SSC2011_Barry Seymour PPT


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  • SEPTA 52 subway stations 153 regional rail stations 75 light rail stations PATCO 13 stations NJ Transit 21 stations Amtrak 10 stations
  • Possess radial route rail transit network Many communities around hub and spoke form In recent decades, job and housing shifts away from center city Increasingly suburban job-housing match at odds with public transit and highway network Regional coordination difficult since municipalities govern land use
  • Note the difference in growth rates between population (blue) Number of cars (green), and number of miles traveled (red) Vehicle mile growth far exceeding both auto and pop growth
  • Development and towns initially follow rail – 1930 But growth of highway network since 1945 permits greater spreading of people and places
  • The rise of the automobile and highway network and the accompanying land uses shuffle the older land use and travel patterns. Need for both reverse commute to suburban jobs, and suburb to suburb travel
  • First two categories show decline in trips from suburbs into Philly Second two categories show small increases of trips from Philly to suburbs Last two categories show the trips between suburban locations, the magnitude of the intra-suburban number of trips dwarfs all other categories combined---illustrating the shift in Land Use and Transportation
  • Employment follows radial (spokes) transit and highway network. But poverty is concentrated, increasing away from employment opportunities Multiple job centers that need to be served.
  • Poverty and carlessness are densest in urban centers (Philly, Chester, Camden, Trenton) Each area exceeds regional thresholds The carless are limited in their travel options to employment, perpetuating poverty
  • HUD Sustainable Communities grant application to support affordable housing across the region, linking transportation, economic development and housing investments.
  • 100 Centers, both large and small. Many of these are also employment centers
  • JARC services in the DVRPC region provide fixed route services: Reverse commute options Last mile connectors from transit lines Late night or third shift conveyance to jobs Serving isolated or locations not otherwise connected to carless Approximately $6 million per year for JARC projects, but never enough
  • The spokes don’t meet the needs of the suburb to suburb commute. Mercer County and NJTransit seek to change the routes to meet the suburban LU patterns Also exploring new modes and services such as BRT to connect diffuse LU
  • 91 stations with TOD activity Plans (56); Grants (55) Developer Interest (39) Proposed TOD (35); Completed (16) Over 16,000 proposed housing units near 41 stations
  • This slide illustrates the proposed Paoli Transportation Center development concept plan; both circulation changes and development opportunities. A relocated station area is part of the development concept for the remediated Paoli Rail Yard site. AMTRAK and the two townships have continued to meet with a potential developer to reach agreement on an overall development plan. Both townships have amended their zoning ordinances to help create TOD around the relocated station area.
  • The darker green emphasizes the degree of supportive land use for transit investments The intensity of mode (from infrequent bus to highspeed rail) is appropriately related to the density of land uses (Jobs, population, zero car households) Municipalities may direct zoning and LU development to support the transit they hope to attract
  • The scale from Blue to Red with Blue represents higher concentrations of investment across all variables Projects in Blue areas can build upon significant previous efforts Strategic investments in key areas
  • SSC2011_Barry Seymour PPT

    1. 1. Regional Planning for the Hub and Spoke Network Solutions for Sustainable Communities Conference September 27, 2011 Barry Seymour, Executive Director Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
    2. 2. Who is DVRPC? MPO for the Greater Philadelphia region, created in 1965 Planning for the “orderly growth & development of the region” Encompassing 2 States, 9 Counties, & 353 Municipalities
    3. 3. “ Hub and Spoke” Regional Rail Network Stitched together from multiple legacy train systems Original systems designed to connect outlying communities to Philadelphia Center City Highway network parallels the rail transit spokes
    4. 4. Regional Travel Patterns (old) Oriented to Center City Philadelphia Largely follows rail network
    5. 5. Trends In Automobile Use Percent Increase Between 1980 and 2005
    6. 6. Development Patterns Define Travel Patterns 1930 1970 2000 222,000 acres developed; 3.3 million people 641,000 acres developed; 5.1 million people 920,000 acres developed; 5.4 million people
    7. 7. Regional Travel Patterns (new) Movement is now suburb to suburb Bus transit not supported by LU or road network Road network suffers from congestion
    8. 8. Most Trips are Suburb to Suburb 1980 2000 Commuters 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 PA-Phil NJ-Phil Phil-PA Phil-NJ PA-PA NJ-NJ
    9. 9. A Jobs-Workers Mismatch Jobs follow the highway and transit spokes Poverty is concentrated in the Center City hub 40% of Philly residents do not have cars
    10. 10. EJ Analysis Informs Investments
    11. 11. DVRPC Policy Initiatives <ul><li>Regional Plan priority to invest in centers </li></ul><ul><li>Job Access and Reverse Commute </li></ul><ul><li>Revising the bus network to match travel </li></ul><ul><li>Rethinking the transit stop as both origin and destination </li></ul><ul><li>Transit Score – linking LU and Transit </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging Livability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking transportation, housing, environment, other investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeking to maximize impacts of investment </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. 2035 Planning Areas and Centers
    13. 14. Rationalizing Changes to the Transit Network NJ TRANSIT 2015 BRT Network Rethinking service in the suburbs New modes of transit (BRT) Developed in concert with land use planning
    14. 15. TOD as community building strategy – mixed uses provide sense of place for all people living there Municipal change through zoning ordinance updates Provides origins for residents and destinations for riders Transit Oriented Development
    15. 16. Proposed Paoli Transportation Center
    16. 17. Regional Transit Score <ul><li>Defines relationship between land use and transit viability </li></ul><ul><li>Links job, population, and zero-car household density with transit mode share </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive and Prescriptive: </li></ul><ul><li>identifies how munis may develop to support new transit services </li></ul>
    17. 18. Leveraging Livability Tool Mapping housing, environmental, transportation, and economic development Identify opportunities to maximize value of future investment Help partners focus new projects in fruitful locations Density of Investment Activity
    18. 19. Regional Planning for the Hub and Spoke Solutions for Sustainable Communities Conference September 27, 2011 Barry Seymour, Executive Director Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission [email_address]