Bibliographic Framework
Transition Initiative
Nancy Fallgren
Metadata Specialist Librarian
National Library of Medicine
Na...
A Little Background
MAchine Readable Cataloging (MARC) (1967)
A communication format for sharing cataloging via
“machines”...
3
Technology has advanced . . .
MARC has not kept pace.
Cataloging has changed . . .
• Resource Description and Access (RDA) (2013)
– Focuses on relationships in and among resour...
Replacing MARC
“On the Record” (Working Group on the Future of
Bibliographic Control, 2009)
– 3.1.1 Develop a More Flexibl...
BIBFRAME’s Goals
• Flexible/extensible framework for adaptability
and longevity
– Rule agnostic
– Web-based
• Leverage lin...
The Semantic Web: From Linked
Documents . . .
BOOK, written by AUTHOR and published by
PUBLISHER, is about TOPIC.
<Title> ...
To Linked Data
BOOK, written by AUTHOR and published by
PUBLISHER, is about TOPIC.
http://resource/BOOKid <http://hasAutho...
To Linked Data.
BOOK
Author
Subject
Publisher
Article
Journal
Author
Subject
hasPublisher
hasPublisher
hasCreator
hasCreat...
10
Simple BIBFRAME Model
Authority
Work
Authority
Annotation
hasCreator hasSubject
hasInstance
hasReview
Instance
11
http://v...
BIBFRAME Who’s Who
12
Early Experimenters
13
• How does RDA fit in the proposed model?
• How will specific categories of resources fit in
the proposed model, e.g., ...
Discussion Papers
• Annotations
– (published May 2013)
• Authorities
– (published May 2013)
• Relationships
• Holdings and...
Serials in BIBFRAME
15
Serials are messy
Can a serial be a bf:Work, “a
conceptual cataloging item,”
when it’s grounded in time and
place?
Should ...
and complex.
17
18
Slide by Sally McCallum, ALA Midwinter 2013
Get Involved
Get more information and transform MARC
records at BIBFRAME.org
Comment on the BIBFRAME listserv at
http://li...
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The Missing Link-The Evolving Current State of Linked Data for Serials-Fallgren

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Linked data may hold the potential to solve some classic serials dilemmas like latest vs. successive entry, or single vs. multiple records for print and online. How do these hopes mesh with the evolving current state of linked data projects in the commercial and library sector as well as with LC’s Bibframe initiative? The speakers will provide three different perspectives. An “early experimenter” and member of the Bibframe group modeling serials will discuss her experiences and thoughts on future directions. A publisher from a company that has reorganized some of its infrastructure and processes to facilitate linked data will share the goals and provide examples of the benefits of that project. Finally, the head of the U.S. ISSN Center will take an ISSN perspective as well as compare international work modeling serials according to FRBR-OO (object-oriented) with the Bibframe serials modeling effort. Audience input will be solicited in order to provide an exchange of ideas and viewpoints. (moderated by Laurie Kaplan)

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The Missing Link-The Evolving Current State of Linked Data for Serials-Fallgren

  1. 1. Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative Nancy Fallgren Metadata Specialist Librarian National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, DHHS NASIG June 7, 2013
  2. 2. A Little Background MAchine Readable Cataloging (MARC) (1967) A communication format for sharing cataloging via “machines” 2
  3. 3. 3 Technology has advanced . . . MARC has not kept pace.
  4. 4. Cataloging has changed . . . • Resource Description and Access (RDA) (2013) – Focuses on relationships in and among resources – Vocabularies and relationships are being developed in a linked data format – Adjustments to MARC to accommodate RDA renders both standards more complicated and confusing 4 MARC has been left behind.
  5. 5. Replacing MARC “On the Record” (Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control, 2009) – 3.1.1 Develop a More Flexible Extensible Metadata Carrier – 3.1.2 Integrate Library Standards into Web Environment Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee (2011) – Findings: Systems, Metadata, and Technical Feasibility (p. 101) • “ . . . it [MARC] has reached the limit for significant improvement in allowing our data to be widely integrated and used across the information landscape.” • “While one of RDA’s goals is to explicitly express resource relationships, MARC will not allow our systems to easily display and utilize these relationships. . . . MARC may hinder the separation of elements and ability to use URIs in a linked data environment.” 5
  6. 6. BIBFRAME’s Goals • Flexible/extensible framework for adaptability and longevity – Rule agnostic – Web-based • Leverage linked data model for sharing resource description – Make use of controlled vocabularies and authoritative data sets published as URIs – Make explicit relationships within and among resources at a granular level 6
  7. 7. The Semantic Web: From Linked Documents . . . BOOK, written by AUTHOR and published by PUBLISHER, is about TOPIC. <Title> BOOK <Creator> AUTHOR <Publisher> PUBLISHER <Subject> TOPIC <URL> http://ebk/eBOOK.pdf 7
  8. 8. To Linked Data BOOK, written by AUTHOR and published by PUBLISHER, is about TOPIC. http://resource/BOOKid <http://hasAuthor> http://viaf/AUTHORid http://resource/BOOKid <http://isPublishedBy> http://onix/PUBLISHERid http://resource/BOOKid <http://isAbout> http://LSCH/TOPICid http://resource/BOOKid <http://hasURL> http://ebk/eBOOK.pdf 8
  9. 9. To Linked Data. BOOK Author Subject Publisher Article Journal Author Subject hasPublisher hasPublisher hasCreator hasCreator hasCreator hasCreator isAboutisAbout isAbout publishedIn Article Article Article publishedIn isAbout hasCreator hasURL 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. Simple BIBFRAME Model Authority Work Authority Annotation hasCreator hasSubject hasInstance hasReview Instance 11 http://viaf.org/id http://id.loc.gov/lcsh/id http://bibframe/annotation/review/id http://bibframe/work/id http://bibframe/instance/id
  12. 12. BIBFRAME Who’s Who 12 Early Experimenters
  13. 13. 13 • How does RDA fit in the proposed model? • How will specific categories of resources fit in the proposed model, e.g., serials and music? • How will non-MARC metadata schemes be mapped and encoded? • What’s missing from the proposed model? • How does BIBRAME align with Schema.org’s efforts in this same area?
  14. 14. Discussion Papers • Annotations – (published May 2013) • Authorities – (published May 2013) • Relationships • Holdings and Items • Initial Articles and Sorting • Collections/Aggregates (including serials/journals) • Schema.org 14
  15. 15. Serials in BIBFRAME 15
  16. 16. Serials are messy Can a serial be a bf:Work, “a conceptual cataloging item,” when it’s grounded in time and place? Should there be a new “Collection” class to collocate collections of bf:Works? Should “Collection” be a type of bf:Work? Are supplements new bf:Works? 16
  17. 17. and complex. 17
  18. 18. 18 Slide by Sally McCallum, ALA Midwinter 2013
  19. 19. Get Involved Get more information and transform MARC records at BIBFRAME.org Comment on the BIBFRAME listserv at http://listserv.loc.gov/listarch/bibframe.html Thank you! fallgrennj@mail.nlm.nih.gov 19

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