- KSC Imagery Analysis Facility - So… who do we support? Primarily – NASA’s Space Shuttle Program!
- KSC Imagery Analysis Facility - …in addition: III Boeing - Constellation Program - Int’l Space Station Program - Expendable Launch Services (ex. Atlas, Delta, Sea-Launch) - Federal Bureau of Investigation - multiple Law Enforcement Agencies
- KSC Imagery Analysis work performed - Specifically, who do we support?NASA/SSP Engineering Groups: FIT Team,ET, SSME, SRB, ORB, Launch Accessories,MEQ, PYRO Systems, etc.
Space Shuttle Main EnginesThe Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSME) were built and test-fired at Stennis SpaceCenter in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. The three SSME’s start T-6.6 seconds beforeLaunch, one at a time just milliseconds apart prior to lift-off. Since 1981, upgrades tothe original main engine design have more than tripled estimates of their safety. The Main Propulsion Test Article (MPTA) at Stennis Space Center, fired a three-engine cluster attached to an external tank and an Orbiter section to validate main propulsion performance (1978-1981)
- KSC Imagery Analysis work performed - But really, why?
Lessons Learned due to limited or no Imagery capability Opportunity for Lessons Learned from Past Space Mission scenarios: 19851966 199119701973 2001 2003
From an Analysis standpoint, the need for Imagery data easily extends beyond a “typical” Launch Day!
Even before a Launch may take place, Imagery Analysis is heavily relied upon even during acts of “Mother Nature” (STS-117’s Hail damaged External Tank – Mar. 2007)
Through theAscent phase ofany given STS Mission (ex. taken shortlyafter jettison of STS-112’sExternal Tank)
Analyzing the performance of multiple Systems in Flight
Through the Landing phase of each Space Shuttle Mission
However, this is built upon many “hard decisions” that had to first be made -- When a Project Manager must choose to come out of his/her comfort zone --
-- Technological advancements can provide relatively easy direction in the decision making process --Case in point: Capturing (Still) Images• - Polaroid Cameras• - 35mm (still) Cameras• - 21mp Digital CamerasEx. Screening Films:• - Reviewing each Film’s frame by hand• - 16mm table top Projectors• - 35mm & 70mm Studio Projectors• - Ultra HD 4K Projection system
-- But what if Specific Requirements are changing fasterthan your workplace or facility can support while currently handling Mission Critical tasks? Change has to happen, something needs to be done! -- Case in Point: Midway through last year, a decision was passed down after the Launch of STS-124, all Launch Films would will be scanned on a telecine (“digitized”) and delivered to Kennedy Space Center as QuBit files. As mandated, Prints/“Films” would also be provided, but for the last time. What did this mean? As of the following Mission (STS-125’s Hubble Mission), there will be… NO MORE FILMS PROVIDED!
Present Viewing Capabilities:• View High Definition Videos w/ Christie (1K) DLP Projector• View “digitized” 16mm Films w/ same Christie (1K) DLP projector• View 35mm Films with Kinoton (motion) ProjectorNote:For the previous 2 mission, we had experimented w/ “digitized”16mm Films (telecine files)for Imagery Analysis purposes eventhough our existing Christie DLP projector is only 1024x1024 (1K).Note: must maintain the Kinoton projector for archival film viewing
Challenge / Solution:•Objects/IFA’s cannot be observed/resolved on the Kennedy’s Christie (1K) DLPProjection System with the capability we currently have with the Kinoton 35mmFilm projector. The existing Christie DLP requires clipping and/or downconversion in order to display digitized images.•Due to new requirements, it is imperative to upgrade the Digital Projection systemto support Ascent/Landing Imagery Analysis starting w/ STS-125 (now STS-126).•Must be compatible with existing analysis lab upgrades.•Searched out & found New 4K (4096 x 2160) Ultra High Definition D-ILAprojector that meets these requirements and provides additional capability that canbe utilized as digital technology expands.
Keys to Successful Resolution:• Research the Situation inside-out• Have ALL Financial aspects disclosed early on!• Plan for Redundancies, let me say that again… “Plan for Redundancies!!”• Develop a “means-to-the-madness” plan with all personnel that will be called upon to support -- From: budgeting/procurement personnel, to Senior Management, to prospective contract venders, to Transportation staff, to Facility Representatives, etc.• Don’t be afraid to call a “Time-out” if you see a disconnect coming about.
- Space Shuttle Facts -– Each Shuttle has 2.5 million parts, 230 miles of wire, 1500 circuit breakers and switches, and 27,000 insulated tiles and thermal blankets– Liftoff weight is 4.5 million pounds, a total of 6.9 million pounds thrust consumes 3.5 million pounds of propellant in 8.5 minutes, and the landing weight can be up to 240,000 pounds– Solid rocket motors burn 10 tons of fuel per second (Aluminum powder and ammonium perchlorate) to produce 2.9 million pounds of thrust each– Main engines produce 23 times the power of Hoover Dam, consume 1000 gal/second (the equivalent of a swimming pool every 25 seconds); temperatures range from 6000 degrees F to minus 423 degrees F– External Tank holds 143,000 gal LO2 & 385,000 gal LH2 (1.6 million lbs). A soft drink can, scaled up to the same size, would have a skin thicker than the ET (0.5 vs. 0.080 inches)– 113 Shuttle flights have spent over 2.5 years in orbit, 15 passenger years– A Shuttle flight costs ~$500M; a minute of crew time costs ~$5000
SPACE SHUTTLE GROUND OPERATIONS Shuttle Processing Shuttle Processing