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SSC2011_Keith Wardrip PPT


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SSC2011_Keith Wardrip PPT

  1. 1. Using Data for Interagency Planning Efforts: National Resources for Local Planning September 27, 2011 Keith Wardrip
  2. 2. What neighborhoods should I target if I want to lower transportation costs in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods? <ul><li>Provides housing and transportation cost data at the neighborhood level in 337 metro areas </li></ul><ul><li>Allows users to analyze housing and transportation costs independently or together, in real dollars or as a percent of income </li></ul><ul><li>Provides some information separately for owners and renters </li></ul><ul><li>Gives users a visual overview of not only the costs, but also the model inputs, such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Household income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commuters per household and commute time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to transit and employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential density </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Housing and Transportation Affordability Index (Center for Neighborhood Technology)
  3. 3. Housing and Transportation Affordability Index
  4. 4. Which high-poverty station areas should I consider if I want to increase affordable homeownership opportunities in areas with low transportation costs?  <ul><li>Includes 4,609 existing + proposed stations in 47 metropolitan areas </li></ul><ul><li>Data are available for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the transit zone (1/2 or 1/4 mile around the station) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the transit shed (the aggregate of transit zones) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the transit region (i.e., the metro area) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 40,000 variables are available in standard or custom reports and are derived from nationally available data sets including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 Decennial Census </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Census Transportation Planning Package </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment data (2002-2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing + transportation affordability data from CNT </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>TOD Database (Center for Transit Oriented Development)
  5. 5. TOD Database
  6. 6. Where do the residents of a particular community work?  And does public transportation adequately connect workers with their jobs? <ul><li>Provides valuable information on where workers live and where residents work </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Local Employment Dynamics (LED) data, which are produced by matching federal and state census, survey, and administrative records </li></ul><ul><li>The flexibility of the service is remarkable: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select any standard geography or draw/import your own </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide whether you want to analyze the commuting patterns of residents or the residential location of workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data are available from 2002 through 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on workers in a specific age range, salary level, or industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a map with your choice of GIS layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save your results and reload later </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>On The Map (U.S. Census Bureau)
  7. 7. On The Map
  8. 8. In areas well-served by public transportation, what tools are available to guide the equitable allocation of housing and community development funding? <ul><li>Through a free, online GIS application, Policy Map hosts an array of data from a wide variety of sources, including HUD, Census, IRS, FBI, USDA, HMDA, USPS, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The vast majority of the information can be accessed at no charge </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of datasets include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing and demographic data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School enrollment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eligibility for and allocation of block grant data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locations of subsidized properties, hospitals, schools, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Policy Map (The Reinvestment Fund [TRF])
  9. 9. Policy Map
  10. 10. Policy Map
  11. 11. (Center for Housing Policy, LISC, Urban Institute) How are the communities I’m considering faring in terms of foreclosures and mortgage delinquencies? Which foreclosure-affected neighborhoods have stronger housing markets? <ul><li>Can help planners incorporate foreclosure risks into neighborhood assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Free downloadable data, based on proprietary data from LPS Applied Analytics </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive maps use Policy Map’s online mapping tool </li></ul><ul><li>Most data are at the ZIP Code level; some census tract data also available </li></ul><ul><li>Datasets include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative foreclosure risk for each ZIP Code in a state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative foreclosure risk for each ZIP Code or census tract in a metropolitan area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market strength-foreclosure risk matrix that delivers census tracts with a specific housing market strength and foreclosure risk combination </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12.
  13. 14. <ul><li>Three components include the Housing Solutions Service, the Customized Data Service, and the Policy Assistance Team </li></ul><ul><li>Housing reports available through the first two are based on American Community Survey microdata or detailed tables (depending on geography size) </li></ul><ul><li>These reports add value to out-of-the-box ACS data by providing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimates for specific income/tenure categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison over time or with other geographies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of use and accessibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Housing Research and Advisory Service (Center for Housing Policy) Does the level of housing cost burden among homeowners vary with household income? And has the proportion with a severe housing cost burden increased in recent years?
  14. 15. Housing Research and Advisory Service
  15. 16. <ul><li>Special tabulations of the 2006-08 American Community Survey data </li></ul><ul><li>Includes information on the number of households with a housing cost burden or living in substandard housing; provides these estimates for various income categories, household compositions, age ranges, and by race/ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Currently for geographies with populations over 20,000 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But 5-year data for census tracts are on the way </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Not particularly user-friendly, in CSV and SAS formats </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS) Data name estimate margin_of_error Tenure Housing_Problems Household_Income Race Autauga County, Alabama 18,275 366 All All All All Autauga County, Alabama 14,105 515 Owner All All All Autauga County, Alabama 2,780 368 Owner Yes All All Autauga County, Alabama 710 198 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less All Autauga County, Alabama 435 169 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less White Autauga County, Alabama 275 119 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less Black Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less Asian Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less American Indian Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less Pacific Islander Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less Hispanic Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30% AMI or less Other Autauga County, Alabama 550 150 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI All Autauga County, Alabama 450 141 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI White Autauga County, Alabama 100 72 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI Black Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI Asian Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI American Indian Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI Pacific Islander Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI Hispanic Autauga County, Alabama 0 154 Owner Yes 30.1-50% AMI Other
  16. 17. <ul><li>Have you used any of these resources? If so, please share your experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Are there additional national resources that you’d like to tell others about? </li></ul><ul><li>What local data do you use for interagency planning? </li></ul><ul><li>What information do you need – but currently can’t get – that would facilitate interagency planning? </li></ul>Questions for the Audience
  17. 18. Thank You! <ul><li>Keith Wardrip </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Research Associate </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Housing Policy </li></ul><ul><li>1900 M Street, NW – Suite 200 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington, DC 20036 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone/Skype: ( 202) 470-5860 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul>