Wikipedia, Ronald Bishop, "In the Grand Scheme of Things: An Exploration of the Meaning of Genealogical Research," Journal Of Popular Culture 2008 41(3): 393–412.
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Why are death records secondary, because the information is usually taken from next of kin, sometimes this is not accurateThe same for obituaries, the information is taken from memory.
Explanation of County Courthouse records first level of local government in North Carolina. Almost all of NC counties have retired there pre-1868 records, except for deed books, marriage registers and licenses and most will books to the state archivesCourt records: Include the minute and other dockets of the county courts, as well as the original documents in law suits.Bonds include apprentice, bastardy, and official bondsLand Records usually consist of the few original deeds left in the county register’s office.Estate records Alphabetically arranged by family surname for each county, these include records of estates of both testators and intestates.Birth certificates not required in NC until October 1913. Information available on Birth certificates
Marriage Records no record prior to 1868, Certificaiton that a marriage had been actually performed was not required until 1851. Marriage bonds were in use from 1741 to 1868.Tax records Wills Original wills are usually retired to the archives. North Carolina Wills: A Testator Index, 1665-1900Miscellaneous records road, bridge, mill and ferry records, slaves, counties fianancial accounts, etc.
You have the basic background information to start you research. Where you began?
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Skeletons in the closet2 ncla
Skeletons in the Closer:Genealogy for Beginners Present by Janey Deal and Jamane Yeager October 4, 2011
Today’s Presentation• What is genealogy• What are good sources of information• What are primary sources• What are secondary sources• How do I find the information• How do I get started• Challenges
What is genealogy• Genealogy is is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history. Genealogists use oral traditions, historical records, genetic analysis, and other records to obtain information about a family and to demonstrate kinship and pedigrees of its members. The results are often displayed in charts or written as narratives.
Why do Genealogy Research?• The pursuit of family history tends to be shaped by several motivations, including the desire to carve out a place for ones family in the larger historical picture, a sense of responsibility to preserve the past for future generations, and a sense of self-satisfaction in accurate storytelling.• To secure a means to join organizations i.e., DAR, UDC, etc.
What are good sources of Information• Family Bibles –birth, baptism, marriage and death dates• Marriage certificates/marriage bonds• Birth and Death certificates• Cemetery records, headstones• Census records• Military service records• Legal documents—wills, property deeds
What are good sources of Information• Letters and diaries• Photographs and heirlooms• Newspapers
Primary & Secondary Sources• Primary source documents are original materials. They are from the time period involved and have not been filtered through interpretation or evaluation.• Primary sources are original materials on which other research is based• They are usually the first formal appearance of results in physical, print or electronic format.
Primary Source Examples• Artifacts (e.g. coins, furniture, tools, clothing all from the time under study• Audio recordings• Diaries• Government, church, and business records• Interviews• Oral histories
Primary Source Examples Cont• Letters• Newspaper articles written at the time• Original Documents (i.e. birth certificates, wills, marriage license, trial transcript• Photographs• Motion pictures and videos• Maps and land records, blueprints
Secondary Source Definition• Secondary sources are less easily defined they primary sources. Generally, they are accounts written after the fact with the benefits of hindsight.• They are interpretations and evaluations of primary sources.
Examples of Secondary Sources• Bibliographies• Biographical works• Death records• Encyclopedias• History books• Obituaries• Newspaper article on family matters
Where do I look for records?• Public libraries, archives and museums, state library• County records 1. Court Records 2. Birth/Death records 3. Marriage records 4. Bonds 5. Land Records 6. Estate Records
Where Do I look for Records?1. Tax records2. Wills3. Miscellaneous Records4. Places of Worship5. LDS Temples – research rooms6. Private collections
Where do I began my research• Begin research with resources close at hand— your family—and proceed from the known to the unknown• Start with yourself and work backwards• Regard oral history as a starting point, not the last word on a subject
Where do we look for records online• Ancestry Library• American Slavery: A Composite Autobiography• Heritage Quest• Biography & Genealogy Master Index• Digital Sanborn Maps (NC Live)• North American Women Letters and Diaries (NC Live)• Archive Grid (NC Live)• Digital NC (NC Live
Other Useful Websites• Family Search.org (LDS church)• Archives.gov (NARA)• Cyndi’s List.com• Ancestry chart• Family group sheet• Genealogical Resources on the Internet (handout)
Jamane’s Family Tree Example• Winsor Holloway & Jane Holloway• Nancy Sue Cannon daughter