Hiv and aids related stigma reduction jesuit aids project
HIV and AIDS related
By Ngonidzashe Edward & Time Baluwa
Jesuit AIDS Project
Promoting an AIDS free Generation
Overview of the Problem:
Stigma and discrimination has caused severe psychosocial and
biological problems and pain in the lives of people who are
infected and affected by HIV/AIDS.
Socialisation is the core of our problem and any
attempt to deal with stigma and discrimination should
strongly address the formation processes.
There is a casual relationship between socialisation and
Socialisation impacts on our perceptions, attitudes, beliefs,
characters which influence our judgements.
Elements like stigma and discrimination which constitute part of
our behaviours are a product of this formation
Therefore when a person stigmatise or discriminate, this
reflects the kind of socialisation (formation) he/she has
Most HIV/AIDS organisations have a stigma
and discrimination component in their
With that regard, in Harare Province alone we
estimate over 200 organisations working on
stigma and discrimination.
Zimbabwe National Behaviour Change
Strategy – States that Stigma and
Discrimination is a challenge that needs a
Kind of Response followed:
Effects Reduction Based Approach that
focused on reducing effects of HIV/AIDS
Focus on the wrong front e.g. advertisements
( War example – during war, battles are
fought in different fronts but there is always
the main front which is the core or command
centre “front line”)
Behaviour Adjustment Approaches
What ought to be theWhat ought to be the
Adopting appropriate approaches that bridge
the gap between knowledge and practice.
Behaviour Formation (Developing a culture
Touching the Base – Root Causes
Cause based Approach
Freud’s IllustrationFreud’s Illustration
“ the first five or six years of life have an
indelible influence on the subsequent life of
the individual” SigmundFreud (1940) An
Outline of Psychoanalysis. Standard
The statement calls us to focus on the
nurturing and formation done during this
period and its impact on behaviour even
many years later.
The root cause : Socialisation
Socialisation is how a person is formed or moulded over a
long period of time. This involves the formal and informal
training which is handed down to community members from
a tender age through mediums like cultures, traditions and
The influencing components of our cultures and
traditions e.g. the socialisation of
Death (Extinction and continuity)
Key socialisation factorsKey socialisation factors
The Main Challenge
How to deal with deep rooted beliefs and attitudes which culture,
traditions have imprinted on us and some of these promote stigma
Can we deal with them using
- advertisements or
- awareness campaigns or
- one day workshops?
Information based approaches focus mostly on information
dissemination, but does this address the problem?
- The gap between information/ knowledge and
Shifting focus from consequence intervention
to cause intervention
- Target the command centre.
Focus on Nurturing systems e.g. families,
schools, community centre and churches
Formation of the person
Conclusion RemarksConclusion Remarks
What is the approach which forms a
- which changes the deep rooted cultural
and traditional beliefs and other elements.
- elements which are now natural and
incorporated into our own subsystems.
Make a difference today. Go toMake a difference today. Go to
the ROOT causesthe ROOT causes
Thank YouThank You