African New York


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Participants will learn about the contributions made by African-Americans to the economic, cultural, and political development of New York City.

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  • Give a Brief speech to discuss topics that will be addressed skills that will be developed. You might want to insert some slides from the draft version of the presentation. Refer to points stressed in the outline for example: Research Skills Interactivity
  • African New York

    1. 1. Harlem Center for Education Community Technology Center Pioneers 2001 Summer Youth Program June 23, 2001
    2. 2. Voices of Our Ancestors The African Burial Ground
    3. 3. The Discovery
    4. 4. Timeline <ul><li>1492 — Columbus becomes the first documented European to make contact with the “New World”. </li></ul><ul><li>The Discovery by Henri Hudson </li></ul><ul><li>1623 — The Dutch West India Company arrives to establish a colony on the island of Manhattan known as New Amsterdam. </li></ul><ul><li>1625-1626 — The first enslaved Africans arrive in New Amsterdam to provide the critical labor needed to build the colony. </li></ul><ul><li>1664-65 — New Amsterdam is surrendered to the British who rename the colony New York. </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Arrival
    6. 6. Dutch West India Co. <ul><li>During the period between 1625-26 a number of African men are enslaved and transported to New Amsterdam by the Dutch West India Company. </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Africans
    8. 8. Africans in the New Colony <ul><li>You are one of the first 11 enslaved Africans that arrive in new Dutch colony. As the property of the Dutch West India Company, you and the other 10 men that were brought to the colony are responsible for clearing forest and constructing buildings for the colonist. Currently you and the other men are constructing a wall at the northern reaches of the colony to help defend it from the natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Under Dutch rule you will be given conditional freedom after 20 years of service at which time you will be given land for farming with the stipulation you annually contribute produce. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Simon Congo <ul><li>You come from the Congo region of Africa, hence your last name. Since you have never been a slave before, you are finding it rather difficult to adapt to the realities of the “New World”. Prior to your capture and enslavement, you were preparing to be declared a king by the ManiKango. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade Congo
    10. 10. Paulo Angola <ul><li>You were one of the fiercest and bravest warriors in your native Angola . It took great force to capture and enslave you. You killed several men in the attempt. It is rumored that you had organized a slave revolt on the Brazilian sugar plantation from which you were sold. That rumor caused you to be sold to the Dutch West India Company. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade Brazil
    11. 11. Gratia D’Angola <ul><li>You were purchased from a Portuguese trader for the Dutch West India Company. Your final destination will be a new colony they are establishing called New Amsterdam. When you lived in your homeland of Angola , you were a highly skilled hunter whose bravery and skill was unsurpassed by anyone else in your village. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    12. 12. Big Manuel <ul><li>You have been enslaved for the last 5 years since you and your brother were captured during a raid on your village by the Fon when you were 18 years old. You were both sold to Spanish merchants and brought to the island of Cuba in the New World. Your youth and strength made you and your brother valuable commodities in the slave trading market. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade Cuba
    13. 13. Little Manuel <ul><li>You and your older brother have been enslaved for the last 6 years since you were captured during a raid on your village in Nigeria by the Fon when you were 15 years old. You were both sold to Spanish merchants and brought to the island of Cuba in the “New World”. Your youth and strength made you and your brother valuable commodities in the slave trading market. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade Cuba
    14. 14. Manuel de Gerrit de Reus <ul><li>You were bought by the Dutch West India Company for the task of translating commands to the enslaved Africans being transported to the new Dutch colony of New Amsterdam. You speak Dutch, Portuguese and Spanish as well as some of the Bantu languages native to some of the other enslaved Africans purchased by the Company. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    15. 15. Anthony Portugis Garcia <ul><li>You are accustomed to hard labor having worked fro the Dutch West India Company on their sugar plantations in Brazil. The crop rotation skills you learned in your native Congo has made you a valuable asset to the Company and you have been brought to many new location where the Company has established a colony. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade Brazil
    16. 16. Peter Santomee <ul><li>Your iron smelting skills have made you one of the most valued enslaved Africans that are being brought to the colony of New Amsterdam. Since tools will be needed to help clear forest and construct buildings, your knowledge and skills have been sought after by some of the top slave traders. In your homeland of Nigeria your spiritual connection with Ogun gave you great power over the use of metal and you were one of the most sought after metal workers in Ife. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    17. 17. Jan Francisco <ul><li>Having been born a slave in Brazil, you have never known what it like to live as a free man. Your mother, who was brought from Angola as a young woman, told you stories about your family in Africa. The last thing she told you before you and your brother were sold to slave traders, was that although the white man may own your body, he can NEVER own your spirit, and that one day you would all meet again in the world of the spirits. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    18. 18. Little Francisco <ul><li>You were one of the best workers on the sugarcane plantation from which you were sold. But due to financial difficulties on the plantation to which you are enslaved, you and your brother were sold because of the amount of money your master stood to gain from your high value. Sugarcane cutters were renowned for their strength and endurance, something that will be needed by your new owners, the Dutch West India Company in the establishment of a new colony called New Amsterdam. </li></ul>Website: The Underground Railroad
    19. 19. Jan Fort Orange <ul><li>You come from the French colony of “Saint Domingue” in the Caribbean. You have spent the last 10 years of your life enslaved by the French. In your Homeland of “Dahomey” you were a high priest of the “Voudou” religion. The other Africans in the colony frequently come to you for remedies to their health problems. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    20. 20. Elizabeth Jennings <ul><li>You are a 24-year-old schoolteacher living in New York City during the 1850’s. Elizabeth Jennings decides to take a stand one afternoon that will bring about changes for African-American New Yorkers. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    21. 21. Harriet Tubman <ul><li>You earned the nickname “Moses” because of your bravery in helping more than 300 slave escape through the Underground Railroad. You suffer from occasional blackouts due to being hit in the head with a lead weight by an overseer when you were 15 years old. Throughout your life you remained fearless in your fight for the rights of African-Americans. </li></ul>Website: The Underground Railroad
    22. 22. Sojourner Truth <ul><li>You were born Isabella Van Wagenen, a slave in Hurley, New York in 1797. You were freed under the New York Anti-Slavery Law of 1827. You take your place in history alongside some other famous African Americans such as Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman. You become known for your words of empowerment and your vigilant pursuit for the right of women and African-Americans. </li></ul>Samba Graphics Website: The Underground Railroad
    23. 23. Frances Harper <ul><li>Although you were not born into a slave family in 1825 Baltimore, Maryland, you nevertheless suffered from the oppressive slave laws and rampant discrimination of the time. During the 1850’s you used your gift for language and became active in the Anti-Slavery Movement as a lecturer. During the Civil War you wrote many articles hoping to contribute to the cause of freedom. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    24. 24. Mary Ann Shad Cary <ul><li>You are the first Black woman to practice law in the United States and the first in North America to edit a newspaper. During the 1850’s you taught in Canada and also edited the abolitionist newspaper The Provincial Freeman. But with the outbreak of the Civil War, you return to the United States, becoming active in the recruitment of Blacks into the militia. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    25. 25. Sarah Parker Remond <ul><li>You were born in Salem, Massachusetts in 1826 to free African-American parents. In 1856 you became an agent of the American Anti-Slavery Society. From 1853 to 1865 you lectured in the US and in Great Britain where you exposed the evils of slavery. You further protested the segregation of churches, theaters, and ocean liners. You later move to Florence, Italy and practiced medicine. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    26. 26. Sarah Forten <ul><li>You come from one of the most prominent Black families in Philadelphia. You and your family were active abolitionists who took part in founding and financing at least six abolitionist organizations. As a teenager you composed numerous poems and articles for the Liberator, under the names “Magawisca” and “Ada”. One of your poems, “The Grave of the Slave,” was set to music by Black band leader Frank Johnson. </li></ul>Website: The Atlantic Slave Trade
    27. 27. Anna Murray Douglass <ul><li>You are the wife of former slave and orator Frederick Douglass . Through your financial efforts he was able to escape from Baltimore to New York disguised as a sailor. While your husband Frederick traveled, you provided comfort and shelter to hundreds of runaway slaves at your home in Rochester, New York, which served as a station on the Underground Railroad. </li></ul>Website: The Underground Railroad
    28. 28. Ellen Craft <ul><li>You are a courageous runaway slave from Georgia, which is remarkable since to escape from on e of the states in the Deep South was considered almost impossible. You disguise yourself as a white man and with your husband attempt this dangerous journey! You arrive in the free state of Pennsylvania on New Year’s Eve, 1848. </li></ul>Website: The Underground Railroad