NYC's Unique Electrification Opportunity

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NYC's Unique Electrification Opportunity

  1. 1. NYC’s Unique Electrification Opportunity Electrifying Vehicle Fleets is the Early Stage Opportunity NORTHEAST TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIFICATION ALLIANCE
  2. 2. Recent All-Electric Vehicle Events - 1 <ul><li>USDOE arranges $1.4 billion loan to Nissan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>convert its TN manufacturing facility to produce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>150,000 all-electric Leaf five passenger sedans in 2012 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>200,000 battery packs in 2012 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>USDOE awards eTec a $99.8 million contract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>install 11,000 charging station in 11 cities to support 4700 Nissan vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electrification Coalition, supported by 13 major corporations, recommends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concentrate effort in six major regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>create fleets of 100,000 to 150,000 all-electric vehicles </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Recent All-Electric Vehicle Events- 2 <ul><li>Nissan completes a national tour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 MOU’s signed with cities to install charging stations and acquire fleets of Leaf vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>56,000 orders received </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hertz announces it will include the Nissan Leaf in its fleets </li></ul><ul><li>McKinsey’s study for plaNYC suggests individuals will be early adopters for all-electric vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>NRG Energy/Reliant Energy/Nissan program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,000 all-electric vehicles in three Texas cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nissan Leaf range 100 miles but announced second generation Leaf will have increased range </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rumored at 189 miles </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. NYC’s Situation <ul><li>NYC’s economy is uniquely dependent on fleets of vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Electrifying these fleets will achieve the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish all-electric vehicle fleets in a few years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charge the vehicles with a reasonable number of fast charge Level 3 charging stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substantially reduce use of petroleum-derived fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce City’s operating and maintenance expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate to the public the advantages of electrification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish the foundation for individual electrification efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide the basis for grid energy storage to supplement the smart grid effort </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. All-Electric Vehicles - 1 <ul><li>A wide range of all-electric vehicles are now available </li></ul><ul><li>Sedans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nissan - Building a major manufacturing facility in TN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coda - will import 20,000 per year from China in 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GM Volt – in production in 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vans/Delivery Trucks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smith Electric - Kansas City manufacturing facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ford Transit Connect – Assembled in Turkey and Rumania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. All-Electric Vehicles - 2 <ul><li>School Buses/Transit Buses, and Port Vehicles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proterra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foothill Transit fast charge transit fleet and Level 3 charging stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building $60 million manufacturing facility in South Carolina </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Drayage and Cargo Container Movers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balqon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Port of Los Angeles – 20 vehicle fleet </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Charging Stations <ul><li>Choice of charging station, and cost, depends on vehicle application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal station – Level 1 (120 volt, 16 amp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>low cost, 8+ hours charging for light duty vehicle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small public station – Level 2 (240 volt, 32 amp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>higher cost, 2+ hours charging for multiple sedans and medium duty vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large public station – DC Fast Charge (440 volt, 600-1000 amp) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high cost, 10 to 25 minutes charging for all vehicle types and fleet vehicles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Commercial Considerations <ul><li>Publicly held battery manufacturers will guarantee battery performance </li></ul><ul><li>Grid frequency regulation with vehicle batteries has the potential to realize income for the battery owner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US Post Office estimates 1000 all-electric delivery vehicle will earn $2,304,000 annually in the PJM region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charging stations provide the opportunity to use vehicle batteries for energy storage </li></ul><ul><li>Investors have expressed interest in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>owning and leasing school bus batteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>owning and maintaining the Level 3 charging stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>supplying a lease package of station, vehicle, maintenance and service </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Foothill Transit CA - Fast Charge Transit Application - 1
  10. 10. Foothill Transit CA - Fast Charge Transit Application - 2 <ul><li>DC Fast Charge Charging Station </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AeroVironment PosiCharge AV-250 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected to So. Cal Edison 12 kv high voltage transmission line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draws three phase 440 volt 1000 amp for 5 to 10 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proterra’s Energy Transfer Storage Module developed for when high voltage connections are not available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charges continuously at the rate of 60 kw/hr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeds the charging station that is fast charging the bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FTA has funded the demonstration of the Proterra Energy Storage Transfer Module at Everett Transit in WA. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. G2V, V2G Energy Storage Transfer Module Application
  12. 12. Federal Funding <ul><li>2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USDOE Nissan loan of $1.4 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDOE Transportation Electrification - $300 million (50% match required) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ETec awarded $99.8 million for an 11 city project, consisting of 10.950 Level 2 and 260 fast charge systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDOT Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas and Energy Reduction - $100 million (no match required) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>San Antonio Metropolitan Transit awarded $5 million for 3 Proterra fast charge transit buses and charging stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many billions of dollars provided to battery manufacturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDOT TIGER - $1.5 billion (no match required) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funded infrastructure projects only </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. eTec/Nissan Eleven City Project <ul><li>eTec </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involved with every major EV project since 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed 5500 charging stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepared 2008 DOE report on charging stations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EV Project - $200 millon (50% grant), 5 states 11 cities, 40 project partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Install 10,950 Level 2 and 260 Level 3 charging stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect and analyze data in diverse conditions for 4700 vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop mature charging environment to support wide spread use of EV </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. eTec EV Micro-Climate Program <ul><li>Develop a road map for a region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine potential for EV vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare cost projections, recommendations, and action plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prepare proposals and assist in funding </li></ul><ul><li>Implement the road map, develop the infrastructure, and procure and install equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Train stakeholders, first responders, and educate the public </li></ul><ul><li>Provide maintenance, and continuing service. </li></ul>
  15. 15. American Wind Power & Hydrogen <ul><li>AWP&H </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Represents Proterra in the Northeast US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed concept and prepared proposal for Newark to submit to USDOT TIGER funding opportunity - $76 million proposal for 50 fast charge battery electric transit buses and 14 Level 3 charging stations for NJ/NY metro region transit operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USDOT did not grant TIGER funds to any bus projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal will be resubmitted in 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. TIGER Proposal Support Letters <ul><li>Senator Lautenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Senator Menendez </li></ul><ul><li>Congressman Payne </li></ul><ul><li>Congressman Sires </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor Bloomberg </li></ul><ul><li>The Port Authority of NY & NJ </li></ul><ul><li>NJ Transit </li></ul><ul><li>PSE&G </li></ul><ul><li>NJ Clean Cities Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Proterra LLC </li></ul><ul><li>Rutgers University </li></ul><ul><li>Northern New Jersey Metropolitan Planning Organization </li></ul><ul><li>California Air Resources Board </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Defense Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resource Defense Council (pending) </li></ul><ul><li>Con Edison (pending) </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>American Wind Power & Hydrogen (AWP&H) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ray Kenard, President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considering submitting a Northeast US charging station infrastructure proposal to USDOE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed the National Transportation Electrification Alliance (NTEA), a not-for-profit corporation to facilitate funding and other arrangements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (eTec ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Heitmann, Business Development Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>

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