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6 desert animals


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6 desert animals

  1. 1. Desert Animals Before we proceed:  You might have heard about desert. There are many deserts in the world. Desert may be cool and hot both. The hottest desert on the earth is ‘Sahara Desert’ and the example of cool desert in India is ‘Laddakh Desert’.  Many animals live in these deserts. Who are they? How do they survive in the harsh conditions of the desert?
  2. 2. Desert Animals  Deserts are the driest places on the earth and lack rain. Deserts are without rain for months or even years.  The animals that live in deserts have developed their ability to require less water.
  3. 3. Desert Animals For Example:  Gerbils spend the hottest part of the day in their underground burrows.  Darkling beetles catches drops of moisture on their legs and lift them into the air and drops down into their mouth.
  4. 4. Desert Animals All deserts are not full of sand dunes. Some are rocky, pebbly and dotted with small bushes and flowers too.  There are more than 2300 kinds of snake around the world. Some of them are very poisonous and some of them are harmless.  Most snakes lay eggs but some give birth to their young ones too. 
  5. 5. Desert Animals        In the dry, rocky deserts of America lives a snake called ‘Rattle snake’. It can be found in Canada and Argentina too. It is called rattle snake because it make a sound with its tail. But it can not hear the noise of its own tail makes. Like most snakes, it hears things through vibrations in the ground. Rattle snake eats mice, voles, rats, chipmunks and many other small animals. It kill them with venom and swallow the animals whole like many snakes. Few snakes eat more than once a week but the larger one like Python can survive for a year without eating.
  6. 6. Desert Animals Comprehension Check:  Which desert animal spend the hottest part of the day in burrows or holes?  How do darkling beetles fulfil their need of water?  What does the rattle snake eat?  Can rattle snake hear the noise of its own tail ?  Which snake can survive for a year without eating?
  7. 7. Desert Animals      Another animal which lives in desert is Mongoose. Mongooses love to go in search of food together. They eat beetles, millipedes and other small creatures. They are famous for being able to kill snakes without getting hurt. All the female mongooses have their kitten at about the same time. The kittens are raised by the whole group. When most of the adults go out for food one or two males stand behind to guard them.
  8. 8. Desert Animals  Another animal which lives in desert is the camel. They have long shaggy coats to keep warm in winter and shorter, tidier coats in the summer to keep cool.  A thirsty camel can drink 30 gallons of water that is equal to 500 full glasses in just 10 minutes.  Normally it gets all the moisture it needs from desert plants and can survive for up to ten months without drinking water.
  9. 9. Desert Animals  There are two different kinds of camel in the desert. One is called ‘the Dromedary’. It has only single hump. The other one is called ‘Bactrian camel’ and has two humps.  People usually think that camel’s hump is a storage container and it store water in it. But it is not true. Actually humps are full of fat. This fat nourishes the camels when they have nothing to eat.
  10. 10. Desert Animals  If they have nothing to eat for many days, their humps shrink because fat is used by them. There are many other ways in which camels are adapted to desert life. For example: their mouths are so tough that even the sharp thorn can not hurt them.
  11. 11. Desert Animals Comprehension Check:  Which desert animal goes in search of food in a group?  What do the mongooses eat?  How many gallons of water a camel can drink in 10 minutes?  Do camels store water in their humps?