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The role of community in curbing stigma & discrimination liverpool vct pamoja support group

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The role of community in curbing stigma & discrimination liverpool vct pamoja support group

  1. 1. THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY IN CURBING STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION. By: Juliet Jacqline Awuor Otieno. LVCT- (PAMOJA SUPPORT GROUP). 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION: • Community provides us with our social networks and support structures like our families, neighbours and health care workers. • The type of community we have around us can either make or break us, especially if we are either affected or infected by HIV/AIDS. NEIGHBOURS VCT PHARMACIST FAMILY NURSE RELIGIOUS LEADERS P.T.C. DOCTOR C.C.C P.L.W. A. 2
  3. 3. STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION. Stigma- • Unfavourable attitudes & beliefs directed towards someone/ something. • This is being alienated by the people around you based on your HIV status. 3
  4. 4. Discrimination • Treatment of a group with particularity or prejudice. • Discrimination expresses stigma whether done on purpose or unintentionally. 4
  5. 5. CONT.... Face of Stigma. • Attitudes & actions • Choice of language • Lack of knowledge and fear fosters stigma • Shame and blame associated with HIV/AIDS • Stigma can even exist in caring environments 5
  6. 6. SOCIAL STIGMA. • A great part of social stigma lies with the communities; • the people living around us • Many people living with HIV/AIDS have had different experiences, related to Stigma & Discrimination. 6
  7. 7. Cont… • Some people, from having had an experience with their relatives being alienated from the entire family; result to self stigma and avoiding support from the family by not disclosing. 7
  8. 8. Cont.... • This makes it hard for people to cope with their HIV status or even to access health care facilities like; • VCT and comprehensive care centers. 8
  9. 9. Cont... • Young people would rather go to a facility that’s far from where they live – • to avoid being seen by people they know. • Some employers also deny their employees the right to continue working based on their HIV status. 9
  10. 10. CONDOM USAGE. • Stigma is also evident in condom usage, • Many people still hold strong belief that condoms promote promiscuity. • Therefore is and should be used by and only with ‘prostitutes’ & Casual partners 10
  11. 11. CONT... • This sort of thinking hinders people from accessing available services for fear of the community’s comments. • Programs of HIV prevention that promote Abstinence only, further worsen the situation • Religious beliefs also hinder people from accessing and using condoms. 11
  12. 12. Experiences: • Based on my experiences working with the Kiambiu slum & Pamoja Support Group(LVCT), 12
  13. 13. EXPERIENCES OF P.L.W.A • Isolation • Restricting participation in family/ local events • Refusing to have their children in schools • Denying support to bereaved family members or partners who have tested positive. • Using violence against a partner/ spouse who has tested positive. 13
  14. 14. Cont.... • Expected to disclose their status prematurely • Labelled as sick • Given special treatment in the family. 14
  15. 15. WHY PEOPLE STIGMATIZE • Lack of knowledge especially on transmission. • Fear of rejection • Cultural beliefs e.g. AIDS-a curse • Societal attitudes- PLWA’s are immoral. 15
  16. 16. CURBING STIGMA • DISCLOSURE SHOULD BE VOLUNTARY • WE CANNOT TELL SOMEONE’S HIV STATUS BY LOOKING AT THEM • We should change our attitude towards PLW HIV/AIDS 16
  17. 17. STRATEGIES THAT HAVE WORKED  MAGNET THEATRE- TO EDUCATE COMMUNITY MEMBERS ON:-  BASIC FACTS ON HIV/AIDS  STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION  PREVENTION SERVICES  FAMILY COUNSELLING- FOR FAMILIES OF P.L.W.A’S –  TO HELP THEM COPE WITH THEIR MEMBER’S STATUS 17
  18. 18. POINTING ONE FINGER TO SOMEONE, MEANS THAT FOUR ARE POINTING BACK AT YOU!!!!! THANK YOU! 18

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