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How did the US help Taiwan to become a leading technological powerhouse?

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How did the US help Taiwan to
become a leading
technological powerhouse?
2022
© 2022 All Rights Reserved. NGO “Tech Instit...
Contents:
1. The Purpose of the Research
2. Foreign Relations
3. US-Taiwan Institutions
4. US-Taiwan Policy Documents
5. R...
The Purpose of the Research
As a leading technological powerhouse, Taiwan is a key U.S. partner in
the Indo-Pacific. The U...
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How did the US help Taiwan to become a leading technological powerhouse?

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The Purpose of the Research

As a leading technological powerhouse, Taiwan is a key U.S. partner in the Indo-Pacific. The United States and Taiwan share similar values, deep commercial and economic links, and strong people-to-people ties, which form the bedrock of our friendship and serve as the impetus for expanding U.S. engagement with Taiwan.

In this research, we have analyzed through which institutions and documents the technology partnership between Taiwan and the U.S. is being implemented, which helped Taiwan become a global technology leader with a sustained economy.

http://tiukraine.org

The Purpose of the Research

As a leading technological powerhouse, Taiwan is a key U.S. partner in the Indo-Pacific. The United States and Taiwan share similar values, deep commercial and economic links, and strong people-to-people ties, which form the bedrock of our friendship and serve as the impetus for expanding U.S. engagement with Taiwan.

In this research, we have analyzed through which institutions and documents the technology partnership between Taiwan and the U.S. is being implemented, which helped Taiwan become a global technology leader with a sustained economy.

http://tiukraine.org

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How did the US help Taiwan to become a leading technological powerhouse?

  1. 1. How did the US help Taiwan to become a leading technological powerhouse? 2022 © 2022 All Rights Reserved. NGO “Tech Institutions”, Ukraine. http://tiukraine.org E-mail: hello@tiukraine.org
  2. 2. Contents: 1. The Purpose of the Research 2. Foreign Relations 3. US-Taiwan Institutions 4. US-Taiwan Policy Documents 5. Recent Developments 6. List of Sources
  3. 3. The Purpose of the Research As a leading technological powerhouse, Taiwan is a key U.S. partner in the Indo-Pacific. The United States and Taiwan share similar values, deep commercial and economic links, and strong people-to-people ties, which form the bedrock of our friendship and serve as the impetus for expanding U.S. engagement with Taiwan. In this research, we have analyzed through which institutions and documents the technology partnership between Taiwan and the U.S. is being implemented, which helped Taiwan become a global technology leader with a sustained economy.
  4. 4. Foreign Relations Foreign Representation The American Institute in Taiwan performs citizen and consular services similar to those at diplomatic posts. The Department of State maintains a contract with AIT and funds a large part of AIT’s operations. Sandra Oudkirk is the Taipei-based AIT Director and James Moriarty is AIT’s Chairman. Economic Relations Taiwan is a highly advanced economy producing an estimated $786 billion in goods and services in 2021. The United States and Taiwan have deep and growing commercial, financial, and trade ties, which advance U.S. interests and help create economic opportunities in the United States. Since 2020, the United States and Taiwan, under the auspices of AIT and TECRO, have held the Economic Prosperity Partnership Dialogue to enhance economic and commercial ties, including supply chain security and resiliency, investment screening, and health, science and technology, and the digital economy. The Department of Commerce launched the Technology, Trade, and Investment Collaboration framework with Taiwan in 2021 to provide a platform to develop commercial programs and explore actions to strengthen critical supply chains Science and Technology Cooperation AIT and TECRO signed a Science and Technology Agreement in 2020 to enhance scientific cooperation and joint research. The United States and Taiwan also engage in joint scientific cooperative endeavours in areas including meteorology, nuclear science, environmental protection, thoracic cancer research, atmospheric research, and public health and preventative medicine.
  5. 5. Taiwan-U.S. Policy Program This ambitious program educates and informs mid-level experts (ages 28-43) about Taiwan and U.S.-Taiwan relations. TUPP consists of two consecutive programs, including seminars in Washington, D.C. and a research trip to Taiwan. The CSIS China Power Project ran the TUPP program through 2020.
  6. 6. US-Taiwan Institutions Government agencies Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States The Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States represents the interests of Taiwan in the United States in the absence of formal diplomatic relations, functioning as a de facto embassy. Its counterpart in Taiwan is the office of the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) in Taipei. American Institute in Taiwan The American Institute in Taiwan is the de facto Embassy of the United States of America in Taiwan. The AIT institution is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the federal government of the United States in Taiwan with Congressional oversight. The AIT was officially created as a U.S. government-sponsored non-profit, private corporation established under the auspices of the U.S. government to serve its interests in Taiwan. Internal institutions Global Taiwan Institute GTI’s mission is to enhance the relationship between Taiwan and other countries, especially the United States, through policy research and programs that promote a better public understanding of Taiwan and its people. The Hudson Institute The Hudson Institute is a conservative American think tank based in Washington, D.C. It was founded in 1961 in Croton-on-Hudson, New York, by futurist, military strategist, and systems theorist Herman Kahn and his colleagues at the RAND Corporation.
  7. 7. U.S. think tank the Hudson Institute launched a new China Center on Thursday (May 19) to devise policy responses to China, appointing historian and strategist Miles Yu as director and former U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as advisory board chair. The Brookings Institution The Brookings Institution, often stylized as simply Brookings, is an American research group founded in 1916. TECRO provides between $250,000 and $499,999 to the think tank annually. The Center for American Progress The Center for American Progress is a public policy research and advocacy organization which presents a liberal viewpoint on economic and social issues. The Center for a New American Security The Center for a New American Security is a Washington, D.C.-based think tank established in 2007 by co-founders Michèle Flournoy and Kurt M. Campbell. It specializes in United States national security issues. The Center for Strategic and International Studies The Center for Strategic and International Studies is a think tank based in Washington, D.C., in the United States. CSIS was founded as the Center for Strategic and International Studies of Georgetown University in 1962. The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) established a bipartisan CSIS Task Force on U.S. Policy Toward Taiwan in January 2020 to prepare recommendations for the coming four years and beyond.
  8. 8. The task force includes members who have held senior positions of responsibility on Taiwan policy in previous Democratic and Republic administrations as well as experts on national security, business, technology, law, society, the U.S. Congress, human rights, and Taiwan’s politics and society. US-Taiwan Policy Documents
  9. 9. Declassified Cables: Taiwan Arms Sales & Six Assurances (1982) The first declassified cable below, sent on July 10, 1982, from the U.S. Under Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger to then, AIT Director James Lilley provides the U.S. interpretation of the 1982 Communiqué as it relates to ongoing U.S. arms sales to Taiwan. The cable explains that the U.S. willingness to reduce its arms sales to Taiwan is conditioned upon the continued commitment of the PRC to a peaceful solution to cross-Strait differences. Further, if the PRC were to become more hostile, then the United States would increase arms sales to Taiwan. Taiwan Relations Act (01/01/1979) To help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific and promote the United States' foreign policy by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people of Taiwan for other purposes. U.S.-PRC Joint Communique on Arms Sales (the 1982 Communique) (08/17/1982) In the Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations on January 1, 1979, issued by the Government of the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China, the United States of America recognized the Government of the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal Government of China, and it acknowledged the Chinese position that there is but one China and Taiwan is part of China. Within that context, the two sides agreed that the people of the United States would continue to maintain cultural, commercial, and other unofficial relations with the people of Taiwan. On this basis, relations between the United States and China were normalized. U.S.-PRC Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations (Normalization Communique) (01/01/1979)
  10. 10. The United States of America and the People’s Republic of China have agreed to recognize each other and establish diplomatic relations as of January 1, 1979. AIT-TECRO Agreements The people of the United States maintain cultural, commercial and other unofficial relations with the people of Taiwan. All programs, transactions, and other relations carried out by the President or any agency of the United States Government concerning Taiwan are generally conducted and carried out by or through the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT). TECRO or Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States, formerly the Coordination Council for North American Affairs (CCNAA) has been determined to be the instrumentality established by the people of Taiwan having the necessary authority under the laws applied by the people of Taiwan to provide assurances and take other actions on behalf of Taiwan. These two institutions signed dozens of agreements, including agreements in aviation, consular, customs, energy, education, health, maritime etc. We will focus on scientific and technical cooperation. ● Agreement Between the American Institute in Taiwan and the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States on Scientific and Technological Cooperation The date signed: 12-14-2020 ● Technical Cooperation Associated with Establishing Satellite-Based Marine oil Monitoring Collaborative Activity Date Signed: 10-17-2013 ● Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment Program Date Signed: 09-06-2013 ● Agmt Between the AIT and TECRO for Technical Cooperation in Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development Date Signed: 03-06-2012
  11. 11. ● Probabilistic Risk Assessment Research (2004) Date Signed: 01-01-2004 ● Aerosol Measurements Date Signed: 07-13-2007 ● Enhancement of the CWB Data Assimilation System (Arrangement #3) Date Signed: 07-11-2007 ● Advanced-Data Assimilation and Modeling Systems Date Signed: 01-12-2005 ● Earthquake and Bridge Engineering Date Signed: 07-08-2004 ● Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Date Signed: 04-02-2002 ● Neutron Scattering Research (annexes) Date Signed: 02-08-2001 ● Constellation Observing System Date Signed: 06-30-1999 ● Implementing Arrangement #10 Enhancement Support Srvcs for AOAWS-ES Date Signed: 04-27-2007 ● Advanced Operational Aviation Weather Systems Date Signed: 02-13-1998 ● Scientific and Weather Technology Systems Support Date Signed: 11-05-1997 ● Ocean Climate Research Date Signed: 02-18-1997 ● Physical Sciences Date Signed: 01-10-1997 ● Seismology and Earthquake Monitoring Systems Development Date Signed: 07-24-1992 ● Highway-Related Sciences Date Signed: 01-07-1992 ● Geodetic Research Date Signed: 02-21-1991 ● Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development (Implementing arrangement #19) Date Signed: 11-26-2007
  12. 12. ● Hualien Soil Structure Date Signed: 09-28-1990 ● Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development (supersedes 2001 agreement) Date Signed: 09-05-2007 ● Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development (implementing arrangement 18) Date Signed: 09-26-2006 ● Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development (modification 1) Date Signed: 06-09-2006 ● Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development (2001) Date Signed: 06-20-2001 ● Meteorology and Forecast Systems Development Date Signed: 06-28-1990 ● Reservoir Sedimentation and Sluicing Date Signed: 03-08-1996 ● Water Resources Development (appendix 8) Date Signed: 11-16-2004 ● Water Resources Development (appendix 7) Date Signed: 08-30-1996 ● Water Resources Development (amendment 1 to appendix 6) Date Signed: 12-04-2002 ● Water Resources Development (appendix 6) Date Signed: 06-28-1993 ● Water Resource Development (amendment 5) Date Signed: 04-17-2007 ● Water Resources Development (amendment 4) Date Signed: 12-04-2002 ● Water Resources Development (amendment 3) Date Signed: 10-14-1997 ● Water Resources Development (amendment 2) Date Signed: 09-03-1996 ● Dam Design and Construction/Water Resource Management (also contains amendment 1) Date Signed: 06-09-1992 ● Dam Design and Construction (appendix 2) Date Signed: 10-26-1988
  13. 13. ● Dam Design and Construction (amendment 1 to appendix 1) Date Signed: 03-12-1990 ● Dam Design and Construction (appendix 1) Date Signed: 08-24-1987 ● Dam Design and Construction Date Signed: 08-24-1987 ● TAMEX Atmospheric Research Date Signed: 05-04-1987 ● Thermal-Hydraulic Code Applications and Maintenance (2004) Date Signed: 12-13-2004 ● Cooperative Science Agreement (1980 agreement, 1987 extension and subsequent letters including 1990 extension of Agreement on Technical, Scientific and Engineering Information) Date Signed: 09-04-1980 ● Technical, Scientific, and Engineering Information Date Signed: 11-17-1987 ● Technical, Scientific and Engineering Information (1990 extension of 1987 document) Date Signed: 08-08-1990 ● Technical, Scientific and Engineering Information Recent Developments November 2020 US and Taiwan sign five-year agreement on health, tech and security
  14. 14. Taiwan and the United States have held their first high-level meetings under a new economic dialogue, inking a five-year agreement and pledging future cooperation on health, tech, and security. The talks, held amid a contentious US presidential transition period and high regional tensions with China, did not advance Taiwan’s hopes for a trade deal with the US, despite the two countries growing closer under Donald Trump and his pushback on Beijing. They were led by Taiwan’s deputy minister of economic affairs, Chen Chern-chyi, and US undersecretary of state, Keith Krach, with the stated aim of building on historic ties and “shared democratic values”, and senior government officials met for the first time on Friday, signing a five-year memorandum of understanding. The parties established working groups on global health security, science and technology, 5G and telecommunications security, supply chains, women’s economic empowerment, infrastructure cooperation, and investment. December 2021 U.S. Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo discussed chip supply chains during a call with her opposite number in Taiwan and the two will cooperate on technology trade and investment through a newly established mechanism, her office said. The United States has repeatedly pressed Taiwan, as a major chip producer, to do more to help resolve a global shortage of semiconductors, which has shuttered some auto production lines and impacted consumer goods. April 2022 Taiwan aims to forge closer ties with the U.S. on electric vehicles, the metaverse and next-generation communication technologies as
  15. 15. Washington pushes to bring supply chains onshore, the island's top trade promotion organization said. The government-backed Taiwan External Trade Development Council (TAITRA), will host its first-ever expo in Washington in October to showcase Taiwan's tech capabilities, James Huang, chairman of the council, told Nikkei Asia in an interview. List of Sources 1. https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-taiwan/ 2. https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/4545970
  16. 16. 3. https://prospect.org/world/taiwan-funding-think-tanks-omnipresent- rarely-disclosed/ 4. https://www.csis.org/analysis/toward-stronger-us-taiwan-relationshi p 5. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/21/us-and-taiwan-sig n-five-year-agreement-on-health-tech-and-security 6. https://www.reuters.com/technology/us-taiwan-discuss-chips-again -cooperate-under-new-framework-2021-12-07/ 7. https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Supply-Chain/Taiwan-eyes-closer- U.S.-tech-ties-island-s-top-trade-body-says

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