SSC2011_Rodney Harrell PPT

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  • It is challenging for people to embrace the concept of Universal Design for a home. While they can hypothetically recognize potential benefits of Universal Design in the home, it is difficult for them to envision and accept a home built to Universal Design standards. They appreciate specific design elements that make their homes more convenient and comfortable for their needs today. But, they reject Universal Design elements that they do not need today or that might meet the needs of only specific groups The point to make is that these are homes that are universally designed, look entirely different and not what consumers expect – they need to see it to get it
  • Federal, state, and local governments should place emphasis on the preservation of affordable housing near transit.
  • First Appearance: Describe downtown Convention Center, Opera House, Mary Tyler Moore Statue, then nicollet mall, nicollet towers and light rail station.
  • Meet Rose. Rose is an 83 year old resident of Nicollet Towers in downtown Minneapolis. Nicollet Towers provides affordable housing for nearly 300 older persons, persons with disabilities, and families, and is located in a dense, compact neighborhood and close to several bus lines.  Rose uses public transit two to three times a week, relying on the bus more than she used to, as walking has become more difficult, and takes the bus to the light rail that takes her to the Mall of America. She’s able to regularly walk or take short trips to restaurants, shopping, church, and to the Orchestra Hall. Her ability to take the bus allows her to maintain her independence and involvement in her community. Slightly more than one half-mile to light rail
  • Main Question: Can changes to the built environment improve health and well-being for older adults and persons of all ages?”HousingBuild “great” housing in advantageous locations (e.g. Universal Design, locations near services and transit, weatherized/insulated, etc.)TransportationBuild Complete Streets, connective street networks, provide affordable transportation options, good transit networks, etc.EnvironmentBuild a healthier environment (e.g. Reducing hazards, air pollution from autos, Environmental Justice, allowing/encouraging physical activities.
  • Having nearby places to visit frequently leads to greater opportunities for physical activity, and at the same time, reduces one’s dependence on the automobile as the primary mode of travel. In established moderate-density suburbs and along transportation corridors, smaller lots and multi-unit housing can support public transit and encourage walking and bicycling, thus further reducing automobile dependence and promoting a healthier environment for older adults and persons of all ages. Simply put, more compact forms of development around transit stations minimizes traffic, supports transit, improves air quality, preserves open space, supports economic vitality, creates walkable communities, and provides a range of housing options. Well-planned transit-oriented development and the incorporation of “Complete Streets” principles that are designed for all users can help to meet these goals.
  • Federal: Sustainable CommunitiesRegional: MPOsState and Local: Land Use (Planning, Zoning) and housing and transportation investments, walking and bicyciling as recreation AND transportationCitizen and Advocacy – AARP
  • SSC2011_Rodney Harrell PPT

    1. 1. Equity for Community Change –<br />Including Older Adults<br />Title text here<br />Dr. Rodney Harrell<br />Senior Strategic Policy Advisor<br />AARP Public Policy Institute<br />rharrell@aarp.org<br />
    2. 2. U.S. population is growing … and growing older<br />Source: U.S Census Bureau - Census projections as of 8/2008<br />
    3. 3. 2010 AARP Survey (US): “What I’d really like to do is remain in my current residence for as long as possible.”<br />Source: AARP, “Home and Community Preferences of the 50+ population”<br />Age category: 45+ <br />Base=985<br />
    4. 4. Fewer 50+ Householders Own Without Mortgages<br />Source: Harrell, Housing for Older Adults: The Impacts of the Recession, AARP Public Policy Institute, 2011 <br />
    5. 5. Lower-Income Households Age 50+ Experience Significant Housing Cost Burdens<br />Source: Harrell, Housing for Older Adults: The Impacts of the Recession, AARP Public Policy Institute, 2011 <br />
    6. 6. Complete Streets<br />safe, comfortable & convenient for travel by automobile, foot, bicycle, & transit regardless of age or ability<br />AARP Bulletin<br />PPI Report: <br />“Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America”<br />Authors: Jana Lynott, Amanda Taylor, Hannah Twaddell, Jessica Haase, Kristin Nelson, Jared Ulmer, Barbara McCann, Edward R. Stollof<br />PPI Report #2009-12<br />
    7. 7. Strategies to Implement Universal Design<br />“Lifespan”<br />“Livable”<br />“Inclusive”<br />“Visitable”<br />
    8. 8.
    9. 9. Visitable<br />3 Main Features:<br />Bathroom access<br />Step-less entrance<br />Accessible circulation<br /><ul><li>One zero step entrance, located at the front, back, or side of the house, on an accessible path of travel
    10. 10. 32 inch (82cm) clear opening at doorways and accessible circulation throughout the floor plan
    11. 11. Basic access to at least one bath or half bath on the ground floor</li></li></ul><li>(From AARP’s DRAFT Model State Law)<br />Inclusive <br />Several Features:<br />Full bathroom w/ access<br />Step-free entrance<br />Accessible Kitchen<br />Accessible circulation<br />Potential bedroom<br /><ul><li>One zero step entrance, located at the front, back, or side of the house, on an accessible path of travel
    12. 12. Clear opening at doorways (82cm) and accessible circulation throughout the floor plan
    13. 13. Basic access to at least one full bath on the ground floor
    14. 14. Habitable interior space - room that can be used as a bedroom
    15. 15. Accessible Kitchen
    16. 16. Lighting and Controls</li></li></ul><li>Universal Design Laws and Programs<br />
    17. 17. Design for Communities<br />
    18. 18. © Google 2010<br />
    19. 19. 1<br />2<br />1<br />3<br />© Google 2010<br />© Google 2010<br />3<br />2<br />© Google 2010<br />© Google 2010<br />
    20. 20. Light Rail Station<br />Nicollet Mall<br />Nicollet Towers<br />© Google 2010<br />
    21. 21. © Google 2010<br />Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis<br />© Google 2010<br />© Google 2010<br />
    22. 22. Who Benefits the Most from Housing Near Transit?<br /> Minimal Benefit Full Benefit<br />Low Amount of Limitations<br />High Amount of Limitations<br />Individual:Open to the idea of transit, without unaddressed cognitive or physical impairments, and able to read and understand signage<br />Individual:Significant physical limitations that prevent boarding or waiting for transit.<br />Those who do not understand the transit system.<br />Community (External):Living in well-planned, safe, healthy communities and in walkable neighborhoods with resources nearby.<br /> Frequent, accessible, reliable transit service that connects to most other places that one would want to travel to. <br />Community (External): Living in poorly planned or economically struggling communities with little shopping or services nearby.<br />Poor transit service, including bus drivers who won’t stop, poor route planning, unreliable service, inaccessible stops/stations, high crime levels.<br />
    23. 23. To order: http://www.agingsociety.org/agingsociety/publications/public_policy/index.html<br />
    24. 24. The Way Forward: Healthy Community Planning and Design<br />
    25. 25. The Way Forward: Healthy Community Planning and Design<br />
    26. 26. AARP Public Policy Institute<br /><ul><li>Informs and stimulates public debate on the issues we face as we age.
    27. 27. Provides objective research and analysis
    28. 28. Promotes the development of sound, creative policies to address our common need for economic security, health care, and quality of life. </li></ul>www.aarp.org/ppi/liv-com<br />

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