Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Astronomical Research in the Classroom with the Faulkes Telescope Project by Fraser Lewis

107 views

Published on

Presented at the GHOU 2018 conference in Vienna, Austria from 13-15 August. http://handsonuniverse.org/ghou2018/program/

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Astronomical Research in the Classroom with the Faulkes Telescope Project by Fraser Lewis

  1. 1. Fraser Lewis Faulkes Telescope Project National Schools’ Observatory Liverpool John Moores University The Open University Using Real Data in Education
  2. 2. Based in Cardiff, Wales
  3. 3. The Faulkes Telescope Project
  4. 4. Robotic telescopes allow us to obtain images from (several) distant good quality sites Only 3 * 2-metre telescopes that do this for education FT LT
  5. 5. FTS Siding Spring, Australia
  6. 6. Liverpool Telescope, La Palma
  7. 7. 7Las Cumbres Observatory 7 2m 2m 2 x 1m 3 x 1m 3 x 1m 1m Also 9 * 1-metre telescopes (5 more soon)
  8. 8. Also 8 * 0.4 metres Hawaii, Australia, South Africa, Chile and Tenerife
  9. 9. Fastest Rotating Asteroid Ever! FTS observations by British amateur astronomer Superfast rotator - 42.7s Mass approx. 5000 tonnes, 15-20m across Part of new collaborative project to survey properties of small NEAs
  10. 10. New in 2018 The return of real-time observing USP for 2-metre telescope Schools get exclusive control of telescopes for 30 minute blocks NRES (Network of Robotic Echelle Spectrographs) High resolution (R ~ 50,000) spectrographs on 1-metre telescopes
  11. 11. The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram (HRD; sometimes CMD) A theoretical diagram showing the properties of a population of stars Developed independently between 1911 and 1913 plotting brightness/luminosity (y-axis) against colour (i.e. temperature) or against spectral type (x-axis)
  12. 12. Inquiry-based ‘teacher-free’ activity for students to learn about open clusters and HR diagrams as well as photometry (and all the nasty maths) Can choose any one of 28 datasets or take their own observations with FT/LCO
  13. 13. New variables Patrick Gildersleeve (St. Johns, Cardiff)
  14. 14. LT Car RR Lyrae CMD Joe Setchfield – USW u’grad
  15. 15. Stellar Endpoints
  16. 16. 18 August 2018 CEPSAR Postgraduate Seminars 22 Lifecycle of stars
  17. 17. Gaia Transient Follow-up http://gsaweb.ast.cam.ac.uk/alerts/alertsindex
  18. 18. Getting to know Gaia CCDs Signalling Launch Orbit Location Scientific Instruments Precision Power Systems
  19. 19. http://resources.faulkes-telescope.com/course/view.php?id=144 Spotting a Supernova
  20. 20. ASASSN-15oz (~250 images in 4 filters over 7 telescopes on 5 sites)
  21. 21. FLOYDS Spectrograph Both 2-metre telescopes have a low-resolution spectrograph so as well as imaging objects, spectra can be taken
  22. 22. Exoplanet transits CoRot 2b: David Hardy & Thomas Ham (Cardiff schools), July 2012
  23. 23. 35 Optical X-ray
  24. 24. Binary Stars
  25. 25.  We are monitoring about 40 LMXBs with the two 2-m Faulkes Telescopes since 2005–2007 (Lewis et al. 2008) – about half are regularly detected in quiescence  Fully robotic, queue scheduled. Typically use V, R, i’ filters, sometimes g’, r’, i’, y  Cadence: about once a week or so, can increase frequency if necessary (e.g. outbursts)  Tracking the X-ray variations of XRBs in quiescence is generally not possible, so optical monitoring provides the best means to measure mass accretion rate variability between outbursts Faulkes Telescope Monitoring of LMXBs FTN (Haleakala on Maui, Hawaii) FTS (Siding Spring, Australia)
  26. 26. 18 August 2018 Fraser Lewis - Usk AS 39 12 Years of Monitoring ~40 Low-Mass quiescent X-ray Binaries (LMXBs) working with Dave Russell (New York University Abu Dhabi) Donor main sequence or dwarf star Accretion by Roche lobe overflow System’s luminosity dominated by disc Long-lived (~107 – 109 years) Usually found in globular clusters and Galactic bulge
  27. 27. X-ray binary outbursts This is a low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB) Physical components:  Star  Compact object: Black hole or Neutron star  Accretion disc  Hot inner flow / Corona  Jets, disc winds Mass transfer causes an outburst when disc becomes unstable Disc simulation by Mike Truss, Leicester MAXI J1659–152: 2010 outburst first detection by MAXI X-ray light curve from Homan et al. 2013 New outburst detected almost 6 orders of magnitude above quiescent X-ray flux level
  28. 28. Even previously unknown LMXBs are now being discovered by optical telescopes before X-ray MAXI J1820+070: A new BH transient discovered in March 2018 by the ASAS-SN transients survey
  29. 29. Long term optical monitoring of V404 Cyg We’ve been monitoring the long term behavior of LMXBs like V404 Cyg with the 2-m Faulkes Telescopes Bernardini et al. 2016
  30. 30. 18 August 2018 Fraser Lewis - Usk AS 43 4 Types of Behaviour
  31. 31. Schools in research publications Elebert et al. 2009 MNRAS Lewis et al. 2010 A&A
  32. 32. A nearby and ‘easy-to measure’ black hole ! Black Holes In My School (BHIMS; Rosa Doran, NUCLIO, Portugal)
  33. 33. What is “Down to Earth”? A STEM project based around the science of asteroids, comets, meteorites and impacts Inquiry-based science education Multi-disciplinary (astronomy, geography, geology, physics, maths, IT) and suitable for many age groups
  34. 34. Extremely Relevant ! Chelyabinsk meteor, 15/02/13
  35. 35. In development - Android App, more languages (Basque, Dutch, Romanian) Via Go-Lab, ESA – more activities, worksheets
  36. 36. 1. Can you make the smallest (but not 0 metres) and largest craters ? http://simulator.down2earth.eu/ http://education.down2earth.eu/ 2. Can you reproduce the Chicxulub crater ? 3. Find the largest crater in your country and try to reproduce it …
  37. 37. 4. Can you reverse engineer an existing crater on Earth ? (you may have to introduce the concept of ‘degeneracy’) e.g. Chicxulub (180 km) Barringer (1.2 km, iron meteorite into sedimentary rock) Ries (26 km) and Steinheim https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_on_Earth
  38. 38. Go-Lab http://www.golabz.eu/ http://www.go-lab-project.eu/ https://www.golabz.eu/ils/craters-on-earth-and- other-planets https://www.golabz.eu/lab/craters-on-earth- and-other-planets
  39. 39. Inquiry-based ‘teacher-free’ activity for students to learn about open clusters and HR diagrams as well as photometry (and all the nasty maths) Can choose any one of 28 datasets or take their own observations with FT/LCO
  40. 40. https://www.schoolsobservatory.org/discover/projects/clusters/main first of five IBSE (guided) activities Open Clusters Exoplanets Variable Stars Supernovae Compact Objects (black holes and neutron stars)
  41. 41. Exoplanet transits CoRot 2b: David Hardy & Thomas Ham (Cardiff schools), July 2012
  42. 42. WASP-4b transit 2016 – watch this ‘space’ 1 undergraduate plus two A level students
  43. 43. Activity 2 Go to http://exoplanet.eu/diagrams/ Plot “stuff” against “other stuff” 36 * 35 options = 1260 Search for trends, clumps, etc.
  44. 44. If you find one, is it a ‘real’ effect and if so, does it make sense ? If it isn’t real, what is causing it ? Don’t forget to switch off (on) log scaling and filter by method/status
  45. 45. http://astro.unl.edu/naap/esp/animations/transitSimulator.html http://astro.unl.edu/naap/esp/animations/radialVelocitySimulator.html
  46. 46. National Schools Observatory Established (2004) to provide schools in the UK and Ireland with access to the Liverpool Telescope through a guided observing system, together with astronomy related content, news and learning activities.
  47. 47. NSO Projects and Activities (no password)
  48. 48. VR/AR material via RAL, Gaia, ISS Some of Other (FT) Projects
  49. 49. Augmented Reality • Explore the Solar System in Augmented Reality, using your smart phone or tablet and a set of postcards. • App and postcards are free! • 3D models of planets in our Solar System that you can explore, interact with and learn about Our Universe AR Search the Google Play Store for “Faulkes Telescope” to find the app
  50. 50. Quarknet Cymru
  51. 51. Worldwide, you can register for the FT Project and NSO (they’re free, honestly !) http://www.faulkes- telescope.com/information/registration https://www.schoolsobservatory.org/register
  52. 52. http://faulkes-telescope.com http://resources.faulkes-telescope.com http://education.down2earth.eu http://www.schoolsobservatory.org.uk/ @QuarknetCymru @faulkestel Please come find me or e-mail me your ideas fraser.lewis@ faulkes-telescope.com

×