The International Wellbeing Study:  Overview and First Findings   www.wellbeingstudy.com <ul><li>Karena Ring </li></ul><ul...
Study Details <ul><li>Looks in depth at peoples’ wellbeing from around the world, particularly psychological aspects that ...
Study Details <ul><li>Three interconnected projects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment study (The International Wellbeing S...
Study Details
Study Details
Study Details <ul><li>Measures:  n  = </li></ul><ul><li>Scales of Psychological Wellbeing 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal Sa...
 
Study Details <ul><li>Some u nique aspects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative nature  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cos...
Development <ul><li>Core researchers (6) who play to their differing strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive psychology ...
Challenges  <ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing a good method via trail and error  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C...
Challenges  <ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant engagement (long questionnaire), and reducing drop out </li><...
Feedback <ul><li>Negative Feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I just now started the questionnaire but have given up deciding...
Feedback <ul><li>Positive Feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ This is an impressive study:  it is a) international, b) longit...
Initial findings <ul><li>Mountainous data-set  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intake One ( M arch 2009) had 980 English participant...
Initial findings <ul><li>Example findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the best predictor of wellbeing? (Strengths, mean...
Initial findings <ul><li>Example findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Of all that we measure, depressed people were mostly diss...
Thank You & Join Us!   www.wellbeingstudy.com <ul><li>Karena Ring </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Aaro...
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The international wellbeing study, Karina Ring

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  • Slovenian language version in Sept.
  • Collaborative nature Collaborators (49 &amp; counting…): Yoga participants, philosophers, immigrants, business employees, gym members, mental health service recipients, etc. Make it easy to collaborate and remove barriers – development time and money. Cheap cost About $7000. Similar projects have cost hundreds of thousands, some millions Use of technology Always open for registration. Scalability Longitudinal design Open source data Evolving/expanding research
  • The international wellbeing study, Karina Ring

    1. 1. The International Wellbeing Study: Overview and First Findings www.wellbeingstudy.com <ul><li>Karena Ring </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Aaron Jarden </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Jose </li></ul><ul><li>Todd Kashdan </li></ul><ul><li>Ormond Simpson </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy McLachlan </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Mackenzie </li></ul><ul><li>July 17 th -20 th , 2010 - The New Zealand Psychological Society Annual Conference </li></ul>
    2. 2. Study Details <ul><li>Looks in depth at peoples’ wellbeing from around the world, particularly psychological aspects that contribute to wellbeing, and how wellbeing changes over time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>208 questions (18 main scales); average 29 min’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Five consecutive online assessments; every third month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 languages (English, Chinese, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Persian, French, Norwegian, Finnish, Portuguese, German, Hungarian, Slovakian, Czech & Dutch); more coming… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants (16+years) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three participant benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Personalised reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Amazon.com vouchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Opt-in to interventions </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Study Details <ul><li>Three interconnected projects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment study (The International Wellbeing Study) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wellbeing intervention study (savouring, curiosity, general PP interventions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further assessment study (values, time perspective, personality, stress, anxiety, flourishing, physical health, further demographics, etc) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Study Details
    5. 5. Study Details
    6. 6. Study Details <ul><li>Measures: n = </li></ul><ul><li>Scales of Psychological Wellbeing 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Strengths Use and Current Knowledge Scale 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective Happiness Scale 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Orientations to Happiness 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Hope Scale 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness Measures 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Gratitude Survey 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity and Exploration Inventory – II 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Grit scale 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning in Life Questionnaire 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Life Events 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Ways of Savouring Scale 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Savouring Beliefs Scale 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Control Beliefs Scale 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Life Events 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Rumination 6 </li></ul><ul><li>CESD - Depression Scale 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Other Questions 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic Questions 7 </li></ul>
    7. 8. Study Details <ul><li>Some u nique aspects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of technology - scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longitudinal design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controls for + ve & - ve events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving/expanding research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norm new scales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test new interventions </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Development <ul><li>Core researchers (6) who play to their differing strengths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive psychology wiz (Todd Kashdan), longitudinal analysis guru (Paul Jose), funding genius (Kennedy McLachlan), experienced old research head (Ormond Simpson), and a comedian and sceptic (Alex Mackenzie). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Originator of the study (Aaron Jarden). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A little help from their friends… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dianne Vella-Brodrick (Monash University in Melbourne) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denise Quinlan (Queenstown) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many others… </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Challenges <ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing a good method via trail and error </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaborating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Win-win’s via democratic decisions, compromise, & frequent communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be clear on ownership of intellectual property, data access, sharing, and authorship. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Challenges <ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant engagement (long questionnaire), and reducing drop out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To control for major confounders or modifiers of psychological wellbeing – such as physical health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moving forward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain representative samples (i.e., non self-selecting) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More males </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More of various country samples </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Feedback <ul><li>Negative Feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I just now started the questionnaire but have given up deciding there are too many better things to do in life, like filling in my tax return, than completing this marathon task” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Never in the history of social science have so may questions been asked in such a long and such a boring questionnaire; and then to have to it again! “ (- psychology professor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The sample of people who complete this questionnaire twice must surely be drawn from a population of people whose mental lives are so impoverished they can find no more stimulating way of occupying their time” </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Feedback <ul><li>Positive Feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ This is an impressive study:  it is a) international, b) longitudinal, c) uses 20 scales of known reliability & validity, and d) invites interesting sub-samples. Giving those who recruit sub-samples the opportunity to analyze their data opens up avenues of discovery no single team of researchers could anticipate. Anyone who would criticize this study simply because it relies a lot on self-report does not appreciate the sophistication of what you are undertaking” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ One of the most ambitious endeavours to understand the trajectories of wellbeing in meaningful contexts around the globe” </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Initial findings <ul><li>Mountainous data-set </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intake One ( M arch 2009) had 980 English participants, * 208 questions = 203,840 data points. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 intake cohorts, * 203,840 = 13,249,600 for the English language data points. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13,249,600 * 12 Languages = 1,589,952,000 (that’s a lot of data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getting better at promotion… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The questions themselves may be an intervention ? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Initial findings <ul><li>Example findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the best predictor of wellbeing? (Strengths, meaning in life, hope, gratitude, grit, values, time use, savouring, positive events, purpose, etc…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths Use, not Strengths Knowledge, correlates positively with wellbeing, and negatively with depressed mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dividing the 980 participants into those high in Using St rengths and those low in using strengths, the ‘high users’ show a strong significant correlation with all the variables, excepting age. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Initial findings <ul><li>Example findings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Of all that we measure, depressed people were mostly dissatisfied with use of time – and not living in alignment with their values  – which was stronger than aspects such as how hopeful they were. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hours of paid work are not related to wellbeing . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Living in alignment with values shows a high correlation with measures of wellbeing . </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Thank You & Join Us! www.wellbeingstudy.com <ul><li>Karena Ring </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Aaron Jarden </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Jose </li></ul><ul><li>Todd Kashdan </li></ul><ul><li>Ormond Simpson </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy McLachlan </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Mackenzie </li></ul>July 17 th -20 th , 2010 The New Zealand Psychological Society Annual Conference

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