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  1. 1. Exploration Innovation:Thrust, Cooperation,Challenges, and Opportunity SpacePM Challenge 2010 Douglas Craig/ Dr. John Olson Exploration Systems NASA Used with Permission
  2. 2. Primary ThrustExploration is an Engine for Innovation for NASA & the Nation Innovation in Programs, Paradigms, People, Plans, Processes, Procurements, Products, Public Outreach, Participatory Exploration, Protection & Payloads
  3. 3. Cosmic Challenges: Capability, Resources, Complexity The further we go…the more Technology and Innovation become a critical enabler & risk reducer
  4. 4. Global Exploration Themes: Inspiration for Innovation Human Civilization Scientific Knowledge Exploration Preparation Global Partnerships Economic Expansion Public Engagement 4
  5. 5. Trade Space for Future Exploration Capabilities Deep Space Asteroids and Robotics Near-Earth ObjectsCommercialand Civil LEO Mars Surface, Phobos, Deimos ISS and Other LEO Destinations/Servicing Lunar Orbit, Lunar Surface (Global) Expanding America’s Reach 5National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  6. 6. Agency Opportunities That Drive Innovative Technology, Process, and Culture DevelopmentsExtended Human Mars Direct Presence andAssembling LargeSystems in Deep Space (i.e., Lagrange Points) Human Missions to Mars Human Missions to Human Mission to Near Earth Objects Mars Moon Phobos Future (i.e., Apophis) Path Options Human Missions to Explore the Moon The Mission Drives Innovation and Innovation Enables the Mission
  7. 7. Complex Challenges, Constrained Optimization &Integrated Systems Engineering Opportunities• Supporting the President’s Agenda and the “National Mission”• Executing a Challenging & Complex Human Space Exploration Mission• Operating within Constrained Resources (Budget, Personnel, Facilities)• Demonstrating Best Value for Taxpayer Dollars in a Tough Budget Climate• Achieving Robust Progress Early and Often in Inspiring Endeavors• Engaging in International, Commercial & Intergovernmental partnerships• Creating Lean New Processes that Optimize ROI, Safety, Interoperability For Exploration, Necessity is the Mother of Innovation, Invention, and Improvement in Every Area
  8. 8. Innovation Across All Areas in the “Exploration Universe”Transportation System, Mission Support Infrastructure, Operations, Technologies
  9. 9. Innovation and Concept Validation: Agility to Enable Dynamic Options – LER Pathfinder• Broad Area Announcements• Blue Sky Innovation Forums• Game-Changing Technologies BAA Habitat Design by University of Maryland• “Partnerships for Progress” Lunar Electric Rover and• Space Act Agreements Suitport Concepts Developed by Blue Sky• Centennial Challenges Lithium-sulfur batteries Concept Formulation System and Operational Concept Validation Oct 2008, LER accomplished LER to performed a Architecture Enabled by 3-day mission 14-day mission LER Concept (supported Inaugural Parade) (Aug 28- Sept 18) 9
  10. 10. Insertion of Innovative Concepts in a Flexible Architecture Development Process Innovative System Concepts Development Sources NASA Blue Sky Broad Area Game-Changing Tech. Dev. Concepts Announcements Technologies Lithium-sulfur batteries Lunar Architecture Point of Departure / Mars DRA (System and Operational Concepts)Architecture System & Conops Validation using Rapid Prototype Development/Analog Tests
  11. 11. Expanding NASA Partnerships to Enable Exploration• International Partnerships (IPs) – Global Exploration Strategy (GES): 14 Int’l Space Agencies – Canada, Europe, and Japan = most progress; dialogue with Russia, China and India still immature – International Architecture Working Group established by ISECG members to develop Global Point of Departure Architecture (gPOD) in June 2010 – Strong IP interest/collaboration in analog field tests• Commercial: Traditional & Non-, NewSpace – Robust interest in surface systems: cargo/logistics, power, comm/nav, robotics, habitation and surface mobility (e.g. Google, Caterpillar, GM)• Intergovernmental, Academia & Technology – Leveraging other government programs and technologies to minimize costs & maximize efficiency and innovation (e.g. DoD, DOE, DARPA, NOAA, NSF)• Science The Global Exploration Strategy – Synergy, Human and Robotic, OSEWG, External Groups A Framework for (e,g. NLSI, LSI, LEAG, ILEWG) Coordination May 2007
  12. 12. CONOPS Validation using Analog Field Tests: Highly Integrated Innovation Architecture Element Concept (Rover, Habitat, Robotic Assistants, Power, etc.) Partner Infusion International, Commercial, Lunar Science Concepts Other Government Agencies (Site Survey’s, Geological Sampling/Curation, etc.) Surface Operations Concepts Analog Field Tests Validate (Outpost Maintenance, Exploration, etc.) Key Integrated Architecture Training Requirements and Concepts (Crew, Science Ops, Exploration Ops, etc.) Participatory Exploration (Web 2.0, Virtual Reality, Simulations, etc.)Analog field testsemphasize collaboration Technology Developmentbetween ESMD, SMD, & IPs (Energy Storage, Robotics, Human Factors, etc.) 12 12
  13. 13. Tightly Coupled Integration: Completing the “Circle of Innovation” Exploration & Science Objectives Surface Mission Architecture Operations Development LeveragedCommunications Analog Technology & Simulation Activities Requirements Capabilities Participatory Technology Exploration Development 13
  14. 14. Expanding on an Innovative Architecture Design Philosophy • Primary tenets of architecture design philosophy applied at the Systems, Operations, and Component Level: • Reduce – Design systems and optimize operations to minimize resources • Reuse – Use for the original purpose multiple times • Re-purpose – Use for a different purpose without significant modification • Recycle – Use for a different purpose with significant modification • Commonality – Uniform, common systems & components • Interoperability – Joint standards, open/evolutionary architectures Architecture Game-Changing Technologies (Spin-in) & Architecture Required Technologies with Large impact on Terrestrial Applications (Spin-off) • In addition to resource conservation, some of the objectives of the Human Space Exploration Architecture are the following: • Provide technologies and systems that improve life on Earth • Enhance sustainability, affordability, robustness, and reliability • Minimize the impact to the both the Earth’s and space environmentExploration Benefits our Economy, Energy, Environment, Healthcare & Education 14
  15. 15. Game-Changing Technology: Stellar Opportunities & Energy Example Emerging technology area, if infused into exploration architecture, would provide benefits that ripple beyond its adopted system area. These technologies benefit architecture elements beyond their own, and foster NASAs leadership in innovative technology use/application. Transformational technologies -- System level technologies that cause major changes in the accepted way of doing things causing a fundamental change in the way a technology solution is approached – Require a system change – Example: Change power systems from energy storage to power beaming• Revolutionary technologies -- Component level technologies with highly improved performance or capability, which eventually replace currently dominant technologies – Require significant modifications at the component level – Example: Change from batteries to fuel cells Rapidly-evolving technologies -- Technologies with rapid incremental improvements in performance of established products – The technology is the same but will have far superior performance to current technologies – Example: Solar cells with increased efficiency 15
  16. 16. Space Exploration Innovation & Evolution SolutionsTechnology Development / Maturation• Advanced Batteries & Energy Storage• Advanced Flywheels• Regenerative Fuel Cells• Hydrogen Storage Enabling Human Missions• Thermal Energy Storage• Fission Power Systems• Stirling Power Converters• High Efficiency Photovoltaics• Advanced Solar Power Generation• Intelligent Power Management & Distribution• Wireless Power Transmission• Space Solar Power Systems• Embedded Power Technologies• Electric Vehicles for Surface Mobility Terrestrial Applications • Electric vehicles • Green buildings • Facility backup power systems • Compact power sources for consumer electronics • Solar power generation • Power generation from waste heat • Smart power grid • Small nuclear power systems 16
  17. 17. Putting it All Together for Continual Refinement: Innovation in the Development of the Exploration Architecture Key Strategic Analysis Areas Integrated Exploration ArchitectureScience PartnershipsSurface Scenarios • Internationals• Outpost operations • Commercial • Other government Science Surface Partnerships• Local site operations agencies• Extend range Scenarios operations Exploration POD Exploration POD Architecture Architecture Innovations DIO Technology and Concept Review Panel ValidationDIO Technology Innovations and Review Panel• Integrated Architecture Concept Validation needs/technology list • Innovations (BAAs, Blue Sky, (ETDP and HRP) Concept Tiger Team)• Customer agreements • Concept Validation (Lunar• Technology white papers Surface Ops Sim, Analog missions & field Tests) Refinement of Exploration Point of Departure Architecture to Increase Satisfaction of Space Exploration Policy Objectives 17
  18. 18. Exploration Innovation Summary• Innovation across all NASA exploration elements will enable a more sustainable, yet aggressive future mission portfolio while addressing broader national needs in health, energy and climate, national security, STEM education• Real exploration constraints, challenges, and opportunities are driving vital innovation for sustainability, affordability, reliability, recyclability/repurposing, commonality, and interoperability• A bold space exploration future must realize and leverage key innovation opportunities in the near term and going forward• Innovation is a fundamental element in the development of the Exploration Architecture and will continue to expand.• ESMD is committed to “institutionalizing innovation” – a culture to invite, capture, implement, recognize and reward employees for innovative solutions – both the successes and smart failures. 18
  19. 19. Questions?