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Human Trafficking


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Human Trafficking

  1. 1. Human Trafficking<br />
  2. 2. The Facts in Numbers<br />27 million modern-day slaves across the world.<br />800,000 trafficked across international borders.<br />80% of victims are women and children.<br />32 billion yearly profits generated by the human trafficking industry.<br />There are 161 countries affected by trafficking that are classified as the following 127 countries of origin; 98 transit countries; 137 destination countries<br />
  3. 3. The Human Trafficking Chain<br /> Recruitment<br /> This is the stage where the trafficking victims are believed to be at the most vulnerable state and therefore more susceptible to false promises. At this point recruiters might even receive money from the victims with the promise of work abroad.<br />
  4. 4. The Human Trafficking Chain <br /> Transportation<br /> In order to maintain their vulnerable status, victims are typically transported to a foreign country accompanied by the initial recruiter and therefore establishing a sense of trust between the victims and the recruiter.<br />
  5. 5. The Human Trafficking Chain<br />Arrival<br />The recruiter now passes on his victims to the next member of the chain. “The middle man” who receives the victims and then takes them to where they are “wanted”. At this point, the passports are moved from the recruiter to the “middleman” to ensure continued control and elimination of the possibility of escape.<br />
  6. 6. The Human Trafficking Chain<br />Final Destination<br /> The “middleman” now sells the victims. This will end up being where the victims will reside. Here they will suffer from the worst forms of abuse and their most fundamental rights violated.<br />
  7. 7. Countries of Origin<br />
  8. 8. Countries of Transit<br />
  9. 9. Countries of Destination<br />
  10. 10. Human Trafficking and the Root Causes<br />Poverty<br />Discrimination<br />Social Exclusion<br />
  11. 11. Human Trafficking vs Forced Labor<br />The act of trafficking in itself has proven to be a violation of human rights<br />The three factors (force, fraud and coercion) are present in both. They are the core of modern day slavery<br />Human Trafficking is the modern day slave trade. It requires transport from one place to another – even though it might occur internally within one country- but transport has to occur<br />After being trafficked an individual might end up as a forced laborer however that is sometimes not the case. <br />The act of trafficking in itself has proven to be a violation of human rights.<br />
  12. 12. The United Nations<br />UN.GIFT<br />The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) was conceived to promote the global fight on human trafficking, on the basis of international agreements reached at the UN<br />The Global Report on Trafficking in Persons – prepared by the United Nations office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)<br />
  13. 13. The United Nations<br />Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons especially Women and Children<br />Article 2<br />The purposes of this Protocol are:<br />To prevent and combat trafficking in persons, paying particular attention to women and children;<br />To protect and assist the victims of such trafficking, with full respect for their human rights; and<br />To promote cooperation among States Parties in order to meet those objectives.<br />