israel-Lebanon Offshore Oil & Gas Dispute – Rules of International Maritime Law.” ASIL Insights 15.31 2011: n. pages ‫نيسان 2102 12 خليفة, عصام. الصراع على النفط والغاز.هل يكسب لبنان حقوله؟ السفير‬
  16. 16. Thank You

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