SSC2011_Kenneth Bowers PPT


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SSC2011_Kenneth Bowers PPT

  1. 1. Zoning for Compact, Sustainable Development in Raleigh Ken Bowers, AICP Deputy Planning Director City of Raleigh
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Why Raleigh is relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Raleigh ’ s Comprehensive Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Features of Raleigh’s New Development Code </li></ul><ul><li>What’s not in the code, and why </li></ul>
  3. 3. Projected Growth by Region (2000-2030)
  4. 4. Raleigh ’ s Population Growth
  5. 11. Daily Vehicle Miles Traveled Per Capita <ul><li>8.7 more miles than national norm </li></ul><ul><li>6.4 more miles than peer metros </li></ul><ul><li>4.4 more miles than the average of the 10 most sprawling metros on the Rutgers sprawl index </li></ul>Source: Texas Transportation Institute, “ 2005 Urban Mobility Study. ”
  6. 13. Six Vision Themes Define the Plan <ul><li>Economic Prosperity & Equity </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding Housing Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Our Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating Land Use & Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Greenprint Raleigh—Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>Growing Successful Neighborhoods & Communities </li></ul>
  7. 14. Growth Framework Map
  8. 15. <ul><li>15 Land Use Categories </li></ul><ul><li>5 residential categories </li></ul><ul><li>5 mixed-use categories </li></ul><ul><li>3 non-residential “ employment ” categories </li></ul><ul><li>2 public and institutional categories </li></ul><ul><li>2 park and open space categories </li></ul><ul><li>1 “ special study area ” category </li></ul>
  9. 16. Transit and Land Use
  10. 17. “ Codes are just that: the DNA of our cities. ” — Andres Duany, Duany Plater-Zyberk “ If the Comprehensive Plan embodies the vision of what Raleigh can become, the UDO constitutes the city's DNA. ” — Mack Paul, News & Observer, March 4, 2010
  11. 18. Consultant Team
  12. 19. 3 Big Problems with the Current Code <ul><li>A “ context free, ” one-size-fits-all approach to a diverse landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Discretionary review substituting for adequate standards </li></ul><ul><li>Incompatibility between the zoning districts and adopted land use plans </li></ul>
  13. 20. Key Features of Raleigh’s New Code <ul><li>Standards, not incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Height and form, not density and FAR </li></ul><ul><li>As-of-right, not discretionary decisions </li></ul>Right Rules, Right Places
  14. 21. Proposed UDO Districts Residential Mixed-Use Special Overlay R-1 R-2 R-4 R-6 R-10 RX Residential NX Neighborhood OP Office Park OX Office CX Commercial DX Downtown IX Industrial AP Agriculture CM Conservation R-MP Manuf. Hsg. CMP Campus IH Heavy Industry PD Planned Dev SHOD-1,2 HOD, HOD-2 NCOD MPOD WPOD AOD TOD
  15. 22. Height & Frontage in Mixed-Use Districts Sample District: CX-5-PL * Height cannot exceed 3 or 5 stories in NX Use Height Frontage RX NX* OP OX CX DX IX -3 -5 -7 -12 -20 -40 P Parkway D Detached PL Parking Limited G Green UL Urban Limited UG Urban General S Shopfront
  16. 23. Suburban Frontages
  17. 24. Urban Frontages
  18. 26. Building Types
  19. 27. Expanded Housing Options <ul><li>Cottage Court, Backyard Cottage </li></ul>
  20. 28. Block Sizes and Peremiters
  21. 29. Street cross sections and connections
  22. 30. Multimodal Transportation Options <ul><li>Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities </li></ul>
  23. 31. Parking Reductions Downtown DX District Urban Frontage Ground floor retail exemption Small project exemption Flat ratio for non-residential Reduced requirements for residential Bus Transit 10% reduction with 15 minute headways Affordable Housing 20% reduction TOD Overlay Same as downtown plus parking maximum of 1 space/300 square feet
  24. 32. Areas of Change
  25. 33. What’s not in the Code? <ul><li>Inclusionary zoning. There is no enabling authority for mandatory inclusionary zoning in North Carolina. </li></ul><ul><li>Density bonuses. There are no density bonuses for things such as affordable housing or LEED certification. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Undermine the goal of good urban form and predictability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrary to the statutory purpose that zoning districts be drawn with “reasonable consideration…as to the character of the district and it’s peculiar suitability for particular uses...” </li></ul></ul>
  26. 34. Zoning for Compact, Sustainable Development in Raleigh Ken Bowers, AICP Deputy Planning Director City of Raleigh