Background - The orphan crisis is only starting to unfold – the worst is still to come. As HIV infections increase, so too will the number of deaths. And as young adults die in growing numbers, they will leave growing numbers of orphaned children. By 2010, AIDS will have left around 20 million orphans – nearly 50% of the 42 million children under age 15 who are projected to have lost one or both parents by 2010 in sub-Saharan Africa. The scenario of the future is grim. Some countries are on a seemingly relentless upward slope with rates of infection that are reaching to 40%. In 2002 alone, there were 3.5 million new infections. But even in countries where HIV prevalence has stabilised or declined, the number of orphans will continue to grow or at least remain high for several years, reflecting the time lag between the infections and deaths of parents. For example, HIV prevalence in Uganda peaked in the late 1980s at around 14 per cent and then began to decline dramatically to an estimated five per cent in 2001. The number of orphans, however, continued to increase and is only now slowly beginning to decline, from 14.6% in 2001 to a projected 9.6% in 2010.
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1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2002 2005 2007 2010
Epidemic Curves, HIV/AIDS &Epidemic Curves, HIV/AIDS & OrphansOrphans
Orphans (under 18)
The Impact to the child
• 10 years down the line since most HIV/AIDS
interventions started, the number of OVC's continue to
• There is need to optimize the efficiency or effectiveness
of the interventions on the ground-current approaches
needs to be looked at and new trends developed.
• The number of interventions cannot match the needs on
• The death of the communal structures that used to
• OVC’s earmarked for service delivery are not being
reached effectively due to the approaches in place.
• There need for an urgent and scaled-up response to
mitigate the devastating effects of HIV on children
Community support…. The way to go.
• Community involvement is key to enahanced
• The needs of children cannot be met in the
absence of proper community and family support.
• To complete the cycle of care, interventions
targeting the orphans and vulnerable children need
to respond to all of these needs, both physical and
• Deliberate efforts need to put in place to enhance
synergy of efforts.
Freedom to believe,
Formal and informal
education, life skills,
general knowledge, etc
Food, Shelter, Clothes,
Parental love, security,
belonging, friendships, etc
How we conceive
New Thinking: Supporting OVC through the
community and the families.
from the corporate
Go it alone
•Use history to
and not to stagnate
The strength of the model
• The best interests of the child are
paramount in this model.
• All the necessary basic needs of children are
given due attention.
• All stakeholders who affect the life of the
child are involved.
• With the high number of children in need
the emotional well being of the caregiver is
Entry points: Kids clubs and
Community Child care Forums.
• Kids Clubs:These are weekend
clubs in the community and
weekday clubs in schools in which
youth and children take up
leadership roles in the provision of
community based psychosocial
support to children in community.
• Main focus of clubs is to meet the
PSS needs-physical, social,
emotional and mental-though other
needs are also met indirectly.
CCF’s Link with the Kids Clubs
• To facilitate the provision
of community based
• To provide a platform to
support children in their
community and link them
to other services.
• To mobilize community
members to understand
and assist in mitigating the
impact of HIV/AIDS on
How kids clubs and Community Child Care
Forums are established
Establish Community Childcare
Forums- which provides
linkages with AAC, local admin-
Chief, MOH, DEO,and other
Identify OVC entry points-
Train caregivers to form Kids
Benefits to the children and community.
• Allow children the opportunity to explore the
world around them, build self-knowledge, esteem
• Acceptance within the community (social
integration and sense of belonging)
• Mechanism to ‘check’ on children, register needs
and access additional resources for them
• Cultivating a culture of care (amongst children
and families, in your community)-children
• Involvement of men especially to support
the women in child care.
• Need to develop new strategies to support
caregivers-IGA, vocational training.
• Child protection issues-individuals taking
advantage of the children’s vulnerability.
• Linking to schools to the corporate bodies,
and involving teachers more.
• Community “Ownership,” of a problem is key
to sustained action.
• External mobilizers using participatory
methods can play a catalytic role in enabling a
community to determine its own priorities.
• Providing external resources prematurely
• Communities are resilient and provided the
right condition can easily map their future.
Lessons Learned from Community mobilization, care and
support for OVC
Synergy of efforts holds the key to Restoring Hope and Stability
to the lives of millions of African Children and communities
affected by HIV/AIDS.
Lets learn to see children for who they
are meant to be………not who they are