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Transportation, TOD & Affordable Housing
 
<ul><ul><li>San Francisco  Bay Area counties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Million people;  almost 4 million jobs </li></ul><...
THE KEY TRANSPORTATION PLAYERS <ul><li>Feds US DOT </li></ul><ul><li>State State DOT </li></ul><ul><li>Regions MPOs/region...
 
SF Bay Area’s Housing Crisis +83% +64% +90% +120% Growth in interregional commuting, 2000-2030
 
Fruitvale Transit Village <ul><ul><li>One of first of new generation of Bay Area transit villages.  Library, clinic, senio...
 
Prometheus <ul><ul><li>A multi-family development with 218 housing units located near bus transit and Caltrain station in ...
 
Downtown Petaluma  River Apartments <ul><ul><li>A 81-unit affordable housing complex next to the Petaluma River, bus lines...
 
Sereno Village Apartments <ul><ul><li>A 125-unit affordable housing complex adjacent to the new Sereno Transit Bus Transfe...
Richmond Transit Village <ul><ul><li>Ownership Townhouses & Rentals at hub of heavy rail (BART), Amtrak & local bus </li><...
 
Housing Incentive Program <ul><li>Awards HIP grants to local gov’ts </li></ul><ul><li>housing must be within  1/3 mile of ...
TLC and HIP  PROJECTS SINCE 1998
Evolution of “TLC” Incentives
MTC’s TOD Policy:  Key Transit Corridors existing rail corridors Proposed BRT Proposed rail corridors Proposed ferry termi...
Leveraging Transportation Investments
Why TOD Matters – Ridership Increases in One Proposed Bay Area Corridor from TOD Cost-Effectiveness Threshold Riders per S...
TOD Policy - Housing Requirements Transit Technology Minimum Housing Threshold Equivalent Net Densities BART/ Heavy Rail 3...
TOD Policy – Affordability Bonus Housing Type Area Median Income Rental 60 percent Ownership 100 percent
Station Area Planning Program Assisting local gov’ts to upzone around new transit corridors
Station Area Planning Guidance <ul><li>Set affordable housing goals </li></ul><ul><li>Consider inclusionary zoning policie...
San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
Transit Share by Work & Home Location
TOD - More Than Transit <ul><li>Mixed Use Critical to Capture Non-Commute Trips by Walking/Biking </li></ul>29% transit Mo...
TOD in the Bay Area: Less Driving
Choose to Participate:  MTC & Affordable TOD Fund  1. Equity or Grants 2. Low-interest loans 3. Senior loans <ul><li>Banks...
Evolution of MTC’s Transp/Land Use Work <ul><li>Transportation/Land Use Policy 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>TLC program 1998 </l...
Lessons Learned <ul><li>Money talks – esp transportation $$ </li></ul><ul><li>Future investments in transit are critical o...
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Denver9/28_James Corless

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Presentation from Partners in Innovation Policy Forum in Denver, CO on September 28, 2010

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Denver9/28_James Corless

  1. 1. Transportation, TOD & Affordable Housing
  2. 3. <ul><ul><li>San Francisco Bay Area counties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Million people; almost 4 million jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miles of highway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miles of local streets and roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public transit operators </li></ul></ul>The MTC region 9 7 101 1,400 19,600 26
  3. 4. THE KEY TRANSPORTATION PLAYERS <ul><li>Feds US DOT </li></ul><ul><li>State State DOT </li></ul><ul><li>Regions MPOs/regional councils </li></ul><ul><li>County public wks </li></ul><ul><li>City public wks </li></ul><ul><li>Transit local transit agency </li></ul>
  4. 6. SF Bay Area’s Housing Crisis +83% +64% +90% +120% Growth in interregional commuting, 2000-2030
  5. 8. Fruitvale Transit Village <ul><ul><li>One of first of new generation of Bay Area transit villages. Library, clinic, senior center, retail and 47 rental units in phase 1. Three hundred plus housing units in phase 2. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oakland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alameda County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TLC planning: $47,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TLC Capital Grant: $2 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund Origin : TDA, TEA-21 </li></ul></ul>HIP & TLC Project
  6. 10. Prometheus <ul><ul><li>A multi-family development with 218 housing units located near bus transit and Caltrain station in downtown San Mateo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Mateo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Mateo County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIP Grant: $682,500 </li></ul></ul>HIP to fund pedestrian and streetscape improvements along Third and Fourth Avenues in downtown San Mateo (same project area). HIP Project
  7. 12. Downtown Petaluma River Apartments <ul><ul><li>A 81-unit affordable housing complex next to the Petaluma River, bus lines and potential future commuter rail in downtown Petaluma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petaluma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sonoma County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIP Grant: $266,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TLC Grant: $358,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund Sources: STP/CMAQ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund Origin : TEA-21 </li></ul></ul>HIP & TLC Project
  8. 14. Sereno Village Apartments <ul><ul><li>A 125-unit affordable housing complex adjacent to the new Sereno Transit Bus Transfer Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vallejo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solano County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TLC Planning Grant: $40,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIP Grant: $382,500 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund Origin : TEA-21 </li></ul></ul>HIP Project
  9. 15. Richmond Transit Village <ul><ul><li>Ownership Townhouses & Rentals at hub of heavy rail (BART), Amtrak & local bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Richmond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contra Costa County </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIP Grant: $384,000 </li></ul></ul>HIP Project
  10. 17. Housing Incentive Program <ul><li>Awards HIP grants to local gov’ts </li></ul><ul><li>housing must be within 1/3 mile of major transit station </li></ul><ul><li>Number of units per acre determines total grant award: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 units/acre: $1,000 per bedroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 units/acre: $1,500 per bedroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60 units/acre: $2,000 per bedroom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HIP funds are spent on TLC capital projects anywhere within the applicant’s jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>1st Grant Cycle: $9 million in federal STP, CMAQ, and TEA funds </li></ul>* Additional $$$ per bedroom awarded to affordable units
  11. 18. TLC and HIP PROJECTS SINCE 1998
  12. 19. Evolution of “TLC” Incentives
  13. 20. MTC’s TOD Policy: Key Transit Corridors existing rail corridors Proposed BRT Proposed rail corridors Proposed ferry terminals
  14. 21. Leveraging Transportation Investments
  15. 22. Why TOD Matters – Ridership Increases in One Proposed Bay Area Corridor from TOD Cost-Effectiveness Threshold Riders per Station per Day
  16. 23. TOD Policy - Housing Requirements Transit Technology Minimum Housing Threshold Equivalent Net Densities BART/ Heavy Rail 3850 avg per station 50-150 units/acre Light Rail 3300 avg per station 40-80 units/acre Bus Rapid Transit 2750 avg per station 30-60 units/acre Commuter Rail 2200 avg per station 20-50 units/acre Ferries 750 avg per terminal 10-30 units/acre
  17. 24. TOD Policy – Affordability Bonus Housing Type Area Median Income Rental 60 percent Ownership 100 percent
  18. 25. Station Area Planning Program Assisting local gov’ts to upzone around new transit corridors
  19. 26. Station Area Planning Guidance <ul><li>Set affordable housing goals </li></ul><ul><li>Consider inclusionary zoning policies </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a range of housing options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including secondary units </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minimize displacement/gentrification </li></ul><ul><li>Consider accessible housing/visitability </li></ul>
  20. 27. San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
  21. 28. San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
  22. 29. San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
  23. 30. San Leandro Blvd Improvements Courtesy of BMS Design Group
  24. 31. Transit Share by Work & Home Location
  25. 32. TOD - More Than Transit <ul><li>Mixed Use Critical to Capture Non-Commute Trips by Walking/Biking </li></ul>29% transit Mode Share of TOD Residents: 2000 Bay Area Travel Survey 24% walk/bike
  26. 33. TOD in the Bay Area: Less Driving
  27. 34. Choose to Participate: MTC & Affordable TOD Fund 1. Equity or Grants 2. Low-interest loans 3. Senior loans <ul><li>Banks, insurance companies </li></ul><ul><li>Other direct commercial lenders </li></ul><ul><li>Bond financing </li></ul><ul><li>Foundations </li></ul><ul><li>Program Related Investments </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation grants </li></ul><ul><li>$10 million MTC grant funds from </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation for Livable Communities </li></ul>
  28. 35. Evolution of MTC’s Transp/Land Use Work <ul><li>Transportation/Land Use Policy 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>TLC program 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Incentive Program 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Transit Expansion Plan 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>TOD Policy 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Station Area Planning Grants 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Growth Strategy 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>TOD Land Acquisition Fund 2010 </li></ul>
  29. 36. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Money talks – esp transportation $$ </li></ul><ul><li>Future investments in transit are critical opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Transit agencies need cover to get into land use </li></ul><ul><li>MPO board members often local elected officials </li></ul><ul><li>Policies that apply just to station areas are challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Support for minimizing displacement but tools need work </li></ul>Flickr user: starquake

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