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Risk Assessment
Topic Outline:  <ul><li>Risk / Disaster Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Community Risk Assessment </li...
What is Risk ? <ul><li>The chance that if we do something or fail to do something, there will be a negative outcome. </li>...
What is Assessment? <ul><ul><li>A  participatory process  involving  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>on-the spot  collection , ...
What is Community Risk Assessment? <ul><ul><li>A participatory process which  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>involves the iden...
What is Community Risk Assessment? <ul><ul><li>Involves  analysis of past patterns of  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hazards ...
What is School Risk Assessment? <ul><ul><li>Involves  analysis of past patterns of  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hazards and...
Purpose of  School Risk Assessment
<ul><li>Unites the school in having a common understanding of disaster risk – hazards, vulnerabilities and capacities </li...
Components of School Risk Assessment
<ul><li>People’s Perception of Risk  -  understanding the perception of risk of different groups and   sectors of the comm...
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Risk assessment a

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Risk assessment a

  1. 1. Risk Assessment
  2. 2. Topic Outline: <ul><li>Risk / Disaster Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Community Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>School Risk Assessment </li></ul>Basic Definition Components of Risk Assessment <ul><li>People’s Perception of Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Assessment </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Risk ? <ul><li>The chance that if we do something or fail to do something, there will be a negative outcome. </li></ul>What is Disaster Risk ? Likelihood or probability of a hazard striking a vulnerable community, causing injury, damage and loss. R = H x V / C
  4. 4. What is Assessment? <ul><ul><li>A participatory process involving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>on-the spot collection , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interpretation and analysis of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information from various sources </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What is Community Risk Assessment? <ul><ul><li>A participatory process which </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>involves the identification and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assessment of hazards, vulnerabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and capacities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It involves understanding how </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people in the community perceive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and measure disaster risk. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What is Community Risk Assessment? <ul><ul><li>Involves analysis of past patterns of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hazards and present threats at the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community level (hazard assessment ), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>combined with an understanding of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>underlying causes of why hazards become </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disasters (vulnerability assessment) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and of the available resources an </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affected community uses to reduce risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(capacity assessment) , and how </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>different people perceive and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>measure risk (perception of risk). </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What is School Risk Assessment? <ul><ul><li>Involves analysis of past patterns of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hazards and present threats at the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>school level (school hazard assessment ), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>combined with an understanding of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>underlying causes of why hazards become </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disasters (school vulnerability assessment) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and of the available resources an </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affected school uses to reduce risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(school capacity assessment) , and how </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they perceive and measure risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(perception of risk). </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Purpose of School Risk Assessment
  9. 9. <ul><li>Unites the school in having a common understanding of disaster risk – hazards, vulnerabilities and capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for identifying appropriate and adequate risk reduction measures in the school </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes to awareness raising about the risks in the school which they did not know before </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline data on the situation of the school which can be used to evaluate the results of preparedness project or activities </li></ul><ul><li>Data generated can be used in situational analysis which can be used for project proposals </li></ul>Purpose of School Risk Assessment
  10. 10. Components of School Risk Assessment
  11. 11. <ul><li>People’s Perception of Risk - understanding the perception of risk of different groups and sectors of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard Assessment - assessing the nature and behavior of hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Assessment - identifying the particular elements at risk and why they can be damaged </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Assessment - identifying how people’s survival or coping strategies and what resources can be used in disaster management activities (before, during and after a disaster) </li></ul>Four (4) Inter-related Components

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