Research & citing sources made easy


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Research & citing sources made easy

  1. 1. Research &Citing Sources Made Easy
  2. 2. Agenda • What is Academic Research? • The Research Process – Simplified • I’ve Got All My Research Done, Now What? • Developing Your Research Paper/Project • Citing Sources
  3. 3. What is Academic Research?
  4. 4. Academic research is a process ofsearching for information, criticallyanalyzing information, evaluatingsources of information, organizinginformation and composing a paper,project or product based on theinformation and your critical thinking. Adapted from:
  5. 5. Research Process - Simplified Organize Yourself Develop a Topic & Research It Evaluate Your Sources Organize Your Sources Compose/Revise Cycle Citing Sources
  6. 6. WHAT DO I RESEARCH?• Locate background information using summaries andoverviews in "reference" materials.• Find books on your topic.• Use online database services to search for periodicalarticles using online indexes and abstracts.• Research your topic on the Internet using searchengines and subject directories.• Evaluate, document and organize your resources.
  7. 7. Organize Yourself• Is topic specified? – Consider the … • question(s) you are asked to address/create • discipline through which you are approaching the topic • specific thing(s) you already know/want to know about the topic• What are the basic requirements? – Length of paper required? – Audience for your research – Time you have available to research – What citation format is required? • MLA – Modern Language Association – Used in the Humanities • APA - American Psychological Association – Used in the Social Sciences• Ask your instructor any questions at beginning of process!
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  10. 10. Research Process - Simplified Organize Yourself Develop a Topic & Research It Evaluate Your Sources Organize Your Sources Compose/Revise Cycle Citing Sources
  11. 11. Develop a Topic & Research It• Thoroughly understand your topic – Know what you are being asked/what you must address – What interests you the most about the topic? – Make a listing of questions you would like to have answered about the topic – What would capture the interest of the reader?• Pick issue that can be researched – Make sure topic is not too broad nor narrow in scope• Resources: – – - Go to Resources by Subject then Other Guides tab – - Go to the “Research Room” – Other resources –
  12. 12. Identify KeywordsKeywords: Any informative words in the text of a document, chosen as indicating the main content of the document.CAUTION• Keywords and subjects are not the same.• Keywords are significant words from a document used as an index to content.• Subjects are the main focus of a work. Subject headings are assigned from standards created by catalogers.• Unless you know the word you are looking for is a subject heading, your search maybe unsuccessful.• Therefore, it is a good practice to start with a keyword search!!
  13. 13. Understand Basic Search Techniques Combine Words and Phrases“Quotation Marks” & (Parenthesis) : allowsfor the search of groups of words occurringtogetherEXAMPLES“workplace literacy”“sleep deprivation”
  14. 14. Boolean PhrasesAnd = a grouping of two specific ideas (ex. Hurricane and Katrina)Or = one idea or anther idea (ex. United states or America)Not = Only one idea but not any other (ex. exercise not therapy)
  15. 15. Combine Words and Phrases Using Boolean Searching Click here for a link to moreAND information about this search technique OR NOTSource of Pictures: ESC Library website
  16. 16. Begin Research Process• WHAT TO USE -- ESC Online Library • Click on My ESC, then Library and Learning Resources – go to Find Info Quick Start Tutorial • All Databases & Subject Guides • Provides links to all databases based on subject area • College recommended academic focus websites• WHAT TO AVOID • General Google searches • Avoid certain “sources” i.e., Wikipedia, unsubstantiated sources such as blogs, statements from non-experts.
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  18. 18. Here is where you start to find your research. Links to a comprehensive annotated listing of all the databases the library subscribes to – a one-stop-shopping site for your research.EBSCOHost The 3 best databases are EBSCO, JSTOR & PROQUEST.
  19. 19. Best Search Sites to Go To • Jstor – Most AcademicEBSCOHost • Ebsco – Combo Academic & Popular • Proquest – More popular & academic
  20. 20. For more help with the online librarygo to a workshops conducted through the library
  21. 21. Research Process - Simplified Organize Yourself Develop a Topic & Research It Evaluate Your Sources Organize Your Sources Compose/Revise Cycle Citing Sources
  22. 22. • Step 1 – Annotate & Find “THE” Quote• Step 2 – Categorize• Step 3 – Outline/Mindmap• Step 4 – Plug-in the Resources
  23. 23. ComposeGather InformationOrganizeDraftReviseProofGet FeedbackRe-proofHand in
  24. 24. Summarizing, Paraphrasing & QuotingSummarizing - involves putting the main idea(s)into your own words, including only the mainpoint(s)Paraphrasing - involves putting a passage fromsource material into your own wordsQuoting - must be identical to the original, usinga narrow segment of the sourceTry to use more than one method in all your papers!
  25. 25. Intellectual property ( ) Intellectual property (IP) is a term referring to a number of distinct types of creations of the mind for which a set of exclusive rights are recognized under the corresponding fields of law.[1] Under intellectual property law, owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets, such as musical, literary, and artistic works;APA Format: Intellectual property - Wikipedia, the free discoveries and inventions; andencyclopedia. (2012, March 15). Wikipedia, the free words, phrases, symbols, andencyclopedia. Retrieved March 20, 2012, from designs. Common types of intellectual property rights include copyrights, trademarks, patents, MLA Format : "Intellectual property - Wikipedia, the industrial design rights and trade free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. secrets in some jurisdictions. N.p., 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <>.
  26. 26. Why Do We Cite?• To acknowledge the use of someone else’s ideas/research/information to support your own ideas/research/thesis• To show your reader where to find more information on the topic• If it’s not common knowledge, your opinion or based on your own first hand research – you must give credit!
  27. 27. For more specific information on MLA, APA or Chicago styles of citation Click the tabs.If you are not sure how to citeyour papers this is a goodreference to see how. Here issome resources to avoidplagiarism and to make surecredit is given when it is due.
  28. 28. Start to Read your book. Add to your book shelf and pick up where you left off later
  29. 29. If you need Help you can always ask aLibrarian with the instant Chat or sendthem an e-mail or all by clicking on theAsk Librarian link. Other Useful information
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  36. 36. Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. It lives right where you do your work—in the web browser itself.
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