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Hazing Prevention: A Call to Action

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In this National Center for Campus Public Safety webinar, Kim Novak presents on campus hazing prevention. Kim is CEO of NovakTalks and an independent consultant for campus safety, hazing prevention, student risk management, and student organization development. With the increase in national attention being paid to hazing on college and university campuses, those who have long shared concerns over the dangerous “rituals” practiced by some sports teams, marching bands, social fraternities, and elite membership clubs have an opportunity to advance this issue to a higher agenda. Kim explains how this increased attention has created an opportunity for an advanced look at hazing prevention. This presentation provides a research-driven look at what colleges and universities should be focusing on when trying to eradicate hazing from their communities.

Published in: Education
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Hazing Prevention: A Call to Action

  1. 1. Campus Public Safety Online
  2. 2. { Hazing Prevention A Call to ACTION K. Novak Kim@Novaktalks.com @NovakTalks 2
  3. 3. HAZE ~"SUBJECT TO CRUEL HORSEPLAY," 1850, AMER.ENG. STUDENT SLANG, FROM EARLIER NAUTICAL SENSE OF "PUNISH BY KEEPING AT UNPLEASANT AND UNNECESSARY HARD WORK" (1840), PERHAPS FROM HAWZE "TERRIFY, FRIGHTEN, CONFOUND" (1670S), FROM M.FR. HASER "IRRITATE, ANNOY" (MID-15C.), OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN. From Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper, Historian. 27 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com 3
  4. 4. Hazing may result in legal claims of • Assault • Battery • Negligence • Premises Liability (landlord/tenant) • Social Host Liability Legal Relationship 4
  5. 5. Texas State Law: § 37.152 : (a) A person commits an offense if the person: (1) engages in hazing; (2) solicits, encourages, directs, aids, or attempts to aid another in engaging in hazing; (3) recklessly permits hazing to occur; or (4) has firsthand knowledge of the planning of a specific hazing incident involving a student in an educational institution, or has firsthand knowledge that a specific hazing incident has occurred, and knowingly fails to report that knowledge in writing to the dean of students or other appropriate official of the institution. Know Your State Law… 5
  6. 6. Trends in Legislative Shifts: Louisiana HB 270 Students are compelled to report Louisiana HB 793 Requires annual hazing education & Prevention. Louisiana HB466 Reasonable assistance Louisiana HB 78 – Max Gruver Act 6
  7. 7. The REACH Act would add hazing as one of the misconducts/crimes that are reported under the Clery Act. Specifically, it requires colleges and universities that participate in federal financial aid programs (and therefore are subject to the Clery Act) to: • Disclose incidents of hazing in their Annual Security Report; • Report statistics of referrals for discipline and arrests specific to hazing; and • Implement a hazing education program for students. Now Federal Government is involved… 7
  8. 8. (1) Consider them in planning Identify applicable laws/regulations/case law Keep compliance in mind when planning (2) Don’t assume compliance = effectiveness Compliance is a minimum standard Effectiveness determined by science  The law may help structure solutions, but shouldn’t dictate solutions Laws/Regulations: Where Do They Fit? 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Effective Prevention Is a Process, Not a Program “Shared, ongoing problem-solving” 10
  11. 11. 11 Problem Analysis What? Describe the problem Why? Causes and Contributors What’s in place? Current efforts & context
  12. 12. Training the right people • Senior Administrators • Resident assistants • Coaches • Support Staff • Facilities Staff • Campus Safety Officers • Advisors Providing a consistent message • One policy • Themes for Training • Staff or students support campus stance on hazing • Consistently inconsistent responses • Reported incidents are acted upon 12
  13. 13. Group dynamics and norms contributing to hazing and can look different among various types of organizations • Selection Process • Supervision • Status within Campus Community • Seen as possible hazing organization Teams, Clubs, & Other Orgs… 13
  14. 14. GO BEYOND setting community standards (the don’ts) Ask yourselves: how do different organization contexts inform efforts to: • Make desirable behavior easier • Reward desirable behavior • Make undesirable behavior harder • Raise cost of undesirable behavior • Make the physical environment safer 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. We know more about hazing than we ever have… 16
  17. 17. National Study of Student Hazing: Examining and Transforming Campus Hazing Cultures Elizabeth Allan, PhD Mary Madden, PhD University of Maine 2008 http://www.hazingstudy.org/ 17
  18. 18. More than half (55%) of college students involved in clubs, teams, and organizations experienced hazing. 61% of males 52% of females 18
  19. 19. Hazing in Student Groups Varsity Athletics 74% Social Fraternity or Sorority 73% Club Sport 64% Performing Arts Organization 56% Service Fraternity or Sorority 50% Intramural Team 49% Recreation Club 42% Other 30% Academic Club 28% Honor Society 20% 19
  20. 20. Students report limited exposure to hazing prevention efforts that extend beyond a “hazing is not tolerated” approach. 47% of students come to college having experienced hazing. Allan & Madden, 2008, hazingstudy.org 20
  21. 21. Who students talk to about hazing Allan & Madden, 2008, hazingstudy.org 21
  22. 22. COERCED “CONSENT” • Consent under pressure • Secrecy = uninformed consent • Influence of alcohol: diminished capacity FEAR OF CONSEQUENCES • Increased severity of hazing • More hazing for others • Loss of self-concept (e.g., “real man”) • Social rejection COMPLEXITY OF CONSENT WHY STUDENTS HAZE: PYSCHOLOGICAL & SOCIAL FACTORS – NIHP 2012 TIMOTHY C. MARCHELL, PH.D., M.P.H. Hierarchy = power risk of coercion 22
  23. 23. Source: FACE Environment Matters What about the social, academic, physical, policy, or legal environment promotes or facilitates hazing? 23 23
  24. 24. K. Novak Kim@Novaktalks.com @NovakTalks “There is a fundamental difference between things that are ‘complex’ and things that are ‘complicated.’ Complexity is a function of the issue or problem itself having multiple, interconnected pieces and parts that need our attention. Complicated is a human behavior, often characterized by layer on top of layer to issues that could have relatively simple solutions.” ~ Jason Bergeron UH 24
  25. 25. 25 https://hazingprevention.institute/ Problem Analysis What? Describe the problem Why? Causes and Contributors What’s in place? Current efforts & context Thank you: Dr. Linda Langford Dr. Keith Ellis Dan Wrona Fred Dobry Countless undergraduates dedicated to ending hazing
  26. 26. www.bja.gov www.margolishealy.com www.nccpsafety.org info@nccpsafety.org 1.866.817.5817

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