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Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: What You Need to Know

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This presentation is from the webinar, Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: What You Need to Know, presented by the National Center for Campus Public Safety (NCCPS). Does your campus have the ability to address threatening behavior from students, employees, or external sources? Does your process meet current best practices for campus violence prevention? In this webinar, Dr. Marisa Randazzo provides an overview of best practices in campus threat assessment, components of effective campus threat assessment programs, and steps in the threat assessment process to guide your campus to success.

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Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: What You Need to Know

  1. 1. ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)   www.SigmaTMA.com   BEHAVIORAL THREAT ASSESSMENT ON CAMPUS: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW   MARISA  R.  RANDAZZO,  PH.D.   SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  
  2. 2. WEBINAR OVERVIEW §  What  is  Behavioral  Threat  Assessment?     §  Current  Best  PracCces  in  Campus  Threat  Assessment     §  Components  of  EffecCve  Programs     §  Steps  in  the  Threat  Assessment  Process     §  Resources   Slide  3  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  3. 3.   WHAT  IS     BEHAVIORAL  THREAT  ASSESSMENT?   Slide  4  
  4. 4. BEHAVIORAL THREAT ASSESSMENT 1   •  Identify person of concern 2   •  Gather information / investigate 3   •  Assess information and situation 4   •  Manage the person / situation A  systemaEc  process  that  is  designed  to:     Slide  5  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  5. 5. THREAT ASSESSMENT PROCESS Facts Conclusions Strategies Threat  assessment  is  a  deducEve  process:   Slide  6  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  6. 6. WHY THREAT ASSESSMENT WORKS §  Targeted  campus  aMacks  are  preventable;  they  follow  a   logical  &  detectable  pathway  to  violence.   §  A  person’s  ideas  and  plans  for  violence  are  potenCally   detectable  before  harm  occurs.   §  InformaCon  is  likely  to  be  scaMered  and  fragmented.   §  Team  should  act  quickly  upon  iniCal  report,  gather   informaCon  and  pieces  of  the  puzzle,  and  assemble  the   informaCon  to  see  is  person  is  on  pathway  to  violence.   §  Threat  assessment  and  case  management  is  not  an   adversarial  process.    Engagement  with  a  person  of   concern  can  be  criCcal  to  prevenCng  violence  or  harm.  
  7. 7. BROAD CONSENSUS Recommended  by:   §  Virginia  Tech  Review  Panel  (governor’s  panel)   §  Report  to  President  from  U.S.  Departments  of   EducaCon,  JusCce,  Health  &  Human  Services;   §  Numerous  professional  associaCons:   •  AASCU,  ASJA,  IACLEA,  MHEC,  NAAG,  NASPA   §  Several  state  task  forces  on  campus  safety:   •  CA,  FL,  IA,  IL,  KY,  MA,  MO,  NC,  NJ,  NM,  OK,  PA,  WI,  VA   §  American  NaConal  Standard  (ANSI-­‐approved):      “A  Risk  Analysis  Standard  for  Natural  and  Man-­‐Made   Hazards  to  Higher  EducaCon  InsCtuCons”     Slide  8  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  8. 8. REQUIRED IN 3 STATES Required  by  law:   §  Commonwealth  of  Virginia   §  State  of  Illinois   §  State  of  ConnecCcut   Slide  9  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  9. 9. CURRENT  BEST  PRACTICES     IN     CAMPUS  THREAT  ASSESSMENT   Slide  10  
  10. 10. CURRENT BEST PRACTICES §  MulC-­‐disciplinary  team   §  Authority  to  engage  in  threat  assessment   §  Basic  threat  assessment  training   §  Standard  threat  assessment  processes  and   procedures   §  Resources  and  acCviCes  that  support  threat   assessment  operaCons   Slide  11  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  11. 11. BEST PRACTICES REFERENCES §  A  Risk  Analysis  Standard  for  Natural  and  Man-­‐Made   Hazards  to  Higher  Educa<on  Ins<tu<ons  (2010).    ASME   InnovaCve  Technologies  InsCtute  LLC     §  Campus  Threat  Assessment  and  Management  Teams:   What  Risk  Managers  Need  to  Know  Now  (2011).  Nolan,   Randazzo  &  Deisinger     §  The  Handbook  for  Campus  Threat  Assessment  and   Management  Teams  (2008).    Deisinger,  Randazzo,  O’Neill   &  Savage     §  Implemen<ng  Behavioral  Threat  Assessment  on  Campus:   A  Virginia  Tech  Demonstra<on  Project  (2009).    Randazzo  &   Plummer     Slide  12  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  12. 12. COMPONENTS  OF  EFFECTIVE   CAMPUS  THREAT  ASSESSMENT   PROGRAMS   Slide  13  
  13. 13. COMPONENTS OF EFFECTIVE PROGRAMS q MulC-­‐disciplinary  team(s)   q  InsCtuCon-­‐wide  OR    Student-­‐only  and  employee-­‐only   q Training  from  qualified  &  experienced  trainer   q Access  to  case  management  /  support  resources   q AdministraCon  support   q Legal  counsel  input   q Database  /  case  documentaCon   q ReporCng  mechanisms  &  campus-­‐wide  awareness   q Community  relaConships       Slide  14  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  14. 14. THREAT ASSESSMENT TEAM: MulE-­‐Disciplinary  Membership   n  Student  Affairs   n  Human  Resources   n  Campus  Police  /  Campus  Security   n  Counseling  Center  /  Employee  Assistance   n  Local  Law  enforcement   n  General  Counsel   n  Alternates  (opConal)   n  Others  as  needed    
  15. 15. TRAINING FOR TEAM / CAMPUS q   Training  for  team  members   §  Basic  training  in  behavioral  threat  assessment  procedures   §  Self-­‐guided  tabletop  exercises  /  amer-­‐acCon  reviews   §  Advanced  training     q   Trainers  should  be  qualified,  have  significant  direct  case   experience   §  Review  and  vet  potenCal  trainers   §  Check  for  feedback  from  other  clients     q   Campus-­‐wide  training  /  strategies  to  encourage   community  to  report  threats  and  other  troubling  behavior  
  16. 16. WAYS TO ENCOURAGE REPORTING For  effecEve  reporEng,  people  need  to  know:   §  Their  role  and  responsibility  to  report   §  What  to  report   §  Where  to  report   §  Reports  are  wanted   §  Something  will  be  done   §  Regular  reminders  of  issues  and  process     “If  you  see  something,  say  something.”   Source:  NYC  Metropolitan  TransportaEon  Authority     Slide  17  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  17. 17. STEPS     IN  THE     THREAT  ASSESSMENT     PROCESS     Slide  18  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  18. 18. THREAT ASSESSMENT PROCESS 1.  Encourage  reporCng  to  the  team(s)     2.  IdenCfy  person  /  situaCon  of  concern     3.  Screen  case  for  imminence  /  team  scope     4.  Gather  InformaCon   §  Seek  out  informaCon  from  mulCple  sources   §  Include  person  of  concern  where  possible   §  Include  Internet  /  social  media  search   §  Include  previous  schools  /  employers   §  Include  local  law  enforcement  checks   ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  19. 19. THREAT ASSESSMENT PROCESS (CONT.) 5.  Analyze  informaCon  &  Assess  person  of  concern   §  Answer  Key  InvesCgaCve  QuesCons   §  Answer  Assessment  QuesCons     6.  Manage  person  /  situaCon  if  needed   §  Develop  threat  management  plan   §  Implement  threat  management  plan   §  Monitor  and  re-­‐evaluate  plan  to  ensure  safety   ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  20. 20. CAMPUS   THREAT  ASSESSMENT     RESOURCES     Slide  21  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  21. 21. HANDS-ON RESOURCES Books   §  The  Handbook  for  Campus  Threat   Assessment  &  Management  Teams     www.SigmaTMA.com/about/our-­‐books/     §  Implemen<ng  Behavioral  Threat   Assessment  on  Campus:                                                 A  Virginia  Tech  Demonstra<on  Project     www.SigmaTMA.com/about/our-­‐books/       Slide  22  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  22. 22. HANDS-ON RESOURCES Training  &  Tabletop  Resources     §  Campus  Threat  Assessment  Case  Studies:                                                     A  Training  Tool  for  Inves<ga<on,  Evalua<on  &   Interven<on   www.CampusThreatAssessment.org     §  How  to  Find  a  Good  Threat  Assessment  Consultant:                 5  Ques<ons  to  Ask  Before  You  Hire       www.SigmaTMA.com/news/         Slide  23  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  23. 23. §  PrevenCon  is  possible   §  Threat  assessment  team  is  most  effecCve  when   supported    by  campus  and  community  resources   §  Team  needs  quality  training  to  work  effecCvely   §  Focus  is  on  safety  for  all   §  Evaluate  periodically   §  Consult,  consult,  consult!   CONCLUSION Slide  24  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  
  24. 24. CONTACT INFORMATION: Marisa  Randazzo,  PhD   Managing  Partner   SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates   703-­‐647-­‐7419   MRandazzo@SigmaTMA.com     www.SigmaTMA.com     Stay  in  touch  with  us  on:     Facebook  SIGMA  Threat  Management   Twiber    @SigmaTMA   LinkedIn    SIGMA  Threat  Management         Book  available  at:  www.SigmaTMA.com   Slide  25  ©  SIGMA  Threat  Management  Associates  (2015)  

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