QIPP end of life care event report


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QIPP end of life care event report - Great practice showcase – Birmingham (28 February 2012) - 05 September 2011
The Midlands and East QIPP end of life care great practice showcase event was held in February 2012. It brought together over 80 commissioners, end of life care managers and clinical staff to learn more about the tools and resources available to meet the QIPP challenge at end of life.

The event report summarises the key learning from the day, including an overview of presentations, links for further information on marketplace exhibitors and good practice case studies looking at:

Find your 1% campaign
e-Learning for care homes in the East of England
Time to Talk initiative across NHS East Midlands
The use of mobile working devices for Birmingham hospice staff.
Publication by the National End of Life Programme which became part of NHS Improving Quality in May 2013

Published in: Health & Medicine
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QIPP end of life care event report

  1. 1. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Great Practice Showcase – Birmingham Quality Innovation Productivity Prevention 28th February 2012
  2. 2. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report 2
  3. 3. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report The Midlands and East QIPP End of Life Care Great Practice Showcase event brought commissioners, end of life care managers and clinical staff together to learn more about the tools and resources available to meet the QIPP challenge at end of life. Event details at a glance n 80+ participants n Largest groups: commissioning leads, palliative care service leads, service development leads, end of life care managers, end of life care education leads n 13 Exhibitors including NICE, Mylearningspace and Find your 1% campaign n Venue: Holiday Inn, Birmingham Opening the event, Tessa Ing, Head of end of life care at the Department of Health, introduced key policy drivers and outlined why the QIPP agenda offers rich opportunities to improve the care that people receive at the end of life. She commented: “End of life care is an area where you can improve quality while improving productivity, because the user’s desired outcomes (usually to avoid hospital admission where possible and to die at home) is the same as the systems.” She explained that the focus for QIPP has been on the first part of the end of life care pathway: get that part right and the rest becomes much easier. This means identifying people as they approach the end of life and then planning their care as early as possible to enable them to avoid unnecessary hospital admissions and to die in their preferred setting. Although there has been a sustained improvement recently in deaths in usual place of residence (DIUPR), there is still some way to go, and the data reveals variation across regions. With demographic trends – especially in relation to dementia – leading to rapidly increasing demand on services, the time to act is now. And gains can be significant: these people are already in the system and in need of care. Better planning and co-ordination of that care will result in more efficient use of resources and improve user/carer satisfaction, by enabling their preferences to be met where possible. Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for end of life care KPI 1 – To increase deaths in usual place of residence (DiUPR) Pilot KPI 2 – To reduce the number of hospital admissions of eight days or more, which end in death – this is based on clinical need, quality of care and individuals’ preferences Supporting KPI Dashboard – Reduction in the number of unplanned admissions in the last year of life 3
  4. 4. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Using NICE’s guide for commissioners Elizabeth Fleming, commissioning analyst, introduced NICE’s commissioning guidance for end of life care, designed to support achievement of the NICE quality standard for end of life care. This practical web-based tool for commissioners includes guide text, and a commissioning and benchmarking tool; it also signposts to regional data and offers a suite of case studies and other resources and information. Elizabeth echoed Tessa’s comments that end of life care offers particular opportunities to simultaneously improve quality and productivity. At the same time, it is vital that commissioners guard against creating perverse incentives and focus on personalised care: it is not always clinically appropriate or feasible for a person to avoid hospital admission or die at home. She also reported that the emerging evidence base shows that local services can be redesigned within existing resources, making it possible to create high quality individualised care without necessarily incurring additional costs. The End of Life Care Quality Assessment tool (ELCQuA) can then be used to monitor progress in achieving the standards (see page 8). “The NICE presentation has given me a good signpost of where I can go for more information and how I can use the benchmarking tool.” Commissioning lead David Pearson, costing analyst at NICE, explained how commissioners can use the Commissioning and Benchmarking (CAB) tool to support decision-making. By downloading the Excel-based tool, commissioners can compare local data for admissions ending in death with the national average. The tool can be used to model the savings that could be achieved based on a reduction in hospital activity, by either avoiding admissions in the first place, or reducing the length of stay. In order to support care within a community setting, local investment might be required and the tool gives some guidance on the areas for investment. He noted that while it is not always easy to assess costs in end of life care, financial analysis still supports a case for change. Presenting data from case studies, he demonstrated that the cost of hospital admissions and activity are very high and that a 10% reduction in admissions ending in death and or in length of stay in hospital can result in significant reductions in costs. He commented: “Reductions in hospital admissions and activity won’t happen by magic - we will need to increase the support available in the community. But the evidence shows that effective commissioning of end of life care can provide a better experience of end of life care, while also resulting in a more effective use of resources.” “I was really struck by just how much it costs to keep someone in a hospital bed for a long period” Acute care director “I work in stroke services and a third of strokes end in death, so I’ll be going back to look at our data on length of stay in hospital” Stroke services lead 4
  5. 5. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Getting buy-in from providers in changing services Securing improvements in quality and productivity usually means changes to how services are delivered. For commissioners, it can be a major challenge to encourage all local stakeholders/providers to collaborate and innovate – especially in the current economic climate, and with moves toward greater competition among providers. Belinda Marks, Clinical Lead for Palliative Care Services described work in Bradford to change the local ‘fast track’ service for those in the last 6-8 weeks, which demonstrates that by engaging local providers constructively, it is possible to bring about radical changes to services. Previously, some people had remained on fast track for considerably longer than 6-8 week with key clinical staff, eg district nurses, spending a significant proportion of their time co-ordinating and commissioning additional and high-cost care. Through the new fast track service, the team supports those staff by assigning key workers who undertake care co-ordination. This has released frontline staff for clinical care, enabling them to support and build relationships with users/carers and has led to a reduction in commissioning of care to 20%; it has been also very warmly received by users/carers. “Everyone’s committed to working together to make services better but how do you find mutual benefit for everyone in a climate of competition, when we may need to decommission part of a service in order to make the whole better?” Commissioning lead Persuading people to change how they work, however, is always a major undertaking. Here are some tips for commissioners and others leading the change process: n Build on existing services wherever possible, harnessing the expertise and experience of local providers. n Highlight the win-wins so that staff can see that they will also benefit from the changes. n Make time to engage and listen. In the early stage of the process, Belinda and her team invested around 20% of their time in talking direct to providers, but this investment has been more than repaid in bringing them on-side. n Hold the line! Staff need to be clear on what is required of them, so service managers need consistently to reinforce those requirements. n Support staff in implementation – changing a service can create real challenges; Belinda’s team offered practical support to staff in overcoming them. n Invest time in building and maintaining relationships with providers once the changes are underway. “I’m really interested in pathway re-design and I’m now wondering, should we be remodelling services completely?” Service development lead 5
  6. 6. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Supporting users and their carers to stay at home longer Staff from Healthcare at Home outlined how their innovative service aims to enhance the experience of the person and their family during the last 12 months of life. At the heart of the service is an allocated named Family Liaison Nurse Co-ordinator which supports continuity of care – valued by both users and other local professionals. Users/carers have 24/7 access to a nursing triage system known as the Care Bureau, which offers a single point of access onto other healthcare professionals. Real time reporting enables the person’s record to be kept fully up-to-date – vital for a triaging service. A particular feature is the focus on tailoring the support to the needs of both the user and family. In addition to addressing clinical needs, by responding to wider issues that cause distress – from a leaking washing machine to a problem accessing equipment – they help the person manage at home for longer “I’m interested in how we can use different IT systems to gather and share data.” End of life care manager Putting it into action Dr Patrick Brooke, Director of Consortia Development, CCG lead and a practising GP, rounded up the event by reflecting on how he and other participants could take the day’s learning forward ‘back at base’. He commented: “The time to act is now – there are significant opportunities to improve end of life care quality and productivity. And demographic trends mean that we cannot afford to wait. Above all, we need to focus on quality: if you focus hard enough on this, the rest will follow!” The key steps are to: n Dig into your data – use NICE’s tools to benchmark your services and to understand your local needs and look at your local end of life care register n Identify people nearing end of life and get them registered, so that you can start the conversation with them – the Find Your 1% campaign is a great vehicle for this n Involve your local stakeholders in redesigning services to improve quality - most of the resource we need is out there, just find it and co-ordinate it better n Focus on co-ordinating care; new tools such as Electronic Palliative Care Co-ordination Systems (EPaCCS) and Summary Care Record can help with this n Use ELCQuA to track your progress n Support your staff so that they can support their service users – a huge range of education and other tools are available for this. “We brought our whole team with us so we can all go back and agree our workplans from now on.” QIPP acute director for end of life care 6
  7. 7. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Key messages n In end of life care, if you focus on improving quality the productivity gains will follow because user/ carer desired outcomes are usually the same as those of the system: to avoid unnecessary hospital admissions and to die at home where possible n To reduce hospital activity and enable individual choice you need to improve services elsewhere along the pathway – emerging evidence shows that this can lead to cost savings overall. n It’s possible to redesign services to improve quality from within existing resources, ie without necessarily increasing cost. n Integrated and person-centred commissioning is key – an investment in health can result in productivity gains in social care, for example. But guard against creating perverse incentives. n Solutions to many of the common challenges in end of life care are already out there. A wide range of tools and resources are now available to train and support staff in improving services, and to benchmark progress. n The time to act is now – there are significant opportunities to improve end of life care quality and productivity. And demographic trends, particularly around dementia and the ageing population, mean that services cannot afford to wait. Where next? Closing the event, Claire Henry, Programme Director for the National End of Life Care Programme invited participants to make use of the resources and tools on offer, and to network with each other to find solutions: “Someone out there has cracked the problem you’re wrestling with!” She also identified an important opportunity for the National End of Life Care Programme to link up with NICE in gathering and using data from end of life care services. This will not only help track progress in improving people’s experience, but also help build the evidence base. 7
  8. 8. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report National focus: ELCQuA The End of Life Care Quality Assessment tool (ELCQuA) has been developed for all commissioners and practitioners of end of life care in England. The web based self-assessment tool enables people to measure how well they are doing against the national end of life care quality markers and the NICE Quality Standard. It is an easy to use tool allowing different levels of assessment – textual, traffic lights, metrics – depending on what needs to be measured. It enables organisations to benchmark themselves against similar organisations nationally, within their own local health and social care community, or to show internal progress over time. The tool is set up to allow all organisations within a health and social care community – commissioners, acute and community hospitals, primary care, hospices, out of hours, ambulance services, and social care - to self-assess their services against the NICE Quality Standard for end of life care and the Department of Health quality markers . Julie Chisnell and Elaine Owen who helped develop the system, commented: “Our aim was to enable people to measure progress in delivering end of life care, and to demonstrate this in a systematic way. We started with smaller self-assessment systems in the North West and South West, and then a national web based system was developed to allow all organisations to benefit.” Commissioners can use the system as a tool for monitoring progress in end of life care delivery across their community, using the traffic lighted reports in locality end of life care meetings to share progress and agree priorities for action. The system allows sharing of documents and good practice, which providers and commissioners find helpful to download and adapt locally. It also allows local action planning, so organisations are able to track actions to meet objectives over time. The QIPP KPIs are highlighted on the system so people can input their data and measure their progress locally or nationally. In graphically demonstrating (i) red traffic light areas and (ii) progress over time, it can be used to inform QIPP financial and activity plans. There are metrics around place of death, advance care planning, access to end of life care electronic palliative care coordination systems, carer involvement, and so on, allowing hard data to back up the verbal assessments and show change over time. Julia Chisnell Programme Manager - Cancer, End of Life Care & Urgent Care NHS South of England (West) Julia.Chisnell@southwest.nhs.uk Elaine Owen End of Life Care Lead for Acute and Specialist Services Cheshire and Merseyside Clinical Networks, Palliative and End of Life Care Network Elaine.Owen@MCCN.nhs.uk 8
  9. 9. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report The Marketplace The Marketplace offered participants the opportunity to learn about a wide range of innovative resources to help meet the QIPP challenge. Thirteen exhibitors from across the region presented their work and it was enthusiastically received by participants. Improving identification The AMBER Care Bundle helps staff in acute hospitals identify earlier people whose death may be imminent, and supports them to initiate key conversations and produce a clear plan of care that supports a person’s choice. www.ambercarebundle.org “Really good for linking in with community and discharge liaison services” The Find your 1% campaign encourages GPs to proactively identify those people in their locality who are likely to die in the next 12months so that conversations and co-ordination of care can begin earlier. amanda.rolland@nhs.net and www.dyingmatters.org/gp Supporting and skilling the workforce NHS Local offers a platform for delivering elearning and informal learning across the region and is available to the whole workforce; resources include good practice case studies as well as other tools. www.learning.nhslocal.nhs.uk E-learning for care homes (East of England and West Midlands) and e-learning for end of life care offer blended learning for staff in care homes and more widely. It supports staff to talk about death and dying to help give people more choice about where they would like to die. vanessa.convey@eoe.nhs.uk Mylearningspace offers free elearning resources, information and support including on-line courses on the gold standard framework and verification of an expected death. www.mylearningspace.me.uk “Will be of great value when planning educational opportunities for [the] workforce” The Time to Talk project encourages end of life care staff to consider their own preferences around death, so that they are more comfortable initiating discussions with users/carers. www.eastmidlands.nhs.uk/timetotalk 9
  10. 10. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Co-ordinating care The Regional DNACPR supports co-ordination of care by capturing essential information preferences on a standardised form. It is recognised by providers across the region including ambulance services. See www.dnacprlearning.co.uk Summary Care Record is a Connecting for Health initiative that holds high level summary data about individuals in a shareable record to facilitate delivery of safe care. www.connectingforhealth.nhs.uk/systemsandservices/scr John Taylor Hospice Electronic Patient Record has been designed to hold the clinical care record on hospice service users in the community to enable co-ordination of care. www.johntaylorhospice.org.uk Benchmarking and quality assurance NICE’s commissioning guidance (see page 4) includes a suite of case studies and a benchmarking tool to enable commissioners to determine the level of service needed to meet local need. www.nice.org.uk/usingguidance/commissioningguides/endoflifecare/endoflifecareadults.jsp ELCQuA (see page 8) enables providers and commissioners to compare their services against a range of agreed markers and standards, with others in the locality and at a national level. www.elcqua.nhs.uk 10
  11. 11. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Case studies Find your 1% campaign Around 1% of the population will die within a 12month period. Many will have unplanned and sometimes lengthy admissions to hospital during this last year of life and too often their needs and preferences, including preferred place of death, will not have been assessed or recorded. Under-identification of people nearing the end of life is a widespread problem: a recent snapshot survey found that only 27% of people who were in their last year of life were identified by GPs and included on a palliative care register. Yet statistics show that just 8% of deaths in any given year are entirely unpredictable. The Find your 1% campaign, developed by the National End of Life Care Programme in partnership with Dying Matters, aims to address this through a call to action for GPs to proactively identify the 1% of their local population who are likely to need end of life care over the following year. GPs are asked to sign up to the campaign, signifying their commitment to find their 1%, in order to talk about, plan and make possible people’s wishes at the end of life. Once the person has been identified, and the necessary conversations held, their wishes can be entered onto the local end of life care register, which will enable better co-ordination of their care and allow GPs and others to track improvement in identification. Amanda Rolland, campaign lead, commented: “A key indicator of whether you’re getting better at identification is an increase the number of on your register with conditions other than cancer.” This campaign is one strand of work to support the QIPP end of life care work stream aims of improving quality and productivity of end of life care. Some of the benefits for individuals and professionals that the campaign can contribute to are: n Quality – by improving people’s choice, dignity and control and enabling better continuity and co- ordination of care, from earlier along the journey n Innovation – promoting cultural and behaviour change n Productivity – avoiding unnecessary hospital admissions and fewer long stays n Prevention – preventing crisis situations arising where possible. For more information about the campaign go to www.dyingmatters.org/gp or contact: Amanda Rolland Campaign Lead Find your 1% campaign amanda.rolland@nhs.net 11
  12. 12. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Case studies E-learning for care homes The East of England (EoE) end of life care ABC care homes’ programme offers education and training via a blended approach of e learning and face to face sessions to care home staff. Over 1300 care home staff have been trained to date (target is 1800 and will be reached by end of project in 2013). Education specialists in the EoE developed the programme to improve staff skills, behaviours and knowledge in caring for people who require palliative and end of life care. It helps meet the QIPP agenda by supporting reduction in inappropriate admissions to acute services from care homes and enabling people to die in their preferred place of care. Six e-learning modules cover overarching principles, communication, comfort and wellbeing, assessment, advance care planning, end of life toolkit) and these sessions (learn, listen and practice) demonstrated potential care home situations using interactive screens and videos. A blended approach was developed specifically for care home staff, using basic language to communicate to staff where English is not their first language. As a result of the programme, regardless of complex issues arising at end of life in a residential care setting, staff work together with all local providers and stakeholders to ensure that all the person’s needs are met and their choices respected, to enable them have a peaceful & dignified death in their preferred place of care. A recent service user story highlights the impact this has had. Recently a dying resident, who had expressed a wish to die at her residential home in Suffolk, found herself in in a local hospital. She had complex needs which might have required more intervention than could have been provided in a residential home. The care home manager negotiated with the discharge planning team an alteration in medication which would reduce the possibility of complications. Together with the combined support of the home manager, home carers, GP, district nurse, Marie Curie staff, and with continuing care, volunteers, Hospice at Home and staff coming in to help as extra shifts, the resident was able to die at her residential home as she had hoped to. The care home manager at the residential home commented: “After receiving the end of life care e-learning programme, my staff feel confident & empowered to deliver end of life care and use the end of life care toolkit.” For more information contact: Vanessa Convey Palliative and End of Life Care Education & Training Programme Manager NHS East of England vanessa.convey@eoe.nhs.uk Martin Russell End of Life Care Facilitator/Educator NHS East of England ABC Care Homes Programme mrmartinrussell506@gmail.com 12
  13. 13. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Case studies Time to Talk End of life care leaders at NHS East Midlands wanted to encourage more open conversations among the public about death and dying, but they lacked the necessary resources to run for a major public awareness campaign needed to reach the 4.3 million people in their region. Instead, the team wanted to find a way of reaching the wider population by working through their own end of life care staff. For this to succeed, staff would need to feel comfortable themselves in discussing death openly. However, a poll conducted among the end of life care staff confirmed what wider Dying Matters research has shown: just because someone wears an NHS uniform, it doesn’t mean that they find it any easier to have a conversation about death. The team therefore decided to run an internal campaign to encourage health and social care staff to think practically about their own end of life care plans and preferences. Jo Baggott, Strategic Communications Manager at NHS East Midlands commented: “The idea here was that once staff felt more comfortable thinking and talking about it on a personal level, they would find it easier to have that ‘difficult’ conversation with individuals and their carers.” A task and finish group worked with a social marketing company and – following lots of engagement with staff – produced posters, a booklet and a website, all featuring local staff. The materials were upbeat and colourful while the focus was purposely kept on practical aspects such as making wills and planning for funerals. Over time, the team hope that this will help meet the QIPP agenda by helping staff, people receiving end of life care and their carers to initiate the important early discussions about end of life care preferences that are essential to providing high quality person-centred care. This should contribute to reductions in avoidable hospital admissions and an increase in deaths in usual place of residence. Cultural changes like this take years – even decades – to happen, but already there are anecdotal reports that the materials have been a useful prompt for conversations with users or carers. To download the resources visit www.eastmidlands.nhs.uk/timetotalk. For more information, please contact: Jo Baggott Strategic Communications Manager NHS East Midlands jo.baggott@nhs.net 13
  14. 14. QIPP End of Life Care Event Report Case studies Toughpads for hospice staff John Taylor Hospice in Birmingham needed to find a way of ensuring that clinical staff had access to accurate, up-to-date and relevant information when visiting people receiving end of life care in the community, without having to rely on paper records. The hospice, serving a diverse population of 600,000, wanted all of its clinicians to move to a full electronic record. They introduced the use of mobile working devices in the form of ‘Toughpads’ – sturdy, laptop style devices which were able to connect to the N3 network using SecurID tokens. The views of end users of the Toughpad were sought, and the team invested time in testing and engaging with staff in order to ensure that they were involved in the development and understood the benefits involved. Che Simon, ICT Officer at John Taylor Hospice, commented: “We spent a lot of time tailoring the use of the mobile working to ensure it would be complimentary to the staff and their work, and was not seen as another burden to add to their workload.” The use of Toughpads enabled access to the clinical system while out in the community, allowing clinicians to instantly view and update people’s records. They were also able to access their work email accounts, and connect to the internet. Mobile working to access a single electronic record has led to better and more relevant care for people at the end of life, with information being shared between services and easily accessible in community settings. There have also been time savings for staff, with a reduction in the back and forth travel to return or retrieve paper records. The team have been able to build in templates which incorporate options in the electronic record for preferred place of care. This has encouraged clinicians to record and update information much more accurately. In turn the hospice now has an increased ability to audit this information, and identify any areas where action may be needed to improve services. Che Simon ICT Officer John Taylor Hospice Community Interest Company che.simon@bhamcommunity.nhs.uk 14
  15. 15. www.endoflifecareforadults.nhs.uk Programme Ref: PB0038 A 04 12 Publication date: April 2012 Review date: April 2014 © National End of Life Care Programme (2012) All rights reserved. For full Terms of Use please visit www.endoflifecareforadults.nhs.uk/terms-of-use or email information@eolc.nhs.uk. In particular please note that you must not use this product or material for the purposes of financial or commercial gain, including, without limitation, sale of the products or materials to any person.