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Transit Supportive Development Case Study and CDTA’s North-South Corridors Action Plan


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Larry Lennon
Parsons Brinkerhoff

The NYS Metropolitan Planning Organization Association has conducted a state-wide project on Transit Supportive Development. This overall effort, including the results of an extensive literature review and three other case studies will provide basic information on the “state-of-the-practice” and “lessons learned” of TSD in NYS. CDTA will highlight the results of its case which focused on bus transit, BRT and the incorporation of a transit center into the proposed Convention Center in Downtown Albany and to examine State Street in the downtown area as a BRT corridor. Key findings and lessons will be shared. The session will wrap up with a presentation of a recently completed North-South Corridor Study which provided multimodal transit recommendations supportive of regional “concentrated growth” scenarios developed by the MPO.

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Transit Supportive Development Case Study and CDTA’s North-South Corridors Action Plan

  1. 1. Capital District Transportation Authority North/South Corridors Study and Action Plan Parsons Brinckerhoff In association with Creighton Manning Engineering Arch Street Communications
  2. 2. North-South Corridors Study <ul><li>Recommend the most effective services for commuters traveling in the corridors between Saratoga and Albany </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing Northway Express </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commuter Rail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light Rail Transit (LRT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. New Visions 2030 Growth Scenarios <ul><li>Status Quo Trend </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Trend Hyper-Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated Hyper-Growth </li></ul>
  4. 4. Commuter Rail Characteristics <ul><li>Longer corridors, wider station spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Operates on active and inactive freight and inter-city rail lines </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel or overhead electric propulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotives pulling cars or DMU/EMU </li></ul><ul><li>Typically one station in downtown </li></ul>
  5. 5. Light Rail Transit Characteristics <ul><li>Medium-length corridors, more frequent station spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Inactive rail or dedicated right-of-way </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead electric or diesel propulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Often operates in-street downtown </li></ul><ul><li>Usually several stops downtown </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bus Rapid Transit Characteristics <ul><li>Medium-to-shorter corridors, frequent station or stop spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Partially or fully dedicated right of way </li></ul><ul><li>On-board diesel or hybrid propulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Can operate on-street or in dedicated right-of-way </li></ul>
  7. 7. BRT System Components ITS & Fare Payment Stations & Stops Service Plan Vehicles Running Ways & TSP
  8. 8. Spectrum of BRT Systems <ul><li>BRT “Lite” </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Queue jumps </li></ul><ul><li>Skip stops </li></ul><ul><li>“ Exclusive” BRT </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated ROW </li></ul><ul><li>Signal priority </li></ul><ul><li>Larger fixed stations </li></ul>
  9. 9. LA Metro Railroad Corridor BRT Before After
  10. 10. Proposed Translink Eugene/Springfield BRT Lane <ul><li>Before </li></ul>After
  11. 11. Four Preliminary Commuter Rail Alternatives
  12. 12. Five Preliminary BRT/LRT Corridors
  13. 14. Findings <ul><li>Proposed improvements to NX and local bus services sufficient to meet future demand in US 9/I-87 corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Light rail expensive relative to potential market </li></ul><ul><li>Commuter rail options can build-on investments made for other purposes </li></ul>
  14. 15. Findings <ul><li>River Corridor has high potential benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing riders and new markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher market demand than US 9/I-87 corridors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses regional transit investment in targeted redevelopment areas </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Findings <ul><li>River Corridor alignments require further analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversion of CPR alignment to BRT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potentially complicated and expensive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed street alignment on US 4/NY 32 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too slow to attract longer distance, express trips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop improvements to increase speed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Action Plan
  17. 18. Near-Term 2009-2014 Northway Express <ul><li>Restructure routes & increase service </li></ul><ul><li>Provide reverse commute service </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify fare zone structure </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalize fares/equity in discounts </li></ul><ul><li>Study potential priority treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Implement 2 nd Exit 9 park-and-ride lot </li></ul>
  18. 19. Near-Term 2009-2014 River Corridor BRT <ul><li>Refine project re: FTA Small Starts </li></ul><ul><li>Develop consensus on BRT and Transit Oriented Development (TOD) policies </li></ul><ul><li>Identify preferred BRT alignment (CPR Rail or US4/NY32 On Street Alignments) </li></ul><ul><li>Complete development and begin construction </li></ul>
  19. 20. Near-Term 2009-2014 West Corridor Commuter Rail <ul><ul><li>Extend selected existing Amtrak trains to Saratoga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double track the existing rail line to Schenectady (State project) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct station in Albany at Broadway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct SUNY-Airport-Harriman station </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Mid-Term 2015-2020 Northway Express <ul><ul><li>Construct queue jumps & signal priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase NX service frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Saratoga local shuttles such as a Luther Forest connection </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Mid-Term 2015-2020 River Corridor BRT <ul><li>Complete construction of River Corridor facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Begin service operations </li></ul>
  22. 23. Mid-Term 2015-2020 West Corridor Commuter Rail <ul><ul><li>Add shuttle services to SUNY and Albany International Airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct intermediate station at Ballston </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Long-Term 2021-2030 Northway Express <ul><ul><li>Construct managed-use lanes in the Northway corridor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase NX service frequency </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Long-Term 2021-2030 River Corridor BRT and West Corridor Commuter Rail <ul><li>River Corridor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance service to respond to demand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commuter rail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand commuter rail service by procuring rail equipment </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Thank You!