Recycling and Solid Waste in NC

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This presentation, from NC DPPEA, was given during the summer of 2010 at various teacher training workshops. It describes our waste stream, the 3 R’s, why we should recycle, the climate change tie, the 3 arrows, MRF’s, buying recycled, supply and demand and landfill bans.

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Recycling and Solid Waste in NC

  1. 1. NC Recycling Issues NC Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
  2. 2. THANK YOU SPONSORS Iredell County Johnston County Lee County Mecklenburg County NC Beverage Association NC Friends of Museum of Natural Sciences NC State NC SWANA New Hanover County Orange County Pasquotank County Raleigh Wake County Waste Management/Recycle America Wayne County Asheboro Recycling Brunswick County Burlington Cary Catawba County Charlotte Chatham County Clayton Container Recycling Alliance Dare County Davidson County Durham County [email_address] Envision Plastics
  3. 3. DISPOSAL FORECAST
  4. 4. Landfill Transfer Station Waste-to-Energy Composting Recycling SOLID WASTE OPTIONS
  5. 5. NC WASTE STREAM
  6. 6. REDUCE REUSE RECYCLE THE 3 R’S
  7. 7. <ul><li>Saves limited natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents air and water pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Saves energy </li></ul><ul><li>Provides raw materials for industry </li></ul><ul><li>Creates jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Saves landfill space </li></ul><ul><li>Improves our nations ability to compete </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps habitats intact </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul>WHY RECYCLE? WHY RECYCLE?
  8. 8. WHY RECYCLE? CLIMATE CHANGE & RECYCLING
  9. 9. <ul><li>Preconsumer vs. Postconsumer </li></ul><ul><li>Commingled vs. Source Separated </li></ul><ul><li>Recyclable vs. Recycled </li></ul><ul><li>Closed Loop Recycling </li></ul>DEFINITIONS
  10. 10. Recycling Myths <ul><li>“ Any plastic product that has a number within the chasing arrows is recyclable.” </li></ul>busted
  11. 11. Recycling Myths busted Photo courtesy of jars2go.com
  12. 12. <ul><li>Collection of Recyclables </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing of the Material </li></ul><ul><li>Buy Recycled Products </li></ul>THE 3 ARROWS - CYCLE
  13. 13. 1. COLLECTION Curbside Drop-off Out and About – Reverse Vending Machines Deposit Programs – not in NC
  14. 14. 2. MRF SEPARATION PROCESS
  15. 15. MRFs IN NC
  16. 16. 3. BUYING RECYCLED
  17. 18. SUPPLY AND DEMAND
  18. 19. GLOBAL ECONOMY
  19. 20. RECYCLING MARKETS
  20. 21. RECYCLING MARKETS
  21. 22. RECYCLING MARKETS http://p2pays.org/rbac/pricing_trends.html
  22. 23. RECYCLING COSTS Personnel Transportation Equipment Maintenance However, disposal also has these costs and has less environmental benefits. How can we/government/organizations stimulate demand for recovered material?
  23. 24. NC LANDFILL BANS Take a guess: Which of the following are banned from landfills? Motor Oil (Used) Aseptic Packaging Oyster Shells Glass Containers Scrap Tires Newspaper Yard Trash Aluminum Cans Styrofoam Plastic Bottles Antifreeze Appliances Food Waste Lead-Acid Batteries Televisions Wooden Pallets Motor Oil Filters Phone Books Rechargeable Batteries Computer Equipment Hard Bound Books Beverage Containers from ABC Permitted Facilities
  24. 25. NC LANDFILL BANS Take a guess: Which of the following are banned from landfills? Motor Oil (Used) Oyster Shells Scrap Tires Yard Trash Aluminum Cans Plastic Bottles Antifreeze Appliances Lead-Acid Batteries Televisions Wooden Pallets Motor Oil Filters Computer Equipment Beverage Containers from ABC Permitted Facilities
  25. 26. Any other myths I can bust?
  26. 29. Landfills in NC NC Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
  27. 30. TYPES OF LANDFILLS <ul><li>Municipal Solid Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and Demolition Debris </li></ul><ul><li>Land Clearing and Inert Debris </li></ul>
  28. 31. LANDFILL SCALEHOUSE <ul><li>Charged based on weight not volume </li></ul>
  29. 32. LANDFILL COMPACTORS <ul><li>But compaction of waste is important for airspace and saving volume </li></ul>
  30. 33. <ul><li>Clay and Plastic Liners </li></ul><ul><li>Leachate “Garbage Coffee” Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Methane Gas Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater and Methane Testing Wells </li></ul><ul><li>Storm Water Run-Off Pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Cover </li></ul>LANDFILL COMPONENTS
  31. 34. LANDFILL COMPONENTS
  32. 35. LANDFILL METHANE USE <ul><li>Co-generation facility in Catawba County, sent to manufacturing facility near by </li></ul>
  33. 36. Recycling Myths <ul><li>“ Material in a landfill quickly degrades.” </li></ul>busted
  34. 37. WHY RECYCLE? CLIMATE CHANGE & COMPOST

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