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Framing Three Key Issues in Campus Public Safety


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These presentations are from the National Center for Campus Public Safety’s (NCCPS) inaugural webinar, Framing Three Key Issues in Campus Public Safety. In this May 2015 webinar, Director Kim Richmond provides an update on the NCCPS, Thomas R. Tremblay speaks on trauma-informed sexual assault investigations, Dr. Marisa Randazzo discusses behavioral threat assessment, and Steven J. Healy explores fair and impartial policing.

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Framing Three Key Issues in Campus Public Safety

  1. 1. Framing  Three  Key  Issues  in  Campus   Public  Safety   •  Update  on  the  NCCPS   - Director  Kim  Richmond   •  Trauma-­‐Informed  Sexual  Assault  Inves;ga;on   - Thomas  R.  Tremblay   •  Behavioral  Threat  Assessment   - Dr.  Marisa  Randazzo   •  Fair  and  Impar;al  Policing   - Steven  J.  Healy   2
  2. 2. NCCPS Webinar May 28, 2015 Kim Richmond
  3. 3. Overview   •  The  NCCPS  is  the  first  comprehensive,  centralized  resource   for  campus  public  safety.    Funded  by  Bureau  of  JusCce   Assistance-­‐  awarded  to  Margolis  Healy   •  Offices  opened  May  2014  in  Burlington,  Vermont   •  Research  Associates  and  Training  and  Technical  Assistance   Coordinator  began  July  2014   •  Advisory  Board   -  InternaConal  AssociaCon  of  Emergency  Managers   -  InternaConal  AssociaCon  of  Chiefs  of  Police-­‐  College  and  University   SecCon   -  InternaConal  AssociaCon  of  Campus  Law  Enforcement  Administrators   -  Clery  Center  for  Security  on  Campus   -  Virginia  Tech  VicCm  Family  Outreach  FoundaCon  
  4. 4. Primary  ResponsibiliCes   •  IdenCfy  and  prioriCze  the  needs  of  the  field,  and  develop   comprehensive  responses   •  Connect  exisCng  federal  and  non-­‐federal  resources  with   the  needs  of  consCtuents   •  Connect  campus  public  safety  enCCes  with  one  another,   and  with  federal  agencies  to  facilitate  collaboraCon  and   coordinaCon  around  issues  of  campus  public  safety   •  Highlight  and  promote  best  and  innovaCve  pracCces   specific  to  campus  public  safety  challenges   •  Deliver  essenCal  training  and  technical  assistance  specific   to  campus  public  safety  
  5. 5. ProgrammaCc  Focus   •  Public/Private/2  yr/4  yr/HBCU/Tribal   •  Sworn/Non-­‐sworn   •  Coordinate  training  and  technical  assistance   •  Establish  a  comprehensive  naConal  directory   •  Maintain  a  document  repository   •  Establish  a  web  presence  for  disseminaCon   -     
  6. 6. Available  Resources   •  NCCPS  website,   - Resource  library   - Calendar  of  events   - Webinar  archives   - Contact  informaCon   - Follow  us  on  Facebook  and  TwiYer   - Join  our  mailing  list   •  NCCPS  weekly  Snapshot    
  7. 7. AddiConal  IniCaCves   •  PresidenCal  Roundtables   •  CerCficates  of  Advanced  EducaConal  Studies  (CAES)   •  Various  educaConal  opportuniCes  for  public  safety   and  emergency  managers   •  UVM  Legal  Issues  Conference      Oct  19-­‐21   •  Title  IX  Summits-­‐  Reports  available  at   •  ‘Reclaiming  the  Spirit  of  the  Clery  Act’  Focus  Groups  
  8. 8. White  House  Task  Force  to  Protect   Students  from  Sexual  Assault   •  Trauma-­‐Informed  Sexual  Assault  InvesCgaCon   and  AdjudicaCon  Program   •  Drab  curriculum  developed   •  Three  pilot  training  sessions  delivered     •   Online  component  development   - Fourth  pilot  scheduled  in  August  with  online   format   •  Development  of  future  delivery  
  9. 9. Topics   •  InsCtuConal  ObligaCons   •  Rape  Myths  and  Culture   •  Partnerships  and  CoordinaCon   •  Language  and  CommunicaCon   •  Trauma-­‐Informed  Response,  InvesCgaCons  and   AdjudicaCons  
  10. 10. NCCPS Webinar May 28, 2015 Thomas R. Tremblay
  11. 11. Trauma  Informed  Sexual  Assault   Inves4ga4ons  and  Adjudica4ons   Training           Chief  Tom  Tremblay  (Ret)     Senior  Associate  Margolis  Healy   NCCPS  Faculty:  Trauma  Informed  Sexual  Assault  Inves9ga9ons   and  Adjudica9ons  Training   2
  12. 12. Why  Trauma  Informed  Approaches   Vic9m  /  Survivor  “Ac9vism  and  Outrage”   •  Perceived  or  actual  failed  first  impression  of   campus  /  police  response  (First  Impression  MaPers)   •  I  wasn’t  believed…   •  I  wasn’t  supported…   •  Vic9m  blaming  aStudes,  beliefs,  comments   •  Lack  of  culturally  competent  response  for  all  vic9ms   •  Lack  of  training  to  support  vic9ms  /  survivors  
  13. 13. Understanding  Trauma  and  Impact   •  Research:  Neurobiology  of  Trauma     •  Dr.  David  Lisak   •  Dr.  Rebecca  Campbell   •  Trauma  Informed  Vic9m  Interview  and  (FETI)   •  Forensic  Experien9al  Trauma  Interview  (FETI)   •  Russell  Strand,  Chief,  U.S.  Army  M.P.  School      
  14. 14. Understanding  Trauma  and  Impact   •  Understanding  Trauma   •  Trauma  physically  changes  our  brain:   hormones  /  chemicals  are  released  influencing   percep9on,  reac9on,  and  memory   •  Trauma9c  memory  is  stored  in  the  brain   differently     •  We  don’t  control  how  the  brain  and  body   responds  to  trauma    
  15. 15. Understanding  Trauma  and  Impact   •  Impact  of  Trauma  on  the  Vic9m   •  Counterintui9ve  behavior:  (“Would  of,  should  of,   could  of…)   •  Memory  is  fragmented,  can’t  provide  a   chronological  narra9ve   •  Impacts  of  trauma  are  oen  misinterpreted   •  No  jus9ce…  
  16. 16. Trauma  Informed  Approaches       •  Understanding  Trauma  and  suppor9ng  vic9ms   can  assist  in  healing  /  Trauma  can  be  life  long  for   some   •  Delayed  repor9ng,  inability  to  recall  details  and   sequence  of  events  is  common  as  a  result  of   trauma   •  Disclosure  is  a  process,  not  an  event  (permission   to  recall  addi9onal  details  over  9me)  
  17. 17. Trauma  Informed  Approaches       •  What  are  you  able  to  tell  me  about  your   experience?   •  Using  the  five  senses  to  help  retrieve  trauma9c   memory  that  is  stored  in  the  brain  differently   •  Capturing  the  vic9ms  experience  and  the  sensory   and  peripheral  details  can  be  compelling   evidence  
  18. 18. Trauma  Informed  Training  Topics   ü Understanding  ins9tu9onal  obliga9ons   ü Explora9on  of  rape  myths,  rape  culture,  bias   ü Cultural  competency  (first  impression  maPers)   ü Understanding  trauma  and  impact     ü Trauma  Informed  vic9m  interview  /   Interviewing  respondents,  witnesses   ü Inves9ga9ve  strategies  /  understanding  sexual   offender  behaviors   ü Communica9on  and  report  wri9ng     ü Adjudica9on  &  Appeals  
  19. 19.         “Lets Get Ready to Rumble…” Tom Tremblay Consulting & Training
  20. 20. Working  Together  For  Jus9ce…   •  Southern  Oregon  University  and  Ashland  Oregon  Police   •   (You  have  op9ons…)   •  Vanderbilt  University  and  Nashville  Tennessee  Police   •  Joint  Inves9ga9ons  leads  to  crucial  evidence   •  University  of  Montana  and  Missoula  Montana  Police   •  Consistent  Policy  /  MOU   •  Joint  Training   •  Community  Coordina9on  and  Sexual  Assault  Safety  and   Accountability  Audit   •  External  Review  of  Police  Sexual  Assault  Inves9ga9ons   •  Vic9m  surveys  
  21. 21. White  House  Task  Force:  Model  MOU     Building  Partnerships  among  Law  Enforcement   Agencies,  Colleges  and  UniversiBes:       Developing  a  Memorandum  of  Understanding  to   Prevent  and  Respond  EffecBvely  to  Sexual  Assaults  at   Colleges  and  UniversiBes white_house_task_force_law_enforcement_mou.pdf   www.tomtremblayconsulting. com
  22. 22. Trauma  Informed  Reflec9ons:   •  Who  will  be  the  first  impression  of  your  ins9tu9on?       •  Do  they  know  what  to  say  –  what  not  to  say?   •  Trauma  Informed  Training:  trauma  and  its  impact   •  Title  IX  Inves9gators  and  Adjudicators   •  Campus  Police  /  Local  Police   •  Does  everyone  know  their  individual  responsibili9es  and   the  ins9tu9onal  responsibili9es?   •  These  cases  are  high  stakes  for  all  involved…  Trauma   informed  approach,  fair  and  balanced,  let  the  facts   determine  if  there  is  a  viola9on.    
  23. 23. Trauma  Informed  Approach:  Training   Video   Produced  by  the  Michigan  Domes9c  and  Sexual  Violence   Preven9on  and  Treatment  Board  in  Partnership  with  the   Prosecu9ng  APorneys  Associa9on  of  Michigan  Violence   Against  Women  Project  featuring  Dr.  Rebecca  Campbell     14
  24. 24. NCCPS Webinar May 28, 2015 Marisa R. Randazzo, Ph.D.
  26. 26. Threat  Assessment  Process   1   •  Identify persons of concern 2   •  Gather information/investigate 3   •  Assess information and situation 4   •  Manage the situation A  systema7c  process  that  is  designed  to::     Slide 3
  27. 27. Current  Best  Prac6ces     •  Mul6-­‐disciplinary  team   •  Authority  to  engage  in  threat  assessment   •  Standard  threat  assessment  processes  and   procedures   •  Resources  and  ac6vi6es  that  support  threat   assessment  opera6ons   Slide 4
  28. 28. Addi6onal  Components     •  Administra6on  support   •  Basic  &  advanced  threat  assessment  training     •  Legal  counsel  input   •  Tabletop  exercises   •  Database  and  other  documenta6on   •  Repor6ng  mechanisms   •  Campus-­‐wide  awareness  strategies   •  Community  rela6onships   Slide 5
  29. 29. Why  Threat  Assessment?   Recommended  by:   •  Virginia  Tech  Review  Panel  (governor’s  panel)   •  Report  to  President  from  U.S.  Departments  of  Educa6on,   Jus6ce,  Health  &  Human  Services;   •  Numerous  professional  associa6ons:   •  AASCU,  ASJA,  IACLEA,  MHEC,  NAAG,  NASPA   •  Several  state  task  forces  on  campus  safety:   •  CA,  FL,  IA,  IL,  KY,  MA,  MO,  NC,  NJ,  NM,  OK,  PA,  WI,  VA   •  American  Na6onal  Standards  Ins6tute  Report:   •     “A  Risk  Analysis  Standard  for  Natural  and  Man-­‐Made  Hazards  to   Higher  Educa6on  Ins6tu6ons”     Slide 6
  30. 30. Why  Threat  Assessment?   Required  by  legisla7on:   •  Commonwealth  of  Virginia     •  State  of  Illinois     •  State  of  Connec6cut   Slide 7
  31. 31. Further  Reading   •  A  Risk  Analysis  Standard  for  Natural  and  Man-­‐Made  Hazards   to  Higher  Educa<on  Ins<tu<ons  (2010).    ASME  Innova7ve   Technologies  Ins7tute  LLC     •  The  Handbook  for  Campus  Threat  Assessment  and   Management  Teams  (2008).    Deisinger,  Randazzo,  O’Neill  &   Savage     •  Implemen<ng  Behavioral  Threat  Assessment  on  Campus:  A   Virginia  Tech  Demonstra<on  Project  (2009).    Randazzo  &   Plummer     •  Campus  Threat  Assessment  and  Management  Teams:  What   Risk  Managers  Need  to  Know  Now  (2011).  Nolan,  Randazzo  &   Deisinger     Slide 8
  32. 32. NCCPS Webinar May 28, 2015 Steven J. Healy
  33. 33. Fair  and  Impar+al  Policing   It’s  Not  Just  for  Municipal  Policing     Steven  J.  Healy,  Margolis  Healy   Chair,  Na+onal  Center  Advisory  Board   2
  34. 34. Agenda   •  Understand  context,  off  and  on  campus   •  “Community  Educators?”   •  What  You  Should  be  Doing  Now   3
  35. 35. Context   •  BAD  News   - Expect  Turbulent  Times  Ahead   - Plan  for  campus  demonstraHons     - And,  what  if  you  have  a  use  of  force  incident?   •  GOOD  News   - Campus  agencies  embrace  community  policing   - Closer  relaHonships   - Use  of  Force  training   4
  36. 36. Community  Educators?   •  Age  old  quesHon   •  Not  mutually  exclusive   •  Must  establish  True  North   •  Process  should  be  collaboraHve   •  Your  True  North  must  guide  EVERYTHING   5
  37. 37. What  To  Do   •  Build,  build,  and  build  more   •  Take  the  community’s  temperature   •  Establish  early  warning  systems   •  Review  all  policies,  especially  high  risk  ones     •  Review  and  enhance  training   •  Establish  an  advisory  commiUee   •  Evaluate  technology   •  Stay  tuned  to  naHonal  dialogue     6
  38. 38. Resources   •  hUp://   •  hUp://   •  hUp:// FairandImparHalPolicing-­‐Fridell.pdf   •  hUp://­‐enforce-­‐and-­‐cj/law-­‐enforce/faip/   •  hUp:// fuseacHon=display_arch&arHcle_id=2499&issue_id=102011   •  hUp:// 54790aade4b07ee9b5bc1543/1417218733234/press-­‐perf.pdf   •  hUp://   •  hUp://   7