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Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the1
Groundwater Aquifer Stora...
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Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the4
Suitability Evaluation fo...
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Selection of Thematic Hyd...
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Final Selection for ASR P...
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Infiltration/AbstractionR...
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ASR Pilot Project Results...
Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the9
Lesson Learned and
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Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the10
Thank You
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T4 dr. dawoud aquifer artificial recharge abu dhabi case study

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T4 dr. dawoud aquifer artificial recharge abu dhabi case study

  1. 1. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the1 Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study Dr. Mohamed Dawoud Manager, Water Resources Department Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi “Learning from land and water projects experiences for smart management” 15-18 December 2013, Amman-Jordan
  2. 2. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kuwait Qatar Oman UAE Bahrain Saudi Arabia Days Dependency of Domestic Sector on Desalination (100%) Present Supply Network Present Storage
  3. 3. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 24 21 19 20 25 0 0 16 19 23 25 28 29 26 23 25 31 34 0 15 19 24 28 36 38 36 34 31 33 35 38 40 0 0 17 24 30 37 41 45 45 43 42 43 41 42 41 0 0 24 37 46 46 54 50 52 52 53 51 52 53 55 0 0 23 34 40 60 58 58 63 64 65 64 65 62 58 0 0 18 33 44 57 61 65 68 70 73 74 71 68 65 0 0 17 34 44 56 70 72 74 80 80 79 74 74 67 0 0 20 35 43 57 68 80 88 88 87 85 77 66 65 0 14 18 31 47 57 62 79 88 91 86 84 71 62 58 0 15 27 43 60 68 81 82 91 86 79 65 51 40 0 0 0 22 44 56 66 78 83 91 90 82 67 36 33 33 0 0 17 30 48 65 76 86 91 92 81 46 34 29 0 0 0 0 26 47 59 76 90 90 90 68 42 32 31 0 0 0 0 24 39 48 57 75 76 77 65 49 40 0 0 0 0 0 26 36 44 56 75 84 82 62 47 39 0 0 0 0 0 23 35 43 56 61 82 87 57 29 40 0 0 0 0 0 21 31 39 50 56 61 79 70 33 39 40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28 43 50 59 62 63 75 52 40 41 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 30 44 51 55 55 57 68 56 41 32 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 27 35 41 48 60 53 57 63 57 51 33 30 0 0 0 0 0 25 30 35 42 46 51 52 55 58 58 51 49 26 0 0 0 0 0 19 23 28 31 41 47 52 58 57 53 54 57 52 39 27 0 0 0 0 0 17 22 28 33 38 42 50 49 57 60 50 53 53 49 37 31 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16 20 27 32 37 40 41 45 47 47 53 50 48 50 45 38 28 0 0 0 14 0 15 18 21 23 26 31 36 39 41 44 47 47 48 44 43 47 47 42 30 0 0 0 0 13 16 17 20 24 25 27 28 39 36 38 45 45 45 47 41 40 39 43 46 41 29 0 0 0 0 20 22 23 23 27 29 29 30 33 33 35 35 40 41 43 41 37 33 31 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 23 26 28 23 34 31 32 34 33 32 33 35 37 35 35 37 33 27 0 0 0 0 25 0 0 29 26 24 30 31 33 32 37 35 28 28 32 31 28 27 0 0 0 0 25 24 0 0 31 29 25 33 37 36 27 35 37 31 29 30 26 0 0 0 0 52 40 29 34 40 49 46 29 26 34 35 32 25 21 31 0 0 31 27 40 49 50 41 38 31 36 37 32 30 18 49 43 37 37 34 48 50 34 25 37 28 37 49 45 54 47 42 29 29 14 20 41 45 41 0 51 48 30 21 0 49 40 0 57 0 0 0 39 0 0 0 Haleiba Az Zafrah Agrab Al Faiha Bu Hamrah Ramlat Ar Rabbad Mender Qusahwira Mashhur Al Qafa Zarrarah Huwaila Bateen Zaroub As Sad Al Khazna B U H A S A S A H IL A S A B S H A H B A B L I W A Sultanate of Oman Dubai Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Arabian Gulf Arzana JebelHafit Sharjah 0km 25km 50km 75km 100km 0 - 10 10 - 20 20 - 30 30 - 40 40 - 50 50 - 60 60 - 70 70 - 80 80 - 90 90 - 100 Evaluation Points Suitability of Area for Large-Scale ASR-Project Cluster excluded if three or more Criteria not fulfilled Suitability of Areas for Large-Scale ASR-Project No. of Criteria for which Minimum Requirement is not fulfilled to Evaluation Criteria, min. Requirements and max. Points: max: 25 points max. 10 points max: 10 points max. 20 points max. 15 points max. 10 points max. 10 points >=10 m >=10 m >=10m <=25,000 ppm <=5 ‰ >=5 km <=500 Available Thickness of Vadose Zone Available Aquifer System Thickness Available Aquifer Thickness Native Groundwater Salinity Natural Geohydraulic Gradient Distance to next Border / Shore Number of existing Wells SuitedLimitedSuitedUnsuited ASR-Pilot Project Area Abu Dhabi Al Ain Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer Overall Assessment of Criteria
  4. 4. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the4 Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer Overall Assessment of Criteria HYDROGEOLOGY  Availablethicknessof theaquifersystem  Thicknessof thevadosezone(vertical distancesurfaceto groundwater table)  Aquifer confinement  Quality/ salinityof thenativegroundwater  Aquifer transmissivityandstorativity  Groundwater flowgradient andvelocity  Present andfutureuseof theaquifer bythirdparties(agriculture, municipal, forestry, etc.)  ……. OTHERS  Distancetonearest border / coastline  General infrastructure  Present andfuturelandutilisation/ development (urban, industrial, agriculture, etc.)  Environmental aspects, regulations  Concessions(oil, gas, mining, etc.)  …….
  5. 5. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the5 Selection of Thematic Hydrogeological Maps Geology, Geohydraulics, Hydrochemistry, Hydroisotopes L I W A -Oxygen-18 (per mil VSMOW) Abu Dhabi L I W A Arzana Gradient of Groundwater Flow Abu Dhabi L I W A -Deuterium (per mil VSMOW) Abu Dhabi L I W A Arzana Groundwater Level Abu Dhabi L I W A Bi-carbonate-Concentration Abu Dhabi L I W A Recharge Distance Depth to Groundwater Level Abu Dhabi L I W A Groundwater Salinity Abu Dhabi L I W A Jeb elHafit Thickness of Shallow Aquifer Abu Dhabi L I W A Thickness of Formation above Evaporites Abu Dhabi
  6. 6. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the6 Final Selection for ASR Pilot Project Location Hydrogeological Cross Section 2530000 2540000 2550000 2560000 2570000 2580000 2590000 2600000 2610000 2620000 2630000 2640000 2650000 2660000 Latitude (UTM y40) -75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 Elevation(mMSL) -75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225Al Qafa / Bu HasaLiwa Crescent Al Bateen ArabianGulf South North saline brackish fresh GW-Shed <=1,000 ppm >1,000 -1,500 ppm >1,500 - 4,000 ppm >4,000 - 7,000 ppm >7,000 - 10,000 ppm >10,000 ppm Vertical Exaggeration: 100-fold 0 km 10 km 20 km 30 km 40 km 50 km Aquitard / Aquiclude Abu Dhabi Al Ain Shuweihat Hamim Mizeriah Al Mirfa Madinat Zayed Arabian Gulf 0 km 50 km 100 km 150 km Emirate of Abu Dhabi
  7. 7. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the7 Infiltration/AbstractionRate(m³/h) Cum.Infiltration/AbstractionVolume(m³) ElevationofGroundwaterLevel(m+MSL) ElevationofGroundwaterLevel(m+MSL) Groundwater Level Fluctuations of Observed Wells 101103105107109111113115 101103105107109111113115 OB-01: r= 45.1m OB-02: r= 55.3m OB-05: r= 0m OB-06A: r= 36.9m OB-06B: r= 35.7m OB-06C: r= 36.1m OB-06D: r= 38.5m OB-07A: r= 92.1m OB-07B: r= 91.5m OB-07C: r= 91.4m OB-07D: r= 92.3m OB-08: r= 127m OB-09: r= 691.6m OB-10: r= 204.8m OB-11: r= 433.5m OB-12: r= 889m OB-13: r= 181m OB-14: r= 533.1m OB-15: r= 731.3m OB-16: r= 99.7m OB-17: r= 366.5m OB-18: r= 1164.2m OB-19: r= 1766.5m 2,400 Regime of Desalinated Seawater Infiltration and Groundwater Abstraction -300-200-1000100200300400 25.09.03 09.10.03 23.10.03 06.11.03 20.11.03 04.12.03 18.12.03 01.01.04 15.01.04 29.01.04 12.02.04 26.02.04 11.03.04 25.03.04 08.04.04 22.04.04 06.05.04 20.05.04 03.06.04 17.06.04 01.07.04 15.07.04 29.07.04 12.08.04 26.08.04 09.09.04 23.09.04 07.10.04 21.10.04 04.11.04 18.11.04 02.12.04 -1.2E+6-6.0E+50.0E+06.0E+51.2E+6 Infiltration Rate Abstraction Rate (RB-01-04) Cumulative Infiltration Cumulative Abstraction (RB-01-04) ASR Pilot Project (Infiltration/Recovery Cycles) Groundwater Level Monitoring
  8. 8. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the8 ASR Pilot Project Results 250 days continuous injection 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 after 150 days Infiltrated Volume: 883,100 m³ Initial Ground- water Level West East 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 -225 m -200 m -175 m -150 m -125 m -100 m -75 m -50 m -25 m 0 m 25 m 50 m 75 m 100 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m Initial EC of Groundwater Before Start of InfiltrationInfiltration Basin Screened Section of Well Natural Groundwater Level m+MSL 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 Initial Ground- water Level after 75 days Infiltrated Volume: 432,700 m³ -225 m -200 m -175 m -150 m -125 m -100 m -75 m -50 m -25 m 0 m 25 m 50 m 75 m 100 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 after 250 days Infiltrated Volume: 1,482,400 m³ Initial Ground- water Level 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 after 25 days Infiltrated Volume: 149,500 m³ Initial Ground- water Level West East -225 m -200 m -175 m -150 m -125 m -100 m -75 m -50 m -25 m 0 m 25 m 50 m 75 m 100 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 after 250 days Infiltrated Volume: 1,482,400 m³ Initial Ground- water Level 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 after 150 days Infiltrated Volume: 883,100 m³ Initial Ground- water Level 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 Initial Ground- water Level after 75 days Infiltrated Volume: 432,700 m³ 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 OB-06A-D OB-07A-D OB-04 OB-05 OB-01 OB-02 OB-08 OB-10 RB-01 RB-03 OB-16 OB-13 -225 m -200 m -175 m -150 m -125 m -100 m -75 m -50 m -25 m 0 m 25 m 50 m 75 m 100 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m after 25 days Infiltrated Volume: 149,500 m³Infiltration Basin Initial Ground- water Level m+MSL
  9. 9. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the9 Lesson Learned and Recommendations • GCC countries depend on desalinated water for domestic water supply. • Emergency reserve in the surface reservoirs and distribution network is 2-5 days. • Increasing the storage capacity using surface reservoirs is costly and not environmentally friendly. • Groundwater storage using the artificial recharge technique is a promising tool for strategic water reserves in all GCC countries. • Storing the fresh water in groundwater aquifers is safer and more reliable in terms of time and location. • It is recommended to carry out more extensive studies to evaluate the feasibility of artificial recharge schemes.
  10. 10. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the10 Thank You

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