Co-creating NZ’s energy future Janet Stephenson Centre for the Study of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of O...
Conundrum <ul><li>“ Worst ever carbon emissions leave climate on the brink ”  Guardian 29 May 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>“ A c...
Reducing energy-related emissions  –  to keep world under 2 degrees rise From IEA  World Energy Outlook (2009)
System-wide change needed <ul><li>Not just about supplying more electricity: also </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed generation...
EECA public opinion survey 2009
% appealed by power type 2 15 8 13 3 28 1 Stephenson & Ioannou 2010
Why? <ul><li>Scale? </li></ul>
(n=266) Schaefer 2010
Scale v appeals (wind farms) Stephenson & Ioannou 2010
Why? <ul><li>NIMBY?  (Not In My Back Yard) </li></ul>
Only one with more local opposition Comparing submissions on 3 windfarms:   local = within 15 km radius Graham, Stephenson...
Why? <ul><li>Oppositional groups don’t seek coal-fired power stations! </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on environment? </li></ul...
Not acceptable because... <ul><li>Direct/tangible impacts (RMA business) </li></ul><ul><li>Scale & size </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Addressing the ‘spinach’ factors: <ul><li>If communities are involved, opposition reduces  </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of int...
Schaefer 2010 (n=266)
Developing the taste for spinach in Blueskin Bay <ul><li>Building on greater acceptability of smaller scale </li></ul><ul>...
Some barriers:  Schaefer 2010 Farmer perceptions of barriers to installing wind turbines on their property  (n =199) (init...
BCRT’s vision  <ul><li>The spinach factors </li></ul><ul><li>Within control of BCRT  </li></ul><ul><li>Should be addressed...
Co-create NZ’s energy future <ul><li>Major social, technological and landscape change involved in NZ’s energy transition <...
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Co-creating NZ's Energy Future: Developing a taste for spinach

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Janet Stephenson's presentation from the NERI Winter Lights Thought Leadership Forum held on 16th June 2011 in Dunedin, New Zealand.

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Co-creating NZ's Energy Future: Developing a taste for spinach

  1. 1. Co-creating NZ’s energy future Janet Stephenson Centre for the Study of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Otago ‘ Democratising Energy’ Hui, Puketeraki Marae 17 June 2011   Developing a taste for spinach
  2. 2. Conundrum <ul><li>“ Worst ever carbon emissions leave climate on the brink ” Guardian 29 May 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>“ A controversial North Canterbury wind-farm proposal has drawn more than 130 submissions ” Stuff 25 May 2011 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reducing energy-related emissions – to keep world under 2 degrees rise From IEA World Energy Outlook (2009)
  4. 4. System-wide change needed <ul><li>Not just about supplying more electricity: also </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed generation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy use & efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes & knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of ‘prosumers’, smart grids etc </li></ul><ul><li>Need living examples of how it can be done </li></ul>
  5. 5. EECA public opinion survey 2009
  6. 6. % appealed by power type 2 15 8 13 3 28 1 Stephenson & Ioannou 2010
  7. 7. Why? <ul><li>Scale? </li></ul>
  8. 8. (n=266) Schaefer 2010
  9. 9. Scale v appeals (wind farms) Stephenson & Ioannou 2010
  10. 10. Why? <ul><li>NIMBY? (Not In My Back Yard) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Only one with more local opposition Comparing submissions on 3 windfarms: local = within 15 km radius Graham, Stephenson & Smith 2009
  12. 12. Why? <ul><li>Oppositional groups don’t seek coal-fired power stations! </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on environment? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noise, landscape traffic etc? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yes, but ... our interviewees mostly talked about other issues </li></ul>Stephenson & Ioannou 2010
  13. 13. Not acceptable because... <ul><li>Direct/tangible impacts (RMA business) </li></ul><ul><li>Scale & size </li></ul><ul><li>Place attachment / values of existing site </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of local benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Not appropriate sustainability solution </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of trust in developer/government </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of local control/governance </li></ul><ul><li>Being cast as ‘the problem’ </li></ul><ul><li>Not part of ‘cultural norm’ </li></ul>Why can’t we just have a normal dinner? I don’t like the taste! There’s too much on my plate! What do I get out of this? Why blame me if I don’t like it? None of my friends have to eat it Let me make my own dinner! I’d rather eat broccoli instead What are you doing to me, Dad?
  14. 15. Addressing the ‘spinach’ factors: <ul><li>If communities are involved, opposition reduces </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of interest in ‘growing our own’ energy </li></ul>
  15. 16. Schaefer 2010 (n=266)
  16. 17. Developing the taste for spinach in Blueskin Bay <ul><li>Building on greater acceptability of smaller scale </li></ul><ul><li>Building on rich history of social entrepreneurs, inventiveness, DIY </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling forms of local involvement – joint ventures, community shares </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting community/individual initiatives </li></ul>
  17. 18. Some barriers: Schaefer 2010 Farmer perceptions of barriers to installing wind turbines on their property (n =199) (initial cost not included)
  18. 19. BCRT’s vision <ul><li>The spinach factors </li></ul><ul><li>Within control of BCRT </li></ul><ul><li>Should be addressed if good processes & engagement </li></ul><ul><li>The barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Outside of control of BCRT </li></ul><ul><li>Likely to need external support, formal alliances, shifts in policy, changes to market BAU, etc </li></ul><ul><li>First-off-the-block challenges (and rewards!) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Co-create NZ’s energy future <ul><li>Major social, technological and landscape change involved in NZ’s energy transition </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise groups such as BRCT as allies in this shift </li></ul><ul><li>Enable the public to have a real role in shaping the transition process rather than just recipients </li></ul>

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