Questions to Start
From students: Which test should I take?
When? How many times? Should I do anything
From counselors: how do I best answer those
questions? Should my school target one test?
If so, which one?
For participants: Which is the prevalent test in
your area? What are your initial questions?
Princeton Review Foundation,
a 501(c)(3) Nonprofit
Advocacy: Test critic, ETS & Aff Act cases
High schools (KIPP, etc.) – work w/staff
to change culture
National & Regional Partnerships –
Hispanic Scholarship Fund, UW Dallas,
Cherokee Nation Foundation, etc.
ACT & SAT (LSAT, GRE, GMAT & MCAT)
Big Picture SAT/ACT Concepts
For students, pro-active (aggressive), prepared
SAT – guessing; ACT – speeded
For schools, energized environment
Stamina for 3 - 3.75, role modeling
Confidence, calm from preparation
Language is important for empowerment
Discomfort (not anxiety, fear), test skew
Reduce stereotype threat
High standards/ability, growth mindset
Blacks Hispanics Am Ind Whites Asians
For Students: Jay s Opinion of
What The SAT/ACT Measure
How intelligent you are?
How well you’ll do in college?
No. (only helps somewhat in FY GPA)
How good you are on SAT/ACT?
If you have a high test score, it means that you’re
good at the test.
Can you improve your score?
YES! Here s what you need to do …
Presentation to Students:
What is Preparing Intensively?
ACT/SAT Prep minimums (course or self-study):
1.5 - 2 hours per day, of high-quality practice …
building up to a few 3-3.75 hr/days in the week
before the official test
5-6 days per week
5-6 weeks, right up to the official test
3-4 practice tests, spaced out properly.
Less risks a lower-than-your-best score. (SMUS)
What I say to HS students …
How Many Times … ?
How many times should you plan to take the
official SAT or ACT?
Once. Prep well, and get it right the first time.
But, have a fallback date planned, only if needed,
and it’s better if you don’t use it.
Why not plan for 2, or 3, or more times?
Won’t the odds be better? Feeding the pig …
More is not always better in this domain.
Suggestions for Counselors
Pick the SAT or ACT, and a target test date
Do a practice test (for stamina)
Try to set up some test prep for the target
test, get materials for other students
One suggested goal: minimize the test prep
you do, maximize its effectiveness