A CASE OF AGE-APPROPRIATE
COMPREHENSIVE SEXUALITY EDUCATION
(AACSE)
NOPE BIENNUAL PEER EDUCATION CONFERENCE
19th June 2014...
Presentation outline
• Young people and HIV
• A case of AACSE
• Traditional Sexuality Education
• Myths and conceptions ar...
Background of Young People and HIV
• High percentage of HIV infection among the
young people is a global concern
• Almost ...
Background of Young People and HIV cont..
• Declining parental guidance
• Age of sexual debut declining… as low as 12
year...
Age Appropriate Comprehensive Sexuality
Education (AACSE)
• Age appropriate instruction on issues relating
to human sexual...
Age Appropriate Comprehensive Sexuality
Education (AACSE) cont…
• Evidence shows that CSE that is age
appropriate, gender-...
Rationale
With effective AACSE, young people are better able
to:
• Abstain from or delay the debut of sexual
relations
• R...
Assumptions
• Sexuality is a fundamental aspect of human life:
it has physical, psychological, spiritual, social,
economic...
Assumptions continued…
• Certain behaviors are seen as acceptable and
desirable while others are considered
unacceptable;
...
Gaps
• Many young people approach adulthood with
conflicting and confusing messages about
sexuality and gender
• Parents/a...
Gaps continued..
• Access to comprehensive sexuality and SRH
information limited
• Limited availability and access to yout...
Yet Traditionally
• Sexuality education has always existed in many
communities and was part and parcel of the
socializatio...
Myths and Concerns around CSE
• Sexuality education
– Leads to early sex
– Deprives children of their ‘innocence’
– Is aga...
Myths and Concerns around CSE cont..
• Teachers may be willing to teach sexuality
education but are uncomfortable, lacking...
Opportunities
• Free primary education
– Keep young people in school for as long a
possible
– Information on HIV and AIDS ...
Opportunities cont..
• Ministerial Commitment on CSE and
adolescents and young people’s SRHR in ESA
• Beyond Zero campaign...
Recommendations
• Employ a multi-sectoral approach to
comprehensive sexuality information for young
people.
• Recognise an...
Recommendations
• Address school related gender-based violence
proactively
• Develop mechanisms and systems for involving
...
Conclusions
• The statistics paint a grim picture of the state
of health of our young people but they can be
reversed and ...
ASANTENI
20
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A CASE OF AGE-APPROPRIATE COMPREHENSIVE SEXUALITY EDUCATION (AACSE)

  1. 1. A CASE OF AGE-APPROPRIATE COMPREHENSIVE SEXUALITY EDUCATION (AACSE) NOPE BIENNUAL PEER EDUCATION CONFERENCE 19th June 2014 Betty Adera 1
  2. 2. Presentation outline • Young people and HIV • A case of AACSE • Traditional Sexuality Education • Myths and conceptions around Sexuality Education • Policy frameworks and other opportunities • Recommendations • Conclusion 2
  3. 3. Background of Young People and HIV • High percentage of HIV infection among the young people is a global concern • Almost 80% of new infections among young people occur in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNAIDS, 2013) • New HIV Infections in general population dropped by 40% between 2007 and 2012 • While new HIV infections are dropping, 15-24 year olds make up 30% of infections • Low levels of knowledge on HIV and AIDS 3
  4. 4. Background of Young People and HIV cont.. • Declining parental guidance • Age of sexual debut declining… as low as 12 years • 60% of adolescents are sexually active by 18 years (KAIS, 2007) • Low condom use at first sexual act is alarming - 26:28% (M vs F) (KAIS, 2007) • High rate of alcohol and substance abuse • The conventional design of many health care services are not youth friendly 4
  5. 5. Age Appropriate Comprehensive Sexuality Education (AACSE) • Age appropriate instruction on issues relating to human sexuality including human: – Sexual anatomy, reproduction and activity – Reproductive health, rights and responsibilities – Emotional relations • Information, skills and knowledge to prepare young people for their future sexual lives 5
  6. 6. Age Appropriate Comprehensive Sexuality Education (AACSE) cont… • Evidence shows that CSE that is age appropriate, gender-sensitive and life skills based, provides young people with knowledge, skills and efficacy for informed decisions about their sexuality and lifestyle 6
  7. 7. Rationale With effective AACSE, young people are better able to: • Abstain from or delay the debut of sexual relations • Reduce frequency of unprotected sexual activity and partners • Avoid unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions • Improve SRH and protect themselves against STIs & HIV 7
  8. 8. Assumptions • Sexuality is a fundamental aspect of human life: it has physical, psychological, spiritual, social, economic, political and cultural dimensions • Sexuality cannot be understood without reference to gender • Diversity is a fundamental characteristic of sexuality. The rules that govern sexual behavior differ widely across and within cultures 8
  9. 9. Assumptions continued… • Certain behaviors are seen as acceptable and desirable while others are considered unacceptable; • This does not mean that these behaviors do not occur, or that they should be excluded from discussion within the context of sexuality education 9
  10. 10. Gaps • Many young people approach adulthood with conflicting and confusing messages about sexuality and gender • Parents/adults often embarrassed, keep silent and disapprove open discussion of sexual matters when it is most needed • Teachers struggle to be comfortable delivering Life Skills Education… how will they manage AACSE? • School counselors uncomfortable to address 10
  11. 11. Gaps continued.. • Access to comprehensive sexuality and SRH information limited • Limited availability and access to youth friendly health services • Social media being the main source of sexuality and sexual health information • Life Skills Education not fully taught in all schools as teachers 11
  12. 12. Yet Traditionally • Sexuality education has always existed in many communities and was part and parcel of the socialization process • There were functional systems and mechanisms that ensured boys and girls were equipped with correct information • Age appropriate and started at about 5 years; boys and girls taught separately • Sexuality education was provided by different people although main responsibility rested with parents 12
  13. 13. Myths and Concerns around CSE • Sexuality education – Leads to early sex – Deprives children of their ‘innocence’ – Is against our culture or religion • It is the role of parents and the extended family to educate our young people about sexuality • Parents and religious leaders will object to sexuality education being taught in schools 13
  14. 14. Myths and Concerns around CSE cont.. • Teachers may be willing to teach sexuality education but are uncomfortable, lacking in skills or afraid to do so • Sexuality education is already covered in other subjects 14
  15. 15. Opportunities • Free primary education – Keep young people in school for as long a possible – Information on HIV and AIDS and Life Skills – Delay sexual debut • MoEST HIV policy – Age appropriate HIV and SRH messaging for learners – Capacity building of teachers to be responsive to the needs of learners 15
  16. 16. Opportunities cont.. • Ministerial Commitment on CSE and adolescents and young people’s SRHR in ESA • Beyond Zero campaign – First Lady efforts towards HIV control and improvement of Maternal and Child Health – Focuses on PMTCT, keeping mother alive and healthy babies and children 16
  17. 17. Recommendations • Employ a multi-sectoral approach to comprehensive sexuality information for young people. • Recognise and sustainably address the unique needs of YLHIV • Strengthen coordination for consistent messages on CSE and documentation and dissemination of best practices • Advocate for incorporation of CSE in the education review policies/bills at county and 17
  18. 18. Recommendations • Address school related gender-based violence proactively • Develop mechanisms and systems for involving men/fathers in HIV prevention and testing campaigns for adolescent • Institutionalize robust information systems that disaggregates data for youth services • Consider CSE within Ministry of Education’s role in delivering quality education and not in isolation 18
  19. 19. Conclusions • The statistics paint a grim picture of the state of health of our young people but they can be reversed and are within reach • This can only be achieved through concerted efforts as a team. No one person or Ministry can go it alone • We all need to play our respective roles and responsibilities and together we will get there 19
  20. 20. ASANTENI 20

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