Using Technology to Enhance Sustainability


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John Walsh, Chief Research & Strategy Officer, Clever Devices

Findings have shown that those who use public transportation instead of their automobile reduce their daily carbon emissions and makes significant
contributions to environmental health. This presentation will address improving operational efficiencies to provide increased mobility and reduce environmental consequences; and discuss stakeholder safety and ridership satisfaction which has been recognized by transit agencies as having a significant impact on attractiveness of transit to many current and prospective riders.

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  • Good morning everyone, and thanks for that great introduction. Like the man said, I’m John Walsh and my title is the Chief Research and Strategy Officer for Clever Devices, a transit technology company. A word about the transportation industry as a whole: it has been a consistent growth industry – since 1958 with few exceptions – despite economic conditions. The important thing to note here is that the paradigm of transportation has changed dramatically from the second world war to now, as well as the impact of sustainability. As you can see from this graph, 1964 was a high use year for public transit, but it began a precipitous decline soon thereafter, as you can see from the dip in ridership by 1968. Herein were concerns about the FTA’s loss of productivity times as well as a host of other issues. Other notable dates are 1990, the year that both the ADA and the (amended) Clean Air Act passed. In 1995 electronic fare collection was implemented, making ridership easier and more streamlined, saving commuter boarding times and vehicle idling times, (good for the environment). You can see the smaller dip in 2004 when fuel prices skyrocketed, worth noting because it increased production and operation costs across the board for public transit.
  • First I would like to define sustainability. As The Oxford English dictionary defines it, sustainable is involving the use of natural products and energy in a way that does not harm the environment. What is Sustainability? Oxford defines sustainable as involving the use of natural products and energy in a way that does not harm the environment.   • adjective 1 able to be sustained. 2 (of industry, development, or agriculture) avoiding depletion of natural resources.   — DERIVATIVES sustainability noun sustainably adverb. As the Task Force for the President's Council on Sustainable Development (1997) described it, sustainable communities are those that "flourish because they build a mutually supportive, dynamic balance between social well-being, economic opportunity, and environmental quality.“
  • If we start at the beginning, and we build intelligent transit systems, we need to begin at the beginning. Transit production. Building intuitive vehicles that include centralized communication technology, with automatic vehicle monitoring for example, will reduce production and operating costs because the automatic vehicle monitoring system will flag issues in the operating system before they become expensive repairs. An AVM system can also increase the lifecycle of the vehicle. Other technologies such as bus arrival prediction, streamlines scheduling and creates happier more satisfied riders. But we will explore these technologies in more detail later in the presentation.
  • It not only means smart, safe, economic, and efficient mass transit systems, it means that these solutions are built to last. We need to create smarter, more intuitive methods of transportation infrastructures and we need to implement technology to do this. Creating sustainability with technology creates a strong ripple effect. If SUSTAINABILITY is the goal, TECHNOLOGY is the enabler. Some state-level initiatives in Maryland, Georgia, and New York set out to accomplish many things at once. For example, Maryland hopes to save its remaining open spaces and make its urban areas more livable by making existing surface transportation infrastructure more efficient. Georgia recently established an administrative body to coordinate municipal transportation planning in areas that fail to meet the standards of the Clean Air Act. In 2002, New York became one of the first states in the union to formulate a greenhouse gas reduction policy in its 2002 "Energy Plan." The plan sets itself the goals of a 10 percent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions below 1990 levels by the year 2020, a 50 percent increase in the use of renewable energy in the state by 2020, and the reduction by 25 percent of primary energy use per unit of gross state product by 2010. While many of these and other initiatives intended to reform the urban environment of the United States are not also meant to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, it’s important to note that any measure that reduces vehicle miles traveled will simultaneously reduce the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. Creating sustainable environments is a great “larger picture” policy. However, creating sustainable vehicles is just as crucial for our success. The only way to create truly sustainable vehicles is by employing new technologies.
  • What is a Smart Bus? Faster, more reliable service Improved customer convenience and safety Attract choice riders and increase modal split It means that we move forward with new technologies to streamline the way transportation system runs so that we can keep moving forward. It means we work hard to reduce energy consumption and clean up the air.
  • What are the components of a SMART BUS? CAD, APC, AVL, MDT, Cameras, Message signs, Customer information, TSP, Maintenance Data, IVR,. Indoor Vehicle Tracking, Supervisory Vehicle Technology
  • With these technical enhancements, riders/customers are happier, yards and TA will be able to track Fewer stops than other transit routes Traffic control strategies will allow Quickline buses to travel faster than other traffic Unique branding
  • SAFETY FACT Intercity and transit buses have the lowest fatality rates of .04 and .02 respectively out of all modes of transport. Security notes: safety and security research and technical assistance, as well as clean bus propulsion systems using hydrogen fuel cells and hybrid electric technologies. ENVIRONMENT FACTS Riding public transportation is a significant way to cut passenger transportation energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Each year transit passengers reduce their own use of fuel by the equivalent of 1.8 billion gallons of gasoline and reduce their own carbon dioxide emissions by 16.2 million metric tons. Combined this with savings from improved traffic flow due to transit's impact on reducing congestion and secondary land use and travel reduction impacts, transit reduces annual fuel use by the equivalent of 4.2 billion gallons of gasoline and carbon dioxide emissions by 37 million metric tons. The development and testing of bus technologies support the outcome goals of reducing mobile source emissions and dependence upon imported petroleum.  The effort utilizes a comprehensive approach to reducing bus emissions, through development, deployment, and dissemination of information and technology.
  • Let’s factor in the need to ensure security and safety for every rider and driver. Let’s add in the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a specific percent for proper energy consumption and cleaner air. Lets add in technology that flags mechanical operation issues before they become problems and need costly repairs. That sounds like a bus that actually thinks for itself, its driver, its riders, its mechanic and its Transit Authority – and is a sustainable infrastructure. This now becomes our goal.
  • Using technology with traffic signal timing will improve schedule adherence, reduce operating costs, and improve running times for buses. TSP and Queue jumping
  • Accurately predicting and communicating arrival time to riders allows them to best plan their trip and utilize their time. Telling passengers exactly where their bus is and when it will arrive will make your passengers feel empowered and confident in their public transportation system, and will sustainably increase ridership while reducing negative impact on the environment.
  • These nine cameras are installed on the Chicago Transit Authority buses. It is the concept of multi-tasking that will bring us to where we need to be for truly sustainable infrastructure. We won’t be sustainable without solving our congestion problems, and we cannot solve our congesting problems without bus lane incursion and enforcement. The policing and management of said bus lane incursion programs is crucial to its success. It is this one technology that can bring us a multitude of benefits. Adding cameras for operators will help record and track bus lane incursions, and it has a huge benefit for security issues.
  • Thirteen installed cameras – including interior front mounted, interior center mounted and outside and back cameras, will create a record of bus activity in and out of the bus.
  • Enforcement is important for a successful bus lane incursion program. For mobile and static cameras (cameras installed on fixed street items), operators staff retrieve the video tapes from the buses and the static sites. CCTV cameras are under the direct control of an experienced operator. They are linked to video recorders which allow the operator to review the evidence and substantiate the decision of a traffic offense or not. Identifying Offences A computerized offense viewing and decision system is used for detecting offences and processing the recordings and the subsequent tickets. It can check whether incident vehicles are exempt under the bus lane order or whether permitted operations are being carried out; carry out a a check with the vehicle licensing authority to check that the observed vehicle details match the DVLA records.
  • As you can see from this chart, the first year of implementation in this pilot program generated 25,000 in revenue from tickets issued for traffic incursion infractions. The decline in revenue is indicative of the enforcement of bus lane incursion, and as of October of 2009, incursions were almost non existent.
  • This technology satisfies increased ridership demands through greater operational efficiencies, resulting in lower capital costs and operating expenses. It is also an efficient and effective expenditure of transit funds with a high ROI. This increased efficiency improves the quality of mass transit, maintains existing transportation assets, improves air quality, and reduces traffic congestion and energy consumption.
  • With technology to enhance operational efficiencies across the agency value chain, improve ridership experience and customer service response, and optimize the reliability of transportation and environmental responsibilities, the ripple effect of intuitive technology has a host of other benefits across the entire enterprise.
  • Intuitive dashboard analytics with graphical views and reports Metrics drill down capability This is scalable technology so it provides seamless integration with existing technologies (AVM, APC, CleverCAD and BusTime) as well as scalable data storage and collection. The data delivery can be automated for specific time frames or schedules and provides delegated administration for secure access to critical data.
  • Customizable business rules This is simple, usable, and configurable for all levels of depot metrics and can be organized for transit agencies’ specific business rules and procedures.
  • This reporting feature can generate the most efficient operators.
  • This reporting feature can generate the least efficient operators.
  • Ubisense Transit Yard Manager (TYM) helps transit organizations dramatically reduce the costly and repetitive effort of locating, assigning, and holding transit vehicles at the start and end of each block or scheduled maintenance. With Ubisense TYM, it is no longer necessary to manually locate vehicles within and around a transit facility. This information, instead, is automatically maintained electronically, making not only location but also critical vehicle information and maintenance data accessible to anyone in the organization, at any time, through an intuitive graphical interface. More timely and accurate location also reduces the time needed to perform maintenance, reduces shuffle times, and can help reduce the number of late pullouts, improving on time performance. Knowing where vehicles are parked in real-time also speeds up customer service (e.g., lost article requests) and facilitates more rapid response to law enforcement enquiries.
  • OTHER BENEFITS When integrated with scheduling/dispatch system, block information can be displayed by vehicle location and changed interactively as needed. Automatic vehicle assignment can be performed with a connected scheduling system in a “batch” mode based on knowledge of exact lane positions and pull-out times. Reduced risk of a held vehicle being assigned. Instant access to current status of vehicle locations for vehicles re-entering, facilitates optimal lane assignment. Available parking areas are visible at all times, aiding in proper staging. When integrated with CAD/AVL system, information about vehicles with reported mechanical problems can be viewed to ensure that vehicle is held and not blocked. Assists Maintenance in scheduling Mechanics can quickly find buses that they need to work on, before buses needing work are blocked by others. Visibility to the garage or yard ensures the correct placement of vehicles in need of service and reduces vehicle shuffle times. When integrated with maintenance and automatic vehicle monitoring systems, information about vehicles with reported mechanical problems can be viewed to ensure that vehicle is held and not blocked. Additional Benefits Proper staging helps to reduce late pull-outs. Knowing exactly when vehicle departs and arrives provides metrics for performance and can be utilized to ensure operator time is being reported correctly. Instant access to location can aid in locating lost articles or retrieving security video footage
  • On May 18, 2009, the Department of Transportation published an interim notice announcing the availability of funding for TIGER Discretionary Grants (as defined below), project selection criteria, application requirements and the deadline for submitting applications. Because this is a new program, the interim notice also requested comments on the proposed selection criteria and guidance for awarding TIGER Discretionary Grants. The Department considered the comments that were submitted in accordance with the interim notice and has decided to publish this notice revising some elements of the interim notice. Each of the substantive revisions made in this notice are described below in ‘‘Supplemental Information.’’ In the event that this solicitation does not result in the award and obligation of all available funds, the Department may decide to publish an additional solicitation. DATES: Complete applications for TIGER Discretionary Grants must be submitted by September 15, 2009 (the ‘‘Application Deadline’’). While applicants are encouraged to submit applications in advance of the Application Deadline, applications will not be evaluated, and awards will not be made, until after the Application Deadline. Due to the need to expedite the grant award process to meet the requirements and purposes of the Recovery Act (as defined below), the Department will evaluate all applications and announce the project lines via e-mail at Applicants should receive a confirmation e-mail, but are advised to request a return receipt to confirm transmission. Only applications received via email as provided above shall be deemed properly filed.
  • In conclusion sustainability is no longer a tagline it has to be the fundamental business of the transportation industry.
  • Using Technology to Enhance Sustainability

    1. 1. Using Technology to Enhance Sustainability ©2009 CLEVER DEVICES, INC. PRIVILEGED & CONFIDENTIAL November 19, 2009 NYPTA America’s Leader in Transit Technology
    2. 2. Public Transport History
    3. 3. What is sustainability? sus•tain•able /s ste n bl/ adj. 1 involving the use of natural products and energy in a way that does not harm the environment: sustainable forest management; an environmentally sustainable society 2 that can continue or be continued for a long time: sustainable economic growth . Unfortunately, this level of output is not sustainable. unsustainable sus•tain•abil•ity /s ste n b l ti/ noun [U] of or pertaining to sustainable.
    4. 4. What is required for sustainable public transit? <ul><li>Creating a truly sustainable “smart bus” not only means smart, safe, economic, and efficient mass transit systems, it means that these solutions are built to last . </li></ul>
    5. 5. What does sustainable mean to us? SUSTAINABILITY Customer Information Security and Safety CAD/AVL AVA AVM Enterprise Management CCTV Fare Collection BusTime
    6. 6. The SMART BUS <ul><li>What will a Smart Bus provide? </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable, consistent public information </li></ul><ul><li>Travel alternatives and choices </li></ul><ul><li>Technology-enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Faster, more reliable service </li></ul><ul><li>Improved customer convenience, safety, and security </li></ul><ul><li>Attract choice riders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desirable environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally benign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible to all population segments and demographics </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. SmartBus Components <ul><li>Video wall </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Supervisors </li></ul>WAN LAN <ul><li>IVR </li></ul><ul><li>VMS at Stations/Stops </li></ul><ul><li>Web-Based </li></ul><ul><li>Real-Time Information on mobile devices </li></ul><ul><li>Other Transitservices </li></ul><ul><li>Other Transit Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Two Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>In-garage Vehicle Locator </li></ul><ul><li>On-board diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Payroll </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Ridership </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Intensification </li></ul>
    8. 8. What are the components of a SMART BUS? <ul><li>Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Passenger Counting (APC) </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) </li></ul><ul><li>On-Board Data Terminal (MDT) </li></ul><ul><li>Security Cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Variable Message Signs (VMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Voice Annunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability measures </li></ul><ul><li>Full spectrum of custom information </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Information </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic Signal Priority (TSP) </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Data </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Voice Response (IVR) </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor Vehicle Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisory Vehicle Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the components of a SMART BUS? </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Technology-enhanced Bus Rapid Transit <ul><li>The ideal BRT system will have technology in place to upgrade amenities and service to deliver: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgraded bus environments: reduced interior noise, improved ride experience, more comfortable seats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better information for customers with potential for expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster loading times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buses will be measurably quieter on the outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buses will be 20 - 30 percent more fuel efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster travel times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State-of-the-art buses will include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid-electric drive vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carpeted sidewalls and upgraded seats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgraded destination signs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior security cameras </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air cleaning system capable of eradicating over 95% of known airborne biological toxins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fare payment will be made with a “smart card” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better climate control system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced stops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgraded shelter and lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space for schedules and maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time bus arrival technology </li></ul></ul>SUSTAINABILITY Enterprise Management
    10. 10. Elements Required for BRT BRT ELEMENTS BRT ELEMENTS REQUIRED IMPORTANT LESS IMPORTANT Smart Bus X Bus Lanes X Signal Pre-Emption X AVLC X Bus to Bus Communication X Real Time Schedule Adjustment X Dedicated Right-of-Way X CCTV X Pre-Paid Fare X Smart Cards X Real Time Customer Information X Multiple Door Loadings X Busways X Platform Boarding X
    11. 11. BRT Technology Multiple Door Loadings Bus to Bus Communication Management Signal Pre-Emption Bus Lanes Dedicated Right-of-Way Platform Boarding Busways Pre-Paid Fare Smart Cards Real Time Schedule Adjustment Real Time Customer Info Enhanced Safety & Security CCTV – Traffic Mgmt & Parking Enforcement SMART BUS
    12. 12. How does security and safety technology enhance sustainability? <ul><li>The question is: how can we as a nation, secure supplies, encourage industries and consumers to use energy more efficiently, and do so in ways to sustain economic and environmental sectors for our transportation systems? </li></ul><ul><li>A successful overall strategy would aim at: </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing the gap between energy demand and supply </li></ul><ul><li>Improving energy efficiency and conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Diversifying sources of energy supply </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in energy infrastructure development </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative and renewable sources of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in new innovative technologies, to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul>With goals to increase personal mobility, improve homeland security, and increase transit safety, security technology can ensure that these goals are met. SUSTAINABILITY Security and Safety Bus rapid transit security technologies serve to integrate intelligent transportation system technology, operational strategies for speeding up bus service, and customer-friendly information and fare collection. Reducing the life-cycle costs of vehicles, systems, and facilities through the introduction of low-emission, high-efficiency transit vehicles, will enable us to deliver products and services that are valued by customers. Increasing the quality, reliability and cost-effectiveness of public transportation services leads to increases in transit ridership, provides the means to power transit by “sustainable” sources of energy – sources that eliminate or minimize petroleum consumption and harmful emissions, not just by the vehicle but also by all the links in the energy “chain.” 
    13. 13. How does customer service technology enhance sustainability? <ul><li>The concerns of our customers and riders should be the driving force behind creating sustainable solutions that meet all riders’ needs. </li></ul><ul><li>The questions that agencies need to ask themselves is what do they do with their materials when they are finished with it? Are chemicals such as mercury and cadmium being disposed of in line with RoHs standards? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it through a segregated process? Does their procurement support a sustainable culture? </li></ul>
    14. 14. Technically-enhanced Traffic Priorities <ul><li>Improvements to traffic signal timing and traffic infrastructure will give the SMART BUS priority over other vehicles and allow it to move through traffic faster and more efficiently: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic Signal Priority (TSP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic signal controller reacts to an approaching bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives the bus passage through the intersection with less delay than would have otherwise occurred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queue-jumping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to TSP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus operates in a designated lane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A specially-inserted traffic signal phase is called to serve the bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bus gets the green light while adjacent traffic is held a few seconds longer at a red light </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. How does CAD/AVL technology enhance sustainability? <ul><li>Computer aided dispatch with automatic vehicle location improves call response times, and streamlines the dispatching process. It offers increased mobility of paratransit service for riders who are unable to access conventional or bus rapid transit. Integrated with GPS for vehicle tracking and wireless communications capabilities, it allows for the wireless delivery of work manifests and turn-by-turn navigation to the driver. It further facilitates real-time status updates between drivers and dispatchers and facilitates reservations, scheduling, dispatching, and routing. &quot;When customers call to ask 'Why isn't my ride here?' dispatchers can instantly give them an accurate ETA, as they are able to see exactly where the ride is. Without CAD/AVL, dispatchers had to conduct a series of calls to get this information to the customer. </li></ul><ul><li>A correctly implemented system can increase revenue trips per hour, as well as a significant reduction in CO2 emissions over just one month of operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Additionally, at least 35% is saved in time to manage scheduling same day trips; supplying riders with travel information can be an estimated 50% faster. Therein lies our sustainability factor. </li></ul>
    16. 16. How does bus arrival prediction technology enhance sustainability? <ul><li>Bus arrival prediction technology makes accurate arrival time prediction accessible to mobile devices and on the web, empowering riders and greatly increasing the appeal of public transportation, which is good for the environment, the economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Using GPS technology, this technology calculates the arrival time of buses for specific stops and routes - then communicates this information to passengers via handheld wireless devices (such as cell phones and PDAs), the Internet, and electronic signs. It allows transit agencies to communicate public service messages to inform riders of service interruptions, emergencies, and other important events. </li></ul>SUSTAINABILITY BusTime Accurately predicting and communicating arrival time to riders allows them to best plan their trip and utilize their time. Telling passengers exactly where their bus is and when it will arrive will make your passengers feel empowered and confident in their public transportation system, and will sustainably increase ridership while reducing negative impact on the environment.
    17. 17. This Same Solution Can Be Used By Your Street Supervisors To More Effectively Manage Service <ul><li>Operator ID, Run # </li></ul><ul><li>Off-Route, Dead-Head, Pull-In, and Pull-Out </li></ul><ul><li>Manage Bus Bunching </li></ul>
    18. 18. Prediction Accuracy Tool Allows administrators to evaluate prediction accuracy for one or multiple routes
    19. 19. Time Saved as a Result of BusTime™ Utilization Produces Enormous Economic Value to Riders Economic Analysis of BusTime™ Utilization * National Transit Database 2007
    20. 20. How does CCTV technology enhance sustainability? <ul><li>Bus mounted cameras have been successfully installed on 10 different bus types. </li></ul><ul><li>One example is the CCTV technology installed in London. The context and close up cameras are fitted in a single enclosure adjacent to the blind box. The camera system, including multiplexer and video-recorder, are fitted within secure housings underneath the seating area. </li></ul><ul><li>The mobile cameras have been developed to meet requirements. It is important to ensure that the system cannot be corrupted or tampered with. This technology: </li></ul><ul><li>Gathers Evidence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile cameras </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Static cameras </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Identifies Offenses </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incident detection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permitted vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Initiates Proceedings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DVLA check </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incident review </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tickets and Warnings </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>SUSTAINABILITY CCTV/ Sensor Analytics Adaptive Intelligent Software and controls
    21. 21. Incidents resulted in ticketing per type of camera <ul><ul><li>91 % of CCTV incidents resulted in ticketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>87 % of roadside camera incidents resulted in ticketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>72 % of bus mounted camera incidents resulted in ticketing </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. On-Board Security Cameras <ul><ul><li>Screen shots of nine cameras installed on Chicago Transit Authority buses. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. CTA New Flyer 4000 <ul><li>Key </li></ul><ul><li>1. Front door </li></ul><ul><li>2. Front to Rear </li></ul><ul><li>3. Center to Rear </li></ul><ul><li>4. Rear to Front </li></ul><ul><li>5. Rear Door </li></ul>1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 6. Forward Facing 7. Curbside Front 8 .Curbside Rear 9. Street-side Front 10. Street-side Rear 11. Mid-Trailer Rear 12. Mid Forward 13. Driver Camera
    24. 24. Bus Lane Incursion Benefits Before Bus Lane Incursion After Bus Lane Incursion
    25. 25. Annual amount of PCN`s Bus Mounted / Statics from 2004 to 2009. 2004: 180.000 Tickets. 2009 inclusive October 10.282 Tickets.
    26. 26. Why monitor? <ul><ul><li>Objective appraisal of bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>service enhancements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data for assessment of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enforcement strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent of bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeatable analyses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent data </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Bus Speed Observations <ul><ul><li>Route 43 bus running speeds: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bus lanes interlanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2001: 18.9 16.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2003: 21.4 15.9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change: + 13% - 1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average traffic speeds in test area: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>am peak period: 15.8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inter-peak period: 14.4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pm peak period: 15.4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All speeds were recorded prior to the introduction of the central city congestion charge. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. How does vehicle monitoring technology enhance sustainability? <ul><li>Automatic vehicle monitoring is a maintenance and operations decision support solution that continuously measures, monitors, and reports the status of critical systems and components of the fleet. It provides reports in a single, common source of diagnostic information. </li></ul><ul><li>By providing on-demand access to accurate diagnostic and performance information across the fleet, maintenance personnel can identify and resolve fault conditions before they turn into road-calls and service interruptions. Precise definition of failures and related system performance also allows direct assignment of personnel to required repair actions, eliminating major costs associated with diagnostic time. </li></ul>SUSTAINABILITY AVM This technology satisfies increased ridership demands through greater operational efficiencies, resulting in lower capital costs and operating expenses. It is also an efficient and effective expenditure of transit funds with a high ROI. This increased efficiency improves the quality of mass transit, maintains existing transportation assets, improves air quality, and reduces traffic congestion and energy consumption.
    29. 29. One technology can provide a host of other benefits <ul><ul><li>Top level – MPG for each vehicle model </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Vehicle Fuel Efficiency – Drilling Down <ul><li>Select a route to show vehicle model MPG on that route. </li></ul>
    31. 31. Vehicle Fuel Efficiency – Drilling Down Select a route and vehicle model to view fuel efficiency for each operator on that route. Show ten most-efficient operators and ten least-efficient ones .
    32. 32. Most Efficient Operators Report
    33. 33. Least Efficient Operators Report
    34. 34. CTA – Worst Operator
    35. 35. Drill down - Screen Shot of Worst Operator Data
    36. 36. CTA – Best Operator
    37. 37. Drill down – Screen Shot of Best Operator Data
    38. 38. Sustainability Reports (Carbon Footprint)
    39. 39. Yard Mapping/Management
    40. 40. Benefits of Transit Yard Manager <ul><li>Automated digital markup sheets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No need to walk garages and yards to look for vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No need for static piece of paper (markup sheet) which quickly becomes out of date. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dispatchers can quickly see what buses available and which are held by maintenance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle search time is eliminated for mechanics, operators, and supervisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assists Transportation Dispatchers with assignment and monitoring. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to location, bus type, and maintenance status ensures that the correct buses are staged correctly for pullout. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blocks assignments or holds are recorded by pointing and clicking on vehicles on the screen. </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. TIGER TEAM <ul><li>The DOT has an intermodal team of experts from policy, legal, financial, and information technology disciplines to work alongside programmatic experts in operating administrations to anticipate the requirements in the new legislation. Termed the Transportation Investments Generating Economic Recovery – or TIGER – it has worked to establish separate stewardship working groups to coordinate issues such as data reporting, financial management, procurement and grants, job creation, information technology, and accountability. </li></ul>
    42. 42. In conclusion <ul><li>If we return to our goal of creating the intuitive Smart Bus – the one that actually thinks for itself, its driver, its riders, its mechanic and its Transit Authority – via a sustainable infrastructure – technology is the only means to this end. </li></ul>