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Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                     Construction of Facilities Division ...
AgendaKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                Construction of Facilities Division ♦    Introducti...
Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate               Construction of Facilities Division                       ...
Blue MarbleKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                 Construction of Facilities Division    Februa...
Joint Mission / Vision?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                                  ...
What is LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                  Construction of Facilities Division    Febr...
What is LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                             Construction of ...
What is LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                  Construction of Facilities Division    Febr...
Highest Level of CertificationKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                          Construction of F...
NASA and LEED?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                            Construction of Facilities Divi...
Federal - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                 Construct...
Federal - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                    Constr...
Presidential - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                     ...
NASA - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                Construction ...
NASA - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                Construction ...
Why?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate          Construction of Facilities Division    February 9, 2011    ...
Highest Level of CertificationKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                          Construction of F...
All of the AboveKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                      Construction of Facilities Division...
Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                                   Construction of Facili...
TeamworkKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                              Construction of Fac...
TeamworkKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                                    Construction ...
Lesson Learned #1Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                Construction of Faciliti...
Team DynamicsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                                  Constructi...
Team DynamicsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                     Construction of Facilit...
Team Motivation for LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                         Construction of Faciliti...
Individual MotivationsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                     Construction o...
Team CultureKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                         Construction of Faci...
Lesson Learned #2Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                             Construction of Facilities ...
How to achieve commitmentKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                              Co...
What if someone is adverse?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                    Constructi...
Lesson Learned #3Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                Construction of Faciliti...
How to keep commitment highKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                          Construction of Faci...
Lesson Learned #4Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                Construction of Faciliti...
Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate          Construction of Facilities Division                            ...
Building EnvelopeKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                   Construction of Facil...
Building EnvelopeKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                   Construction of Facilities Division  ...
Lesson Learned #5Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                Construction of Faciliti...
Under Floor Air DistributionKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                              Construction of...
Under Floor Air DistributionKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                          Construction of Fac...
Lesson Learned #6Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                               Construction of Facilitie...
Building Integrated PhotovoltaicKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                         ...
Building Integrated PhotovoltaicsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                            Construction...
Lesson Learned #7Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                               Construction of Facilitie...
Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate               Construction of Facilities Division                       ...
ContractsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                     Construction of Facilities Division ♦    Ly...
Kennedy Space Center             ContractsCenter Operations Directorate                          Construction of Facilitie...
Lessons Learned #8 and 9Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                               Construction of Fa...
Government contractsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                    Construction of Facilities Divisi...
How we’ve done it or tried to do itKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                      ...
Lessons Learned #10, 11 and 12Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                                    Constru...
Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate                Construction of Facilities Division                      ...
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Kline.robinson

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  1. 1. Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division LEED Lessons Learned Presented To: PM Challenge 2011 By: Traci Robinson / NASA KSC Frank Kline / NASA KSC February 9, 2011 Long Beach, CA
  2. 2. AgendaKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Introductions ♦ NASA and LEED ♦ Teamwork Lessons Learned ♦ Technical Lessons Learned ♦ Contractual Lessons Learned ♦ Q&A February 9, 2011 2
  3. 3. Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division NASA AND LEED February 9, 2011 3
  4. 4. Blue MarbleKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 4
  5. 5. Joint Mission / Vision?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division To pioneer the future in space Buildings and communities To transform the way buildings exploration, scientific discovery and will generate and sustain the and communities are designed, aeronautics research. health and vitality of all life built and operated, enabling an within a generation environmentally and socially responsible, healthy and prosperous environment that improves the quality of life. February 9, 2011 5
  6. 6. What is LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 6
  7. 7. What is LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division LEED Credit Categories Sustainable Sites Locations & Linkages Water Efficiency Awareness & Education Energy & Atmosphere Innovation in Design Materials & Resources Regional Priority Indoor Environmental Quality February 9, 2011 7
  8. 8. What is LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 8
  9. 9. Highest Level of CertificationKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 9
  10. 10. NASA and LEED?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division NASA Manages: ♦ 40,000+ people at 10 Centers and 3 additional major component facilities ♦ 2500+ buildings, 2300+ other constructed assets valued conservatively at over $25B ♦ 360,000+ acres (562 mi2) Most of NASA‘s facilities are over 40 years old (at or beyond their design life) February 9, 2011 10
  11. 11. Federal - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Executive Order 13423 Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management  Ensure that all new facilities and renovation projects implement design, construction, and maintenance and operation practices in support of the sustainable design/high-performance buildings goals of the E.O. and statutory requirements and existing facilities‘ maintenance and operation practices in support of the goals of the E.O. ♦ Energy Policy Act of 2005  Where lifecycle cost-effective, buildings shall be designed to achieve energy consumption levels at least 30% below ASHRAE 90.1-2004  Cost effective sustainable design principles shall be applied to the siting, design, and construction of all new and replacement buildings February 9, 2011 11
  12. 12. Federal - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007  Renewable Energy  30% hot water building demand from Solar Thermal  Energy Efficiency Equipment Standards  new standards for lighting  commercial appliance equipment ♦ Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildings MOU  Reduce environmental impact of materials:  Recycled Content  Biobased Content  Construction Waste  Ozone Depleting Compounds February 9, 2011 12
  13. 13. Presidential - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009  Economic Stimulus Act to Result in Greener Federal Buildings and Fleets — The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) will receive $4.5 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to convert existing federal buildings into high-performance green buildings. The GSA will also garner $300 million to purchase greener vehicles for federal fleets.  Reduce Federal Energy Consumption. Currently, the federal government is the world‘s largest single consumer of energy in the world, spending approximately $14.5 billion on energy consumption in FY 2008. Barack Obama and Joe Biden believe in the importance of leading by example. They will make the federal government a leader in the green building market, achieving a 40 percent increase in efficiency in all new federal buildings within five years and ensuring that all new federal buildings are zero emissions by 2025. They will invest in cost effective retrofits to achieve a 25 percent increase in efficiency of existing federal buildings within 5 years. The Obama Biden plan will put forward the resources necessary to achieve a 15 percent reduction in federal energy consumption by 2015. February 9, 2011 13
  14. 14. NASA - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ NPD 8820.2C Design and Construction of Facilities  (d) Industry-best practices of sustainable design, maintainable design, building commissioning, and safety and security shall be incorporated, to the maximum extent possible, into the planning and execution of facility projects. The use of these practices ensures that facility projects are delivered with the most economical life-cycle cost, least environmental impact, and maximum benefits in occupants health, safety, security and productivity.  Facilities Engineering and Real Property Division (FERPD) Policy Letter of 9/5/2003 LEED™ Silver certification for major New Construction and repair projects starting in FY06 ♦ NPR 8820.2E, Facilities Project Implementation Guide ♦ NPR 8831.2D, Facilities Maintenance Management February 9, 2011 14
  15. 15. NASA - because I told you soKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Environmental  NPD 8500.1, NASA Environmental Management  NPR 8570.1, Energy Efficiency & Water Conservation Technologies & Practices  NPR 8820.3, Pollution Prevention ♦ Safety  NPR 8715.3, NASA Safety Manual ♦ Security  NPR 1620.1A, Security Procedures & Guidelines ♦ Procurement  NPR 8830.1, Affirmative Procurement Plan for Environmentally Preferable Products February 9, 2011 15
  16. 16. Why?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 16
  17. 17. Highest Level of CertificationKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 17
  18. 18. All of the AboveKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Pick your own reason – JUST DO IT!  LEED plaque Saves money  Right thing to do  Significantly reduces or eliminates negative impacts of buildings on environment & occupants  Want to impress the ―Green‖ crowd  Just want to keep your job ♦ NASA and LEED pulling the planet in the same direction? February 9, 2011 18
  19. 19. Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division TEAMWORK Source: JesterArtsIllustrations.com ―Light is the task where many share the toil.‖ -- Homer February 9, 2011 19
  20. 20. TeamworkKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ LEED projects require many team members O&M Architect LEED Admin Subs Cx Agent Contractor Water NASA Mgmt Consultants Regulators Engineers EPA Landscape Architect Utility Energy Company Modeler February 9, 2011 20
  21. 21. TeamworkKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ LEED projects require many team members within NASA O&M Architect Construction Mgmt Public Engineers Management Procurement Environmental Legal February 9, 2011 21
  22. 22. Lesson Learned #1Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Include all the right people to fill all the necessary roles and understand what motivates them to perform to their highest potential in an innovative and non-traditional LEED environment. February 9, 2011 22
  23. 23. Team DynamicsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division Performing Every team member brings: • Needs • Wants • Preconceived Ideas • Biases Norming Storming Every team goes through these stages. The only difference is the speed at which they go Forming through them. Source: Bruce Tuckman, ―Tuckman‘s Stages‖ February 9, 2011 23
  24. 24. Team DynamicsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division Resistance Compliance Commitment (Conflict) (Have to) (Motivation) ―Coming together is a beginning. Keeping together is progress. Working together is success.‖ -- Henry Ford February 9, 2011 24
  25. 25. Team Motivation for LEEDKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Not everyone is motivated by the same ideology (e.g. global climate change, green living) ♦ Not everyone is motivated by money (either first cost or life cycle costs) ♦ Everyone generally wants to be associated with success ♦ Everyone generally wants to be associated with healthy, efficient, attractive spaces ♦ Everyone is generally motivated by mandates and contractual requirements February 9, 2011 25
  26. 26. Individual MotivationsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Purpose Alignment with personal desires & needs ♦ Leadership ♦ Responsibility To NASA, the environment, future generations, or the bottom line ♦ Challenge / Growth Source: Maslow‘s Hierarchy of Needs ♦ Camaraderie / Socialization February 9, 2011 26
  27. 27. Team CultureKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Some are ready for giant leaps (e.g. photovoltaics, rainwater collection, net zero, etc.) ♦ Some need small steps (e.g. business cases, ROI) ♦ Not every idea / motivation will work on everyone  A la carte is needed ―Great teamwork is the only way we create the breakthroughs that define our careers.‖ -- Pat Riley February 9, 2011 27
  28. 28. Lesson Learned #2Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Everyone is not motivated by the same things, even on LEED projects, but everyone is motivated by something. The good PM will seek to understand their team members and strive to meet their needs while moving the project forward to success. February 9, 2011 28
  29. 29. How to achieve commitmentKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Personalized approach  Find out what motivates the team member ♦ Challenge some team members ♦ Explain the mandatory requirements & benefits  e.g. Recycling Source: www.istockphoto.com ♦ Compromise  1 year trial period for waterless urinals ―Kites rise highest against the wind – not with it.‖ -- Sir Winston Churchill February 9, 2011 29
  30. 30. What if someone is adverse?Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Use a personalized approach ♦ Bring in others to help convince where there is doubt ♦ Explain the mandates / Executive Orders ♦ Find a replacement or an alternate ―You get the best out of others when you give the best of yourself.‖ Harry Firestone February 9, 2011 30
  31. 31. Lesson Learned #3Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ A ―difficult‖ team member may not have any issue with the project or other team members. They may be going through a difficult time outside of work that is impacting their performance or attitude at work. February 9, 2011 31
  32. 32. How to keep commitment highKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Kudos, compliments and recognition  During and after the project  Individually and as a team  In front of peers and management  Document it  Acknowledge the team and its efforts during ribbon cuttings and other public opportunities  Make posters  Life Savers ® award  Three Musketeers ® award February 9, 2011 32
  33. 33. Lesson Learned #4Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Everyone appreciates a sincere ‗thank you‘ for a job well done, especially in front of their peers and management. February 9, 2011 33
  34. 34. Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division TECHNICAL LESSONS LEARNED February 9, 2011 34
  35. 35. Building EnvelopeKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division Issue: Concrete Sandwich Tilt-up panels - Designed as Final Interior Finish Problem: Lack of Experience / High Expectations Impacts: Project Schedule LEED Impacts – Coatings / Polished Concrete Finding Alternatives during construction Change Order – Related Costs February 9, 2011 35
  36. 36. Building EnvelopeKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 36
  37. 37. Lesson Learned #5Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Don‘t be the ―first‖ unless you‘ve done your homework. February 9, 2011 37
  38. 38. Under Floor Air DistributionKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division Issue: Raised Flooring Problem: Sealing Plenum Space / Selection of Covering Impacts: Costs LEED Certification Ramifications Finding Alternatives New Design – Related Change Orders February 9, 2011 38
  39. 39. Under Floor Air DistributionKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 39
  40. 40. Lesson Learned #6Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ The devil is in the details. Complex systems require extra attention. February 9, 2011 40
  41. 41. Building Integrated PhotovoltaicKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division Issue: Roof Material Change (KSC Policy Changed During Construction) Problem: Designed for Flexible PV Panels Impacts: Costs LEED Certification Ramifications Electrical Service Wiring / Conduit Installed New Panel / Inverter Sizing Finding Alternatives New Design – related change orders February 9, 2011 41
  42. 42. Building Integrated PhotovoltaicsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division February 9, 2011 42
  43. 43. Lesson Learned #7Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Even the best laid plans….. ♦ Design, design, design….. but always be ready with an alternative to keep the project goals within reach. February 9, 2011 43
  44. 44. Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division CONTRACTS THE LYNCH PIN FOR LEED SUCCESS February 9, 2011 44
  45. 45. ContractsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Lynch pin: n. A central cohesive source of support and stability. Source: www.thefreedictionary.com February 9, 2011 45
  46. 46. Kennedy Space Center ContractsCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division LEED services that require or could benefit from contracts or contract changes ♦ LEED Administration ♦ Pest Control ♦ Commissioning ♦ Recycling ♦ Waste management / ♦ Janitorial reclamation ♦ Grounds maintenance ♦ O&M ♦ Food Service ♦ Green Power Purchases ♦ Measurement & Verification February 9, 2011 46
  47. 47. Lessons Learned #8 and 9Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Understand the implications of LEED credits to new and existing contracts and change existing contracts as necessary. ♦ Use existing contracts to purchase Green Power (note: those contracts don‘t have to exist at your center or even within NASA). February 9, 2011 47
  48. 48. Government contractsKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Government contracts are set up to protect taxpayer dollars and to ensure fair competition ♦ This can sometimes make innovation, collaboration and integration difficult – all of which are needed on LEED projects ♦ Remember – the Contracting Officer is an integral member of the team and not the enemy February 9, 2011 48
  49. 49. How we’ve done it or tried to do itKennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ The Good ♦ The Bad ♦ The Ugly  LEED Admin – FFP  Commissioning –  LEED registration / (design & FFP (design & certification fees – construction) construction) government credit  Waste management / card reclamation - FFP to  Measurement & Construction contract Verification –  Green Power change order to Purchases – FFP FFP contract during construction  O&M / Pest Control / Janitorial / Grounds – Cost Plus Award Fee  Recycling - FFP (EO 13101) FFP: Firm Fixed Price February 9, 2011 49
  50. 50. Lessons Learned #10, 11 and 12Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division ♦ Include contract language to cover delays outside of the government‘s control (e.g. a delay in commissioning because the GC wasn‘t ready) ♦ Include contract language requiring the GC to certify they are ready for commissioning and other milestones requiring integration of multiple parties or activities. ♦ Don‘t count on being able to use a government credit card for LEED registration or other fees. February 9, 2011 50
  51. 51. Kennedy Space CenterCenter Operations Directorate Construction of Facilities Division Questions?

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