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Strip Mall Fire Tactics & Strategies

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Strip Mall Tactics and Strategies

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Strip Mall Fire Tactics & Strategies

  1. 1. Strip Mall Fires Lt. Christopher Mariotti 08/21/2016 NEWPORT FIRE DEPARTMENT
  2. 2. Identify type of construction for strip malls Explain Fire behavior in these structures Describe construction benefits Identify tactical needs Recognize firefighting problems in strip malls Explain basic offensive, defensive tactics at strip mall fires. OBJECTIVES
  3. 3.  Larger Structures  Large Undivided Areas  Heavier Fire Load  Weak Roof Construction  Low Life Hazard OVERVIEW
  4. 4. Large Structures divided by partition walls
  5. 5. LARGE FIRE LOADSLARGE UNDIVIDED AREAS
  6. 6. Large Fire Loads
  7. 7. Weak Roof Construction
  8. 8. A Fire Here May not be immediately noticed here & here Verify Evacuation
  9. 9.  Type II – Non-combustible  Type V – Lightweight  Combination of Construction  Parapet  Mansards & Façades  Store Fronts  Back doors CONSTRUCTION
  10. 10. Type II Non-combustible Masonry or concrete exterior walls with non-combustible roof assembly
  11. 11. Type V Lightweight All structural components are combustible
  12. 12. Combination Construction Concrete exterior walls with steel trusses and wooden roof
  13. 13. Parapet
  14. 14. Mansards & Facades This building has tilt-up exterior walls, with a wood frame stucco covered mansard over the store front.
  15. 15. CLICK LINK FOR TILT-UP WALL VIDEO https://www.youtube.com/embed/HL BVaz_ETdU
  16. 16. Mansard and Facades
  17. 17. Glass Store Front Quick glass removal can provide good access, but remember the rush of O2 will draw the fire to the outside.
  18. 18. Limited rear access
  19. 19. LIMITED REAR ACCESS
  20. 20. LIMITED REAR ACCESS
  21. 21. Fire Walls Partition Wall Attic Space Mansard/Façade Sprinklers Hydrants CODES
  22. 22. Fire Barriers This is a stucco over wood strip center, connected with a masonry wall of a major tenant (anchor store). From the rear you can see a actual gap between the buildings. It will be covered with a metal strip on the front. This is a formidable wall.
  23. 23. The space between the strip mall and the major tenant is covered for aesthetic reasons. This is a sign of a good fire barrier.
  24. 24. This partition wall is constructed of sheet rock over metal studs. It will continue to the underside of the roof decking.
  25. 25. One side of this wall is sheet rock over metal studs. The other side is a cinderblock wall. This would be important information in the development of your IAP.
  26. 26. Drop Ceiling or Open Ceiling
  27. 27. POTENTIAL HIDDEN FIRE  Remove tiles as you advance 181 Bellevue Ave
  28. 28. Mansard Fire Stopping Required every 100 linear feet. Fire barrier
  29. 29. Mansards & Facades You can see how the decorative mansard on this strip mall provides multiple access for fire spread.
  30. 30. Mansards & Facades This wooden mansard is bolted onto a cinder block building.
  31. 31. StripmallAnchor Store Mansard Fire can potentially extend from a stripmall occupancy into an anchor store through the mansard.
  32. 32.  Undivided Areas & Fire Load  Unsupported Lightweight Roof Assemblies/Early Collapse  Concentrated Loads  Common Attic  Rear Access FIRE SPREAD & CONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
  33. 33. UNDIVIDED AREAS STOP & SHOP CVS Bellevue Ave (basement)
  34. 34. FIRE LOAD 1 9 9 C O N N E L L H W Y Dollar Tree Dollar Tree
  35. 35. These roof assemblies are vulnerable to early collapse. You need to get water on the fire and on the trusses early.
  36. 36. Compromised truss section 181 BELLEVUE AVE
  37. 37. 181 BELLEVUE AVE  Compromised Truss
  38. 38. Concentrated Roof Loads
  39. 39. Concentrated Loads
  40. 40. Rear Access A block wall with a steel door can slow access to the occupancy. This door will need the skilled attention of a firefighter with a K-12 saw.
  41. 41. REAR DOORS/LOCKED FROM INSIDE Keyed lock from inside Pad locked from inside Stop & shop Stop & Shop
  42. 42. Rear Access Rear access through lightweight construction may be easier through the wall.
  43. 43. Rear Access This narrow space behind the building will force apparatus placement too close to the building.
  44. 44. Rear Access narrowing Places apparatus in potential collapse zones
  45. 45.  Large Undivided Areas  Glass Store Fronts  Common Attic Space  Early Self Vent  Masonry Walls at Anchor Tenants  Lightweight Partition Walls  Sprinklers CONSTRUCTION BENEFITS OF STRIP MALLS
  46. 46. Large Open Areas From a safe position outside the occupancy you can apply water to the back wall and the roof assembly.
  47. 47. You can hit nearly everything from the front door in smaller occupancies. Open Areas
  48. 48. Open areas and straight isles for easy advance
  49. 49. WALMART
  50. 50. Glass Store Front Removal of glass provides a large opening for ventilation, hose streams and access. Remember fire will be drawn to you.
  51. 51. Masonry wall at anchor tenants We know we have a substantial wall at this anchor tenant. We can use it to try to protect the “long” side.
  52. 52. Lightweight partition walls. Show how they can be forced easily. Lightweight partition walls can be easily breached
  53. 53.  Fast Moving Large Fire  Water Requirements  Early Collapse  Lightweight Roof vs. Vertical Ventilation  Flammable Mansard  Manpower Intensive FIREFIGHTING PROBLEMS WITH STRIP MALLS
  54. 54.  Unique Attack  Aggressive Frontal Attack  Aggressive Exposure Protection  Ventilation Horizontal vs. Vertical  Open Rear Doors  Secure Utilities BASIC FIREFIGHTING TACTICS AT STRIP MALLS
  55. 55. Example Exposure B2 Exposure B1 Exposure D1 Exposure D2 C Division A Division
  56. 56.  Additional Resources  Apparatus Positioning  Water Supply  Hoseline  Ventilation  Utilities  Entry  Search  Extinguish  Back-up  Exposure Divisions  Overhaul/Salvage BASIC OFFENSIVE TACTICS
  57. 57.  Fire Attack  RIT  Back-up Group  Evacuation Group  Roof Division/Ventilation Group  Bravo Exposure & Delta Exposure  Charlie Division  FDC  Safety  Medical  Rehab BASIC OFFENSIVE ASSIGNMENTS
  58. 58. Exposure B2 Exposure B1 Exposure D1 Exposure D2 C Division A Division FDC Example Offensive
  59. 59.  Additional Resources  Apparatus Positioning  Water Supply  Fire Attack  Assign Exposure Divisions & Establish Defensive Boundaries  Ventilation & Roof Report  Utilities BASIC DEFENSIVE TACTICS
  60. 60. Exposure D1 Exposure D2 Exposure D3Exposure B1 VentVent FDC C DivisionExample 1 Fire Attack
  61. 61. C Division A Division FDC Example 2 Exposure B1 Exposure D1 Exposure D2 Exposure D3Vent here or ? Fire Attack
  62. 62.  Fire Attack Group  Bravo/Delta Exposure Divisions  Charlie Division  Evacuation Group  Roof Division/Ventilation Group  RIT  Safety  Medical  Rehab  Staging  Possible Water Supply  Possible PIO BASIC DEFENSIVE ASSIGNMENTS
  63. 63.  Offensive to Defensive  Withdraw  Abandon the Building  Defensive to Offensive  Evacuation CHANGING STRATEGY
  64. 64. Identify where you would position your engine Locate the hydrant you would utilize Spot your ideal truck location What hydrant would support the aerial if needed? Choose a location for the rescue Where should later arriving units stage? Explain where you would utilize other units If the incident grew into a defensive fire, discuss how you would assign units. SETS & REPS STRIP MALL TARGET MAP
  65. 65.  Receive Dispatch  Verbalize Pre-incident Information  Complete En route Research  Verbalize En route concerns  Complete Brief Initial Report  Identify Critical Factors & apply RMP  Give Follow-up Report  Identify Command Mode  Identify Strategy  Assign & Track Units  Complete IC Worksheet SETS & REPS
  66. 66.  Building  Fire  Occupancy  Life Hazard  Arrangement  Resources  Action  Special Circumstances STRIP MALL SITUATION EVALUATION
  67. 67.  Reported Structure Fire in a business  199 Connell Highway  Fire in Burger Shop CALL #1
  68. 68.  Reported structure fire in a business  250 Broadway  Fire in PDQ CALL #2
  69. 69. PDQ
  70. 70. PDQ
  71. 71.  You tube  Essentials of Firefighting 5th and 6th edition  IFSTA Building Construction 3rd edition  Fire Engineering REFERENCES

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