Aerospace and UAV


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Aerospace and UAV

  1. 1. North Carolina Federal Advanced Technologies SymposiumMay 9, 2013Aerospace and UAV PanelHosted by:Office of Senator Richard BurrNC Military Business CenterNC Military FoundationInstitute for Defense & BusinessUniversity of North Carolina SystemReception Sponsor:Bronze Sponsor:
  2. 2. School of Math, Science andTechnologyAviation Science
  3. 3. Minor Programsof theAviation Science ProgramB.S. in Aviation Science–Aviation Management (2002)–Computer Science (2002)–Electronics (2002)
  4. 4. Minor Programsof theAviation Science ProgramB.S. in Aviation Science–Public Administration (2008)–Flight Education (2008)–Space Science (2009)–Avionics (2009)–Air Traffic Control (2012)
  5. 5. Future Academics Directions• Development of online aviationcourses & programs• Military Science minor program• Meteorology minor program• UAS minor program
  6. 6. Future Operational Directions• AABI accreditation• FAA Part 141 designation• Airline partnership(s)• RDU & CLT relationships• International academic activities• Program research component
  7. 7. CUV Inc. Raleigh, NC 919-851-9898 7Lightweight Aerostat System (LAS)Homeland Security ApplicationsAn Improved Persistent Capability For Communications RelayAnd Port / Border SecurityMore Mobile and Air TransportableMinimum ManpowerLower Acquisition and Support CostLarge Coverage AreaLong Mission DurationVersatile Payloads
  8. 8. CUV Inc. Raleigh, NC 919-851-9898 8LAS Overcomes TraditionalAerostat Limitations17 Meter Long AerostatSOLUTION: A Lifting AerostatUses Aerodynamic Lift to Remain Aloftin WindEven Small Units Operate in High WindSmaller Aerostat Allows Smaller GroundSystemEntire System Fits In Single HMMWVTrailer Or TruckTCOM 17 Meter Long AerostatTraditional “Blimp” Aerostats Must Be Large To NotBe Driven Into Ground By WindLarge Aerostats Are Clumsy To Operate and RequireLarge CrewsBig Ground Equipment, Not Mobile / TransportableNot Suitable For Small Bases or Mobile OperationsExpensive, Limiting Number That Can Be Deployed
  9. 9. CUV Inc. Raleigh, NC 919-851-9898 9Lightweight Aerostat SystemSubsystemsHelikite - “Lifting Aerostat” Combines Helium andAerodynamic Lift, Flies Even In High WindHelikite Allows LAS to be Small and Still Operatein Real World Weather ConditionsHelirest - Air Inflated Helirest Protects HelikiteDuring Inflation / Deflation And Ground StoragePrevents Helikite Movement During Inflation /DeflationReduces System Size And ComplexityCarrier - “Turn Key” System Carries AllEquipment Aboard Single HMMWV CompatibleTrailerTypical Payloads - Electro-Optic / IR Sensors,Communications, Radar PayloadsLogistics - Single Trailer Carries Everything ForDeploymentTwo Person OperationMinimum Helium Requirements, Low FuelConsumption
  10. 10. CUV Inc. Raleigh, NC 919-851-9898 10Communications and SurveillanceMission PerformanceProvides Security EO / IR Camera Coverage Over A 10Nm Circle For Border Or Port SurveillanceAltitude Minimizes “Shadow Effect” Of ObstaclesHiding Smugglers / Terrorists from Surveillance TowersLAS At 1000+ Ft Reduces Blind Spots Even MoreMission Duration Is Weeks At A Time, Far ExceedingThat Of Aircraft or Unmanned Aerial SystemsTwo Person Crew Operates LAS And Sensors, FarFewer Than Aircraft Or UASCommunications Relay to 50 Miles Or MoreFew Units Give Large Area CoverageGreater Range by LAS To LAS RelayLocal Agencies and State Command Center ConnectionPayloads Available For:One-To-One Communication RelayNetwork-In-The-Sky Router For Multiple Users“Translation Bridge” For Agency InteroperabilityTower 180 Foot “Hide Zone”LAS 25 Foot “Hide Zone”Compare Shadow Effect Of 2 Story Building (OrContainer Stack) 500Ft From A 100Ft Tower AndFrom A LAS At 500FtLAS Coverage Example (North Carolina Post-HurricaneCommunication Coverage At 1500 Ft Altitude)
  11. 11. CUV Inc. Raleigh, NC 919-851-9898 11SummaryLightweight Aerostat System AttributesMobile “Lifting” Aerostat for CommunicationRelay, Border / Port Security, and Other MissionsLow Cost Solution to Persistent Wide Area Border,Outdoor Event and Port Surveillance CoverageGood Adverse Weather CapabilityRemains Aloft For a Week or MoreRoad And Off-Road Mobile, Air Transportable byNational Guard C-130Two Person CrewMinimum Logistics and Cost Burden, With AllConsumables and Spares Readily AvailableUses Minimum Fuel and HeliumAdaptable To Varied PayloadsDeliverable in 6 Months From StartTypical Cost $350K to $500K Plus Payload
  12. 12. CUV Inc. Raleigh, NC 919-851-9898 12End Of BriefingQuestions:
  13. 13. LORD UltraConductiveFilms and Coatings for Lightning Strike ProtectionLORD Corporation Copyright 2012Fly lighter, manufacture with less.
  14. 14. Quick Facts about LORD• Privately-held company with 2012 sales of more than $860 million• World Headquarters in Cary, NC; Regional Headquarters: Geneva, Hong Kong• 2,900+ employees, 15 manufacturing facilities and 7 R&D centers worldwide© 2013 LORD Corporation14
  15. 15. UltraConductive TechnologyUltraConductivePolymer CompositeHeat≥ 100oC(≥ 212oF)EpoxyResinNon-NanoConductiveFillerThermal Conductivity Electrical Conductivity+ Curative +ConventionalConductive EpoxyLORDUltraConductiveLORD UltraConductiveCarbonNano-FibersConventionalConductive Epoxy
  16. 16. UltraConductive Performance• Lightning Strike Tests: Passes Zone 1A and Zone 2A with no puncture of thingauge carbon fiber panels.• Weight savings: Direct and indirect weight savings with areal weights of 140gsm and 190 gsm requiring less paint surfacer weight as well.• Surface Finish: Improved surface finish over heavier expanded metal foilsolutions• Manufacturing: Improved throughput by reducing surfacing and “metallization”joining steps required with expanded metal foils.• EMI Shielding: Enables composites to approach shielding levels of aluminumskin• Secondary Properties: Equivalent or superior to expanded metal foil in testsincluding: corrosion, wear resistance, paint adhesion, solvent resistance, UVResistance, thermal cycling and mechanical fatigue.
  17. 17. Lightning Strike TestingUltraConductive Benchmark (Exp. Cu Foil)
  18. 18. Direct and Indirect Weight Savings18Epoxy Surfacing FilmCFRP SubstratePolyurethane TopcoatEpoxy PrimerExpanded MetalMeshesMetal MeshLORDUltraConductiveFilm or SpraySandable Surfacer
  19. 19. SurfacingFilmLSPApplicationCarbonLayup &CureInspectionPrime &HeavyResurfaceLight Primer Light Sanding TopcoatTT and PEUltrasonicNDECompatibility with Current and Emerging ProcessesResin injectionmoldingIndustrystandardabrasivesystems,primers andpaintsCommon industryautoclave cyclesOven cure withvacuum baggingManualAutomatedfilmapplicationvia ATL orAFPAutomatedspraying
  20. 20. Simontic /3D Composite Inc.Simontic Composite ProprietaryPOTENTIAL CUSTOMERS• Boeing, Airbus, Honda, Northrop Grumman, Lockheed MartinAnd Other Aerospace Companies• US Navy, Air force, Army, US Coast Guard and OthersOUR GOAL• To bring Innovations to Advance Materials Technology, just as the AppleCompany brought Innovations to the Computer and Electronics Industry.• The only difference is that our products will be 100% made in the USA.• Partnership with North Carolina Universities and Institutions.(Members of the Executive Staff)Website:www.simonticcomposite.comcastbiz.netDr. Mansour MohamedProfessor EmeritusNC State UniversityOver 40 years. Composite Preform. Design. Fabrication. ResearchDr. Simon D SenibiOver 18 years. Composite Design. Analysis. Fabrication. ResearchProfessor Robert SadlerNCA&T State UniversityOver 40 years. Composite Polymer. Processing. Fabrication. ResearchList of Patents and Applications Aerospace BiomedicalMilitary
  21. 21. Integrated Technology Approach and New Tech. DevelopmentsSimontic Composite ProprietaryElementsand PropertiesMaterial andProcessingIntegratedStructuresIntegratePatentsintoStructuresComponents and AnalysisCurrent Methods:Bolted or Bonded RepairsNew Innovative Composite RepairMethodology UsingThermo Conformable PolymersNew Methods:• Results in heavier structural repair• Prone to stress concentration• Labor intensive• Requires multiple repair processesThermo Conformable Polymer Repair• Results in light weight structuralrepair• More cost effective• More strong and durable• More portable repair method• Requires less repair process
  22. 22. 3D Composites, Inc Technology - 3D Braiding• 3D Cylindrical Braiding Machine 9-module Cartesian Braiding MachineExamples of 3D Braided DesignsExamples of 3D Braided PreformsSimontic Composite Proprietary
  23. 23. To the Designer:To the manufacturer:• Greater Freedom of Geometric Configuration• Greater Freedom in Fiber Architecture• Lower Cost through processing and Machining• Use of Established RTM Process• Densification by RTM Process- Infiltration with 100% Resin- Deep Impregnation by Vacuum/Pressure- Resin Cured Under Pressure- Use of same Molds as Original Curing- No Solvents used in the Process- Fewer Densification Steps to Achieve same Density• Near Net-Shape MoldingAdvantagesCC Properties:• Good mechanical properties• Excellent thermal Stability• Light weight3D Braided Integral Stiffeners of Different Shapes and DimensionsFor Aerospace Structures and other ApplicationsAdvantages of 3D Braided over Laminated Aerospace Composite Structure:More durable and higher resistance to fatigue and delamination.Simontic Composite ProprietaryRTM Based Carbon-Carbon CompositesUS Patents: 6,325,608 and 7,332,112Apparatus and Methods for Forming Densified Carbon-Carbon Components•Technology initially developed byNC A&T SU from government funds.
  24. 24. Eco-Core: A Fire Resistant Core MaterialAll CompositeMinesweeper Fire (2003)20x72 in20x50 in01002003004005000 5 10 15 20 25 30 35Pcr/bN/mmCore ShearCoreTensionS/dDesignVolumeChange%Soak Time, Days1/2Eco-CorePVCBalsaResistance to SeawaterSyntacticProcessMold+CureTreatedFly AshHigh CharBinderProcessingBurn Through TestTechnology DemonstrationNAVSEA (SBIR Phase II)HypothesisFire Cannot be stopped Mitigated/containedFire ResistantThermal InsulationLight weightMoldable and ShapeableGreen - >80% WasteLow CTEHigh Compression StrengthHigh Energy Absorption in ShockHighlights* Technology initially developed by NC A&TSU from government funds.Simontic Composite Proprietary
  25. 25. 25UAS-Related Research Activities inAerospace Engineering at NC StateAshok GopalarathnamDepartment of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNorth Carolina State University, Raleigh, NCashok_g@ncsu.eduNC Federal Advanced Technologies Symposium9 May 2013Topics:1. Autonomous UAVs – 2013 senior design2. Passively-varying pitch propellers3. Autonomous soaring4. Aero modeling for real-time flight simulation for pilot training5. NextGen Air Transportation (NGATS) center’s UAS activities
  26. 26. 26Autonomous UAVs – 2013 Senior Design• Improving the Operational Effectiveness of the USCoast Guard Through the Use of Unmanned Systems(Course instructor: Dr. Stearns Heinzen)– Hand launchable from and stored on Coast Guard boats– 10 nautical mile range plus 15 minute loiter on target– Capable of water landings– Autonomous search patterns with imagery streamed toa ground stationD.O.R.I.S. in FlightIsometric GPS Tracking – D.O.R.I.S.Hand launch
  27. 27. 27Passively Varying Pitch Propeller• Achieve automatic pitch adjustment with airspeed usingaerodynamic pitching moment tailoring• PhD research of Dr. Stearns Heinzen (Advisor: Dr. Hall)J (V/nD)0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.500. = -5 deg = 0 deg = 5 deg = 10 deg3krpm 8012 F2P (16 samples)The conceptWind tunnel testsat NC StateWind tunnel resultsFlight demo on a UAV
  28. 28. 28Autonomous Soaring• ALOFT glider with algorithm forautonomous location and centering ofthermals• PhD research of Dr. Dan Edwards(Advisor: Dr. Silverberg)Placed 3rd overall in 2008Montague X-CountryChallenge, beating severalworld-class RC glider pilots
  29. 29. 29Modeling for Real-Time Flight Simulation• Pilots are increasingly being trainedin simulators• Current sims are excellent for normalflight conditions, but not for stall andpost-stall• Recent high-profile airliner accidentsprovide strong impetus for flight simsto be reliable for stall recoverytraining• Stall aero/flight models for real-timecalculation being developed at NCState under NASA Langley funding• PhD research of Ryan Paul (Advisor:Dr. Gopalarathnam)• Potential for training UAV pilots in off-normal flight conditions and inturbulenceSimulation ofa stall/spinmaneuver.Calculation of1 minute offlight takesless than 20seconds
  30. 30. 30• Led by NGAT center director Kyle Snyder• First COA Flight at Hyde County airport – 3/21/13• FAA UAS Test Site Proposal submitted – Gull Rock Test Site (GRTS)– Would be an NC State managed operation under partnership with Hyde County at the airport• 2013 NextGen / UAS Workshop- June 19, 20 at NC State• Operation: Fly Gull Rock– UAS for Agriculture research in collaboration with the Golden LEAF Foundation– Begins Summer of 2013• Dupont Forest Search and Rescue Exercise (NCEM) planning- Oct ‘13• NC UAS Infrastructure development- ongoing– Industry– Education program– Research– Policies/ Regulations• COAs under development- Hyde County (GRTS), Butner, Moyock, Dupont Forest• Membership Program starting in JuneNextGen Air Transportation UAS Activities
  31. 31. 31• Led by NGAT center director Kyle Snyder• First COA Flight at Hyde County airport – 3/21/13• FAA UAS Test Site Proposal submitted – Gull Rock Test Site (GRTS)– Would be an NC State managed operation under partnership with Hyde County at the airport• 2013 NextGen / UAS Workshop- June 19, 20 at NC State• Operation: Fly Gull Rock– UAS for Agriculture research in collaboration with the Golden LEAF Foundation– Begins Summer of 2013• Dupont Forest Search and Rescue Exercise (NCEM) planning- Oct ‘13• NC UAS Infrastructure development- ongoing– Industry– Education program– Research– Policies/ Regulations• COAs under development- Hyde County (GRTS), Butner, Moyock, Dupont Forest• Membership Program starting in JuneNextGen Air Transportation UAS Activities
  32. 32. Physical Devices LLCSignal Agnostic RF Technology for theDefeat of Wideband Jammingfor Tier 1 UAV & Mobile RadiosPhysical Devices LLC Durham NC Rick Vosburghrick@physicaldevices.com919‐414‐9374
  33. 33. Physical Devices LLC 2CAIN: GPS Jammer Cancellation (COTS Patches; /4 Separation; J/S ~40 dB) JAMMEDCANCELLED CONTROLTake way: Cancelled = Control
  34. 34. Physical Devices LLC 3CAIN: Using Fields to Block Jamming3Wideband A-J ResultsWideband A-J ModelCOTS Patches; /4 Separation;40 dB MitigationBlocking + Cancellation = 2x dBField Nulling StageARO STIR Grant
  35. 35. Physical Devices LLC 4Defeating Wide/Narrow‐band Cosite(Cancellation of Tx in Rx; 1 GHz; J/S = 30 dB)