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Rebecca Williams, National Trust for Historic Preservation


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Rebecca Williams, National Trust for Historic Preservation

  1. 1. Green Preservation of Historic Buildings The Wauregan, Norwich, CT Rebecca Williams Program Officer Northeast Office
  2. 2. Our Mission Helping people protect, enhance and enjoy the places that matter to them.
  3. 3. Our Sustainability Roots EMILY WADHAMS Vice President, Public Policy PATRICE FREY Deputy Director, Sustainability Program BARBARA A. CAMPAGNA, FAIA LEED AP Graham Gund Architect of the National Trust Image: National Trust for Historic Preservation
  4. 4. Why Buildings Matter 30% of waste 65% of electricity (construction and demolition) consumption 55% of natural gas 39% of total consumption energy consumption 43% of carbon 30% of raw emissions materials use 30% of greenhouse gas 12% of potable water consumption emissions Source: USGBC and Pew Center on Climate Change
  5. 5. SUSTAINABLE STEWARDSHIP PRINCIPLES 1.) Reuse existing buildings 2.) Reinvest in communities 3.) Retrofit older buildings 4.) Respect historic integrity Image: Abby Martin
  6. 6. Why Preservation Matters for Housing • Good for neighborhoods • Smart Growth • Opens up financial tools • Sustainability connection
  7. 7. Good for Neighborhoods • Over 40% of residents in older and historic neighborhoods are within 5 miles of work. • 2/3 of older and historic neighborhoods have an elementary school within 1 mile. • 60% have shopping within 1 mile • 60% public transit • Rehabilitation creates 2-3 times more housing units, more jobs, and higher wages
  8. 8. Preservation is Smart Growth • More than 40% of the housing units created using the federal rehabilitation tax credit are in historic buildings originally designed for non- residential use
  9. 9. Financial Tools • Federal Rehab Tax Credit • State Rehab Tax Credit • In MA, Community Preservation Act (CPA) • Loans, e.g. NTHP Loan Fund • New Markets Tax Credit
  10. 10. Federal Rehab Tax Credit • Project must be income-producing • Building must be listed in or eligible for the National Register • Must follow Secretary of the Interior’s Standards • The rehabilitation must be “substantial” • 20% credit • Can be combined with other credits • 5 year recapture period
  11. 11. Federal Rehab Tax Credit Impact FY09 • In FY09, 6,710 low and moderate income housing units created • 13,743 housing units created or renovated • 70,992 local jobs created • $4.69 Billion in rehab work approved • 1,044 new projects approved
  12. 12. So What About Those Strings? Historic District Easement National Park Landmark Service Tax Credit Secretary National of the Register Interior’s Historic Standards Section 106 Preservation Restriction SHPO
  13. 13. Secretary of the Interior’s Standards The Secretary’s Standards include 4 levels: of appropriate treatment: • Preservation • Rehabilitation • Restoration • Reconstruction • The Standards are 10 key guidelines • They’re designed to be flexible • A wide range of activities can be done, but it’s important to work with your SHPO and the NPS in advance
  14. 14. Rehabilitation • The act or process of making possible a compatible use for a property through repair, alterations, and additions while preserving those portions or features which convey its historical, cultural, or architectural values.
  15. 15. Renewable Energy The Solar Panel Compatibility Guide Coming soon to Solar panel on house in historic district in Brookville, MD, Photo: NTHP
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  17. 17. Federal Policy: Incentives to Go Green Greening older and historic buildings Great A & P Tea Company + Trinity Design/ Build Durham, NC Photos: Trinity Design
  18. 18. For more information… Rehabilitated affordable housing in New Haven, CT