Standard Times Collection


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Negatives from our "Standard Times Collection" come from the New Bedford Evening Standard and the New Bedford Sunday Standard. It is also possible that New Bedford Times negatives are included. The NB Times and the NB Evening Standard consolidated into the New Bedford Standard-Times in August of 1932. The New Bedford Mercury, a morning newspaper which ran through the same publishing house as the Evening Standard, is also possibly in the mix we call the Standard Times Collection.

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  • (L) 2004.73.166: Portrait of Zolnay, sculptor, 1912 (M) 2004.73.65: Portrait of Mrs.Oliver Prescott, Dec. 1917 , Scrapbook #9, p. 94 ( R) Portrait of William H.A. Tobey, retired circus man, 1906
  • The collection of Standard Times Portraits we will be looking at tonight came to us in 2004 through the generosity of Dartmouth resident and NBWM member John D. Wilson and through the foresight of his father Earle Wilson, pictured on the slide in front of you. Earle was a prominent figure in NB. He was born in NB and graduated from NB High. He was a WW1 veteran, a S-T newspaperman with a long running column called “Remember?” and another called “Veterans Corner”. He was a magician who loved to entertain, a lecturer, and a pastor for 54 years of the East Mattapoisett Friends Meeting. He was associated with activities and organizations touching, as his Dec 3 rd 1976 obituary states, “…nearly every phase of community life”. It goes on to say”…“Earle Wilson's unquenchable enthusiasm for the average man was evidenced in his volunteer work with the Salvation Army, the Masons, American Legion, the Grange, Standard-Times Charities, and social clubs.” The list of organizations he belonged to fills up a page and includes, among them, the ODHS.
  • So we are indebted to him for saving from the trash bin treasures, images, that give us a glimpse into our past; close to 400 4”x 5” glass dry plate negatives, made during the period just around the turn of the century to 1929. These negatives, as you will see shortly, are one with others already in our collections. In 1981 the Standard Times generously gifted to the museum 992 glass negatives and in 1982 Everett S. Allen, author and longtime editorial and feature writer for the S-T gifted over 100 historic negatives as well. As you would expect of a museum we prioritize the stabilization of material that comes into our possession. Shown on the left would be the original acidic sleeves the negatives arrived in before being removed and placed into archival enclosures. The NBWM Photo Archive, housed here at library, benefits from the overall temperature and humidity regulated environment: a consistent 68 degrees and relative humidity of 30-40%. In addition, and to avoid a worst case scenario as pictured in the upper right, we use freezers and ziplock bags for certain film stocks, primarily acetate, nitrate and color. Glass, on the other hand, becomes brittle in the cold and does better at our standard room conditions. What you see on the screen top right is the result of some combination of heat, humidity and moisture acting on a acetate 4”x5” negative. It’s likely that this negative was stored in someone’s attic or basement. The emulsion is undergoing what is called channeling: there is a very visible separation of the emulsion from the film base. In contrast and below the suffering acetate negative is a well preserved glass negative from the S-T Collection. Although large format sheet film was available on a nitrate base as early as the late 1890’s and on an acetate base as early as the mid 1920’s most of the film stock that comes to us from the S-T is on glass, such as the negative seen here of Dr. Holder Kirby.
  • We are fortunate that this gift of the Wilson’s is comprised mostly of identified, or partially identified portraits as in this slide. In contrast, the earlier S-T gifts predominately featured street scenes, buildings, and wharf scenes. With the help of interns and volunteers, working both in our library and up the street at the NBFPL, we’ve been able to learn something about many of the people you’ll see tonight. But there is still quite a bit more work to do before we present these photos as a full blown exhibit, planned for 2009. This then is a preview of sorts, a flip through a scrapbook, an invitation.…to explore our local history and to take pleasure in some magnificant photographs. Here we have Rev. Augusto J. Taveira of the Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception and man with hat and cigar taken in 1913, four years after the establishment the church on 136 Earle Street in the North End (click). As an aside this photo of the church was taken by Manual Goulart. We are currently reworking an exhibit of the Goulart Brother’s photographs, “Two Brothers Goulart”, that sometime in the near future will appear in the balcony of the Lagoda Room. This portrait of the Rev. is really a double portrait, one of a handful you will see tonight. The first time I saw it, in negative form, held up to the fluorescent lights in my office, I was transported. Carefully, I put the negative on the scanner. I twirled fully around in my chair, twice. Checked my self for dizziness, was none, and then did the scan. For the next few days I’d open the file on the computer every once in a while, to check to see if the image somehow diminished. It still hasn’t. Unintentional or not, the S-T photographer who captured this image has given us much more than his publisher or editor required for the paper the next day (click, click).
  • Photography has developed, from its earliest stages, as a flexible medium for expression. It is a recorder of public events, a family historian, a tool for shaping public opinion as well as for artistic expression. There is no exclusivity to these uses. A photograph can exist on any one or all of these levels at the same time. The portrait on the screen now, of an unidentified soldier is no less poignant than…(click)
  • … this well known photograph by Walker Evans. Evans’ approach was similarly blunt and powerful. Reminiscent of news photography, and with a strong connection to photo as tool for shaping public opinion, this image was taken in 1932, prior to what many consider to be Evans’ strongest body of work: documenting the effects of the Great Depression on rural families for the Farm Security Administration in 1935-36. (click) Just as the man with cigar fills the portrait of Rev Taveiria with new meaning, so to does the sketch, I would presume self-portrait, drawn on the door to the little girls right.
  • One of the challenges that lies ahead is to try to identify the photographers responsible for this group of portraits and attach them to the work they created. We know a couple, and I’ll talk about them further along. The fact is that many or most of the images will never be tied to a creator. Unfortunate as that is, in the end the work is not diminished. This portrait of Edward Doherty, chief of police, taken in 1924, shows the gentle side of a man who existed, at least to some degree, in a not so gentle world.
  • Photography has come a long way. From the beginning, with the advent of the daguerreotype, the processes needed to produce a photograph were complicated, expensive and often dangerous. Nonetheless photography continued to gain in acceptance, esp as it overcame the significant obstacle of image impermanence. As early as 1860’s photochemistry had advanced, limiting the problems of yellowing and fading. A central figure to this advancement was a businessman with a familiar name, George Eastman. Eastman started on his path by paying attention to published experiments being done in England to develop dry plate glass negatives, the same as those which make up the vast majority of our S-T collection. By 1880, he was producing glass negs on a small scale for his own use . These were a great technological advancement over the wet plate collodian process, which was both messy and very time consuming. Wet plates had to be made right before the photo was to be taken and processed immediately after exposure. Dry plates had the advantage of being available for preloading. John Szarcosky, in his book “Photo Until Now” draws an apt analogy. I quote “The wet plate in terms of weaponry was the muzzle loading rifle. After one shot the photographer was disarmed. The dry plates were “repeating rifles”, where the photographer could take more chances because he had a case full of loaded plates.” In 1888 Eastman introduced the flexible roll film back Kodak, he essentially created the amateur market and one could safely say multiplied the public’s appetite for photography. Soon after Eastman, seen here on the right with his hand held Brownie camera, expressed his vision to make photography “as convenient as a pencil” and inexpensive. At that time there were over 100,000 Kodak cameras in circulation and that number only increased with the introduction of the Brownie camera, seen here on the left in the hands of the popular children’s book character Brownie. So easy a child could use it. Photography, with these new technologies and just before the turn of the 20th century, was experiencing an unprecedented boom. The newly created amateur market was only one aspect of this growth. Another was in the number of professional photographers. Here in New Bedford they doubled according to the City Directories from 1895 to 1910. pg 395 George Eastman House: George Eastman with Brownie
  • Also in the 1880’s, around the same time G. Eastman was developing flexible film for his Kodak camera, an invention called the halftone screen made it possible to mass produce photographic images, along with text, in newspapers and other published material. Prior to that, as we see illustrated here, engravers often used photographs to inform their work which would then appear with the printed word. The first appearance of a halftone photos in a newspaper was in 1897, The New York Tribune. The halftone screen broke the photographic image into small bits of black ink. In today’s computer driven world the equivalent model would be the 0 and 1, the 2 digits in the binary numeral system that are used internally by virtually all modern computers. Through the modulation of the size and distribution of these bits, in combination with the white of paper, the eye is fooled into seeing continuous tone.
  • So this is the backdrop for our S-T portraits. Photographers, working as freelancers, creating photographs to fill in the spaces between, around the written word, for a now image hungry readership, who themselves had become photographers. On the left is a reproduction of a map of Japan and Emperor Mutso-Hito from the NB Evening Standard,February 13, 1904. Our research tells us that the portrait embedded in the map is the first half tone reproduction to appear in the Evening Standard other than prescription drug advertisements. On the right is an example of one of these, Paines Celery Compound. “Accept this letter from a grateful girl.”
  • Even with the half tone technology available engraving was still predominant as the primarily form of illustration in the Evening Standard until around1908.
  • By 1910 photos had clearly taken over. On the left “Plucky Dick O’leary, New Bedford has a town Crier just like Nantucket”. And on the right a story about a pair of twins from England soon to adopted locally.
  • And here a local baseball team and dance company.
  • Portrait of Edmund D. Ashley, 1913 : One of the few photographers that we have so far been able to identify is Edmund D. Ashley. No relation to Clifford W. Ashley the painter and amateur photographer (click) or Mayor Charles S. Ashley (click). This portrait, or more likely self portrait with a coat hanging in the backdrop, shows Edmund relaxed yet with a odd twist to his right arm. Large format cameras, such as the ones being used for the S-T did not have self release shutters, if you wanted to take a photo with you in it you would use cable release. The squeezing of the bulb or pushing on the plunger could look sometimes like what we see here. From “Artists of New Bedford: A Biographical Dictionary” MJ Blasdale writes us the following: Born in Milford Mass in 1871, when as a young boy (he) moved to New Bedford. He was a student at New Bedford HS and later at the Swain Free School of Design. “Ashley spent the majority of his life in artistic service with the New Bedford Standard. In 1892 he began a 40 year career working as a sketch artist for the paper. Eventually his expertise earned him national recognition for his work in the chalk plate process of illustration. Before the half-tone reproduction of photographs, newspapers during the last half of the 19 th century employed artists to make illustrations for news articles and stories. These artists used a method of engraving in a thin layer of chalk superimposed on a steel plate or a method of engraving in wood. Edmund Ashley became the foremost illustrator for the New Bedford Standard….As technology progressed and the Newspaper began using photographs, Ashley became a very competent photographer for the Standard. In this capacity he continued to record newsworthy events and ordinary scenes of the day. Clifford W. Ashley, aboard the Sunbean: 2000.100.79.210 :Casks-everything necessary for the voyage went aboard in casks- including casks themselves which would be assembled later as needed for oil. See Plate 59- Sperm Whaling in New Bedford by Elton Hall 2000.100.79.212 : Shipping Office, Furna, Brava, Cape Verde Islands. See Plate 184- Sperm Whaling in New Bedford by Elton Hall 1981.61.868 Whalemen's statue unveiling exercises. Mayor Charles S. Ashley speaking. Also seated at podium, William Crapo. 1913. 2000.100.86.227 :Charles S. Ashley (1858-1941) with pigeons. He was mayor of New Bedford for 32 years ( not consecutive) ending his last term in 1937.
  • Here we have photograph taken in 1914 by E.D.Ashley from the group of S-T negs that came to us in 1981 of Cape Verdean Immigrants aboard the "Savoia“ coming into NB Harbor. The anticipation visible on their faces is palpable: their new home awaits.
  • From here on the photographers, with one exception, are unknown to us. This is portrait of Whaling Capt George Fred Tilton
  • From our Whaling Museum library scrapbook collection comes this undated clipping on Titlon I quote “ A typical New Bedford whaler is depicted in Captain Tilton. Tall, broad-shouldered, a man of iron frame and muscle with body inured to hardships and the intense cold of the North, it was the confidence in his own powers of endurance that induced him to make the trip which many believed would end in his death, a terrible end, thousands of miles from civilization” (unquote) In 1896 when the Belvedere and 8 other whalers were caught in the ice off Point Barrow. Six of the nine were crushed. The other three, including the Belvedere escaped. Survivors of these craft saw nothing but the prospect of death from starvation when their provisions gave out unless aid could be brought them. Mate Tilton volunteered to assay the long walk to civilization . An outfit of provisions to last 15 days, an eight-dog sled team and two Indian guides were furnished him and the eventful journey began. After 16 days of extreme hardship their provisions were exhausted. By killing a dog a day for the next 3 days they were able to feed the remaining animals and on the 19 th day reached a tiny trading village, 600 miles from the starting point at Point Barrow. Here a new stock of provisions was obtained and the perilous journey continued for 29 days more to St. Michaels, another trading post where mate Tilton met a relief party bound for the imprisoned whalers…” (etc )
  • This photograph of Capt. Tilton & crew in whaleboat float at a parade in Hyannis is from our Tripp collection.
  • And one last image of the Capt, in uniform, from July 1918.
  • Next is a gruesome account of the murder of Annie Walsh(aka Indian Annie), on the right, at the hands of Captain Charles Matroni, on the left . Front Page of the Evening Standard, January 10 th , 1914. “ Barge Captain Murders and Mutilates” “ New Bedford’s Most Hideous Crime” A chance acquaintance in the back of a saloon, a few moments of laughter and revelry over the cups, and Annie Walsh of 16 Elm street walked out with her new found friend last night to her death, for within an hour of the time when she and captain Matroni of the barge ship Snipe, moored at the city coal company’s warf, had left the place where they met, she lay in a bunk in the cabin, her body terribly mutilated, the victim of one of the most vicious and brutal murders New Bedford has ever known.” […]
  • This is a streetscene from one of our earlier gifts of S_T negative. Acushnet Avenue, southwest corner of Elm. Joe Burke's saloon, where Annie Walsh was drinking with Matroni on the night of her murder on the barge Snipe. This murder sparked a series of Prohobition debates during which city officials were called to take action against “Backrooms” and the “Bar and Bottle Bill”. The former allowed women to consume alcohol alongside men and the later was the law that not only allowed the sale of liquor but also allowed the “Backrooms” to exist. The debate included everyone including union leaders, church officials, and city officials not only in New Bedford but from Fall River and other neighboring cities as well. Church officials, led by Rev. Bartholomew, blamed the consumption of alcohol to be the cause of all of New Bedford’s vices. It was argued that because Women were allowed to drink beside their man that New Bedford was more progressive then Fall River, which did not. And that to take this right away would be a step in the wrong direction.
  • Based on Evening Standard articles in the month of Jan. 1910, Rev. Bartholomew of the County Street Methodist Episcopal Church was the most outspoken and perhaps the unofficial leader of a group of preachers who were very outspoken against the sale of liquor and liquor houses after the murder of Annie Walsh by Captain Matroni. The Reverend publicly blamed the voters who voted yes on the Bar and Bottle Bill, which allowed for the existence of “Backrooms”, for Annie’s murder. It is interesting to note that prior to the Reverends involvement in the public discourse on this matter Annie Walsh was almost always referred to as “Indian Annie” in the papers. However, she immediately looses this moniker once members of the church become involved.
  • Snipe, the barge Annie Walsh was murdered on, three boys in foreground, men, possibly police, on deck.
  • Portrait of Frank Vera II, clerk of District Court of Bristol County, New Bedford, 1906 Frank Vera Jr. represented Captain Charles Matroni in this trial. He opened his practice in 1909. This was his third murder trial. Matroni entered a plea of non-guilty. He claimed he did not remember the events or even that night due to his heavy drinking of the previous 72 hours. Matroni was found unconscious in a closet, hands covered in blood, and a noose wrapped around his neck. Vera defended him primarily by arguing that the police put him through the “third degree” for several hours immediately following his capture while he was still severely intoxicated and that his confession was coerced. Sergeant McLeod was the first officer on the scene of the murder and reports that Matroni said “I wouldn’t harm a kitten” and “well you see what beer has done”.
  • Dr. Hough, 1909 Dr. Garry De N Hough was the cities chief medical examiner and was one of only three witnesses called to testify in the Annie Walsh murder. He is reported to have talked extensively about the victims 40 wounds caused by a hatchet and a knife in extremely detailed, scientific terms and determined that the cause of death was several blows to the head with the hatchet. Most of the wounds occurred post mortem when the killer attempted to dismember the body into pieces. It was presumed that disposal would have occurred the following day. Dr Hough was also involved in the Howard trail… (click)
  • Here we have a smartly dressed convicted murderer W.C.Howard and Keeper J. Arthur, in front of the Ash St Jail
  • two policemen, not linked to any particular crimes… Chas. L. McBay, police lieutenant, Mar. 1914 Police inspector A. Mckinstry, Oct. 1918
  • 3 other uniformed public servants: On the left Captain S.C. Lowe, state guard, Dec. 1917 (M Dan Harington, Policeman, Nov. 1918 ( R ) Captain Frank N. Cleveland, February 10, 1928
  • This is a portrait of Chief Edward F. Dahill, 1929. From a 1934 newspaper article, I quote: "Appointed to his post in 1904 to succeed the late Frederick May, Chief Dahill is one of the rare civic personages who have had the privilege of seeing almost the complete evolution of a system under his own supervision. He has not only kept abreast of times but has taken the fighting lead in many innovations which have revolutionized fire fighting from coast to coast.".... Chief Dahill was also an inventor (click), on the left the “Dahill Hoist” pneumatic aerial ladder. Again I quote the same article “It was in New Bedford that it was first tried out and many have been the Buster Browns rescued from the top of the old Odd Fellows building by daredevil firemen clinging to the uppermost rung … while Old Home and Carnival week crowds below held their several breaths in anxious awe until the awful ordeal was over and they could break into tumultuous applause.”
  • The image on the left, from our “NB Veteran Firemen’s Association Archive”, shows these very “daredevils” at the Odd Fellows building fire.
  • Here we have a portrait of Henry E. Woodward, lawyer, 1912 From “History of New Bedford”vol 2, by Z.W. Pease . “his practice is most satisfactory and he numbers among his clients men, firms and corporations of the highest class. He is aggressive in spirit, carries the fight to his opponents , and in an open, manly manner conducts his controversies, whether legal or political. Fearless and upright, he is a strong advocate of the cause he espouses and as an opponent he is held in wholesome respect....Politically he is a Republican.”
  • Reverend M.C. Julian, 1912 From a Evening Standard article written in on the occasion of his address to pastor at the installation of Rev. Wm. Caruthers at Richmond Hill, NY. Mr. Julien is without doubt to-day the most attractive preacher in the New England States He is the finest looking, has the noblest presence and the most natural style and manners of any man I know of in the American pulpit. He appears before his people in full dress with the ease, grace and lack of self-consciousness with which one friend meets another in a home; but as he proceeds with his sermon there comes that gravity of the whole personality of two friends self talking on serious and important matters and the results which follow his efforts are of the highest order.
  • From the newspaper on Tuesday, November 2 nd 1915 “ Sentinels for Suffrage on the firing line; Standing Guard When the Sun Came up” The article emphasizes that women who organized to picket at the polls were treated largely very well by the men; when harassed and ridiculed it was by boys. These photos where taken five years prior to the ratification of Amendment XIX to Constitution which gave women the right to vote. On the left Rebecca Margolis and Alice Pierce, suffragettes, Nov. 1915 On the right Miss Esther Wollison, suffragette, November 1915 The amendment was proposed on June 4, 1919 and ratified on August 18, 1920.
  • Suffragette Emily Hussey
  • Helen P. Kempton noted as a charity organizer, Dec. 1915
  • While more than half of the S-T portrait negatives we received were original, shot in camera for the S-T, the other half, similar to the two we see here of Doctor Frank Parker and his wife Marion E. Parker were made as copy negatives. This is easily determined by observing the borders of the negative. The newspaper was interested in reproducing a photograph, apparently it was perfectly happy to use an existing image if a good one was available. Dr. Frank Parker was superintendent and doctor at the leper colony at Pen-i-kese Island hospital for 15 years(this photo from 1915). His contributions, and those of his wife, to the welfare of the stricken patients was well noted by I. Thomas Buckley in his book “Penikese, Island of Hope”. She was prominent in social and charitable circles and was a freelance writer publishing under her maiden name Marion E. King. She accompanied her husband to the island hospital and there became a valuable aid to him and was loved by the lepers. Dr and Mrs Parker were so enthusiastic about their work, says Buckley, that they arrived on the island five days early. This enthusiasm and spirit were appreciated by both the patients and the Board of Charity. Pen-i-kese Island hospital was opened by the state of Mass on Nov 18 th 1905 and closed in 1921.
  • Richard Harding Davis at war game, Middleboro, 1910 Considered one of the most influential reporters during the “yellow journalist” era. He was a popular reporter, especially during the Spanish-American war, for Harper’s Weekly, The Sun, and the New York Journal. A personal favorite of Teddy Roosevelt, Davis helped create the legend surrounding Roosevelt and the Rough Riders.
  • Now to a group of sports related photographs. First off portraits of Frankie Britt, New Bedford fighter. On the left with street clothes draped over a piece of studio furniture; and on the right striking a slightly different pose. September 1916 Wed. Sept. 6 1916 the headline reads: “Local Boy Checked by Pal Moore at Boston: Britt Had Advantage of Early Rounds and Was Entitled to a Draw” later on “Moore Scored His points in Last Three Rounds…Locals were disappointed.”
  • Kid Demers, prize fighter, Apr., 1916 This portrait, like the one of Rev Taveira, holds a bonus in the background. Kid Demers bruised face and hidden hands are in contrast to the slice of a smile and cloth holding hands that seem to be not only doing that job but also holding the photograph to itself. Quoting from an April 16, 1916 article: “ Demers the Knockout Artist: Young Canadian Boxer won His Way to a Notable Place in Bantam Class in Three Months After First Donning the Gloves”; “Most of His Victories Have Been Over the Knockout Route and His Hurricane Style Has Made Him a Popular Figure. “ Unquote Leopold Demers, a.k.a. “Paul” Age 18, Born outside Montreal. 7 th child, whole family moved to New Bedford when he was 7, to join relatives. Father died in 1911, family then returned to Canada. He quit farm-life to become a twister at the Nonquitt mills. Boxing career begun by accident, after joining the Olympic Athletic Club. Jan 17, First fight, knockout round 6 . Becoming popular by clean manner of fighting, hurricane methods of disposing of his opponents. Summary of short career thus far, 12 fights, 10 wins, 1 defeat on points, 1 draw decision. 5ft 5in, 115 pounds. On the right a portrait of Paul Demers. Firefighter in U.S.A. Uniform, 1918.
  • Most of you I think will recognize this street corner. Perched outside a window of the old S-T building on ___Street are two men relaying important boxing match updates on a makeshift signboard to an overcrowded street below. I guess we move information a little differently these days.
  • James "Jimmy" Murphy, New Bedford Soccer Team, Dec. 1917 and Dec. 1918.
  • Fred Tenney, Ball Player, 1911
  • Robert Maranville, ball player for the New Bedford team, 1912.
  • Walter Maranville, ball player, New Bedford- New England league, Robert’s brother?
  • Harry D. Stow, #12 New Bedford Police was also a Winchester Ball Player, New Bedford, 1911, N.E. League. Number unknown.
  • Next a series of religious figures: (l) Reverend C. J. Tuthill, 1915 (m) Reverend Kershaw, County St. P.M., April 30th, 1923 On the right, Father Christiana Borges, St. John the Baptist, April 16 1924
  • On the left Reverend C.F. Hersey, city mission, Dec. 1918 . On our right a portrait of Father Charles A. Donavan, St. Vincent Home.
  • This slide will transition us from men of God to men of the military. On the left a Lieut. Jireh Swift 3rd, U.S.R., Dec. 1917 On the right is a portrait of Reverend John B. De Valles. St John's Church Priest just after he joined the army: then just both a priest and an Army Chaplin. The photograph taken Sept.,1917. He died three years later, May, 1920. (2004.73.111) February 3 rd , 1918 “An Army of Clean Boys.” Father de Valles Writes New Bedford parents from France– Warms Against Believing the Stories of Widespread Vice and Immorality.” He writes about the spiritual and moral characteristics and state of the boys he is assigned to in France.
  • On the left W. Cook, G.A.R. commander, May 1913 . On the right: Lieutenant Harold Winslow just back from France, October 1918 From the newspaper September 18 th , 1918 “Winslow Back From Battery D” “Lieutenant Arrived in the City Unannounced After Thrilling Voyage” “Will be instructor and Attached to the Division in this Country” “Bronzed by the sun of France and beaten by her rains, hardened by more than a year of practically continuous service on the western front, second lieutenant Harold Winslow, the first commissioned officer of Battery D to come back from the battle line returned unexpectedly last night to his home in this city”.
  • Seaman Edmund Anthony in uniform , February 17 th , 1918
  • Merton Batchelder, N.B.H.S., February 1913 Tuesday February 25 th , 1913 “ Cadets Preparing for Tech Drill” (fifth sergeant Merton Batchelder) Commandant Baudoin has not yet received the invitation to compete in the Technology drill, but he is drilling the squad so that the cadets will be ready for the event when it comes off. “If the drill isn’t held,”said Mr. Baudoin, “the practice will not hurt the boys any, and if the invitations are issued , we will be so much ahead of the game.”
  • Dr. John Cotter in U.S.R. uniform, Dec., 1917
  • Two bow tied gentlemen lead this sequence of business types and professionals. Theodore Tillinghast, civil engineer, first New Bedford President of the Tech. Club, Jan. 1914 Samuel Lowe, fish and game company, May 1918
  • Portrait of Rufus Sowle (possibly Soule), 1908 On the right, James F. Moore, New Bedford contractor, 1911
  • Portrait of Fredrick Lorraine, tea and coffee man, 1912 Obituary states "Identified with the retail tea and coffee business for years First coffee business in Trenton, NJ. 1895 Then to Lynn, 1896 Then to New Bedford, 1897 Liked to travel, yacht, dance. Member of NB Yacht Club; Had a yacht named "Wait-a-bit"; Made 3 round the world trips Gives to charity works. First contributor to Standard-Times Neediest Families Fund, $25/year to be continued after his death.
  • Frank J. Wall, agent of New Bedford and Martha's Vineyard Steamboat Company, August 1916 And from the newspaper, September 1, 1916, Frank J Wall appointed agent for the New Bedford, Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket Steamboat Co. Succeeds E.S. Judd who resigned from ill health and overwork. Transferred from New York 5 years ago. On the right Martha's Vineyard steamboat Sankaty on the rocks from our earlier Standard Times Collection
  • Upper left a Portrait of James H. Mahoney Sr. of the Star Store about March 1, 1923 and on the right Portrait of James H. Mahoney Jr. of the Star Store about March 1, 1924 (2004.73.279.b:) Lower left would be Purchase Street at Union looking south towards the Star Store or the Green Bean, best coffee in town. From Mahoney Sr. obituary, dated May 24, 1934 "Papal award is bestowed on two New Bedford residents: Bishop Cassidy pays high tribute to John Duff Sr. And James H. Mahoney Sr. As they receive the cross of the order of St. Gregory the great at ceremony in St., Mary's Cathedral" --for the services they have rendered to the church and country, --first ceremony of its kind in the history of the diocese and in SE mass. Quoting Bishop Cassidy from the ceremony: ”…these two men have well served their God and Country, and for this reason, our Holy Father has decided to honor them by elevating them to the rank of knights of the Order of St Gregory the Great. They are to receive their decorations from my hands and I will act as the official representative of the Pope on this important occasion. we do not proclaim that they are men without a stain, but they have led good lives as members of the church and as citizens. They have been fruitful trees in the significance of the church. They have shared with others the things that God has given them in this world, and they are to be rewarded for the good they have accomplished.
  • (L) Edward U. Lahey, auto supplies, Mar. 7th, 1923 (M) Edward Peirce, cotton broker and local florist ® Abraham Manchester, Chester's store 1907 From Atlas of Surveys, Bristol County, MA 1895, p. 159 Abraham Manchester, Adamsville, R. I. General County Store. Dealer in Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Grains and Groceries, Fertilizers, Hardware, etc. Successor to Phillip Manchester & Son, who succeeded Eben P, Church, who came to Adamsville, R.I. from Fairhaven, Mass to this place in 1812, and built the store occupied by Mr. Manchester.
  • Charles G. Wood, Federal Labor Conciliator, Formerly of New Bedford, December 1923 From December 23, 1923 newspaper headline reads: “Solution lies in contact; Believes in getting together” -praises Massachusetts manufacturers as being progressive in closing the gap between employee and employees
  • William G. Batty 1929 ,Labor organizor in 1928, textile strike: This from UMass Manuscript Collection, MC 9 finding aid., At the turn of the century, the textile industry in New England flourished. Productivity was enormous and jobs were provided for thousands. Wages for textile workers even tripled in a short seven year period. As a result, schools were built, small businesses prospered, and banks enjoyed success as workers spent and saved their incomes. However, during the 1920s, economic collapse caused a decline in textile production across New England especially in the southeast (New Bedford, Fall River, Dartmouth). The decline was primarily caused by overproduction and high wages among the top textile officials. Instead of easing production and /or cutting back on the wages of these top officials, the manufacturers imposed a ten percent wage cut for all textile workers. The cut was announced on the day after Easter, April 9th, 1928. Protests ignited and the New Bedford Textile Strike of 1928 was underway. The Strike was composed of two unions: The Textile Council and The Textile Mill Committee. The Textile Council, headed by William E.G. Batty with the help of Frank Manning, was comprised of "anglo-saxon" skilled workers. The Textile Mill Committee (TMC), on the other hand, consisted primarily of unskilled French-Canadian, Polish, Portuguese and Cape Verdean workers who had been excluded from entering the Textile Council due to underlying prejudices.
  • Marion Keene, Telephone girls' club
  • John W. Northcott, principal of Lincoln School, taken November, 1913
  • According to City directories of the time these two gentlemen Joe Bolduc on the left, and Jake Stone on the right, were both hostlers or stablemen.
  • Bancroft Winsor holding a chicken, January 1913 . The newspaper of February 1 st 1913 states “ prize winners and exhibitors at the poultry show” “ Bancroft Winsor, Rose combed Rhode Island Red.”
  • Elijah Webb, 1915 Obit: S-T 10/18/1923, NBWM library scrapbook collection “ Elijah Webb, gentleman, honest man and friend of Mayor Remington and all folks who knew and trusted him, died at the NB Almshouse yesterday morning at the age of 74. Mr Web, a native of Portsmouth VA, had made his home in this city for so many years and was such a familiar figure about the center of the city that his passing is like the removal of a landmark…. Born on the fourth of July…In his younger days Mr Webb had gone to Sea, visiting most of the seas of the world in the course of 15 or 18 years spent in NB whaling vessels. He was found of recounting the stories of things that happened during his seafaring days, and his facility for spinning yarns was nor among the least of the things that recommended him.”
  • Mathew Sullivan, Church Architect, June 1913. Boston architect specializing in churches. Architect for ST. JAMES CHURCH, 233 County Street, OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE PARISH AT ST. JAMES CHURCH
  • Alden H. Manter, old whaleman ,1914 obituary: Alden Hathaway Manter : "Old Whaleman is dead at 85, One of three Survivors of Bark Canton, wrecked on Island in 1853" "The bark Canton on its last Cruise in 1853 had on board...Mr. Manter...It was a thrilling experience to hear Mr Manter tell of the Canton's shipwreck on an island in 1853, when 22 men sailed for 45 days in open boats under a tropical sun a distance of 3800 miles. Mr. Manter was on deck, as it was his watch, when the bark struck a coral reef in the Micronesian sea. When he retired from the sea he became a farmer in Long Plain..."
  • Captain George S. Anthony, 1908. George Anthony went to see as a young man and became a Captain by his early 30s. As Captain of the Catalpa, and sailing from New Bedford Harbor on the morning of April 29 th , 1875, he embarked on a mission to free Irish Republican Brotherhood or Fenian prisoners from an Australian penal colony. The first day intended for escape was April 6 th , 1876, but was postponed due to the present of the British Navy. The escape was rescheduled for April 17 th . The Catalpa sent a rowboat to pick up six prisoners and though they faced difficulties in their return to the Catalpa they were successful and set sail on April 19 th . That morning the steamship the SS Georgette came alongside the whaler demanding the surrender of the prisoners. Ignoring the demand to surrender, Anthony pointed at the US flag, informed the Georgette that an attack on the Catalpa would be considered an act of war on the USA. Catalpa slipped into the Indian Ocean and returned to New York harbor on August 19, 1876. This was the end of Capt whaling career as he was thereafter "marked" in British Waters.
  • Another NB whaleman involved in the rescue of Fenians was Henry Clay Hathaway. He was a participant in mounting the clandestine rescue voyage of the Catalpa of 1876 . And as a 4 rd mate of the Gazelle was involved in the rescue of poet John Boyle O’Reilly. Later, from 1874 to 78 he was Capt of the NB Police and the first Chief of Police. The portrait on the left was taken of him as an older man, and the one on the top right, from the S-T collection as well, is a copy negative of a carte de visite of John Boyle O’Reilly inscribed to Henry’s father “B.D.Hathaway, I am always yours, J.Boyle OReilly”
  • This would be the second, and to this point last photograph, with a known creator. An almost exact version of the same is published in Albert Cook Church’s “Whale Ships and Whaling” and attributed to Church himself. It is captioned “Last of the shipsmiths, maker of whalecraft, Edward R. Cole at the forge in Fairhaven” From “Harpoons and Other Whalecraft” Thomas Lytle: Luther Cole and Edward Cole: Luther Cole was born May 20, 1822. He began his blacksmith career as an apprentice to Wm Carsley in New Bedford in 1839. Carsley sold the blacksmth shop to Josiah Macy in 1843, Cole remained with the shop and worked for Macy and later his sons until sometime between 1859 and 1865 when he moved to Fairhaven to start his own shop. Luther Cole son Edward, pictured here, was born in 1859 and was a blacksmith in Fairhaven in the late years of whaling. When his father retired Edward kept the whalecraft shop at 47 Union St, Fairhaven which he kept until 1927.
  • These images, also from the S-T, are of the original pattern used by Mr Cole for many years from which harpoon heads were cast.
  • Benjamin D. Cleveland, Captain of Whaler Bertha 1883-1887, photo taken in 1907. Shown next to it the March 13, 1910 article with Cleveland and other Captains, titled “Annual Review of Whaling for the Year 1909.
  • This will be the first of four gentleman all related to the ODHS. Two portraits ODHS member and generous contributor Benjamin Cummings. The one on the left from the S-T collection,1908, and the one on the right a cabinet card from circa 1880. Cummings donations included one of the treasures in the NBWM painting collection, sections shown below, the Russell Purrington Panorama "Whaling Voyage Round the World“
  • On the left Arthur Watson in French Army uniform, 1919: Possible member of the American airman, and repairmen in the Lafayette Escadrille (261 pilots total, Watson not on the list) or the American Ambulance Service. Both of which assisted France prior to America’s official involvement in the war. (click) Watson was also an assistant curator under Frank Wood at ODHS . He authored the book “The Long Harpoon,” an assembly of whaling log excerpts and whaling history first published in 1929. (Click) He illustrated his book with pen and ink drawings. The bowing whale with hat and umbrella in hand from the introductory slide and this chapter heading illustration of dancing whales among them.
  • T.J. Moriarty, July, 1916. From Zephaniah W. Pease, editor of “History of New Bedford” in three volumes. Moriarty at 15 shipped aboard Sea Fox for a 3 year whaling voyage. Later he was a hardware Merchant and President of Master Builder’s Association, secretary of the Master Painters Association, member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the Old Dartmouth Historical Society.
  • Ernest A. Wheaton, 1918 From his 1944 obituary, found in a Whaling Museum Library scrapbook, -Active member of the New Bedford community -Draft Board and Exemption Board member during the first World War and food administrator for the New Bedford District -School Committee member -Founder, vice-president and director of the former Holmes Mill -director of the First National Bank and the Five Cents Savings Bank -32nd Degree Mason -Member of Star in the East Masonic Lodge, Knights Templar, Member of the Old Dartmouth Historical Society
  • Next a small group of local and national politicians. Starting with these two portraits of the Langshaw brothers looking very brotherly On the left Seymour W. Langshaw, city elector, 1915 On the right Albert C. Langshaw, Nov. 1913 , who for the Common Council in Ward Five.
  • President Taft photographed in 1910
  • George Pamp Lawton, vote buyer, 1911.
  • The last two politicians we will see tonight, Samuel A. Percy, common council, 1906 on the left And Thomas Thompson, NB Mayor in 1906 only, this photo taken in 1911 . He defeated Charles S. Ashley in 1905 but was then defeated by him in 1907. The gesture here of a man poised to take from the citizenry rather then deliver, perhaps the reason for his short tenure in office.
  • Here we have a photo John Doran Wilson Sr., understandably one that son Earle might feel worthy of saving from the trash. As you heard earlier Earle Wilson belonged to many civic organizations. Apparently this to was the inclination of his father, who here dresses as a member of the Fraternal Order of Red Men, later known as the Improved Order of Red Men. Some prominent Americans who belonged to the Red Men organization: George Washington , Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock, Richard M. Nixon, Paul Revere, Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Herman R. Brightman, photo taken in 1907. (click) along with a cropped and masked version of the same image from the Sunday Evening Standand of June 5 th , 1910, headed “Prominent Base Ball Fans”. Why it took three years to publish his photo is a mystery. Were photographers out on specific assignment or were they roaming the streets looking for pictures, taking notes and creating an inventory of images for the newspaper to use as needed?
  • Chester Lawrence with YMCA sign and without, 1906.
  • (top L) Job S. Gidley, 1907 ( top R ) John F. Edgerton (bottom L) Asa Pierce, (bottom R ) Chas. E.E. Mosher, 1908
  • Mrs. John Morris, Dec. 1916 And two other automobile related images also from the S-T collection but not this group of portraits top right: Tom Almy, Julia Almy, Miss Ross, Emma Almy. Bottom right an automobile race along Fall River Road
  • (L) Max Levy (upper middle) James H. Collins, Jan.1, 1924 (upper R) Ida Howard (lower L ) Bill Maley, Nov. 1923 (lower middle) Charles A. Bomey (lower r ) Clarence H. Brownell
  • On the left a portrait of Charles Baker keeper of Butler Flats Lighthouse from 1911-1941 and on the right an image of his father, Amos Baker, Jr. who proceeded him in this position from 1898-1911. Amos’ photo and the one of Charles in a rowboat are from our general collection and not the S-T.
  • Next is a series of photographs related to the arts and cultural of the city. Mrs. Dr. A. H. Wyman, amateur actress From the New Bedford Sunday Standard, April 30, 1916 Mrs. Dr. A.H. Wyman, formerly Miss E.L. Hayes, played Rosalind in “As you Like It” under the direction of Mrs. H. Kate Richmond; April 10 th , 1879. “ When Rosalind faints at the sight of blood and has to be carried into the cottage in the Forest of Arden, the stage management must of course be careful to have the cottage door, opening on the stage unlocked. That night, however, when Mr. Collins distinguished himself, the door was left locked and with Rosalind in his arms he tried the door and found no entrance. Immediately he whispered to Miss Hayes, “stiffen out” and employing “the slender Rosalind” as a battering ram, he broke the light lock in the door and made his way inside. Miss Hayes, giggling unrestrainedly, managed to keep her face away from the audience.”
  • George Hill, band leader, Mar. 1913 From obituary found in a Whaling Museum scrapbook and published in the Times: “One of New Bedford’s Best Known Musicians . Born in Bavaria, served in the Franco Prussian War. “ …”Probably everyone in the city knew George Hill, the musician. Or to use a phrase of his own coining, ‘Jack of all instruments’”. His life both in Germany and in this country was devoted to music and his career in New Bedford was closely identified with the growth and the development of local bands and orchestras.. He took the old New Bedford band back in the 70’s and brought it to a proficiency that made it famous all over Massachusetts. On the right image published on March 10 th , 1910 of a seemingly much younger Hill.
  • Elmer M. Latimer, 1913 Latimer was a writer for Sunday Standard. The envelope the negative came in describes him as a writer of “piano player stories”. More research needs to be done on that.
  • Artist Alden White, April 1916 From “Artists of New Bedford: A Biographical Dictionary” By MJ Blasdale: White’s interest in art began while he was a student in the drawing class at New Bedford High School. For a short time he was a decorator in the china Department of Smith Brothers. However, this art work ended when he found it necessary to return to the family farm in Acushnet after the death of his father. White worked in Acushnet as a farmer, surveyor, town clerk, and treasurer. For thirteen years he held the position of town clerk, treasurer, and collector of taxes. Around 1914 he began again to try some art work in the form of etching. He was encouraged by his cousin, artist Clifford Ashley. The two created some etched works together. This renewed interest led White to further his studies in New York for a period of approximately 5 months. When he returned home White continued to create “Soft-ground” etchings. He preferred to work on location and thus he prepared plates and plateholders out into the countryside.
  • A. Clifford Hawes, poet, 1915
  • I like to conclude with the following set of S-T images seen in juxtaposition to photos taken by photography Hall of Famers: Walker Evans, Man Ray and Alfred Steiglitz. First this overall view of Thomas Day, weigher of coal at David Duff and Son’s.
  • And then a detail of same next to Walker Evans’ portrait of a coal dock worker from 1932. My purpose is not to try to elevate these S-T photos or the photographers to some rarified status, but rather to acknowledge that the creation, and now the archiving, of these historic newspaper photos boosts our ability to access pieces of local history otherwise left unseen. If, at the same time, it happens that you are struck by the inherent power of some of these photographs, then we are of the same mind. As I mentioned in my opening, photography is a tool for a handful of things: among them to create a public record, to shape public opinion and for artistic expression. These lines are blurred again and again. First here…
  • And again in this Powerpoint triptych of folded hands. Capt Matroni on the left and Paul ”Kid” Demers on the right. The murderer squeezing the one guilty hand in the other, the boxer hiding his weapons out of site, under his arms, as if too dangerous to be seen. In the center a portrait by the surrealist Man Ray. It’s all hands: the artist’s tool box.
  • And lastly in this pair. On the left Alfred Steiglietz’s 1907 photogravure “The Steerage”, one of the most recognizable photos of all time. Sailing at his wife’s insistence on the Kaiser Wilhelm II--he soon became uncomfortable with the atmosphere in first class. He went for a walk on the edge of the first-class deck allowing him to look across at lower class and also down into the lowest class, steerage. The resulting photograph is masterfully composed, in terms of light and dark contrast and overall structure. On the right a Edmund Ashley photograph from 1904. More simply composed, this historic photo of Cape Veredans aboard the Savoia coming into New Bedford to start a new life is no less powerful an image. No first class there. Both photos are full of social commentary about America at the turn of the 20 th century. Also both images, in their directness, share a doctrine of ”straight photography”, looking at the realities of modern life. Of course, for the newspaper photographer, Edmund Ashley in this case, that was as it should be. But for the fine art photographer, as Stieglitz was, it was an artistic statement that still resonates today.
  • A fitting ending, a back-facing, see you later portrait of…. Captain Jesse Tucker Sherman (who mastered the Swallow , the James Arnold, and the Sea Ranger all from New Bedford. The negative sleeve for this photograph of was captioned: “The newspaper wanted a picture of him so he turned his back and said ‘go ahead’ and they printed it that way”. We are still looking for it in print.
  • Standard Times Collection

    1. 1. Intro 1: Title Slide Welcome to the New Bedford Whaling Museum Library February 8 th , 2007 The Standard Times Collection: Portraits
    2. 2. Intro 2: Wilson
    3. 3. Intro 3: Storage ( ( ) )
    4. 4. Intro 4: Double Portrait
    5. 5. Intro 5: Soldier
    6. 6. Intro: W. Evans
    7. 7. Police Chief
    8. 8. Photo History: Brownie, Eastman
    9. 9. Photo History: Publishing
    10. 10. Newspapers
    11. 11. Illustrations
    12. 12. First photos
    13. 14. E.D. Ashley, Photographer, Engraver
    14. 15. E.D.Ashley: Savoia
    15. 16. Whaleman…Tilton
    16. 17. Whaleman… Tilton
    17. 18. Whaleman: Tilton, Parade
    18. 19. Whaleman:Tilton
    19. 20. Crime: Matroni
    20. 21. Crime: Bar
    21. 22. Crime: Rev
    22. 23. Crime: Barge
    23. 24. Crime: Lawyer
    24. 25. Crime: Dr Hough
    25. 26. Crime: Howard
    26. 27. Police x 2
    27. 28. Police, Fireman x 3
    28. 29. Firechief
    29. 31. Lawyer
    30. 32. Rev
    31. 33. Social Change
    32. 34. Social Change
    33. 35. Social Change
    34. 36. Social
    35. 37. Journalism
    36. 38. Boxer x 2
    37. 39. Boxer
    38. 40. Boxing
    39. 41. Soccer
    40. 42. BBall
    41. 43. BBall
    42. 44. BBall
    43. 45. Bball and Police
    44. 46. Revx3
    45. 47. Rev x2
    46. 48. Rev/Soldierx2
    47. 49. Soldierx2
    48. 50. Soldier
    49. 51. Soldier: Cadet
    50. 52. Soldier
    51. 53. Business
    52. 54. Businessx2
    53. 55. Business
    54. 56. Business
    55. 57. Business
    56. 58. Business x3
    57. 59. Law : Labor
    58. 60. Law: Labor
    59. 61. Business
    60. 62. Education
    61. 63. Hostler
    62. 64. Misc…chicken
    63. 65. Misc… E. Webb
    64. 66. Architect
    65. 67. Whaleman…Manter
    66. 68. Whaleman…Anthony
    67. 69. Whaleman…Hathaway
    68. 70. Whaleman..Business
    69. 71. Whaling
    70. 72. Whaleman
    71. 73. ODHS: Cummings
    72. 74. ODHS
    73. 75. ODHS
    74. 76. ODHS
    75. 77. Pol
    76. 78. Pol…Pres
    77. 79. Pol
    78. 80. Pol
    79. 81. John Wilson Sr.
    80. 82. Brightman
    81. 83. Miscx2
    82. 84. Miscx4
    83. 85. Misc…autox3
    84. 86. Miscx6
    85. 87. Lighthouse
    86. 88. Arts: theater
    87. 89. Arts: Music
    88. 90. Arts: Writer
    89. 91. Arts: Artist
    90. 92. Arts: Poet
    91. 93. Summary
    92. 94. Summary: Coal, Evans
    93. 95. Summary: Hands, Man Ray
    94. 96. Summary: Immigrants, Stieglitz
    95. 97. The End
    96. 98. <ul><li>Special Thanks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tony Adler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adriane Battilana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penny Cole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Cyr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike Dyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stuart Frank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michael Ide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Louvar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Katie Mello </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laura Pereira </li></ul></ul>
    97. 99. Bibliography Books Agee, James, and Walker Evans. Let Us Now Praise Famous Men . New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1966 Buckley, I. Thomas. Penikese: Island of Hope . Evans, Walker. American Photographs . New York: East River Press, 1974. Goldberg, Vicki, and Robert Silberman. American photography: a century of images . San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999. Harris, Charles. Old Time Fairhaven, Massachusetts, volume 2 . 1952 Lytle, Thomas. Harpoons and Other Whalecraft . New Bedford: The Old Dartmouth Historical Society, 1984. Maddow, Ben. Faces, A Narrative History of the Portrait in Photography . Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1977. Newhall, Beaumont. The History of Photography, from 1839 to the present day . New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1964. Pease, Zephaniah .W. History of New Bedford, volume 11. New York: The Lewis Historical Publishing Company. 1918. Reilly, James M. Care and Identification of 19 th - Century Photographic Prints . Rochester, NY: Eastman Kodak Co., 1986. Szarkowski, John. Photography Until Now . New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1989. Watson, Arthur. The Long Harpoon . New Bedford: Reynolds Printing, 1929. Welling, William. Photography in America: The Formative Years, 1839-1900 . Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1978. World Wide Web “Caring for your Photographs”. The American Institute for Conservation http:// /library/online/brochures/photos. html Phoenixmasonry Masonic MuseumImproved Order of Red Men - IORM