Landslide Safety Tips
Ma Nandar Nwe
Department , YTU
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• What is landslide?
• Landslide impacts
• Where do landslide Usually Occur?
• Case History of Destructive Landslides in Asia
• Landslide Prone areas in Myanmar
• How to recognize Landslide Warning Sign?
• General guidelines for those living in a landslide-prone
• Community-base Organization on Disaster Management
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What is landslide?
• Down-slope movement of soil, rock and debris or
earth under the influence of gravity, and also the land
form that result
Causes of Landslides
• Natural causes
• Man-made causes
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Debris may block roads, supply lines (telecommunication,
electricity, water, etc.), and water-ways.
Death and injury to people and animals.
Loss of productivity of agricultural and forest land, flooding.
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• Disruptions or hindrances of the economic activities
• Interruption of the traffic
• Reduction of tourist demand
(These indirect impacts are difficult to assess.)
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Where do landslide Usually Occur?
• Associated with hilly or mountain landscapes.
• Also common allow coastlines and river valleys.
• Landslide occur in most frequently in region where
climate and precipitation, bedrock and soil condition,
and slopes are susceptible to failure.
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Case History of Destructive
Landslides in Asia
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How to recognize Landslide
• New cracks appear in plaster, tile, brick, or foundation.
• Sudden appearance and rapid expansion of cracks on road
pavements or ground surface.
• Outside walls, walks, or stairs being pulling away from the
• Sudden breakage of water supply lines and other underground
installations and underground utility lines.
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• Sudden appearance and disappearance of creeks.
• A faint rumbling sound that increases in volume become
noticeable as the landslide nears.
• Bulging ground appears at the base of a slope.
• Fences, retaining walls, utility poles, or trees tilt or move.
• Rapid increase in water levels in pools, steams, etc. in
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General guidelines for those living in
a landslide-prone area
For normal time
• Do not built near slopes, close to mountain edges.
• Minimize home hazards.
• Plant ground cover on slopes and building retaining walls.
• Have flexible pipe fitting installing to avoid gas or water
• In mudflow areas, building channels or deflection walls to
direct flow around buildings.
• Listen to weather forecasts.
• Remain awake during nights of heavy continuous rain and
be ready to move to a safer location.
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• Observe the warnings signs mentioned and inform the
authorities when such warning signs are recognized.
• Listen for abnormal sounds of soil and rock movement or
breaking of trees.
• Observe abnormal behavior of domestic animals.
• Never go closer to observe cracks on the slope.
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Prior to a Potential Landslide
• Stay alert and stay awake.
• If you are in areas susceptible to landslides and debris
flows, consider leaving if it is safe to do so.
• Contact your local authority, village disaster committee,
fire services department, or police force.
• Especially be alert when driving.
• In case need to evacuate, do so immediately.
• While evacuating, do not cross possible landslide paths.
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• When see falling rocks, seek cover behind trees and other solid
• Inform affected neighbors.
• Evacuate. Getting out of the path of a landslide is best
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During a Landslide
• Quickly move.
• If escape is not possible, curl into a tight ball and protect head.
After a Landslide
• Stay away from the slide area.
• Check for injury and trapped persons near the slide, without
entering the direct slide area.
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• Listen local radio or television stations for the latest
• Watch for flooding.
• Check the building foundation.
• Replant damaged ground as soon as possible.
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Community-base Organization on
Disaster Management Plan(CBDMP)
• Education and awareness generation
• Community-based landslide risk assessment
• Landslide monitoring and warning system
• Landslide preparedness at the household level
• Family Landslide Preparedness Plan
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