Efficacy of E-resources on Social              Science & Humanities Research                     Jayatunga Amaraweera     ...
What is research?• “A careful, systematic , patient study and  investigation in some field of knowledge,  undertaken to es...
What is Research ?• A detailed study of a subject, especially in order  to discover (new) information or reach a (new)  un...
Definition – Electronic SourcesCollection of Documents, Data, and other Writtenmaterial stored in Electronic “ Libraries “...
Electronic ResourcesElectronic Resources represent an increasingly important componentof the collection-building activitie...
Electronic Reference Sources  Off-line Ref. Sources: Most of these materials appear  as CD-ROMs, on Diskettes ,VCDs or DVD...
Internet : Surfing the Web : Search EnginesAltaVistathe fast and accurate search engine from digital producesresults withi...
Search engines Search    engines      are  popular tools for locating  web pages, but they often  return   thousands     ...
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Major Search Engines• Google  http://www.google.com/• AltaVista  http://www.altavista.com/• alltheweb  http://www.allthewe...
A Search Engine – eg. Google(Google Search Engine) URL: http://www.google.com/  August 20, 2012                           ...
Basic Google Search Screen                              Title of Web Page                            URL- the website addr...
Major Meta-search Engines              • SurfWax                http://www.surfwax.com/              • Ixquick            ...
A sample of Meta-search Engine          URL: http://www.mamma.com/August 20, 2012                                    14
This Website can be used to find any information, topics       related or documents in any discipline      URL: http://www...
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What is an e-database?Definition:An e-database is an organized collection of information, of aparticular subject or multi-...
Online Databases• What are online databases?     Online databases are Web-based electronic     indexes that enable you to ...
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Information Gateways   • Information gateway-type resources include Internet catalogues, subject        directories, virtu...
Information Gateway Examples              • ELDIS: the Gateway to Development Information                http://www.eldis....
A Social Science Gateway - Sosig  Social Sciences:  SOSIG:  subject coverage: Social Sciences  Social Sciences Information...
A sample of a Gateway (Gateway for world Libraries) http://www.libdex.com/August 20, 2012                     37
URL: http://www.sshub.com  August 20, 2012           38
Powerful Subject Gateway for Information     URL: http://www.vlib.org.ukAugust 20, 2012                                   ...
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What is a portal? Technically, a portal is a network service that brings together content from diverse distributed resourc...
Sri Lanka Govt. Web Portal[ http://www.gov.lk/ ]August 20, 2012                                44
SL –Web Portal (Sinhala)[http://www.gov.lk/gov/index.php?option=com_cat&Itemid=63&lang=si   August 20, 2012               ...
SL Web Portal (English)[http://www.gov.lk/gov/index.php?option=com_cat&Itemid=63&lang=en   August 20, 2012                ...
Web Portal – Education in Sri Lankahttp://www.lankalinksystems.com/directory/frames/eduframe.htm    August 20, 2012       ...
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THANK YOU                   for   your                   PATIENCEAugust 20, 2012                 53
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  • Google has the most comprehensive database, but it still can ’ t index every page on the web. There are two reasons for using other search engines as well: They may come up with results not found on Google. They may give users more sophisticated ways of refining their searches.
  • UC Berkeley recommends these two for serious “ deep digging ” .
  • These may be called Internet catalogues, subject guides, virtual libraries or gateways. They specialise in resources from a particular field, and tend to be searchable as well as organised into a hierarchical format. Some of them work like a catalogue resource for a particular field, whilst others are catalogues of catalogues. They are always compiled by people (rather than indexed automatically) who organise information according to a classification system. This means you can expect the items that are listed to have been sifted and evaluated for their relevance and quality.
  • These are just some examples of information gateway-type resources. Eldis offers a large collection of resources for 40 development-related sectors. Development Gateway is an information gateway developed by the World Bank. The WWW Virtual Library is run by a loose grouping of volunteers, who compile pages of key links in their areas of expertise. SOSIG is an information gateway which provides links to high-quality resources in the Social Sciences. If appropriate, replace these examples with ones relevant to the group you are working with.
  • E resources on social science & humanitie

    1. 1. Efficacy of E-resources on Social Science & Humanities Research Jayatunga Amaraweera Member The NSF National Committee on LISAugust 20, 2012 1
    2. 2. What is research?• “A careful, systematic , patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to establish facts or princilpes” (Grinnell, 1993:4)• It is a discovery (Rediscovery); A voyage from the known to the unknown• An effort to be closer to the truthAugust 20, 2012 2
    3. 3. What is Research ?• A detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. (Cambridge Dictionaries Online, 2003.)• Systematic investigation to establish facts or principles or to collect information on a subject ( www.thefreedictionary.com)• Organized study: methodical investigation into a subject in order to discover facts, to establish or revise a theory, or to develop a plan of action based on the facts discovered ( www.bing.com/Dictionary)August 20, 2012 3
    4. 4. Definition – Electronic SourcesCollection of Documents, Data, and other Writtenmaterial stored in Electronic “ Libraries “ orDatabases, and available Electronically. URL: http://www.gc.maricopa.edu/kschwalm/ccguide/defs.htmlAugust 20, 2012 4
    5. 5. Electronic ResourcesElectronic Resources represent an increasingly important componentof the collection-building activities of libraries. “Electronicresources” refer to those materials that requirecomputer access, whether through a personal computer, mainframe,or handheld mobile device. They may either be accessed remotely viathe Internet or locally.Some of the most frequently encountered types are:· E-journals· E-books· Full-text (aggregated) databases· Indexing and abstracting databases· Reference databases (biographies, dictionaries, directories,encyclopaedias, etc.)· Numeric and statistical databases· E-images· E-audio/visual resources(IFLA Guide,2012) August 20, 2012 5
    6. 6. Electronic Reference Sources Off-line Ref. Sources: Most of these materials appear as CD-ROMs, on Diskettes ,VCDs or DVDs, sometimes as e-cards eg. CBSL Bulletin ; Annual Reports of Banks On-line Ref. Sources: Institutional & Personal Websites OPACS & WebOPACS Electronic Databases E-Publications: e-books ; e-journals ; e-prints ; e-articles full-text ; e-Abstracts & Indexes ; journal Archives Multimedia materials on-lineAugust 20, 2012 6 On-line Tutorials
    7. 7. Internet : Surfing the Web : Search EnginesAltaVistathe fast and accurate search engine from digital producesresults within seconds Exciteconcept-based search of the web, usenet, news, and site reviewsHotBotexpansive web database complimented by advanced searchcapabilities MetaCrawler offers comprehensive and fast parallel search capability of popular databases SavvySearchmulti-lingual keyword search of various information resources on the netAugust 20, 2012 7
    8. 8. Search engines Search engines are popular tools for locating web pages, but they often return thousands of results. Search of e-resources are more effective if you know how to talk to the computer systems. Communicating with these systems requires knowing certain basic search techniques. August 20, 2012 8
    9. 9. August 20, 2012 9
    10. 10. Major Search Engines• Google http://www.google.com/• AltaVista http://www.altavista.com/• alltheweb http://www.alltheweb.com/August 20, 2012 10
    11. 11. A Search Engine – eg. Google(Google Search Engine) URL: http://www.google.com/ August 20, 2012 11
    12. 12. Basic Google Search Screen Title of Web Page URL- the website address Choose what Set your to search preferences Enter Automatically search takes you to terms here the first site in results Click here when Can choose to Get more help ready to start search only with your search Canadian sites searchingAugust 20, 2012 12
    13. 13. Major Meta-search Engines • SurfWax http://www.surfwax.com/ • Ixquick http://www.ixquick.com/ • Mamma • http://www.mamma.comAugust 20, 2012 13
    14. 14. A sample of Meta-search Engine URL: http://www.mamma.com/August 20, 2012 14
    15. 15. This Website can be used to find any information, topics related or documents in any discipline URL: http://www.finditonline.ws/August 20, 2012 15
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    26. 26. What is an e-database?Definition:An e-database is an organized collection of information, of aparticular subject or multi-disciplinary subject areas.The information of an e-database can be searched and retrievedelectronically.Coverage:Contents include journal articles, newspaper articles, book reviewsand conference proceedings, etc.Update frequency:Usually updated on a daily, weekly, monthly or quarterly basis.Types of e-databases: Full-text vs. BibliographicFull-text databases contain the whole content of an article such ascitation information, text, illustrations, diagrams and tables.Bibliographic databases only contain citation information of anarticle, such as author name, journal title, publication date and pagenumbers. August 20, 2012 26
    27. 27. Online Databases• What are online databases? Online databases are Web-based electronic indexes that enable you to locate and retrieve articles in magazines, journals and newspapers.August 20, 2012 27
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    34. 34. Information Gateways • Information gateway-type resources include Internet catalogues, subject directories, virtual libraries and gateways • Specialising in resources on a particular field • Usually searchable AND • Organised into hierarchical subject categories • Compiled by people, not robots • More focus on sifting for relevance and quality Good For: topics that fall into a thematic area that has a subject directory, guided browsing in your subject area Not Good For: Quickly finding information from widely varying themesAugust 20, 2012 34
    35. 35. Information Gateway Examples • ELDIS: the Gateway to Development Information http://www.eldis.org/ • Development Gateway http://www.developmentgateway.org/ • World Wide Web Virtual Library http://www.vlib.org/ • SOSIG (Social Science Information Gateway) http://www.sosig.ac.uk/August 20, 2012 35
    36. 36. A Social Science Gateway - Sosig Social Sciences: SOSIG: subject coverage: Social Sciences Social Sciences Information gateway, an Internet gateway to quality resources for Social Sciences. http://www.sosig.ac.uk/August 20, 2012 36
    37. 37. A sample of a Gateway (Gateway for world Libraries) http://www.libdex.com/August 20, 2012 37
    38. 38. URL: http://www.sshub.com August 20, 2012 38
    39. 39. Powerful Subject Gateway for Information URL: http://www.vlib.org.ukAugust 20, 2012 39
    40. 40. August 20, 2012 40
    41. 41. August 20, 2012 41
    42. 42. August 20, 2012 42
    43. 43. What is a portal? Technically, a portal is a network service that brings together content from diverse distributed resources using technologies such as cross searching, harvesting, and alerting, and collate this into an amalgamated form for presentation to the user. This presentation is usually via a web browser, though other means are also possible. For users, a portal is a, possibly personalised, common point of access where searching can be carried out across one or more than one resource and the amalgamated results viewed. Information may also be presented via other means, for example, alerting services and conference listings or links to e-prints and learning materials.August 20, 2012 43
    44. 44. Sri Lanka Govt. Web Portal[ http://www.gov.lk/ ]August 20, 2012 44
    45. 45. SL –Web Portal (Sinhala)[http://www.gov.lk/gov/index.php?option=com_cat&Itemid=63&lang=si August 20, 2012 45
    46. 46. SL Web Portal (English)[http://www.gov.lk/gov/index.php?option=com_cat&Itemid=63&lang=en August 20, 2012 46
    47. 47. Web Portal – Education in Sri Lankahttp://www.lankalinksystems.com/directory/frames/eduframe.htm August 20, 2012 47
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    53. 53. THANK YOU for your PATIENCEAugust 20, 2012 53

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