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Domain Services for Windows: Best Practices for Windows Interoperability


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Attend this session to learn how Domain Services for Windows can help you enhance Windows interoperability. Find out how to design trees and forests for Domain Services for Windows, how to integrate it into existing Novell eDirectory trees, how to leverage deployment methods that support application access and much more. We'll also discuss how you can deploy Domain Services for Windows with Citrix, VMware and NetApp.

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Domain Services for Windows: Best Practices for Windows Interoperability

  1. 1. Domain Services for Windows: Best Practices for Windows Interoperability Nicel KM David Shepherd Engineering Manager Senior Technical Specialist
  2. 2. Agenda • What is Domain Services for Windows (DSfW)? • Features in DSfW • Prerequisites for Successful Deployment • Deployment Options • Demonstration • DSfW in OES2 SP2 and beyond • Third Party Applications Support 2 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. What is Domain Services for Windows?
  4. 4. What is Domain Services for Windows? • Domain Services for Windows (DSfW) is a suite of technologies • Provides AD style authentication to users, applications • eDirectory users can access AD resources and ™ applications with a cross forest trust in place • Seamless (need to depict that it doesnt change becos of dsfw) access to OES services like file and print services present on NSS or POSIX file systems 4 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. DSfW: What Does It Achieve? eDirectory Tree ™ Active Directory Forest eDirectory DSfW Cross Forest Trust Resource Access DSfW iManager AD Style Authentication eDirectory Applications User Clientless Access Add/Modify User MMC Windows User 5 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Features in DSfW
  7. 7. Features in DSfW • AD protocol support • Domain Emulation/Samba support • Manageability – MMC/iManager • Authentication 7 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. Features in DSfW (cont.) • need more information here. 8 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. Prerequisites for Successful Deployment
  10. 10. Understand What You Are Trying To Achieve • What is DSfW going to be used for? – Application support. Check that the Windows based application is going to work with DSfW. Do you need a Trust to a real AD Domain for this to work correctly? What is the support position on the proposed solution? – Windows 2003 and 2008 are not yet supported as member servers but do seem to work • DSfW into an existing Tree – eDirectory versions need to be up to date. At least one existing ™ eDirectory 8.8 Server should be in the tree with the rest at 8.73.10 or later. Put at least one OES2 Linux Server in place to begin with with any NetWare 6.5 Servers on SP8 ® – Time synchronization is key. Kerboros is also time sensitive 10 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Understand What You Are Trying To Achieve • Current eDirectory Structure ™ – Examine your existing eDirectory structure. Flat eDirectory designs with many Organization objects at the Tree Root may be problematic to implement DSfW – The first DSfW servers DNS Suffix needs to match the AD Domain Name and suffix. For example if your AD domain name is dc=novell,dc=com then the DNS Suffix needs to be – Schema checks. Check your schema in accordance with Novell ® tid 7003431. May require a dial in to fix – Partitioning and replication. Check the general tree health and how the existing partitions map to DSfW 11 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. Deployment Options
  13. 13. New Domain Non-Name Mapped Configuration • Characteristics: – eDirectory tree is new ™ – eDirectory Tree Administrator is newly created and the DN is fixed. The AD Forest Name is created at the Tree Root as a hierarchy of DC objects. User administrator is created in cn=administrator,cn=users,dc=novell,dc=com. The dc objects are actual eDirectory objects dc=example, dc=com domain Domain server 1 server 2 server 3 server 4 server 5 Controllers 13 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  14. 14. New Domain Non-Name Mapped Configuration • Why would this be used? – Single Server Tree can only be configured in a Non-Name Mapped configuration – New Tree just for DSfW. No other application considerations – The eDirectory Tree Administrator is also the DSfW Administrator. No eDirectory user called admin is created – A domain is automatically mapped to the eDirectory container. e.g. domain is mapped to container dc=novell,dc=com 14 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. Into Existing eDirectory Trees ™ (Name Mapping Mode) • Characteristics – A existing eDirectory Tree's partitioned container is used to map the DSfW domain (Name Mapping Mode) – The eDirectory Tree Administrator is different from the First Domain Administrator – The domain mapping to eDirectory Tree is managed by the eDirectory Tree Administrator 15 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  16. 16. Into Existing eDirectory Trees ™ (Name Mapping Mode) • Why would this be used ? – To add DSfW to an existing eDirectory environment – To allow the use of Novell Workstations without the Novell® Client – To allow access through an AD style trust for Microsoft Applications to Novell Users and Data – To preserve use of existing Novell based applications such as GroupWise and the Novell Client ® 16 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  17. 17. Demonstration of Deployment
  18. 18. Deployment of DSfW Into An Existing eDirectory Tree ™ • Existing NW6.5 SP8 Tree – Novell-Tree • OES2 SP2 Server has already been part configured and joined to the tree • The DSfW Provisioning wizard still needs to run • Once deployed examine how access can be given to Microsoft Clients to data volumes hosted on the NetWare Server ® 18 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  19. 19. DSfW in OES2 SP2 and Beyond
  20. 20. DSfW in OES2 SP2 • New Provisioning Wizard • Sysvol replication • Password Policies • Upgrade 20 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  21. 21. DSfW Provisioning Wizard • Allows autoYaST to configure a basic OES2 SP2 system. A Java-based wizard is then used • Gives more control and management over the DSfW install process then OES2 SP1 • Gives the opportunity for remedial action if an installation stage fails. Each stage can be executed multiple times until successful • Is only run when the base OS is installed and operational • Can be scripted if required 21 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  22. 22. DSfW Provisioning Wizard 22 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  23. 23. SysVol Replication • Allows for the replication of sysvol between Domain Controllers in OES2 SP2 • Uses rsync to execute the synchronization • Similar functionality to native Windows 2003 Domain Controller 23 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  24. 24. Password Policies • Needs adding 24 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  25. 25. Upgrade • Allows the in place upgrade of an existing DSfW Domain Controller 25 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  26. 26. DSfW in OES2 SP3 • Removing Partition Boundary Limitation • DNS configuration on ADC • Deployment limiters – Not moving master replica – Disconnected children – Domain name != container name • Windows 2008 member server support • Application? 26 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  27. 27. Third Party Application Support
  28. 28. Citrix • Supported configuration for Citrix XENDesktop and DSfW: – XenDesktop 3 and 4 are supported when used in an environment with Novell Domain Services for Windows (DSfW) ® in Open Enterprise Server 2 Support Pack 1 and higher as follows: – The XenDesktop farm must be configured to use registry-based controller discovery, as documented in KB article CTX118976 - How to Configure XenDesktop to Function Properly Without an Organizational Unit in Active Directory, and all Desktop Delivery Controllers and virtual desktops must be a member of the same “Domain Services for Windows” domain. There is no requirement for Novell client software to be installed either on the Desktop Delivery Controllers or the virtual desktops 28 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  29. 29. NetApp DSfW Domain USERS COMPUTERS 29 © Novell, Inc. All rights reserved.
  30. 30. •Unpublished Work of Novell, Inc. All Rights Reserved. •This work is an unpublished work and contains confidential, proprietary, and trade secret information of Novell, Inc. Access to this work is restricted to Novell employees who have a need to know to perform tasks within the scope of their assignments. No part of this work may be practiced, performed, copied, distributed, revised, modified, translated, abridged, condensed, expanded, collected, or adapted without the prior written consent of Novell, Inc. Any use or exploitation of this work without authorization could subject the perpetrator to criminal and civil liability. • •General Disclaimer •This document is not to be construed as a promise by any participating company to develop, deliver, or market a product. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. Novell, Inc. makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents of this document, and specifically disclaims any express or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. The development, release, and timing of features or functionality described for Novell products remains at the sole discretion of Novell. Further, Novell, Inc. reserves the right to revise this document and to make changes to its content, at any time, without obligation to notify any person or entity of such revisions or changes. All Novell marks referenced in this presentation are trademarks or registered trademarks of Novell, Inc. in the United States and other countries. All third-party trademarks are the property of their respective owners.