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  1. 1. Making IT Rain with Cloud Computing<br />Tom Soderstrom <br />IT Chief Technology Officer<br />and<br />Khawaja Shams<br />Missions Cloud Expert<br />NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory<br />Copyright JPL/Caltech - February, 2011<br />“One must learn by doing the thing; for though you think you know it, you have no certainty until you try.” - Sophocles<br />
  2. 2. JPL is part of both NASA and Caltech<br />2<br /><ul><li>JPL is a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) Managed by CalTech for NASA
  3. 3. NASA’s lead center for robotic exploration of the solar system. Have 19 spacecraft and 9 instruments across the solar system and beyond
  4. 4. $1.7B contract per year, ~ 5,000 employees; 177 acre facility located in Pasadena, CA, with 670K sq.ft of office space and 900K sq.ft. of labs
  5. 5. Manages worldwide Deep Space Network
  6. 6. 3 Locations - Goldstone CA, Madrid Spain, Canberra Australia
  7. 7. Spacecraft Command & Control - Recording scientific data
  8. 8. 50+ years experience in spacecraft design, production, operation
  9. 9. JPL spacecraft have visited all planets in our solar system except Pluto!</li></li></ul><li>Upcoming Mars & Solar SystemExploration Events<br />EPOXI <br />Comet Flyby <br />November 2010<br />Stardust- NExT<br />Comet Flyby <br />February 2011<br />Supafrk105 <br />Aquarius <br />April 2011<br />Juno<br />August 2011<br />Dawn Vesta Arrival <br />August 2011<br />(Ceres, February 2015)<br />Mars Science Laboratory November 2011<br />NuSTAR<br />January 2012<br />GRAIL<br />September 2011<br />
  10. 10. PEARL STREET STATION<br />
  11. 11. Large<br />Capital<br />Expenditure<br />Predicted<br />Demand<br />Traditional<br />Hardware<br />Actual<br />Demand<br />Automated<br />Virtualization<br />Opportunity<br />Cost<br />Missed deadline<br />Infrastructure<br />Cost $<br />JPL Mission<br />time<br />Mission Operations Computers<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Traditional Approach to Infrastructure<br />
  14. 14. Replace Every Procurement Screen with a Provisioning Screen. <br />Jim Rinaldi - CIO JPL<br />
  15. 15. What Compute Capacity means to JPLers<br />John Callas, JPL<br />
  16. 16. Here comes the rain…<br />
  17. 17. But how?<br /><ul><li> Focus on real business problems
  18. 18. Early hands-on prototypes of enabling capabilities in every promising cloud
  19. 19. Avoid analysis paralysis, but be safe
  20. 20. Educate, communicate, influence, elaborate
  21. 21. Keep it real
  22. 22. Pro-active partnering</li></ul>JPL’s approach to Cloud Computing<br />
  23. 23. Let’s Move to the Cloud!<br />
  24. 24. Contract Negotiations!<br />
  25. 25. First to Sign!<br />
  26. 26. Fostering the IT Consumers’ Ingenuity<br />IT “Innovating Together”<br />
  27. 27. Keep it real<br />JPL Partners<br />Google<br />Microsoft<br />
  28. 28. 3. Cloud Readiness Levels (CRL) (Institution, Apps, Dev)<br />1. Cloud Application Suitability Model (CASM)<br />2. Wheel of Security<br />Public and Non-Sensitive data can be accessed in the Cloud today<br />NASA Technology Readiness Level<br /><br />Cloud Computing Concepts<br />4. Cloud Oriented Architecture (ClOA)<br />
  29. 29. Cloud App Suitability Model determines application location<br />App Req’ts:<br />Security, ITAR, <br />app type, bandwidth, uptime, etc<br />Private<br />Cloud<br />Private<br />Clouds<br />Community<br />Clouds<br />Private<br />Clouds<br />Community<br />Clouds<br />Public<br />Clouds<br />CommunityCloud<br />Public<br />Clouds<br />Public Cloud<br /> Within 2 Years<br />Today<br />Future<br />We’ll become faster, cheaper, greener, more flexible, and a partner of choice<br />
  30. 30. Data in Cloud<br />Public Data<br />
  31. 31. Virtual Private Cloud<br />
  32. 32. JPL Cloud Uses: Outreach for Citizen Scientists<br /><br />Reaches MS Cloud developers / citizen scientists of all ages<br />
  33. 33. JPL Cloud Uses: Crowd Sourcing for E4 Rover<br /><ul><li> At EclipseCon 2010, a competition to drive a “Mars rover”
  34. 34. Innovative concepts. Great programs. Exciting and fun
  35. 35. It was all in Amazon’s Cloud (no JPL computing resources)</li></li></ul><li>Mars-2-Earth<br />
  36. 36. Mars-2-Earth<br />
  37. 37. JPL Cloud Uses: Amazon HPC usage for Athlete<br />
  38. 38. Mars Exploration Rovers<br />
  39. 39. MER Image Processing<br /> Embarrassingly parallel application<br /> Process and deliver from Cloud<br /> Streamlined image processing through Cloud Computing<br /> Better situational awareness, better science, better safety<br />
  40. 40. Maestro for MER<br />
  41. 41. POLYPHONY<br />IMAGE PROCESSING ON CLOUD<br />~ Quarter Million Images<br />Quarter of a *day*<br /><$200<br />Weeks<br />Days<br />
  42. 42. Physical Control<br />
  43. 43. Who Do We Already Trust?<br />
  44. 44. Can Clouds Be Safer?<br />
  45. 45. Security through Uniformity<br />
  46. 46. JPL Cloud Uses: Observed Mission Benefits <br />A few examples of prototyped benefits so far:<br /><ul><li>From weeks to hours to process Saturn images
  47. 47. 15% more time for scientists world wide on Mars rovers
  48. 48. From days to hours to model computations (e.g. DSN)
  49. 49. Can reduce ops costs
  50. 50. Can reduce risk
  51. 51. Can speed experiments
  52. 52. Augments JPL resources
  53. 53. Partnering pays off!</li></li></ul><li>JPL Cloud Strategy: What’s next<br />35<br /> Cloud is THE enabler… if we continue to Keep it Real<br />
  54. 54. JPL Cloud Strategy: What’s next for JPL and Clouds<br />We transition from understanding the Cloud to working in the Cloud to partnering in the Cloud<br />The Cloud enables everything … if we let it (e.g. PC 3.0)<br />Specialized Clouds become the Operating System<br />JPL will advance the Cloud Readiness Levels (CRL) and Cloud Oriented Architecture (COA)<br />Transition Cloud from Pilot to Operational mode<br />Spin the Wheel of Security and evaluate more Use Cases<br />Automate the Cloud Application Suitability Model (CASM)<br />Continue to keep it real and benefit from employees’ and partners’ ingenious usage of Clouds<br />Take full advantage of the Pervasive Cloud<br />
  55. 55. Can we live without making IT rain?<br />
  56. 56. What can YOU do about Cloud computing?<br />Get started now with low sensitivity data<br />Focus on new capabilities<br />Prototype under the radar screen<br />Communicate it as a business initiative (ROA)<br />Partner with everyone<br />Use the 3-floor elevator test<br />Create a cross-functional leadership team focused on the concept (legal, procurement, security, facilities, business leaders, IT)<br />Expect license agreement to take time<br />Keep it real<br />