Diet prescriptions in CKD must be individualized; one size does not fit all. This module briefly reviews weight and calorie needs in CKD. Dietary reference intakes; nutrient content of food groups; and sources of sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and protein are reviewed. Population data is presented showing national trends in nutrient intakes and provides evidence that potassium should be restricted based on serum level, not eGFR.
Several activities take you to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Nutrient Analysis Library website to identify and compare sources of added sodium, potassium, and phosphorus in certain foods and beverages. The individual nutrient handouts available from NKDEP are highlighted with patient counseling suggestions.