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Almanac 2017: An introduction to the latest data on the voluntary sector

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Presentation slides from an NCVO webinar which took place on 5 July 2017.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Almanac 2017: An introduction to the latest data on the voluntary sector

  1. 1. ALMANAC 2017: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE LATEST DATA ON THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR 5 JULY 2017
  2. 2. • Jack Egan Researcher, NCVO • Michael Birtwistle Public Services Policy Manager, NCVO
  3. 3. KEY THEMES • Income and spending in the sector • Net worth of the sector • Contribution to the economy and society • Policy implications
  4. 4. #NCVOAlmanac WHAT IS THE ALMANAC? The Almanac is a report on the state of civil society and the voluntary sector in the UK, looking at: • Finances – Charity accounts • Volunteering – Community Life Survey • Workforce – Labour Force Survey Two main products: • Website - data.ncvo.org.uk • Publication Published in April/May For enquiries contact the NCVO research team - research@ncvo.org.uk
  5. 5. THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR IN THE UK IS DIVERSE IN TERMS OF BOTH GEOGRAPHY AND SCOPE Key facts and voluntary sector figures Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 165,801 Voluntary organisations Most common beneficiary groups*: Children and young people (98,110 organisations) The elderly (48,744 organisations) People with disabilities (45,978 organisations)
  6. 6. THE MAJORITY OF CHARITIES OPERATE LOCALLY, PARTICULARLY SMALLER ORGANISATIONS Area of operation of voluntary organisations in England and Wales by income band, 2014/15 (%) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 2 37 60 69 78 79 81 42 26 19 13 12 2 9 7 5 4 3 14 12 8 7 6 5 Super-major Major Large Medium Small Micro Local National National and overseas Overseas
  7. 7. INCOME AND SPENDING IN THE SECTOR 7
  8. 8. THE LARGEST VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS ARE FEW IN NUMBER BUT ACCOUNT FOR 80% OF SECTOR INCOME Proportion of voluntary organisations in the UK by number and income in 2014/15 broken down by size of organisation Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac Make up 82% of the total number of voluntary organisations… … but account for 80% of total income of the voluntary sector Micro/small organisations (£0-£100k) Large to super-major organisations (£1m+) …but only 5% of total income of the voluntary sector Make up just 3% of the total number of voluntary organisations…
  9. 9. INCREASES IN INCOME AND SPENDING SEEN LAST YEAR HAVE CONTINUED IN 2014/15 UK voluntary sector income and spending, 2000/01 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO, TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Income Expenditure £45.5bn £43.3bn
  10. 10. #NCVOAlmanac LARGER ORGANISATIONS, PARTICULARLY SUPER- MAJOR, HAVE SEEN THE BIGGEST INCREASES IN INCOME Total income by size of organisation, 2008/09 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission 0 4 8 12 16 Major Large Super- major Medium Micro/ small
  11. 11. #NCVOAlmanac THE NUMBER OF ORGANISATIONS WITH AN INCOME OF OVER £100M IS ALSO INCREASING Number of super-major organisations, 2008/09 to 2014/15 Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission 26 29 33 33 33 40 42 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
  12. 12. THE LARGEST PROPORTION OF VOLUNTARY SECTOR INCOME COMES FROM INDIVIDUALS… Voluntary sector income sources, 2014/15 (£bn) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 45% 34% 1% 9% 4% 7% Individuals £20.6bn Government £15.3bn National Lottery £0.5bn Voluntary sector £4.0bn Private sector £1.9bn Investment £3.3bn
  13. 13. …AND INCREASES IN INCOME FROM INDIVIDUALS ARE DRIVING THE INCREASE IN TOTAL SECTOR INCOME Sources of voluntary sector income, 2000/01 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac £20.6bn £15.3bn Individual Government Voluntary sector £4.0bn 25 20 15 10 5 0
  14. 14. DONATIONS PROVIDE THE LARGEST SHARE OF INCOME RECEIVED FROM INDIVIDUALS Income from individuals breakdown, 2014/15 (£bn, %) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission 37% 12% 30% 21% Voluntary income - donations £7.6bn Voluntary income – legacies £2.5bn #NCVOAlmanac Earned income – charitable activities £6.2bn Earned income – activities for generating funds £4.3bn Earned income total: 51% Voluntary income total: 49%
  15. 15. SINCE 2010/11 EARNED INCOME HAS GROWN MORE STEADILY THAN VOLUNTARY INCOME Earned and voluntary income from individuals, 2000/01 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac Total earned income Total donations Legacies £7.6bn £10.5bn12 10 8 6 4 2 0 £2.5bn
  16. 16. INCOME FROM GOVERNMENT MOVES CLOSER TO THE PEAK SEEN IN 2009/10 Government income from grants and contracts, 2001/01 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 5.1 5.2 5.7 6.2 5.2 4.8 4.7 4.2 3.2 3.3 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.9 4.9 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.9 9.2 10.1 11.3 12.2 12.5 12.8 11.9 12.1 12.2 12.4 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Government grants Government contracts £15.3bn£15.7bn
  17. 17. THE LARGEST PROPORTION OF GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS GO TO SOCIAL SERVICE ORGANISATIONS Government grants and contracts received by sub-sector, 2014/15 (£m) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 Social services Health International Law and advocacy Employment and training Education Housing Culture and recreation Development Environment Government contracts (£m) Government grants (£m)
  18. 18. FOR THE FIRST TIME IN A DECADE, INCOME FROM CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IS HIGHER THAN FROM LOCAL Government income local and central government, 2004/05 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 13/14 14/15 Central Government Local Government £7.1bn £7.3bn
  19. 19. SMALLER ORGANISATIONS ARE THE LEAST LIKELY TO RECEIVE FUNDING FROM GOVERNMENT Income from Government as a proportion of total income by size of organisation, 2014/15 (%) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission 16 29 33 42 29 0 25 50 75 100 Micro/small Medium Large Major Super-major #NCVOAlmanac
  20. 20. CHARITIES SPEND THE MAJORITY OF THEIR MONEY ON DELIVERING THEIR MISSION Spending breakdown, 2014/15 (£bn, %) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac
  21. 21. NET WORTH OF THE SECTOR 21
  22. 22. THE NET WORTH OF THE SECTOR HAS GROWN STEADILY OVER THE LAST FOUR YEARS Voluntary sector assets, 2000/01 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 #NCVOAlmanac £112.7bn
  23. 23. SMALLER ORGANISATIONS ARE FAR LESS LIKELY THAN OTHERS TO HAVE FIXED ASSETS OR RESERVES Proportion of organisations with tangible fixed assets by size of organisation, 2014/15 (%) Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 15 63 87 91 98 0 25 50 75 100 Micro/small Medium Large Major Super-major 44% of micro/small organisations have no reserves
  24. 24. CONTRIBUTION TO THE UK ECONOMY AND SOCIETY 24
  25. 25. LEVELS OF BOTH REGULAR AND LESS REGULAR VOLUNTEERING REMAIN STABLE Rates of formal volunteering, 2001 to 2015/16 (%) Source: Citizenship Survey, Community Life Survey #NCVOAlmanac 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 At least once a month At least once a year 41% 27%
  26. 26. HALF OF THOSE WHO HAVE VOLUNTEERED IN THE LAST YEAR DID SO AROUND SPORTS OR ACTIVITIES Organisations/clubs/groups to which respondents who had formally volunteered at least once in the last 12 months gave unpaid help, 2015/16 (% of respondents) Source: Community Life Survey 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Sport/exercise Hobbies/recreation/arts/social clubs Religon Children's education/schools Youth/children's activities Health, disability and welfare Local or community groups The elderly The environment/animals Education for adults Safety, first aid Citizen groups Other Justice and human rights Trade union activity Politics #NCVOAlmanac
  27. 27. A LACK OF AVAILABLE TIME IS A KEY DRIVER OF PEOPLE STOPPING VOLUNTEERING Top five reasons for stopping volunteering in the last year, 2015/16 (%) Source: Community Life Survey 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Not enough time - due to changing home/work circumstances Due to health problems or old age Not enough time - getting involved took up too much time It was a one-off activity or event Lost interest #NCVOAlmanac
  28. 28. IN TERMS OF HUMAN CAPITAL, THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR EMPLOYS AN INCREASING NUMBER OF PEOPLE Number of employees in Tesco, the voluntary sector, and the NHS in 2016 Source: Labour Force Survey, Tesco, NHS #NCVOAlmanac Since 2015, the voluntary sector’s workforce has increased by
  29. 29. VOLUNTARY SECTOR EMPLOYEES ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE FEMALE AND WORK IN SMALL ORGANISATIONS Gender of employees (% of total workforce) Source: Labour Force Survey 65% 35% #NCVOAlmanac
  30. 30. THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR CONTINUES TO MAKE A SIZEABLE CONTRIBUTION TO THE UK ECONOMY… Source: World Bank, Office for National Statistics (ONS) #NCVOAlmanac In 2015, the estimated value of volunteering was £22.6bn
  31. 31. …AS WELL AS HELPING TO BUILD A MORE SOCIAL ECONOMY Key facts and voluntary sector figures Source: NCVO/TSRC, Charity Commission #NCVOAlmanac 165,801 853,000 14.2million Workforce Voluntary Organisations People volunteered at least once a month in 2015/16
  32. 32. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR VOLUNTARY SECTOR POLICY? #NCVOAlmanac
  33. 33. WE ARE AT THE START OF A NEW SPENDING CYCLE 85 90 95 100 105 110 Index of departmental spending (RDEL) and charity government income (2007/08 = 100) Index of government income Index of RDEL Linear (Index of government income) Linear (Index of RDEL) 2010SpendingReview RDEL Source: OBR Fiscal Outlook 2015SpendingReview -400 -200 0 200 400 600 800 1000 Changeinincomefromgovernment(£m) Change in income from government by income band, 2012/13 - 2014/15 Micro and Small Medium Large Major Super-major
  34. 34. FORMAL RESOURCES FROM GOVERNMENT ARE UNLIKELY TO INCREASE, ESPECIALLY LOCALLY 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 Index of local authority core spending (historical and planned) and charity local government income (2010/11 = 100) Index of local authority spending Index of local government income Linear (Index of local authority spending) Linear (Index of local government income) Local authority spending source: LGA
  35. 35. EARNED INCOME IS THE KEY GROWTH AREA, AND WE NEED TO ENABLE CHARITIES TO GENERATE IT Household income source: IFS figures based on OBR projections 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Path of real terms donations, earned income from individuals and median household income (indexed, 2007/08 = 100) Earned income from individuals Donations Median household income
  36. 36. USEFUL LINKS Almanac website: data.ncvo.org.uk NCVO Manifesto: https://blogs.ncvo.org.uk/2017/05/0 4/ncvos-general-election-message- charities-and-volunteering-make- britain-great/

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